US 7733332 B2
A keyless entry touch pad system for a vehicle includes a substrate with a plurality of touch zones disposed on one surface of the substrate, and a plurality of electrode patterns disposed on the opposite surface. An inner electrode of each pattern is aligned with one of the touch zones. Each pattern is electrically coupled to an integrated control circuit, which outputs a signal to and energizes the electrodes of the pattern such that electric fields emanates therefrom. The electrode patterns may be capacitively coupled to the integrated control circuit. When the electric field of the inner electrode is disturbed by a stimulus proximate the corresponding touch zone, the component is activated. Upon activation of the components in a predetermined sequence, a controller causes the vehicle door to unlock. A method of unlocking a vehicle is also disclosed.
1. A keyless entry pad system for unlocking a door of an automobile, comprising:
a dielectric substrate having first and second opposite surfaces;
a plurality of touch zones disposed on said first surface;
a printed circuit board having first and second sides, said first side adjacent said second surface;
a plurality of electrode patterns disposed on said first side, each of said electrode patterns having an inner electrode and an outer electrode, each of said inner electrodes aligned with one of said touch zones, said electrodes electrically coupled to capacitive plates disposed on said first side;
a plurality of integrated control circuits (ICCs) disposed on said second side, each of said ICCs electrically coupled to capacitive plates disposed on said second side, wherein said plates on said first side are capacitively coupled to said plates on said second side so that said ICCs are electrically coupled to said patterns, each of said ICCs energizing the electrodes of a corresponding pattern such that electric fields emanate from the electrodes, wherein the electric field of the associated inner electrode is disturbed when a stimulus is proximate the corresponding touch zone, thereby causing the corresponding ICC to output a signal indicative of a touch to said touch zone; and
a controller in communication with said ICC, said controller causing the unlocking of said door upon receipt of predetermined signals from said ICCs in a predetermined sequence.
2. The keyless entry pad system of
3. The keyless entry pad system of
4. The keyless entry pad system of
5. The keyless entry pad system of
6. The keyless entry pad system of
7. The keyless entry pad system of
8. The keyless entry pad system of
9. A capacitively coupled electrode pattern field effect touch sensor apparatus, comprising:
a dielectric substrate having first and second opposite surfaces;
an electrode pattern having an inner electrode and an outer electrode disposed on said first surface, each of said inner and outer electrodes electrically coupled to capacitive plates disposed on said first surface;
an integrated control circuit (ICC) disposed on said second surface, said ICC electrically coupled to capacitive plates disposed on said second surface, wherein said plates on said first surface are capacitively coupled to said plates on said second surface so that said ICC is electrically coupled to said electrodes, said ICC energizes said electrodes such that an electric field emanates from each said electrodes, and said ICC senses disturbances in the electric fields; and
a controller in communication with said ICC, wherein said ICC transmits signals to said controller in response to a disturbed electric field.
10. The touch sensor apparatus of
11. The touch sensor apparatus of
This application claims priority from and incorporates by reference the disclosure of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/638,159, filed on Dec. 23, 2004. This application also claims priority from and incorporates by reference the disclosures of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/638,197, filed on Dec. 23, 2004, and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/315,719, filed Dec. 22, 2005, both entitled Track Position Sensor and Method, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/638,198, filed on Dec. 23, 2004, and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/315,717, filed Dec. 22, 2005, both entitled Seat Control System.
The present invention relates generally to keyless access touch pad systems and, more particularly, to a keyless entry touch pad system for a vehicle.
Keyless entry systems for vehicles allow users to lock or unlock the doors or trunk of a vehicle without a key. Remote keyless entry systems typically include a pocket-sized fob that includes several pushbuttons that unlock doors or the trunk and perform other functions through encoded RF signals transmitted to a vehicle-installed receiver. Door-mounted keyless entry systems typically include a keypad positioned near the door handle, enabling an authorized user of the vehicle to input a numeric code and thereby gain entry to the vehicle. Such keypads can be used to control other functions, as well.
Some conventional keypads include an array of mechanical switches that are mounted on the keypad and hard-wired to a control module. The keypad typically is fixed to the door panel. As such, the door panel typically includes an opening for receiving the keypad. This opening, if not adequately protected, may permit the surrounding metal panel to corrode and damage the exterior finish. In addition, the keypad itself includes openings for receiving the switches. These openings allow dirt, water and other contaminants to pass into and become trapped within the switch, potentially leading to electrical shorts and other malfunctions.
