|Publication number||US8942853 B2|
|Application number||US 14/013,922|
|Publication date||27 Jan 2015|
|Filing date||29 Aug 2013|
|Priority date||21 Oct 2011|
|Also published as||CA2851257A1, CA2851257C, CA2851260A1, CA2853033A1, CA2853038A1, CA2853039A1, CA2853041A1, CA2853049A1, CA2853081A1, CN103890667A, CN103890667B, CN103890675A, CN103890675B, CN103890683A, CN103890683B, CN103930759A, CN103930759B, CN105933189A, CN107256011A, EP2769193A1, EP2769193A4, EP2769193B1, EP2769275A1, EP2769275A4, EP2769278A1, EP2769278A4, EP2769278B1, EP2769283A1, EP2769283A4, EP3040802A2, EP3040802A3, EP3242092A2, US8532827, US8558179, US8560128, US8766194, US8998102, US9121623, US9127853, US9175868, US9194598, US9234668, US9234669, US9261289, US9291359, US9535589, US9720585, US9740385, US20130099009, US20130099010, US20130099124, US20130103204, US20130103207, US20130173064, US20130226354, US20140005839, US20140027645, US20140028551, US20140345845, US20140346241, US20140346362, US20140358293, US20140358297, US20140367475, US20150153060, US20150330658, US20150330660, US20160047569, US20160069583, US20160162008, US20160170626, WO2013052901A2, WO2013052901A3, WO2013052905A1, WO2013058820A1, WO2013058932A1, WO2013058933A1, WO2013058934A1, WO2013058969A1, WO2013059684A1|
|Publication number||013922, 14013922, US 8942853 B2, US 8942853B2, US-B2-8942853, US8942853 B2, US8942853B2|
|Inventors||Mark D. Stefanski, Anthony Michael Fadell, Matthew Lee Rogers, Edwin H. Satterthwaite, Andrea Mucignat, Joseph Adam RUFF, Hugo Fiennes|
|Original Assignee||Google Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (228), Non-Patent Citations (53), Classifications (73), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of and is a continuation of commonly assigned U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/632,137 filed on Sep. 30, 2012, which is a nonprovisional application of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/627,996 filed Oct. 21, 2011. Each of the above-referenced applications are hereby incorporated by reference herein in their entirety for all purposes.
This patent specification relates to systems and methods for the monitoring and control of energy-consuming systems or other resource-consuming systems. More particularly, this patent specification relates to control units that govern the operation of energy-consuming systems, household devices, or other resource-consuming systems, including methods for activating electronic displays for thermostats that govern the operation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.
Substantial effort and attention continue toward the development of newer and more sustainable energy supplies. The conservation of energy by increased energy efficiency remains crucial to the world's energy future. According to an October 2010 report from the U.S. Department of Energy, heating and cooling account for 56% of the energy use in a typical U.S. home, making it the largest energy expense for most homes. Along with improvements in the physical plant associated with home heating and cooling (e.g., improved insulation, higher efficiency furnaces), substantial increases in energy efficiency can be achieved by better control and regulation of home heating and cooling equipment.
As discussed in the technical publication No. 50-8433, entitled “Power Stealing Thermostats” from Honeywell (1997), early thermostats used a bimetallic strip to sense temperature and respond to temperature changes in the room. The movement of the bimetallic strip was used to directly open and close an electrical circuit. Power was delivered to an electromechanical actuator, usually relay or contactor in the HVAC equipment whenever the contact was closed to provide heating and/or cooling to the controlled space. Since these thermostats did not require electrical power to operate, the wiring connections were very simple. Only one wire connected to the transformer and another wire connected to the load. Typically, a 24 VAC power supply transformer, the thermostat, and 24 VAC HVAC equipment relay were all connected in a loop with each device having only two required external connections.
When electronics began to be used in thermostats, the fact that the thermostat was not directly wired to both sides of the transformer for its power source created a problem. This meant that the thermostat had to be hardwired directly from the system transformer. Direct hardwiring a common “C” wire from the transformer to the electronic thermostat may be very difficult and costly.
Because many households do not have a direct wire from the system transformer (such as a “C” wire), some thermostats have been designed to derive power from the transformer through the equipment load. The methods for powering an electronic thermostat from the transformer with a single direct wire connection to the transformer are called “power stealing” or “power sharing” methods. The thermostat “steals,” “shares,” or “harvests” its power during the “OFF” periods of the heating or cooling system by allowing a small amount of current to flow through it into the load coil below the load coil's response threshold (even at maximum transformer output voltage). During the “ON” periods of the heating or cooling system the thermostat draws power by allowing a small voltage drop across itself. Ideally, the voltage drop will not cause the load coil to dropout below its response threshold (even at minimum transformer output voltage). Examples of thermostats with power stealing capability include the Honeywell T8600, Honeywell T8400C, and the Emerson Model 1F97-0671. However, these systems do not have power storage means and therefore must always rely on power stealing.
Additionally, microprocessor controlled “intelligent” thermostats may have more advanced environmental control capabilities that can save energy while also keeping occupants comfortable. To do this, these thermostats require more information from the occupants as well as the environments where the thermostats are located. These thermostats may also be capable of connection to computer networks, including both local area networks (or other “private” networks) and wide area networks such as the Internet (or other “public” networks), in order to obtain current and forecasted outside weather data, cooperate in so-called demand-response programs (e.g., automatic conformance with power alerts that may be issued by utility companies during periods of extreme weather), enable users to have remote access and/or control thereof through their network-connected device (e.g., smartphone, tablet computer, PC-based web browser), and other advanced functionalities that may require network connectivity.
Issues arise in relation to providing microprocessor-controlled thermostats using high-powered user interfaces, one or more such issues being at least partially resolved by one or more of the embodiments described herein below. On the one hand, it is desirable to provide a thermostat having advanced functionalities such as those associated with relatively powerful microprocessors and reliable wireless communications chips, while also providing a thermostat that has an attractive, visually pleasing electronic display that users will find appealing to view and interact with. On the other hand, it is desirable to provide a thermostat that is compatible and adaptable for installation in a wide variety of homes, including a substantial percentage of homes that are not equipped with the “C” wire discussed above. It is still further desirable to provide such a thermostat that accommodates easy do-it-yourself installation such that the expense and inconvenience of arranging for an HVAC technician to visit the premises to install the thermostat can be avoided for a large number of users. It is still further desirable to provide a thermostat having such processing power, wireless communications capabilities, visually pleasing display qualities, and other advanced functionalities, while also being a thermostat that, in addition to not requiring a “C” wire, likewise does not need to be plugged into a household line current or a so-called “power brick,” which can be inconvenient for the particular location of the thermostat as well as unsightly. Therefore, improvements are needed in the art.
In one embodiment, a thermostat may be presented. The thermostat may include a memory and a processing system. The processing system may be configured to be in operative communication with a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. The processing system may include a processor coupled to the memory. The processor may have a first operating state and a second operating state. The processor may consume more power in the second operating state than in the first operating state. The processing system may operate by determining a set of wake-up conditions upon which the processor is to enter into the second operating state from the first operating state. The set of wake-up conditions may include at least one threshold value associated with at least one environmental condition. The processing system may further operate by causing the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory. The processing system may also operate by operating in a first mode in which the processor is in the first operating state during a time interval subsequent to the causing the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory, and determining, while the processor is in the first operating state, whether at least one of the set of wake-up conditions has been met. The processing system may additionally operate by operating in a second mode in which the processor is in the second operating state upon a determination that the at least one of the set of wake-up conditions has been met, where the processing system may be configured to control the HVAC system while operating in the second operating mode.
In another embodiment, a method of reducing an amount of power used by a thermostat may be provided. The thermostat may include a memory and a processing system. The processing system may be configured to be in operative communication with a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. The processing system may include a processor coupled to the memory. The processor may have a first operating state and a second operating state. The processor may consume more power in the second operating state than in the first operating state. The method may include providing power to the processing system and determining a set of wake-up conditions upon which the processor is to enter into the second operating state from the first operating state. The set of wake-up conditions may include at least one threshold value associated with at least one environmental condition. The method may also include causing the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory. The method may additionally include operating in a first mode in which the processor is in the first operating state during a time interval subsequent to the causing the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory, and determining, while the processor is in the first operating state, whether at least one of the set of wake-up conditions has been met. The method may further include operating in a second mode in which the processor is in the second operating state upon a determination that the at least one of the set of wake-up conditions has been met, where the processing system may be configured to control the HVAC system while operating in the second operating mode.
In yet another embodiment, a smart-home control system may be presented. The smart-home control system may include a memory and a processing system. The processing system may include a first processor and a second processor. The first processor may be configured to determine a wake-up threshold for determining when the first processor should transition from a low-power state to a high-power state; send the wake-up threshold to the second processor; and transition from the high-power state to the low-power state after the wake-up threshold is sent to the second processor. The second processor may be configured to receive an environmental measurement; determine whether the environmental measurement violates the wake-up threshold; and cause the first processor to transition from the low-power state to the high-power state if the environmental measurement violates the wake-up threshold.
A further understanding of the nature and advantages of the present invention may be realized by reference to the remaining portions of the specification and the drawings. Also note that other embodiments may be described in the following disclosure and claims.
The subject matter of this patent specification relates to the subject matter of the following commonly assigned applications, each of which is incorporated by reference herein: U.S. Prov. Ser. No. 61/415,771 filed Nov. 19, 2010; U.S. Ser. No. 13/034,678 filed Feb. 24, 2011; International Application No. PCT/US12/00007 filed Jan. 3, 2012; and 15 U.S. Ser. No. 13/467,025 filed May 8, 2012. The above-referenced patent applications are collectively referenced herein as “the commonly-assigned incorporated applications.”
