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Publication numberUS748767 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date5 Jan 1904
Filing date17 Jun 1903
Publication numberUS 748767 A, US 748767A, US-A-748767, US748767 A, US748767A
InventorsSamuel Wilson Marshall
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fountain blacking-brush
US 748767 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED JAN. 5, 1904 s. w. MARSHALL. FOUNTAIN BLAOKING BRUSH APPLIUAT Llll fwfi illlllll] A whl' W7 lllllll tic. 748,767.

UNITED STATES Patented January 5, 1904.


SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 748,767, dated January 5, 1904. Application filed June 17, 1903- Serial No. 161,910. (N0 model.)

To aZZ whom it may concern;

Be it known that l, SAMUEL WILSON MAR- SHALL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dallas, in the county of Dallas and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fountain Blanking- Brushes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.

This invention relates to improvements in brushes, and particularly shoe brushes, wherein the brush used for polishing the shoes carries a reservoir of liquid blacking or polish, the latter being fed to tufts of bristles at the front end of the brush and applied thereby to the shoe.

The invention consists in certain novel details of construction and combinations and arrangments of parts, all as will be now doscribed and the particular features of novelty pointed out in the appended claims.

v In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a brush embodying the present improvements. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section thereof. Fig. 3 is a perspective'view of the reservoir or holder for the blacking.

Similar letters of reference in the several figures indicate the same parts.

The blacking holder or reservoir, made of any suitable material, preferably sheet metal, consists of a body portion A, preferably substantially rectangular in cross-section, and a supplemental reservoir B, communicating with the reservoir through the neck or passage-way b. The reservoir B is preferably elevated above the base of the main reservoir A. The portion of the front wall of reservoir leading up to the passage b is preferably inclined, as shown at 1), Fig.2. The reservoir is adapted to be contained in the brush-back O, which latter is properly recessed to' receive the same and is provided with the usual bristles c. I

In the bottom of the supplemental reservoir B are perforations 6 adapted to register or communicate with passages or ducts c' in the brush-back, leading to the bristles at one end of the brush, as shown in Fig. 2. Any

liquid contained in the reservoir B will therefore feed to the bristles, as will be readily understood.

It is desirable that communication between the reservoirs be at times wholly or partially cut off, so that no blacking or onlya limited quantity thereof shall be fed to the bristles. For this purpose a plunger or stopper D is fitted in the reservoir B and when pushed down will close or partially close the passagewayb, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 2. This stopper or plunger may be of any suitable material and have an operating stem or projection D. In order to permit the movements of the stopper D without opening the reservoir, a cap E, preferably made of flexible or elastic material, as rubber, is secured to ametal ring a, fitting or threaded onto the top of the reservoir B, and the stem is secured to or may be manipulated with its attached plunger or stopper by pressure applied to its upper end, the flexible cap or diaphragm yielding in either direction, according to the movements of the stem, as will be readily understood.

The reservoir is held within the brush-back by a cover F, secured to the brush in any suitable manner.

In use the brush may be tilted forward, when the liquid will flow from the main to the supplemental reservoir, and the stopper is adjusted to permit the desired quantity to escape, or the movement of the brush back and forth in polishingthe shoe will throw the blacking up the inclined front wall into the supplemental reservoir, whence it may pass out through the openings to the bristles, as before described. The reservoir may be made complete before application to the brush, and hence it is a simple matter to substitute a new reservoir or to transfer the reservoir to a new brush should either become worn out or useless. f r

What I claim is 1. In afountain blacking-brush, the combination with the brush, of the blacking-receptacle mounted in the back thereof consisting of a main reservoir and a supplemental reservoir, elevated above the base of the main reservoir, with a passage-way between said reservoirs, the main reservoir having an inclined front wall leading to the passage-Way, whereby the blacking may be directed into said passage-way; substantially as described.

2. In afountain blacking-brush, the combination with the brush, of the blacking-receptacle mounted in the back thereof and consisting ofa main reservoir and asupplemental reservoir, the latter located outside of the main reservoir and above the base thereof, with a passage-way between the reservoirs and channels leading from the supplemental reservoir to the brush-bristles; substantially as described.

3. In a fountain blacking-brush the combination with the blacking-receptacle mounted in the back thereof and consisting of a main reservoir and a supplemental reservoir, the latter located outside the main reservoir with a passage-Way between the reservoirs, means for controlling said passage-way, and channels leading from the supplemental reservoir to the brush-bristles; substantially as described.

4. In a fountain blacking-brush, the blacking-receptacle mounted in the brush-back and consisting of a main and a supplemental reservoir with a passage connecting said reservoirs, a cap for the supplemental reservoir, and an adjustable stopper for controlling said passage-way carried by the cap and means for adjusting said stopper without opening the reservoirs; substantially as de-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2552708 *21 Jun 194615 May 1951Oscar T BroneerRemovable dauber and polish supply for shoe polishing brushes
US2775401 *26 May 195225 Dec 1956Storrs Fred OFountain brush
Cooperative ClassificationA46B11/0013