Other keyless systems use electronic or capacitive solid state switches. Unlike mechanical switches, electronic switches contain no moving parts to break or wear out. However, electronic switches may malfunction when contaminants such as water and debris are present on the touch surface. The contaminants may cause unintended switch actuations. Given that the exterior surface of a vehicle is exposed to a tremendous amount of water, dirt, road spray, and other contaminants, electronic switches have not proven reliable for keyless entry systems. Furthermore, many electronic switches respond to environments with electromagnetic interference (EMI) in unpredictable ways, and may not conform to increasingly rigid electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards.
The present invention is directed to a keyless access touch pad system. The system preferably includes a dielectric substrate having first and second opposite surfaces. Preferably, a plurality of touch zones is defined on the first surface and a plurality of electrode patterns is disposed on the second surface. Each electrode pattern is aligned with a corresponding one of the touch zones. Each electrode pattern preferably includes a first electrode in proximity to a second electrode. More preferably, each electrode pattern includes an inner electrode pad and an outer electrode substantially surrounding the inner electrode. A pulse generation circuit is electrically coupled to and provides an excitation signal to the electrodes of each electrode pattern 18. The excitation signal induces electric fields about the electrodes. The electric field about each electrode is disturbed when a stimulus, for example, human touch, is introduced proximate the corresponding touch zone. The electrodes preferably are coupled to a detection circuit that detects and responds to the disturbance to the electric fields about each electrode. Each detection circuit preferably is coupled to a controller that provides signals to a controlled device in response to signals received from the plurality of detection circuits. Preferably, the pulse generation and detection circuits are disposed on a single integrated circuit chip that is located on the substrate proximate the electrode patterns. Preferably, the substrate is free of penetrations, at least in areas proximate the electrodes and related circuitry and the touch zones, to reduce the potential for contaminants to migrate from the touch zones to the circuit-carrying side of the substrate. Light emitting devices may be included to provide visual feedback that a touch zone has been touched or to otherwise illuminate the keypad.
The present invention is also directed to a capacitively coupled electrode pattern field effect touch sensor apparatus. The apparatus preferably includes a dielectric substrate having first and second opposing surfaces. An electrode pattern preferably having an inner electrode and an outer electrode is disposed on the first surface. Each of the inner and outer electrodes is electrically coupled to a corresponding capacitive plate, also disposed on the first surface. Pulse generation and detection circuits can be disposed on the second surface and are electrically coupled to one or more capacitive plates disposed on the second surface. The plates on the first surface are capacitively coupled to the plates on the second surface so that the pulse generation and detection circuits are electrically coupled to the electrodes. The detection circuits preferably are coupled to a controller. The pulse generation and detection circuits and controller operate as discussed above.
The present invention is further directed to a method of unlocking a door of an automobile using field effect touch sensor apparatus.
As best shown in
As best shown in
Integrated circuit 26 preferably is a TS-100 ASIC, available from TouchSensor Technologies, LLC of Wheaton, Ill. The general principles of operation of the TS-100 ASIC are described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,320,282 to Caldwell, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. The pin-out of integrated circuit 26 as shown in the drawings corresponds to that of the TS-100 ASIC, where the input power (+5 volts) connection is on pin 1, the ground connection is on pin 2, the signal output connection is on pin 3, the outer electrode 24 connection is on pin 4, the excitation signal connection is on pin 5, and the inner electrode 22 connection is on pin 6.
Wiring associated with the input power and signal output connections from integrated circuits 26 may be bundled together in a harness H, as best shown in
Electrical signals are provided to inner and outer electrodes 22, 24 via the excitation signal from pin 5, as best shown in
The applied electrical signals energize inner and outer electrodes 22, 24, generating an electric field about each of electrodes 22, 24. Electric flux lines emanate from inner and outer electrodes 22, 24 and through mirror M, as best shown by dashed lines in
Although not shown in
Inner and outer electrodes 22, 24 are charged such that all of the electric fields emanating therefrom have the same polarity. As such, the fields repel and extend outwardly from inner and outer electrodes 22, 24. Field strength is greatest closer to electrodes 22, 24, and dissipates with distance from electrodes 22, 24. Preferably, the strength of the electric fields is substantially dissipated at a distance of about 25 mm from exterior surface 14 of mirror M. The excitation signal strength may be increased or decreased if stronger or weaker fields, respectively, are desired.
Resistors R1, R2 are selected such that a predetermined potential difference or voltage is created by each electric field. The strengths of the electric fields generated about inner and outer electrodes 22, 24 are sensed and compared within the corresponding detection circuit. In this way, the detection circuit monitors the strengths of the electric fields about the corresponding inner and outer electrodes 22, 24. When an object or stimulus, such as a human finger, is proximate the corresponding touch zone, the electric fields associated with inner and outer electrodes 22, 24 are altered. Preferably, the stimulus must be 25 mm or closer to one of touch zones Z1-Z5 to disrupt the electric field associated with the corresponding electrodes, given the field strength is substantially dissipated at further distances. The detection circuit generates an output signal indicating a touch input at a particular touch zone when the difference in strength between the electric fields about inner electrode 22 and outer electrode 24 corresponding to such touch zone exceeds a predetermined threshold.