In the following detailed description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth to provide a thorough understanding of the various embodiments of the present invention. Those of ordinary skill in the art will realize that these various embodiments of the present invention are illustrative only and are not intended to be limiting in any way. Other embodiments of the present invention will readily suggest themselves to such skilled persons having the benefit of this disclosure.
In addition, for clarity purposes, not all of the routine features of the embodiments described herein are shown or described. One of ordinary skill in the art would readily appreciate that in the development of any such actual embodiment, numerous embodiment-specific decisions may be required to achieve specific design objectives. These design objectives will vary from one embodiment to another and from one developer to another. Moreover, it will be appreciated that such a development effort might be complex and time-consuming but would nevertheless be a routine engineering undertaking for those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of this disclosure.
It is to be appreciated that while one or more embodiments are described further herein in the context of typical HVAC system used in a residential home, such as single-family residential home, the scope of the present teachings is not so limited. More generally, thermostats according to one or more of the preferred embodiments are applicable for a wide variety of enclosures having one or more HVAC systems including, without limitation, duplexes, townhomes, multi-unit apartment buildings, hotels, retail stores, office buildings, and industrial buildings. Further, it is to be appreciated that while the terms user, customer, installer, homeowner, occupant, guest, tenant, landlord, repair person, and/or the like may be used to refer to the person or persons who are interacting with the thermostat or other device or user interface in the context of one or more scenarios described herein, these references are by no means to be considered as limiting the scope of the present teachings with respect to the person or persons who are performing such actions.
Exemplary Thermostat Embodiments
Provided according to one or more embodiments are systems, methods, and computer program products for controlling one or more HVAC systems based on one or more versatile sensing and control units (VSCU units), each VSCU unit being configured and adapted to provide sophisticated, customized, energy-saving HVAC control functionality while at the same time being visually appealing, non-intimidating, and easy to use. The term “thermostat” is used herein below to represent a particular type of VSCU unit (Versatile Sensing and Control) that is particularly applicable for HVAC control in an enclosure. Although “thermostat” and “VSCU unit” may be seen as generally interchangeable for the contexts of HVAC control of an enclosure, it is within the scope of the present teachings for each of the embodiments herein to be applied to VSCU units having control functionality over measurable characteristics other than temperature (e.g., pressure, flow rate, height, position, velocity, acceleration, capacity, power, loudness, brightness) for any of a variety of different control systems involving the governance of one or more measurable characteristics of one or more physical systems, and/or the governance of other energy or resource consuming systems such as water usage systems, air usage systems, systems involving the usage of other natural resources, and systems involving the usage of various other forms of energy.
For this embodiment, the outer cap 108 can comprise an assembly that includes the outer ring 112, a cover 114, an electronic display 116, and a metallic portion 124. Each of these elements, or the combination of these elements, may be referred to as a “housing” for the thermostat 100. Simultaneously, each of these elements, or the combination of these elements, may also form a user interface. The user interface may specifically include the electronic display 116. In
Depending on the settings of the thermostat 100, the active display mode and the inactive display mode of the electronic display 116 may also or instead be characterized by the relative power usage of each mode. In one embodiment, the active display mode may generally require substantially more electrical power than the inactive display mode. In some embodiments, different operating modes of the electronic display 116 may instead be characterized completely by their power usage. In these embodiments, the different operating modes of the electronic display 116 may be referred to as a first mode and a second mode, where the user interface requires more power when operating in the first mode than when operating in the second mode.
According to some embodiments the electronic display 116 may comprise a dot-matrix layout (individually addressable) such that arbitrary shapes can be generated, rather than being a segmented layout. According to some embodiments, a combination of dot-matrix layout and segmented layout is employed. According to some embodiments, electronic display 116 may be a backlit color liquid crystal display (LCD). An example of information displayed on the electronic display 116 is illustrated in
According to some embodiments, the thermostat 100 can include additional components, such as a processing system 160, display driver 164, and a wireless communications system 166. The processing system 160 can adapted or configured to cause the display driver 164 to cause the electronic display 116 to display information to the user. The processing system 160 can also be configured to receive user input via the rotatable ring 112. These additional components, including the processing system 160, can be enclosed within the housing, as displayed in
The processing system 160, according to some embodiments, is capable of carrying out the governance of the thermostat's operation. For example, processing system 160 can be further programmed and/or configured to maintain and update a thermodynamic model for the enclosure in which the HVAC system is installed. According to some embodiments, the wireless communications system 166 can be used to communicate with devices such as personal computers, remote servers, handheld devices, smart phones, and/or other thermostats or HVAC system components. These communications can be peer-to-peer communications, communications through one or more servers located on a private network, or and/or communications through a cloud-based service.
Motion sensing as well as other techniques can be use used in the detection and/or prediction of occupancy, as is described further in the commonly assigned U.S. Ser. No. 12/881,430, supra. According to some embodiments, occupancy information can be a used in generating an effective and efficient scheduled program. For example, an active proximity sensor 170A can be provided to detect an approaching user by infrared light reflection, and an ambient light sensor 170B can be provided to sense visible light. The proximity sensor 170A can be used in conjunction with a plurality of other sensors to detect proximity in the range of about one meter so that the thermostat 100 can initiate “waking up” when the user is approaching the thermostat and prior to the user touching the thermostat. Such use of proximity sensing is useful for enhancing the user experience by being “ready” for interaction as soon as, or very soon after the user is ready to interact with the thermostat. Further, the wake-up-on-proximity functionality also allows for energy savings within the thermostat by “sleeping” when no user interaction is taking place or about to take place. The various types of sensors that may be used, as well as the operation of the “wake-up” function are described in much greater detail throughout the remainder of this disclosure.
In some embodiments, the thermostat can be physically and/or functionally divided into at least two different units. Throughout this disclosure, these two units can be referred to as a head unit and a backplate.
In addition to physical divisions within the thermostat that simplify installation process, the thermostat may also be divided functionally between the head unit and the backplate.
In this embodiment, a processing function on the head unit may be implemented by an ARM processor. The head unit processing function may interface with the electronic display 402, an audio system 404, and a manipulation sensor 406 as a part of a user interface 408. The head unit processing function may also facilitate wireless communications 410 by interfacing with various wireless modules, such as a Wi-Fi module 412 and/or a ZigBee module 414. Furthermore, the head unit processing function may be configured to control the core thermostat operations 416, such as operating the HVAC system. The head unit processing function may further be configured to determine or sense occupancy 418 of a physical location, and to determine building characteristics 420 that can be used to determine time-to-temperature characteristics. Using the occupancy sensing 418, the processing function on the head unit may also be configured to learn and manage operational schedules 422, such as diurnal heat and cooling schedules. A power management module 462 may be used to interface with a corresponding power management module on the backplate, the rechargeable battery, and a power control circuit 464 on the backplate.
Additionally, the head unit processing function may include and/or be communicatively coupled to one or more memories. The one or more memories may include one or more sets of instructions that cause the processing function to operate as described above. The one or more memories may also include a sensor history and global state objects 424. The one or more memories may be integrated with the processing function, such as a flash memory or RAM memory available on many commercial microprocessors. The head unit processing function may also be configured to interface with a cloud management system 426, and may also operate to conserve energy wherever appropriate 428. An interface 432 to a backplate processing function 430 may also be included, and may be implemented using a hardware connector.
The backplate processing function may also include a sensor polling interface 448 to interface with a plurality of sensors. In this particular embodiment, the plurality of sensors may include a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a PIR sensor, a proximity sensor, an ambient light sensor, and or other sensors not specifically listed. This list is not meant to be exhaustive. Other types of sensors may be used depending on the particular embodiment and application, such as sound sensors, flame sensors, smoke detectors, and/or the like. The sensor polling interface 448 may be communicatively coupled to a sensor reading memory 450. The sensor reading memory 450 can store sensor readings and may be located internally or externally to a microcontroller or microprocessor.
Finally, the backplate processing function can include a power management unit 460 that is used to control various digital and/or analog components integrated with the backplate and used to manage the power system of the thermostat. Although one having skill in the art will recognize many different implementations of a power management system, the power management system of this particular embodiment can include a bootstrap regulator 462, a power stealing circuit 464, a buck converter 466, and/or a battery controller 468.
By virtue of the configuration illustrated in
However, a “C” wire will typically only be present in about 20% of homes. Therefore, the powering circuitry 510 may also be configured to “steal” power from one of the other HVAC wires in the absence of a “C” wire. As used herein, “inactive power stealing” refers to the power stealing that is performed during periods in which there is no active call in place based on the lead from which power is being stolen. Thus, for cases where it is the “Y” lead from which power is stolen, “inactive power stealing” refers to the power stealing that is performed when there is no active cooling call in place. As used herein, “active power stealing” refers to the power stealing that is performed during periods in which there is an active call in place based on the lead from which power is being stolen. Thus, for cases where it is the “Y” lead from which power is stolen, “active power stealing” refers to the power stealing that is performed when there is an active cooling call in place. During inactive or active power stealing, power can be stolen from a selected one of the available call relay wires. While a complete description of the power stealing circuitry 510 can be found in the commonly assigned applications that have been previously incorporated herein by reference, the following brief explanation is sufficient for purposes of this disclosure.
