|Publication number||US7428510 B2|
|Application number||US 09/790,979|
|Publication date||23 Sep 2008|
|Filing date||23 Feb 2001|
|Priority date||25 Feb 2000|
|Also published as||EP1266321A2, EP1266321A4, US7853511, US8060429, US8175953, US8738496, US20020029189, US20080318604, US20090081991, US20120094632, US20120230481, US20140220931, US20150189099, WO2001063883A2, WO2001063883A3|
|Publication number||09790979, 790979, US 7428510 B2, US 7428510B2, US-B2-7428510, US7428510 B2, US7428510B2|
|Inventors||Mark Titus, Dara Ung, Carle S. Johnson, Jr., Erik Wallace, Phillip Geil, Daniel Hronek|
|Original Assignee||Telecommunication Systems, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (113), Non-Patent Citations (21), Referenced by (21), Classifications (72), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/185,053 to Titus et al., filed Feb. 25, 2000, entitled “Prepaid Messaging”, the entirety of which is expressly incorporated herein by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates generally to short messaging systems. More particularly, it relates to prepaid billing of short message services.
2. Background of Related Art
Prepaid voice services exist. In a prepaid voice scenario, as part of the establishment of a telephone call, a service queries a database for a particular subscriber to determine if there is at least a given amount of funds available to pay for a call about to be made. In such a prepaid voice scenario, the ultimate cost of the desired telephone call is not known at that time, because the caller may not know the exact length of time that they would like to speak. Thus, a ‘minimum’ cost of the telephone call given the location of the called party (e.g., for a 3 minute call) may be determined, and compared to the remaining balance in the caller's service account. If there is sufficient money remaining to pay for at least the minimum cost of the telephone call (e.g., to pay for a minimum 3 minute call), then the call is allowed to go through and be established.
In the conventional prepaid voice system, when the subscriber's account has been exhausted or nearly exhausted, the subscriber is initially warned about the dwindling account balance. Ultimately, if the account balance is not replenished in time, the telephone call will be terminated due to lack of funds.
Conventionally, when a called party does not answer a telephone call, a voice message may be left in a voice mailbox. However, since the telephone call was not answered, there typically is no tariffing or cost applied to the subscriber's account. While this may be advantageous to the subscriber, the wireless carrier service does not recover costs with respect to that voice message.
Nevertheless, while prepayment for voice telephone calls has been accomplished, existing technologies have not applied the concepts of pre-payment to the world of short messaging (e.g., Internet messaging delivery services) as have prepaid wireless voice & calling cards. The lack of pre-payment service for messaging increases the possibility for fraudulent billing with respect to payment collections, particularly with respect to the high demand for wireless information services.
There is a need for an architecture and method for providing prepaid messaging services.
In accordance with the principles of the present invention, a method and apparatus for handling a prepaid messaging service comprises tariffing a short message before transmission. An account database is queried to determine if an account corresponding to an addressed party of the short message has sufficient funds to pay for transmission of the short message. If the account has sufficient funds, the short message is transmitted.
Features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following description with reference to the drawings, in which:
The present invention provides a prepaid messaging solution which uses open networking standards (e.g., TCP/IP) and which supports pre-payment of enhanced Internet messaging services. The disclosed prepaid architectures and methods accurately determine if a subscriber has sufficient account balance to deliver a complete short message, prior to delivery of the message. The short message may be prevented from being delivered (either at the source end or at the destination end) if insufficient funds are in the subscriber's account.
Short messaging architectures are significantly different from mere telephone systems, and thus prepaid short messaging is quite different from prepaid voice telephone calls. Accordingly, the implementation of prepaid accounting for short messaging encounters different issues than does prepaid accounting for voice telephone calls.
For instance, voice telephone calls are conventionally billed or tariffed based on a length of the telephone call. However, such billing or tariffing is not useable for short message cost recovery because most short messages can be transmitted in a blink of an eye, or at the most just a few seconds. Thus, prepaid voice telephone techniques and apparatus provide no workable solution to tariffing for short messages.
In a short messaging system, the length of the short message is known at the time of transmission (unlike voice telephone calls which are indefinite in nature, and must be ‘cut off’ when account balances dwindle). For instance, the approximate total number of ASCII type characters will be known, or the approximate total size of a transferred file may be known. Thus, in accordance with the principles of the present invention, short messages may be tariffed based on the substance of the short message being transferred.