A further discussion of the principles of operation of preferred field effect sensors can be found in, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,320,282 to Caldwell, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
A sheet of printed graphics G which identifies touch zones Z1-Z5 may be adhered to interior surface 16 of mirror M such that graphics G are visible from surface 14, as best shown in
Preferably, system 10 also includes one or more light-emitting diodes 30, wherein each light-emitting diode (LED) 30 is electrically coupled to a corresponding integrated circuit 26, as best shown in
Controller C, for example, a microprocessor, is in communication with the pulse generation and detection circuits associated with each electrode pattern 18, and may be disposed either on substrate 20 or remote from substrate 20. Controller C receives detection signals from the detection circuit associated with each electrode pattern 18. These detection circuits are distinguishable from each other so that controller C can interpret which sensor has been activated and/or in which sequence plural sensors have been activated. In response, controller C generates a control signal and outputs the control signal to a controlled device. In a preferred embodiment, controller C is in communication with a lock mechanism in one or more of a vehicle's doors. When touch zones Z1-Z5 are disturbed in a predetermined sequence, such that the detection circuits corresponding to these touch zones output detection signals to controller C in such sequence, controller C generates a control signal causing actuation of the lock mechanism, thereby locking or unlocking one or more doors.
The pulse generation and detection circuits may be hard-wired to electrodes 22, 24 via conductors such as lead wires or PCB traces. Alternatively, another aspect of the present invention provides that the pulse generation and detection circuits can be capacitively coupled to electrodes 22, 24, as best shown in
While capacitive coupling is described with reference to system 10, this aspect of the present invention may be applicable for other applications, such as for sensor pads used in commercial appliances. Electrodes 22, 24 may be capacitively coupled through a relatively thick dielectric substrate, which would not otherwise allow an electric field of sufficient strength to emanate therethrough. Electrodes 22, 24 may be located on one side of substrate, and the sense electronics located on the other side of the substrate. This allows for a sealed dielectric substrate, while still allowing the electrodes 22, 24 to be located closer to the object to be sensed.
While system 10 has been described with reference to side view mirror M, keypad 12 may be disposed on other surfaces of the vehicle, such as the A or B pillar of the vehicle, the door handle, or a trim piece. Such surface may include a translucent portion for displaying virtual keypad 12. For example, a molded fiberglass B pillar 40 may be provided with virtual keypad 12 disposed thereon, which lights up upon activation of one or more LEDs associated with the components, as best shown in
Alternatively, a keyless entry touch pad system may be provided on a separate substrate, which is secured to an exterior surface of the vehicle. As best shown in
System 50 includes an outer panel 56 formed from a dielectric material, such as glass, plastic or fiberglass reinforced epoxy resin. Preferably, panel 56 is translucent. Similar to system 10, panel 56 includes a plurality of touch zones Z1-Z5 on an exterior surface 58 forming a keypad. Further, a plurality of electrode patterns 18 are disposed adjacent an interior surface 60 of panel 56. Patterns 18 may be provided on substrate 20, which is adhered or positioned against interior surface 60, as described above. Each pattern 18 includes inner and outer electrodes 22, 24, which are electrically coupled to an active electrical component 26, as described above. Integrated control circuits 26 of system 50 may either be hard-wired to electrodes 22, 24, or capacitively coupled thereto. Each of integrated control circuits 26 is preferably a TS-100 ASIC, having the same pin-out as described above. Wiring associated with input power connections and signal output connections from integrated control circuits 26 may be bundled together in harness H, or an integral connector may be provided. A quick set potting material 28 or other insulator preferably overlays and seals substrate 20 and the end of harness H. Alternatively, an air gap or insulating backing may be provided.
As described above, touch zones Z1-Z5 are aligned with corresponding inner electrodes 22 such that electric fields emanate therefrom, as best shown in
A sheet of printed graphics G may be provided on either interior surface 60 or exterior surface 58 of panel 56. Alternatively, or in addition to graphics G, exterior surface 58 of panel 56 may include molded portions, such as depressions or ridges R, defining each touch zone Z1-Z5, as best shown in
The embodiments disclosed herein are exemplary only, and should not be construed to limit the invention. For example, the present invention could be used to control locks in doors of buildings, rather than vehicles, or to control operation of equipment other than locks. Further, the present invention may be used for various other applications, such as lighting, waking of electronics from sleep mode, etc. Also, aspects of one embodiment may be incorporated into another embodiment. Thus, this disclosure may be modified without departing from the scope of the present invention, which is defined in the following claims.