Some components in the thermostat, such as the head unit processing function, the user interface, and/or the electronic display may consume more instantaneous power than can be provided by power stealing alone. When these more power-hungry components are actively operating, the power supplied by power stealing can be supplemented with the rechargeable battery 530. In other words, when the thermostat is engaged in operations, such as when the electronic display is in an active display mode, power may be supplied by both power stealing and the rechargeable battery 530. In order to preserve the power stored in the rechargeable battery 530, and to give the rechargeable battery 530 an opportunity to recharge, some embodiments optimize the amount of time that the head unit processing function and the electronic display are operating in an active mode. In other words, it may be advantageous in some embodiments to keep the head unit processing function in a sleep mode or low power mode and to keep the electronic display in an inactive display mode as long as possible without affecting the user experience.
When the head unit processing function and the electronic display are in an inactive or sleep mode, the power consumed by the thermostat is generally less than the power provided by power stealing. Therefore, the power that is not consumed by the thermostat can be used to recharge the rechargeable battery 530. In this embodiment, the backplate processing function 508 (MSP430) can be configured to monitor the environmental sensors in a low-power mode, and then wake the head unit processing function 532 (AM3703) when needed to control the HVAC system, etc. Similarly, the backplate processing function 508 can be used to monitor sensors used to detect the closeness of a user, and wake the head unit processing system 532 and/or the electronic display when it is determined that a user intends to interface with the thermostat.
It will be understood by one having skill in the art that the various thermostat embodiments depicted and described in relation to
Wake-up Conditions for Power Management
In modern network-enabled homes, many different types of devices can be used to control various aspects of the home environment, including air temperature, humidity, fan speed, music, television, appliances, refrigerators, and/or the like. These modern control devices may include a number of connections, both wired and wireless, to other household systems. These modern control devices may include advanced processing features and advanced electronic displays to provide a user friendly yet powerful interactive experience.
Unfortunately, advanced processing and electronic displays often require a large amount of power to create a rich user experience. Therefore, modern control units may require a wired connection to a household 110 V power line, access to an electrical outlet, or batteries that may require replacement. As described above, some embodiments of a modern control unit can steal power from the appliance or system that they are configured to control. By way of example, the thermostat described above can steal power from the household HVAC system. By combining a power stealing system with a rechargeable battery, a modern control unit may be able to provide enough power for advanced processing functions and electronic displays.
Regardless of the type of power supply used, it may be desirable for a modern control unit to conserve energy whenever possible. In power stealing systems, using advanced processing functions and/or electronic displays may require more power than can be consistently supplied by a power stealing circuit. In battery-powered systems, advanced processing functions and/or electronic displays may require enough power that battery life or capacity will be adversely affected. Even modern control units that have access to a wired power connection may still benefit from power saving arrangements. Emphasis is increasingly being placed on energy conservation, green technologies, and more efficient use of natural resources. Additionally, modern control units that conserve energy may provide significant cost savings throughout their lifetime.
Presented herein are methods and systems that can be implemented by modern control units to conserve power by intelligently operating a processing system in both a low-power mode and a high-power mode. The processing system can predictably generate a set of wake-up conditions that may require more power to handle when they occur. These wake-up conditions can be stored in a memory, and the processing system can transition into the low-power mode. The processing system may monitor environmental sensors and determine when one or more of the wake-up conditions are met. At this point, the processing system can transition back into the high-power mode to address the conditions that caused the wake-up event to occur.
As various methods and systems for generating, storing, and using wake-up conditions to transition between a low-power mode and a high-power mode are presented, it will be understood that the ensuing discussion can apply to any control unit as described above. However, throughout the remainder of this disclosure a specific type of implementation will be used, namely a thermostat. It will be understood that the principles described using thermostat hardware and software can be easily applied to other control units by one having skill in the art in light of this disclosure.
Additionally, the processing system may communicate with one or more input devices, including the user interface for determining a setpoint temperature. A setpoint temperature may be a target temperature that the thermostat can use the HVAC system to achieve in the surrounding enclosure. Specifically, the processing system may communicate with an HVAC system through one or more HVAC wire connectors by comparing a measured ambient temperature and the setpoint temperature and adjusting the HVAC system output accordingly.
In one embodiment, the processing system may include at least one processor. This processor may be configured to operate in at least two modes. A first mode of operation may be characterized by the processor operating in what may be termed a sleep state, or sleep mode. When operating in the sleep state, the processor may consume a relatively low amount of power compared to when it operates in a second mode of operation. The second mode of operation may be characterized by the processor operating in what may be termed a wake state, or wake mode. The wake mode of operation may consume a relatively high amount of power compared to when the processor operates in the sleep state.
In one embodiment, the thermostat may also include a power stealing circuit to provide an amount of instantaneous power referred to as a first instantaneous power. Such a power stealing circuit may be combined with a rechargeable battery. By way of example, when the processing system is operating in the second mode of operation where the processor is in the wake state, the processing system may consume an average power that is greater than the first instantaneous power provided by the power stealing circuit. In this case, the rechargeable battery may provide the difference between the average power consumed by the processing system and the first instantaneous power provided by the power stealing circuit. For example, the processing system may use more than 100 mW of average power when the processor is operating in the wake state compared to less than 10 mW of power when the processor is operating in the sleep state. The power stealing circuit may therefore provide somewhere between 10 mW and 100 mW of instantaneous power at any given time.
Turning back to
The method may also include causing the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in a memory (604). In one embodiment, the thermostat may include one or more memories. A memory may be a part of the processing system and implemented using a discrete memory chip such as an EEPROM, a flash memory, or any other type of volatile or involatile memory. A memory may also be integrated with the processor, such as an onboard RAM, cash, or other type of data memory. A memory may also be integrated with another processor in the processing system, such as an onboard memory on a microcontroller.
Regardless of the specific implementation of the memory, the processing system may cause the wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory. For example, the processor may send the wake-up conditions to a memory chip, the processor may send the wake-up conditions to a microcontroller for them to be stored thereon, or the processor may store the wake-up conditions in an internal memory, depending on the particular embodiment.
The method may further include operating the processing system in the first mode of operation where the processor is in the sleep state (606). The processor may enter the sleep state during a time interval that is subsequent to the previous step where the processing system caused the set of wake-up conditions to be stored in the memory. In other words, the processing system can store wake-up conditions and then go to sleep. In one embodiment, the processor may immediately enter the sleep state after the wake-up conditions are stored. In another embodiment, the processor may first finish a set of processing tasks, and thus a short delay may occur between the time when the wake-up conditions are stored and when the processor enters the sleep state. Other embodiments may limit the number and/or type of processing tasks to ensure that the wake-up conditions have not been rendered “stale” by the intervening processing tasks.
Note that when the processor enters the sleep state and the processing system is said to operate in the first mode, other portions of the processing system may remain active. In one embodiment, the portion of the processing system that remains active does not change the inputs that were used to generate the wake-up conditions, expect time and the surrounding environmental conditions. While the processor is asleep, other portions of the processing system may use considerably less power, and thus the overall power consumption of the processing system may still be dramatically reduced. For example, an interface with the sensing systems may remain active to measure environmental conditions while the processor is in the sleep state. Therefore, the method may also include monitoring environmental conditions (608). For example, the sensing systems of the thermostat (or other control unit) may sense temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, hazard conditions (such as smoke or fire detection), chemical levels (such as carbon monoxide), occupancy levels, noise levels, and/or the like. Each of these types of environmental conditions may also therefore be embodied in one or more of the wake-up conditions. For example, a wake-up condition may be an occupancy threshold detected by a PIR sensor. A wake-up condition may also include a humidity threshold, or any detection of a hazard conditions such as smoke. In an exemplary embodiment, the wake-up conditions include at least one temperature threshold.
The method may further include determining whether at least one of the set of wake-up conditions has been met (610). A condition may be met when a threshold is violated, e.g. when a measured temperature level meets or exceeds the threshold. For example, a measured temperature may be greater than or equal to an upper temperature threshold, or a measured temperature may be less than or equal to a lower temperature threshold. In one embodiment, meeting a single wake-up condition may cause the processor to operate in the wake mode. In another embodiment, a majority of the wake-up conditions may be required to be met to cause the processor to operate in the wake mode. In yet another embodiment, all of the wake-up conditions may be required to be met to cause the processor to operate in the wake mode.
In embodiments where a only single wake-up condition is required to be met, the processing system may thereafter operate in the second mode where the processor is in the wake state (612). This transition may occur immediately following the determination that at least one of the wake-up conditions has been met. Alternatively, the wake-up transition may be scheduled for a predetermined time period following the determination that at least one of the wake-up conditions has been met. On the other hand, if it is determined that one or more of the wake-up conditions has not been met, the processing system may continue to monitor the environmental conditions until one or more of the wake-up conditions are met (608).
It should be appreciated that the specific steps illustrated in
Additionally, the specific steps illustrated in
Specific to this particular embodiment, the processing system 722 may include both a first and a second processor. The first processor (which is also referred to as simply the “processor” in the method of
In the general description given above, the backplate processing system 708 may be included in the processing system 722 as described. In other words, while the head unit processing system 710 operates in the sleep state, the backplate processing system 708 may continue to actively interface with the sensing system 704 to monitor the environmental conditions 702. Specifically, the head unit processing system 710 may generate a set of wake-up conditions 718, cause the set of wake-up conditions 718 to be stored in a memory, and then proceed to operate in the sleep state. The backplate processing system 708 may be configured to continually monitor the sensing systems 704, determine when one or more of the wake-up conditions 718 are met, and cause the head unit processing system 710 to wake up in response by sending a wake-up signal 720 to the head unit processing system. In another embodiment (not shown) the steps in the method of
In this embodiment, temperature control functions, such as determining time-to-temperature statistics, calculating a setpoint, learning a user's behavior, and generally operating the HVAC system, may require more processing power or code space than can be provided by the backplate processing system 708. Therefore the head unit processing system 710 may provide HVAC commands 716 to the HVAC system 724. In one embodiment, the HVAC commands 716 may be provided to the HVAC system 724 by way of the backplate processing system 708. In other words, the head unit processing system 710 can calculate and prepare the HVAC commands 716 which are then passed to the backplate processing system 708. The backplate processing system can then interface with one or more power FETs to control the connections made by the HVAC connectors 706. Because the head unit processing system 710 still generates the HVAC commands 716, the head unit processing system 710 is still controlling the HVAC system 724, even though it does so via the backplate processing system 708.