This is significantly different from that encountered in conventional prepaid voice telephone systems, where the costing of a particular voice telephone call can be finalized only after completion of the voice telephone call. It is only after someone in the voice telephone call has hung up that the final length of the telephone call (and thus the final total cost of the telephone call) can be known. Thus, either prepaid voice telephone call accounts run the risk of being overdrawn to a negative balance, and/or the subscriber (and their called party) may be subject to embarrassing and inconvenient disconnects in an ongoing telephone call corresponding to the point at which the account balance becomes drawn down to $0.00.
Conventionally, wireless & Internet Messaging services have been capable of billing only on a postpaid basis. The present invention enables a wireless carrier or Internet service provider to accept prepayment of enhanced short messaging services, including but not limited to short messages originated by a wireless device (e.g., Short Message Service Mobile Originated (SMSC MO)), short messages terminated by a wireless device, i.e., sent to a wireless device (SMSC Mobile Terminated (SMSC MT)), and IRC and other chat messages. In addition, Internet Push information service short messages may be prepaid (e.g., stock quotes, e-mail, weather, sports scores, etc.), as can individual & network game cards, and/or Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) services.
A U.S. patent application disclosing an architecture and method for providing prepaid voice call management in an intelligent network is disclosed in a co-owned application, U.S. application Ser. No. 09/533,805, entitled “PREPAID CALL MANAGEMENT IN INTELLIGENT NETWORK”, by Elizabeth Countryman, Timothy J. Lorello, Mark Titus, and Dara Ung, the entirety of which is expressly incorporated herein by reference. Conventionally, wireless and Internet short messaging services have been capable of billing, if at all, only on a postpaid basis. A prepaid short messaging service in accordance with the principles of the present invention enables a wireless carrier or Internet service provider to accept pre-payment of both simple (i.e., short text messages) as well as enhanced (e.g., WAP applications, HTML documents, etc.) short messaging services.
In accordance with the principles of the present invention, real-time billing can be implemented for the delivery of short messages, allowing the prepayment of short messaging services. The real-time billing can debit subscriber balances for service usage, and can suspend short messaging services for a particular subscriber when the subscriber's account balance is depleted. Preferably, the subscriber can continue their short messaging service by depositing additional funds into their account via a suitable replenishment method.
For instance, a user may access a direct interface to a credit card authorization center to debit funds from a credit card and apply the same to their short messaging account. Replenishment may alternatively be accomplished over the Internet or via a suitable SMSC mobile originated message. Voice recognition techniques may be implemented to facilitate easy fund transfers into a users short messaging account.
A prepaid short messaging service in accordance with the principles of the present invention can be implemented as a stand-alone service, or may be bundled with other applications, e.g., with a prepaid voice telephone call wireless application.
A U.S. patent application disclosing an architecture and method for providing Internet chat capability to mobile units is described in a co-owned application, U.S. application Ser. No. 09/525,926, entitled “MOBILE ORIGINATED INTERNET RELAY CHAT”, by Richard A. Smith, Orville A. Pike, and Johanna Wilson, the entirety of which is expressly incorporated herein by reference.
As shown in
By way of example, short messages may be passed between, e.g., Applets/Intelligent agents 160, personal digital assistants (PDAs) such as a PalmPilot™ Internet Push or Gaming card device 185, and Desktop chat clients 190.
In the given example, a chat server and/or gaming server 170 is shown within the network of the prepaid service provider. Of course, the chat server 170 may be external to the service provider's network and accessible via the Internet 195.
The prepaid short messaging server 200 comprises a prepaid short messaging account database 110, a prepaid short messaging service application 100, and a prepaid short messaging service rating engine (i.e., prepaid tariff engine) 150.
The prepaid tariff engine 150 preferably supports data driven rating structures that can be modified at run time.
The prepaid tariff engine 150 is preferably extensible over a TCP/IP network (e.g., the Internet 195), and supports remote interaction with the Short Message Service Center (SMSC) 120 & web chat servers (e.g., 170) for the purpose of applying a real-time billing charge for each message.
The prepaid tariff engine 150 preferably supports tariffing based on the following message types: Short Message Service Mobile Originated (SMSC MO), SMSC Mobile Terminated (SMSC MT), Prepaid Internet Chat Rooms/Messages, Prepaid Internet Push information service messages (e.g., stock quotes, e-mail, weather, sports scores, etc.), Prepaid Individual & Network Game cards/applications, and Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) services.
A prepaid short messaging service in accordance with the principles of the present invention preferably supports service provider creation of subscriber classes of service that define and uniquely identify subscriber rate and/or tariffing plans used to apply real-time billing charges for sending or receiving of messages. Moreover, the prepaid short messaging service preferably supports Internet web page access to subscriber's relating to their short messaging account balances and status maintained in the prepaid short messaging database 110 of the prepaid messaging server 200.