The wake-up conditions 718 can be transmitted and stored in a memory 712 that is a physically integrated part of the backplate processing system 708. Alternatively, the wake-up conditions 718 can be stored in an off chip memory 714 that is a part of the processing system 722, yet separate from both the backplate processing system 708 and the head unit processing system 710. In this case, the head unit processing system 710 may provide the wake-up conditions 718 directly to the off chip memory 714 without involving the backplate processing system 708.
It will be understood in light of this disclosure that other hardware and/or software arrangements may be used to implement the processing system described herein. Although particular advantages may be provided by the implementation illustrated by
A number of different methods may be used to generate the set of wake-up conditions used by various embodiments. Generally, control logic may be used to generate HVAC commands based on software state, time, and/or environmental inputs. In one embodiment, a copy of the control logic may be used to generate the set of wake-up conditions. The copy of the control logic may be maintained in parallel with the original control logic such that the code for each is nearly identical. However, this embodiment requires a significant amount of maintenance to be duplicated on each code set.
During the normal mode of operation, the state variables may be obtained from a state variable data store 802 that may be implemented using any form of memory hardware. A current time may be used that is generated by a time module 812 that may be implemented with a real-time clock or any form of counter. Finally, the one or more environmental conditions 822 may be provided by the one or more sensing systems in the form of sensing measurements 818 obtained from the surrounding environment. The control logic module 808 can include a flag or other such setting for determining whether it is operating in the normal mode or in the simulation mode (824). When operating in the normal mode, the control logic module 808 will generate a set of HVAC commands 816 and a new set of state variables 810. Again, a decision may be made whether operating in the normal mode of the simulation mode (804). If operating in the normal mode, the newly generated state variables 810 may be stored in the state variable data store 802. The HVAC commands 816 can then be used to control the HVAC system.
In order to generate the set of wake-up conditions 826, an indicator may be set such that the control logic module 808 operates in a simulation mode. During a simulation mode of operation, the state variable input 806 may continue to be acquired from the state variable data store 802. The time input 814 may use either the current time, or a future time generated by the time module 812. The environmental condition input 822 may include one or more generated conditions from a condition generation module 820. At the output, the control logic module 808 can generate the wake-up conditions 826 instead of or in addition to the HVAC commands 816. Additionally, the newly generated state variable outputs 810 need not be stored in the state variable data store 802, and would thus not disturb the actual state or operation of the thermostat.
The condition generation module 820 may be configured to generate a set of “critical conditions” that might cause the control logic module 808 to generate a set of HVAC commands 816 that would alter the operation of the HVAC system. In other words, the critical conditions may be a set of environmental measurements that could require the control logic module 808 to change its output HVAC commands. In the case of a thermostat, the set of critical conditions may comprise a set of critical temperatures. The critical temperatures may include a setpoint temperature, a hysteresis band around a setpoint temperature, high and low temperatures selected to prevent damage to the thermostat or the enclosure, for example to prevent pipes from freezing and/or the like. Each of these critical temperatures may be sequentially submitted as an environmental condition input 822 to the control logic module 808. If it is determined that the control logic module 808 would cause the HVAC system to operate differently based on a particular critical temperature, that temperature may be added to the set of wake-up conditions 826.
In one embodiment, the set of wake-up conditions includes an upper threshold temperature and a lower threshold temperature. In this case, even if multiple critical temperatures would cause a change in the HVAC system commands, only two temperatures are selected as wake-up conditions, namely the upper and lower temperatures that are closest to the current temperature. For example, at a current temperature of 75°, two critical temperatures could be submitted to the control logic module 808 including a lower setpoint temperature of 70°, and a lower safety temperature of 45°. Even though both of these temperatures would cause the HVAC system to operate differently, only the lower setpoint temperature of 70° would be designated as a wake-up condition because the thermostat would have to react to the 70° temperature far before it would ever get to the 45° temperature. (Note that the temperatures herein are expressed in Fahrenheit merely for convenience.)
As will be described further below, the time input 814 can also be modified to generate a time-wise profile of temperature values, which, if met or exceeded, would cause the processor to operate in the wake mode and control the HVAC system. For example, one set of wake-up conditions could be generated for the current time, and another set of wake-up conditions could be generated for a time two hours in the future. This can generate a vector of thresholds that change over time. In one embodiment, the set of wake-up conditions can include pairs of (i) time values and (ii) environmental condition thresholds. Each pair can include one-time value and one set of environmental condition thresholds. This feature may be particularly advantageous for preconditioning operations.
Notice that a hysteresis band surrounds setpoint 908 and setpoint 904. In one embodiment, the thermostat will start heating once the temperature falls below lower bound 910 and stop heating after the temperature climbs above upper band 906. In some embodiments, setpoint 908, lower band 910, and upper band 906 could all be submitted to the control logic module in simulation mode as critical temperatures. In this case, it is probable that the lower band 910 would be selected as a wake-up condition representing a lower threshold temperature.
At time t0, the processing system could cause the wake-up conditions 914 to be stored in a memory, and in the processor could then operate in the sleep mode for a time going forward. If the ambient temperature 902 gradually drifts down during the night, it may eventually cross the lower temperature threshold of 64.3°. At this point 912, one or more of the wake-up conditions 914 could be determined to have been met by the measured ambient temperature, and the processor could transition from the sleep state to the wake state. The processor could then operate the HVAC system, preferably to heat the enclosure above the upper band 906. After starting to heat the enclosure, the processing system could again cause a new set of wake-up conditions to be stored in a memory, and the processor could operate in the sleep mode until one or more of the new set of wake-up conditions were met.
Turning back to
In order to generate a set of wake-up conditions based on a preconditioning curve, the preconditioning curve can be quantized into a set of discrete time intervals during which temperature threshold(s) may be established. For example, the regular intervals shown in
When the overnight setpoint 1010 intersects with the step function generated by the hysteresis curve, a new time/threshold pair can be added to the wake-up conditions 1030. From that point, each step in the step function can add a subsequent time/threshold pair to the wake-up conditions 1030 until the morning setpoint 1040 is reached. Therefore, if the ambient temperature 1020 at any time intersects with the step function 1018 associated with the temperature thresholds, the processor may transition from the sleep state to the wake state and operate the HVAC system to begin heating the enclosure, as shown by the ambient temperature 1020 curve illustrated in
In the previous examples, only a single overnight schedule of wake-up conditions has been provided. However, it will be understood that this schedule of wake-up conditions can be extended over many days or weeks, or even in perpetuity until the processor of the processing system is required to operate in the wake state. In some cases, a time limit may be sent as a part of the wake-up conditions. The time limit may represent the maximum amount time that the processing system should operate in the first mode where the processor is in the sleep state.
In some embodiments, other wake-up conditions may also be included that are not specifically related to environmental conditions. For example, the thermostat may include a Wi-Fi chip that wakes the processor upon receiving a wireless transmission. The processor may also be connected via a serial communication line to another part of the processing system that will wake up the processor when a transmission is detected. The user interface may also send signals to the processor that indicate that a user is interacting with the thermostat to wake the processor. In another embodiment, a power management circuit may wake the processor to deal with critical power management events. Additionally, other parts of the processing system may wake the processor based on critical failures. For example, a backplate processor may wake a head unit processor if the backplate processor begins to fail. In this case, the head unit processor may reset the backplate processor so that the operation of the thermostat is not significantly interrupted. Each of these other means for waking up the processor may be accomplished using various hardware and/or software mechanisms, including a set of dedicated pins that generate an interrupt configured to wake the processor.
Whereas many alterations and modifications of the present invention will no doubt become apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art after having read the foregoing description, it is to be understood that the particular embodiments shown and described by way of illustration are in no way intended to be considered limiting. Therefore, reference to the details of the preferred embodiments is not intended to limit their scope.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3991357||1 May 1975||9 Nov 1976||The Stolle Corporation||Storage battery monitoring and recharging control system with automatic control of prime mover driving charging generator|
|US4157506||1 Dec 1977||5 Jun 1979||Combustion Engineering, Inc.||Flame detector|
|US4183290||17 Apr 1978||15 Jan 1980||Siegenia-Frank Kg.||Air vent|
|US4223831||21 Feb 1979||23 Sep 1980||Szarka Jay R||Sound activated temperature control system|
|US4308991||7 Jul 1980||5 Jan 1982||Emerson Electric Co.||Programmable electronic thermostat|
|US4335847||27 May 1980||22 Jun 1982||Levine Michael R||Electronic thermostat with repetitive operation cycle|
|US4408711||26 Jul 1982||11 Oct 1983||Levine Michael R||Thermostat with adaptive operating cycle|
|US4528459||10 Jun 1983||9 Jul 1985||Rockwell International Corporation||Battery backup power switch|
|US4615380||17 Jun 1985||7 Oct 1986||Honeywell Inc.||Adaptive clock thermostat means for controlling over and undershoot|
|US4669654 *||18 Feb 1986||2 Jun 1987||Honeywell, Inc.||Electronic programmable thermostat|
|US4674027||19 Jun 1985||16 Jun 1987||Honeywell Inc.||Thermostat means adaptively controlling the amount of overshoot or undershoot of space temperature|
|US4685614||9 May 1985||11 Aug 1987||Honeywell, Inc.||Analog to digital conversion employing the system clock of a microprocessor, the clock frequency varying with analog input|
|US4695246||30 Aug 1984||22 Sep 1987||Lennox Industries, Inc.||Ignition control system for a gas appliance|
|US4751961||17 Nov 1986||21 Jun 1988||Honeywell Inc.||Electronic programmable thermostat|
|US4842510||10 Sep 1987||27 Jun 1989||Hamilton Standard Controls, Inc.||Integrated furnace control having ignition and pressure switch diagnostics|
|US4872828||10 Sep 1987||10 Oct 1989||Hamilton Standard Controls, Inc.||Integrated furnace control and control self test|
|US4897798||8 Dec 1986||30 Jan 1990||American Telephone And Telegraph Company||Adaptive environment control system|
|US4898229||22 Sep 1988||6 Feb 1990||Emerson Electric Co.||Thermostat with integral means for detecting out-of-phase connection of a two-transformer power source|
|US4948044||21 Aug 1989||14 Aug 1990||Harper-Wyman Company||Electronic digital thermostat having an improved power supply|
|US4955806||9 May 1989||11 Sep 1990||Hamilton Standard Controls, Inc.||Integrated furnace control having ignition switch diagnostics|
|US4971136||28 Nov 1989||20 Nov 1990||Electric Power Research Institute||Dual fuel heat pump controller|
|US5088645||24 Jun 1991||18 Feb 1992||Ian Bell||Self-programmable temperature control system for a heating and cooling system|
|US5107918||1 Mar 1991||28 Apr 1992||Lennox Industries Inc.||Electronic thermostat|
|US5127464||14 Mar 1991||7 Jul 1992||Emerson Electric Co.||Thermostat providing electrical isolation therein between connected heating and cooling transformers|
|US5158477||15 Nov 1991||27 Oct 1992||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Battery connector and method|
|US5175439||26 Aug 1991||29 Dec 1992||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Power supply circuit for motor vehicles|
|US5211332||30 Sep 1991||18 May 1993||Honeywell Inc.||Thermostat control|
|US5240178||5 Sep 1991||31 Aug 1993||Dewolf Thomas L||Active anticipatory control|
|US5244146||8 May 1992||14 Sep 1993||Homebrain, Inc.||Energy-conserving thermostat and method|
|US5251813||25 Mar 1993||12 Oct 1993||Emerson Electric Co.||Indication of low battery voltage condition by altering of temperature setpoint|
|US5255179||28 Jun 1991||19 Oct 1993||Zekan Boze N||Switched mode power supply for single-phase boost commercial AC users in the range of 1 kw to 10 kw|
|US5347982||10 Sep 1993||20 Sep 1994||Canadian Heating Products Inc.||Flame monitor safeguard system|
|US5352930||27 Aug 1993||4 Oct 1994||Honeywell Inc.||System powered power supply using dual transformer HVAC systems|
|US5381950||20 Oct 1993||17 Jan 1995||American Standard Inc.||Zone sensor or thermostat with forced air|
|US5395042||17 Feb 1994||7 Mar 1995||Smart Systems International||Apparatus and method for automatic climate control|
|US5422808||20 Apr 1993||6 Jun 1995||Anthony T. Catanese, Jr.||Method and apparatus for fail-safe control of at least one electro-mechanical or electro-hydraulic component|
|US5452762||13 Jul 1993||26 Sep 1995||Zillner, Jr.; Anthony H.||Environmental control system using poled diodes to allow additional controlled devices in existing four wire system|
|US5456407||25 Mar 1994||10 Oct 1995||Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.||Two terminal line voltage thermostat|
|US5460327||1 Jul 1994||24 Oct 1995||Carrier Corporation||Extended clock thermostat|
|US5462225||4 Feb 1994||31 Oct 1995||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Apparatus and method for controlling distribution of electrical energy to a space conditioning load|
|US5467921||23 Sep 1994||21 Nov 1995||Carrier Corporation||Thermostat having short circuit protection|
|US5476221||28 Jan 1994||19 Dec 1995||Seymour; Richard L.||Easy-to-install thermostatic control system based on room occupancy|
|US5499196||19 Oct 1993||12 Mar 1996||P.C. Sentry, Inc.||Sensor interface for computer-based notification system|
|US5506569||31 May 1994||9 Apr 1996||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Self-diagnostic flame rectification sensing circuit and method therefor|
|US5555927||7 Jun 1995||17 Sep 1996||Honeywell Inc.||Thermostat system having an optimized temperature recovery ramp rate|
|US5570837||18 Oct 1995||5 Nov 1996||Emerson Electric Co.||Programmable digital thermostat with means for enabling temporary connection of a battery thereto|
|US5595342||24 May 1994||21 Jan 1997||British Gas Plc||Control system|
|US5611484||17 Dec 1993||18 Mar 1997||Honeywell Inc.||Thermostat with selectable temperature sensor inputs|
|US5635896||27 Dec 1993||3 Jun 1997||Honeywell Inc.||Locally powered control system having a remote sensing unit with a two wire connection|
|US5646349||8 Jun 1995||8 Jul 1997||Plan B Enterprises, Inc.||Floating mass accelerometer|
|US5655709||29 May 1996||12 Aug 1997||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Electrical control system for relay operation responsive to thermostat input having improved efficiency|
|US5673850 *||22 Jul 1996||7 Oct 1997||Lux Products Corporation||Programmable thermostat with rotary dial program setting|
|US5697552||30 May 1996||16 Dec 1997||Mchugh; Thomas K.||Setpoint limiting for thermostat, with tamper resistant temperature comparison|
|US5736795||22 Apr 1996||7 Apr 1998||Honeywell Inc.||Solid state AC switch with self-synchronizing means for stealing operating power|
|US5808294||14 Jan 1997||15 Sep 1998||Kenco Automatic Feeders||Electronic controller for scheduling device activation by sensing daylight|
|US5902183||13 Nov 1997||11 May 1999||D'souza; Melanius||Process and apparatus for energy conservation in buildings using a computer controlled ventilation system|
|US5903139||27 Jan 1997||11 May 1999||Honeywell Inc.||Power stealing solid state switch for supplying operating power to an electronic control device|
|US5909378||9 Apr 1997||1 Jun 1999||De Milleville; Hugues||Control apparatus and method for maximizing energy saving in operation of HVAC equipment and the like|
|US5918474||15 Jul 1997||6 Jul 1999||Whirlpool Corporation||Fan motor on/off control system for a refrigeration appliance|
|US5977964||5 Jan 1998||2 Nov 1999||Intel Corporation||Method and apparatus for automatically configuring a system based on a user's monitored system interaction and preferred system access times|
|US6060719||24 Jun 1997||9 May 2000||Gas Research Institute||Fail safe gas furnace optical flame sensor using a transconductance amplifier and low photodiode current|
|US6062482||19 Sep 1997||16 May 2000||Pentech Energy Solutions, Inc.||Method and apparatus for energy recovery in an environmental control system|
|US6066843||6 Apr 1998||23 May 2000||Lightstat, Inc.||Light discriminator for a thermostat|
|US6072784||25 Jul 1997||6 Jun 2000||At&T Corp.||CDMA mobile station wireless transmission power management with adaptive scheduling priorities based on battery power level|
|US6084518||21 Jun 1999||4 Jul 2000||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Balanced charge flame characterization system and method|
|US6089310||15 Jul 1998||18 Jul 2000||Emerson Electric Co.||Thermostat with load activation detection feature|
|US6095427||22 Apr 1999||1 Aug 2000||Thermo King Corporation||Temperature control system and method for efficiently obtaining and maintaining the temperature in a conditioned space|
|US6098893||22 Oct 1998||8 Aug 2000||Honeywell Inc.||Comfort control system incorporating weather forecast data and a method for operating such a system|
|US6213404||17 Mar 1999||10 Apr 2001||Dushane Steve||Remote temperature sensing transmitting and programmable thermostat system|
|US6216956||23 Dec 1998||17 Apr 2001||Tocom, Inc.||Environmental condition control and energy management system and method|
|US6222719||15 Jul 1999||24 Apr 2001||Andrew S. Kadah||Ignition boost and rectification flame detection circuit|
|US6275160||22 Mar 2000||14 Aug 2001||Pittway Corporation||Multi-mode waterflow detector with electronic timer|
|US6315211||3 Dec 1999||13 Nov 2001||Emerson Electric Co.||Hardwired or battery powered digital thermostat|
|US6349883||21 Jan 2000||26 Feb 2002||Energy Rest, Inc.||Energy-saving occupancy-controlled heating ventilating and air-conditioning systems for timing and cycling energy within different rooms of buildings having central power units|
|US6356038||20 Jan 2000||12 Mar 2002||Richard A. Bishel||Microcomputer-controlled AC power switch controller and DC power supply method and apparatus|
|US6356204||1 Jun 1998||12 Mar 2002||Tectonics Research Group, Inc.||Method and apparatus for detecting impending earthquakes|
|US6370894||8 Mar 2001||16 Apr 2002||Carrier Corporation||Method and apparatus for using single-stage thermostat to control two-stage cooling system|
|US6415205||26 Aug 1999||2 Jul 2002||Mytech Corporation||Occupancy sensor and method of operating same|
|US6478233||29 Dec 2000||12 Nov 2002||Honeywell International Inc.||Thermal comfort controller having an integral energy savings estimator|
|US6509838||12 May 2000||21 Jan 2003||Peter P. Payne||Constant current flame ionization circuit|
|US6513723||28 Sep 2000||4 Feb 2003||Emerson Electric Co.||Method and apparatus for automatically transmitting temperature information to a thermostat|
|US6566768||14 Dec 2000||20 May 2003||Venstar Inc.||Two line switch and power sharing for programmable means|
|US6622925||5 Oct 2001||23 Sep 2003||Enernet Corporation||Apparatus and method for wireless control|
|US6645066||19 Nov 2001||11 Nov 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Space-conditioning control employing image-based detection of occupancy and use|
|US6657418||13 Nov 2001||2 Dec 2003||Honeywell International Inc.||Parasitic power supply system for supplying operating power to a control device|
|US6743010||19 Feb 2002||1 Jun 2004||Gas Electronics, Inc.||Relighter control system|
|US6769482||25 Oct 2001||3 Aug 2004||Ranco Incorporated Of Delaware||System and method for switching-over between heating and cooling modes|
|US6794771||20 Jun 2002||21 Sep 2004||Ranco Incorporated Of Delaware||Fault-tolerant multi-point flame sense circuit|
|US6798341||14 May 1999||28 Sep 2004||Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Network based multiple sensor and control device with temperature sensing and control|
|US6886754||3 Jun 2003||3 May 2005||Tim Simon, Inc.||Thermostat operable from various power sources|
|US6956463||2 Oct 2002||18 Oct 2005||Carrier Corporation||Method and apparatus for providing both power and communication over two wires between multiple low voltage AC devices|
|US6990821||30 Oct 2003||31 Jan 2006||Emerson Retail Services Inc.||Model-based alarming|
|US7024336||13 May 2004||4 Apr 2006||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Method of and apparatus for evaluating the performance of a control system|
|US7149727||1 Nov 2000||12 Dec 2006||Avista Advantage, Inc.||Computerized system and method for providing cost savings for consumers|
|US7149729||30 Aug 2005||12 Dec 2006||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for filtering and organizing items based on common elements|
|US7174239||19 Nov 2004||6 Feb 2007||Emerson Electric Co.||Retrieving diagnostic information from an HVAC component|
|US7188482||29 Jul 2005||13 Mar 2007||Carrier Corporation||Fault diagnostics and prognostics based on distance fault classifiers|
|US7379791||2 Aug 2005||27 May 2008||Uscl Corporation||Integrated metrology systems and information and control apparatus for interaction with integrated metrology systems|
|US7469550||27 Apr 2006||30 Dec 2008||Robertshaw Controls Company||System and method for controlling appliances and thermostat for use therewith|
|US7476988||23 Nov 2005||13 Jan 2009||Honeywell International Inc.||Power stealing control devices|
|US7510126||6 Dec 2006||31 Mar 2009||Comverge, Inc.||HVAC communication system|
|US7537171||17 Nov 2004||26 May 2009||Emerson Electric Co.||Thermostat control system providing power saving transmissions|
|US7571865||31 Oct 2006||11 Aug 2009||Tonerhead, Inc.||Wireless temperature control system|
|US7644869||28 Dec 2005||12 Jan 2010||Honeywell International Inc.||Auxiliary stage control of multistage thermostats|
|US7648077||6 Dec 2006||19 Jan 2010||Emerson Electric Co.||HVAC communication system|
|US7667163 *||10 Jul 2006||23 Feb 2010||Ranco Incorporated Of Delaware||Thermostat with adjustable color for aesthetics and readability|
|US7673809||30 Aug 2005||9 Mar 2010||Honeywell International Inc.||Thermostat relay control|
|US7702424||30 Oct 2007||20 Apr 2010||Cannon Technologies, Inc.||Utility load control management communications protocol|
|US7748640||18 Dec 2006||6 Jul 2010||Carrier Corporation||Stackable thermostat|
|US7755220||24 Feb 2005||13 Jul 2010||Carrier Corporation||Power stealing for a thermostat using a TRIAC with FET control|
|US7775452||7 Jan 2004||17 Aug 2010||Carrier Corporation||Serial communicating HVAC system|
|US7784704||9 Feb 2007||31 Aug 2010||Harter Robert J||Self-programmable thermostat|
|US7802618||19 Jan 2006||28 Sep 2010||Tim Simon, Inc.||Thermostat operation method and apparatus|
|US7841542||7 Nov 2006||30 Nov 2010||Howard Rosen||System for supplying communications and power to a thermostat over a two-wire system|
|US7848900||16 Sep 2008||7 Dec 2010||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for calculating the thermal mass of a building|
|US7849698||23 Jan 2006||14 Dec 2010||York International Corporation||Method and apparatus to sense and establish operation mode for an HVAC control|
|US7854389||30 Aug 2006||21 Dec 2010||Siemens Industry Inc.||Application of microsystems for comfort control|
|US7900849||30 Nov 2007||8 Mar 2011||Honeywell International Inc.||HVAC remote control unit and methods of operation|
|US8010237||6 Jul 2009||30 Aug 2011||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for using ramped setpoint temperature variation with networked thermostats to improve efficiency|
|US8019567||16 Sep 2008||13 Sep 2011||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for evaluating changes in the efficiency of an HVAC system|
|US8037022||27 Dec 2007||11 Oct 2011||Samsung Electroncis Co., Ltd.||Synchronizing content between content directory service and control point|
|US8090477||20 Aug 2010||3 Jan 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for optimizing use of plug-in air conditioners and portable heaters|
|US8091375||10 May 2006||10 Jan 2012||Trane International Inc.||Humidity control for air conditioning system|
|US8131497||2 Dec 2010||6 Mar 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for calculating the thermal mass of a building|
|US8174381||30 Mar 2011||8 May 2012||Allure Energy, Inc.||Mobile energy management system|
|US8180492||13 Jul 2009||15 May 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for using a networked electronic device as an occupancy sensor for an energy management system|
|US8219249||15 Sep 2009||10 Jul 2012||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Indoor air quality controllers and user interfaces|
|US8532827||30 Sep 2012||10 Sep 2013||Nest Labs, Inc.||Prospective determination of processor wake-up conditions in energy buffered HVAC control unit|
|US20020074865||14 Dec 2000||20 Jun 2002||Venstar, Inc.||Two line switch and power sharing for programmable means|
|US20030064335||28 Sep 2001||3 Apr 2003||Daniel Canon||Flame burner ignition system|
|US20030231001||12 Jun 2002||18 Dec 2003||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Wireless battery charging|
|US20040120084||20 Dec 2002||24 Jun 2004||Readio Phillip O.||Power supply with multiple transformer current sharing|
|US20040209209||3 Nov 2003||21 Oct 2004||Chodacki Thomas A.||System, apparatus and method for controlling ignition including re-ignition of gas and gas fired appliances using same|
|US20040245349||3 Jun 2003||9 Dec 2004||Tim Simon, Inc., A Corporation Of The State Of California||Thermostat operable from various power sources|
|US20040249479||6 Apr 2004||9 Dec 2004||Shorrock John E.||Systems and methods for monitoring room conditions to improve occupant performance|
|US20050043907||27 Sep 2004||24 Feb 2005||Eckel David P.||Network based multiple sensor and control device with temperature sensing and control|
|US20050090915||22 Apr 2004||28 Apr 2005||Smart Systems Technologies, Inc.||Programmable and expandable building automation and control system|
|US20050128067||11 Dec 2003||16 Jun 2005||Honeywell International, Inc.||Automatic sensitivity adjustment on motion detectors in security system|
|US20050150968||9 Jan 2004||14 Jul 2005||Shearer Jon D.||Low noise solid-state thermostat with microprocessor controlled fault detection and reporting, and programmable set points|
|US20050189429||28 Feb 2004||1 Sep 2005||Breeden Robert L.||Thermostat and method for adaptively providing a changeover between heat and cool|
|US20050192915||6 Dec 2004||1 Sep 2005||Osman Ahmed||System and method for predicting building thermal loads|
|US20050270151||29 Jun 2005||8 Dec 2005||Honeywell International, Inc.||RF interconnected HVAC system and security system|
|US20050280421||18 Aug 2004||22 Dec 2005||Nec Mobiling, Ltd.||Earthquarke prediction method and system thereof|
|US20060124759||13 Dec 2005||15 Jun 2006||Rossi John F||HVAC communication system|
|US20060186214||19 Jan 2006||24 Aug 2006||Tim Simon, Inc.||Thermostat operation method and apparatus|
|US20060196953||19 Jan 2006||7 Sep 2006||Tim Simon, Inc.||Multiple thermostat installation|
|US20070045431||31 Mar 2006||1 Mar 2007||Ranco Incorporated Of Delaware||Occupancy-based zoning climate control system and method|
|US20070045432||30 Aug 2005||1 Mar 2007||Honeywell International Inc.||Thermostat relay control|
|US20070115902||15 Aug 2006||24 May 2007||Charles Shamoon||Ubiquitous connectivity and control system for remote locations|
|US20070131787||6 Dec 2006||14 Jun 2007||Rossi John F||HVAC Communication System|
|US20070205297||5 Mar 2007||6 Sep 2007||Finkam Joseph E||Methods and apparatuses for controlling air to a building|
|US20070228183||23 Mar 2007||4 Oct 2007||Kennedy Kimberly A||Thermostat|
|US20070241203||14 Apr 2006||18 Oct 2007||Ranco Inc. Of Delaware||Management of a thermostat's power consumption|
|US20070296280||24 Feb 2005||27 Dec 2007||Carrier Corporation||Power Stealing for a Thermostat Using a Triac With Fet Control|
|US20080015742||11 Jul 2006||17 Jan 2008||Regen Energy Inc.||Method and apparatus for managing an energy consuming load|
|US20080054082||31 Oct 2007||6 Mar 2008||Evans Edward B||Climate control system including responsive controllers|
|US20080094010||21 Dec 2007||24 Apr 2008||Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.||Electronic control systems and methods|
|US20080147242||18 Dec 2006||19 Jun 2008||Carrier Corporation||Stackable thermostat|
|US20080183335||29 Oct 2007||31 Jul 2008||Poth Robert J||Usage monitoring HVAC control method|
|US20080191045||9 Feb 2007||14 Aug 2008||Harter Robert J||Self-programmable thermostat|
|US20080273754||1 May 2008||6 Nov 2008||Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Apparatus and method for defining an area of interest for image sensing|
|US20080317292||25 Jun 2007||25 Dec 2008||Microsoft Corporation||Automatic configuration of devices based on biometric data|
|US20090012959 *||6 Jul 2007||8 Jan 2009||Nokia Corporation||Method, Apparatus and Computer Program Product for Providing Presentation of a Media Collection|
|US20090099697||11 Jun 2008||16 Apr 2009||Eair, Llc||Power Supply Switch for Dual Powered Thermostat, Power Supply for Dual Powered Thermostat, and Dual Powered Thermostat|
|US20090140057||25 Nov 2008||4 Jun 2009||Honeywell International, Inc.||Display for hvac systems in remote control units|
|US20090171862||23 Dec 2008||2 Jul 2009||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Energy control system|
|US20090194601||5 Feb 2009||6 Aug 2009||Sequentric Energy Systems, Llc||Wireless interface circuits for wired thermostats and electrical service demand management|
|US20090236433||26 May 2009||24 Sep 2009||Mueller Carl J||Thermostat control system providing power saving transmissions|
|US20090254225||13 Nov 2008||8 Oct 2009||Boucher Rodney M||Enterprise Energy Automation|
|US20090259713||26 Jun 2009||15 Oct 2009||International Business Machines Corporation||Novel massively parallel supercomputer|
|US20090297901||26 Jun 2009||3 Dec 2009||Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc.||Power system for a hybrid fuel cell vehicle that employs a floating base load strategy|
|US20090327354||26 Jun 2008||31 Dec 2009||Microsoft Corporation||Notification and synchronization of updated data|
|US20100006660||10 Jul 2008||14 Jan 2010||Honeywell International Inc.||Backup control for hvac system|
|US20100019051||22 Jul 2008||28 Jan 2010||Howard Rosen||Override Of Nonoccupancy Status In a Thermostat Device Based Upon Analysis Of Recent Patterns Of Occupancy|
|US20100025483||31 Jul 2008||4 Feb 2010||Michael Hoeynck||Sensor-Based Occupancy and Behavior Prediction Method for Intelligently Controlling Energy Consumption Within a Building|
|US20100050004||20 Aug 2008||25 Feb 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||Introducing selective energy efficiency in a virtual environment|
|US20100070084||16 Sep 2008||18 Mar 2010||John Douglas Steinberg||System and method for calculating the thermal mass of a building|
|US20100070086||15 Sep 2009||18 Mar 2010||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Indoor air quality controllers and user interfaces|
|US20100070089 *||15 Sep 2009||18 Mar 2010||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Hvac controller user interfaces|
|US20100070099||15 Sep 2009||18 Mar 2010||General Electric Company||Demand side management module|
|US20100070234||16 Sep 2008||18 Mar 2010||John Douglas Steinberg||System and method for evaluating changes in the efficiency of an hvac system|
|US20100084482||8 Dec 2009||8 Apr 2010||Pro1 Iaq||Thermostat|
|US20100167783||31 Dec 2008||1 Jul 2010||Motorola, Inc.||Portable Electronic Device Having Directional Proximity Sensors Based on Device Orientation|
|US20100179704||14 Jan 2010||15 Jul 2010||Integral Analytics, Inc.||Optimization of microgrid energy use and distribution|
|US20100182743||29 Dec 2006||22 Jul 2010||Carrier Corporation||Universalthermostat expansion port|
|US20100193592||30 Jan 2009||5 Aug 2010||Tim Simon, Inc.||Thermostat Assembly With Removable Communication Module and Method|
|US20100198425 *||4 Feb 2009||5 Aug 2010||Paul Donovan||Programmable thermostat|
|US20100211224||18 Dec 2009||19 Aug 2010||EnaGea LLC||Heating and cooling control methods and systems|
|US20100262298||27 Mar 2009||14 Oct 2010||Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.||System and Method for Climate Control Set-Point Optimization Based On Individual Comfort|
|US20100262299||6 Jul 2009||14 Oct 2010||Leo Cheung||System and method for using ramped setpoint temperature variation with networked thermostats to improve efficiency|
|US20100280667||13 Jul 2009||4 Nov 2010||John Douglas Steinberg||System and method for using a networked electronic device as an occupancy sensor for an energy management system|
|US20100289643||18 May 2010||18 Nov 2010||Alarm.Com||Remote device control and energy monitoring|
|US20100308119||11 May 2010||9 Dec 2010||Ecofactor, Inc.||System, method and apparatus for identifying manual inputs to and adaptive programming of a thermostat|
|US20100318227||4 May 2010||16 Dec 2010||Ecofactor, Inc.||System, method and apparatus for just-in-time conditioning using a thermostat|
|US20110025257||28 Oct 2009||3 Feb 2011||Lin-Song Weng||Circuit for extracting power from a battery and an electronic apparatus comprising the circuit|
|US20110046792||20 Jul 2010||24 Feb 2011||Imes Kevin R||Energy Management System And Method|
|US20110046805||9 Aug 2010||24 Feb 2011||Honeywell International Inc.||Context-aware smart home energy manager|
|US20110046806||17 Aug 2010||24 Feb 2011||Control4 Corporation||Systems and methods for estimating the effects of a request to change power usage|
|US20110077758||6 Dec 2010||31 Mar 2011||Alexander Bach Tran||Smart air ventilation system|
|US20110077896||2 Dec 2010||31 Mar 2011||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for calculating the thermal mass of a building|
|US20110151837||23 Dec 2009||23 Jun 2011||Winbush Iii Amos||Mobile communication device user content synchronization with central web-based records and information sharing system|
|US20110160913||31 Dec 2009||30 Jun 2011||Schneider Electric USA, Inc.||Methods and apparatuses for displaying energy savings from an hvac system|
|US20110185895||3 Feb 2011||4 Aug 2011||Paul Freen||Filter apparatus and method of monitoring filter apparatus|
|US20110253796||14 Apr 2011||20 Oct 2011||Posa John G||Zone-based hvac system|
|US20110307103||26 Aug 2011||15 Dec 2011||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for using ramped setpoint temperature variation with networked thermostats to improve efficiency|
|US20110307112||15 Jun 2010||15 Dec 2011||Redwood Systems, Inc.||Goal-based control of lighting|
|US20120005590 *||13 Sep 2011||5 Jan 2012||Ecobee Inc.||System and method for web-enabled enterprise environment control and energy management|
|US20120017611||20 Jul 2010||26 Jan 2012||Coffel James A||Load management aware fan control|
|US20120065935||12 Sep 2011||15 Mar 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for evaluating changes in the efficiency of an hvac system|
|US20120085831||7 Oct 2010||12 Apr 2012||Energy Eye, Inc.||Systems and methods for controlling the temperature of a room based on occupancy|
|US20120101637||30 Dec 2011||26 Apr 2012||Imes Kevin R||Zone based system for altering an operating condition|
|US20120158350||1 Mar 2012||21 Jun 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for calculating the thermal mass of a building|
|US20120221151||11 May 2012||30 Aug 2012||Ecofactor, Inc.||System and method for using a wireless device as a sensor for an energy management system|
|US20120248211||8 May 2012||4 Oct 2012||Nest Labs, Inc.||Thermostat with self-configuring connections to facilitate do-it-yourself installation|
|US20120252430||19 Jun 2012||4 Oct 2012||Imes Kevin R||Establishing proximity detection using 802.11 based networks|
|US20130103204||30 Sep 2012||25 Apr 2013||Nest Labs, Inc.||Prospective determination of processor wake-up conditions in energy buffered hvac control unit|
|USRE40437||16 May 2007||15 Jul 2008||Howard Rosen||Thermostat system with remote data averaging|
|CA2202008C||7 Apr 1997||8 Feb 2000||Hugues Demilleville||Energy management system|
|EP0196069B1||25 Mar 1986||11 Dec 1991||Honeywell Inc.||Clock operated thermostat|
|EP0207295A1||30 May 1986||7 Jan 1987||Honeywell Inc.||Thermostat|
|EP0510807B1||20 Mar 1992||2 Jan 1997||Honeywell Inc.||System powered power supply using dual transformer HVAC systems|
|EP0660287A1||23 Dec 1994||28 Jun 1995||Honeywell Inc.||Locally powered control system having a remote sensing unit with a two wire connection|
|EP0690363B1||12 Jun 1995||1 Sep 1999||Carrier Corporation||Extended clock termostat|
|EP2302326A1||3 Aug 2005||30 Mar 2011||USCL Corporation||Integrated metrology system and information and control apparatus for interaction with integrated metrology systems|
|JPH01252850A||Title not available|
|JPH09298780A||Title not available|
|JPS59106311U||Title not available|
|WO2008054938A2||19 Sep 2007||8 May 2008||Tonerhead, Inc.||Wireless temperature control system|
|1||Akhlaghinia et al., Occupancy Monitoring in Intelligent Environment through Integrated Wireless Localizing Agents, IEEE, 2009, 7 pages.|
|2||Akhlaghinia et al., Occupant Behaviour Prediction in Ambient Intelligence Computing Environment, Journal of Uncertain Systems, vol. 2, No. 2, 2008, pp. 85-100.|
|3||Allen et al., Real-Time Earthquake Detection and Hazard Assessment by ElarmS Across California, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, L00B08, 2009, pp. 1-6.|
|4||Aprilaire Electronic Thermostats Model 8355 User's Manual, Research Products Corporation, Dec. 2000, 16 pages.|
|5||Braeburn 5300 Installer Guide, Braeburn Systems, LLC, Dec. 9, 2009, 10 pages.|
|6||Braeburn Model 5200, Braeburn Systems, LLC, Jul. 20, 2011, 11 pages.|
|7||Chatzigiannakis et al., Priority Based Adaptive Coordination of Wireless Sensors and Actors, Q2SWinet '06, Oct. 2006, pp. 37-44.|
|8||DELEEUW, Ecobee WiFi Enabled Smart Thermostat Part 2: The Features Review, retrieved from <URL: http://www.homenetworkenabled.com/content.php?136-ecobee-WiFi-enabled-Smart-Thermostat-Part-2-The-Features-review> [retrieved on Jan. 8, 2013], Dec. 2, 2011, 5 pages.|
|9||Ecobee Smart Si Thermostat Installation Manual, Ecobee, Apr. 3, 2012, 40 pages.|
|10||Ecobee Smart Si Thermostat User Manual, Ecobee, Apr. 3, 2012, 44 pages.|
|11||Ecobee Smart Thermostat Installation Manual, Jun. 29, 2011, 20 pages.|
|12||Ecobee Smart Thermostat User Manual, May 11, 2010, 20 pages.|
|13||Electric Heat Lock Out on Heat Pumps, Washington State University Extension Energy Program, Apr. 2010, pp. 1-3.|
|14||Gao et al., The Self-Programming Thermostat: Optimizing Setback Schedules Based on Home Occupancy Patterns, In Proceedings of the First ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings, Nov. 3, 2009, 6 pages.|
|15||Honeywell Installation Guide FocusPRO TH6000 Series, Honeywell International, Inc., Jan. 5, 2012, 24 pages.|
|16||Honeywell Operating Manual FocusPRO TH6000 Series, Honeywell International, Inc., Mar. 25, 2011, 80 pages.|
|17||Honeywell Prestige IAQ Product Data 2, Honeywell International, Inc., Jan. 12, 2012, 126 pages.|
|18||Honeywell Prestige THX9321 and TXH9421 Product Data, Honeywell International, Inc., 68-0311, Jan. 2012, 126 pages.|
|19||Honeywell Prestige THX9321-9421 Operating Manual, Honeywell International, Inc., Jul. 6, 2011, 120 pages.|
|20||Hunter Internet Thermostat Installation Guide, Hunter Fan Co., Aug. 14, 2012, 8 pages.|
|21||Introducing the New Smart Si Thermostat, Datasheet [online]. Ecobee, Mar. 2012 [retrieved on Feb. 25, 2013]. Retrieved from the Internet: , Mar. 12, 2012, 4 pages.|
|22||Introducing the New Smart Si Thermostat, Datasheet [online]. Ecobee, Mar. 2012 [retrieved on Feb. 25, 2013]. Retrieved from the Internet: <URL: https://www.ecobee.com/solutions/home/smart-si/>, Mar. 12, 2012, 4 pages.|
|23||Lennox ComfortSense 5000 Owners Guide, Lennox Industries, Inc., Feb. 2008, 32 pages.|
|24||Lennox ComfortSense 7000 Owners Guide, Lennox Industries, Inc., May 2009, 15 pages.|
|25||Lennox iComfort Manual, Lennox Industries, Inc., Dec. 2010, 20 pages.|
|26||Loisos et al., Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency: Alternatives to Compressor Cooling, California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research, Jan. 2000, 80 pages.|
|27||Lu et al., The Smart Thermostat: Using Occupancy Sensors to Save Energy in Homes, In Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, Nov. 3-5, 2010, pp. 211-224.|
|28||Lux PSPU732T Manual, LUX Products Corporation, Jan. 6, 2009, 48 pages.|
|29||MOZER, The Neural Network House: An Environmental that Adapts to its Inhabitants, Proceedings of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence SS-98-02,1998, pp. 110-114.|
|30||NetX RP32-WIFI Network Thermostat Consumer Brochure, Network Thermostat, May, 2011, 2 pages.|
|31||NetX RP32-WIFI Network Thermostat Specification Sheet, Network Thermostat, Feb. 28, 2012, 2 pages.|
|32||RobertShaw Product Manual 9620, Maple Chase Company, Jun. 12, 2001, 14 pages.|
|33||RobertShaw Product Manual 9825i2, Maple Chase Company, Jul. 17, 2006, 36 pages.|
|34||Ros et al., Multi-Sensor Human Tracking with the Bayesian Occupancy Filter, IEEE, 2009, 8 pages.|
|35||SYSTXCCUIZ01-V Infinity Control Installation Instructions, Carrier Corp, May 31, 2012, 20 pages.|
|36||T8611G Chronotherm IV Deluxe Programmable Heat Pump Thermostat Product Data, Honeywell International Inc., Oct. 1997, 24 pages.|
|37||TB-PAC, TB-PHP, Base Series Programmable Thermostats, Carrier Corp, May 14, 2012, 8 pages.|
|38||The Perfect Climate Comfort Center PC8900A W8900A-C Product Data Sheet, Honeywell International Inc, Apr. 2001, 44 pages.|
|39||TP-PAC, TP-PHP, TP-NAC, TP-NHP Performance Series AC/HP Thermostat Installation Instructions, Carrier Corp, Sep. 2007, 56 pages.|
|40||Trane Communicating Thermostats for Fan Coil, Trane, May, 2011, 32 pages.|
|41||Trane Communicating Thermostats for Heat Pump Control, Trane, May, 2011, 32 pages.|
|42||Trane Install XL600 Installation Manual, Trane, Mar. 2006, 16 pages.|
|43||Trane XL950 Installation Guide, Trane, Mar. 2011, 20 pages.|
|44||U.S. Appl. No. 13/632,137, Non Final Office Action mailed on Jan. 4, 2013, 6 pages.|
|45||U.S. Appl. No. 13/632,137, Notice of Allowance mailed on May 10, 2013, 11 pages.|
|46||Venstar T2900 Manual, Venstar, Inc., Apr. 2008, 113 pages.|
|47||Venstar T5800 Manual, Venstar, Inc., Sep. 7, 2011, 63 pages.|
|48||VisionPRO TH8000 Series Installation Guide, Honeywell International, Inc., Jan. 2012, 12 pages.|
|49||VisionPRO TH8000 Series Operating Manual, Honeywell International, Inc., Mar. 2011, 96 pages.|
|50||VisionPRO Wi-Fi Programmable Thermostat User Guide, Honeywell International, Inc, Aug. 2012, 48 pages.|
|51||White Rodgers (Emerson) Model 1F81-261 Installation and Operating Instructions, White Rodgers, Apr. 15, 2010, 8 pages.|
|52||White Rodgers (Emerson) Model IF98EZ-1621 Homeowner's User Guide, White Rodgers, Jan. 25, 2012, 28 pages.|
|53||Wong et al., Maximum Likelihood Estimation of ARMA Model with Error Processes for Replicated Observations, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics, Working Paper No. 0217, Feb. 2002, pp. 1-19.|
|U.S. Classification||700/276, 236/91.00R|
|International Classification||G06F19/00, G06F3/0487, F24F11/00, G05D23/27, G05D23/19, G05D23/24|
|Cooperative Classification||F24F2120/10, F24F2110/10, F24F2110/00, F24F2140/60, F24F2120/12, F24F11/58, F24F2120/14, F24F11/63, F24F11/62, F24F11/56, F24F11/52, F24F11/47, F24F11/46, F24F11/30, F24F11/70, H01H25/06, G06F3/167, G06F3/04847, G06F3/0362, G06F3/0304, G06F1/3231, G06F3/04842, G06F3/011, G06F3/0482, G06F3/042, G06F3/02, G06F1/3265, F24F11/0034, F24F11/0012, G05D23/27, F24F2011/0094, F24F2011/0075, F24F2011/0068, F24F2011/0061, F24F2011/0047, F24F11/0009, G05D23/2454, F24F11/02, G05D23/24, G01R31/26, G06F3/0487, F24F11/001, G01K1/02, G01J5/041, G01J5/0025, G05D23/1919, F24F11/0076, G05D23/19, F24F11/0086, G05D23/1932, F24F2011/0035, G05D23/275, Y02T10/88, G06N99/005, F24F11/006, F24F2011/0091, H04L67/10, F24F2011/0071, F24F11/00, G05B15/02, Y02B60/50, F24F2011/0036, G05D23/1902, G05D23/2434, G05D23/2723|
|19 Aug 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOOGLE INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NEST LABS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:033568/0693
Effective date: 20140207
|2 Oct 2017||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOOGLE LLC, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:GOOGLE INC.;REEL/FRAME:044277/0001
Effective date: 20170929