While the prepaid messaging server 200 is shown comprising the prepaid tariff engine 150, prepaid messaging service application 100 and prepaid short messaging account database 110, each of these elements may be external to the prepaid messaging server 200, or combined with another element of the service provider's network, in accordance with the principles of the present invention.
Prepaid delivery of a chat message is shown in sequential steps in
In particular, in step 1, using a wireless handset device (i.e., mobile phone, palm pilot, etc.) Mobile A 102, provisioned with prepaid chat service, registers into a chat session & composes a short message service mobile originated (SMSC MO) message targeted for all chat room participants. In this example chat room participants are Mobile B 104, Mobile C 106 and the Desktop Chat Client 190 as indicated in
In step 2, the SMSC application 120 receives an SMSC mobile originated message from Mobile A 102, validates the identity of Mobile A 102, then queries the prepaid short messaging account database 110 to determine if sufficient balance exists to deliver the message originated by Mobile A 102. If the Mobile A 102 account balance is not sufficient, then proceed to step 10, otherwise if sufficient balance exists in Mobile A's prepaid account, the SMSC 120 forwards Mobile A's message to the chat server 170 (step 8), and notifies the prepaid short messaging service application 100 with a delivery receipt message (step 3).
In step 3, the prepaid messaging service 100 receives an interservice message from the SMSC application 120.
In step 4, the prepaid messaging service application 100 processes the delivery receipt message received from SMSC 120. The message contents may include, e.g., Mobile A's mobile identification number (MIN), Time of delivery, Time of Arrival, Message Status, and/or Message Type.
In step 5, the prepaid messaging service 100 invokes the prepaid tariff engine 150 to determine the appropriate message billing based upon, including but not limited to, the following exemplary criteria: Flat rate per message, message count (e.g., 10 messages @ $5.00), character count (e.g., $0.01/char.), Time of Day, Day of Week (i.e., peak & non-peak hours), and/or mobile location (i.e., network point code).
In step 6, the prepaid messaging service 100 debits the account of Mobile A 102 based upon the billing rate as computed by the prepaid tariff engine 150.
In step 7, the chat server 170 processes Mobile A's message, determines group members in the current chat session, then forwards a “broadcast mobile terminated message” request to the SMSC 120 for delivery to Mobile B 104 & Mobile C 106. The chat server 170 delivers the message to the desktop chat client 190.
In step 8, the SMSC 120 stores and forwards the broadcast message for delivery to Mobile B 104 & Mobile C 106 (step 5).
In step 9, Mobiles B & C (104, 106) receive the message originated from Mobile A 102.
In step 10, the SMSC 102 has determined that Mobile A's account balance is insufficient to deliver the originated message. The SMSC 120 then discards the originated message and launches an SMSC mobile terminated message for Mobile A 102. The message contents inform Mobile A 102 that his/her prepaid account balance is too low and that Mobile A 102 needs to recharge the account in order to continue service.
In step 11, the same process would apply for the SMSC mobile terminated message delivery scenario where Mobiles B & C (104, 106) are prepaid subscribers.
The prepaid short messaging service 100 preferably interfaces with a Short Message Service Center 120 and/or Web servers (e.g., 140, 170) to provide real-time message billing based on pre-payment. The prepaid short messaging service 100 prevents delivery of messages for conditions where the subscriber balance is insufficient.
The prepaid short messaging service 100 preferably interfaces with a Short Message Service Center 120 and/or Web servers (140, 170) to provide real-time and/or periodic notifications to subscribers of insufficient balance conditions.
The prepaid short messaging service 100 preferably interfaces with a Short Message Service Center 120 and/or Web servers 140, 170 to buffer subscriber messages for a variable period of time and inform subscribers of pending messages. The application preferably suspends subscriber service until their account balance has been sufficiently replenished.
The prepaid short messaging account database 110 may be managed by the relevant service provider, e.g., by a wireless service or an Internet Service Provider (ISP)
In particular, as shown in
The present invention relates to use by, e.g., wireless carriers, Internet service providers (ISPs), information content delivery services/providers, portal sites for mobile-terminated hosting of chat groups, Internet chat session hosts, and/or Internet gaming hosts. The principles of the invention may be used in intelligent networks including, e.g., short message servicing centers, prepaid and web gateway applications, prepaid paging systems, prepaid Internet access, prepaid gaming cards, and/or prepaid Internet chat sessions.
The prepaid tariff engine 150 preferably supports tariffing based on message-based (and not time based) criteria.
For example, the prepaid tariff engine 150 may base the fee charged to the subscriber based on, e.g., a flat rate per message, message count (e.g., 10 messages @ $5.00), character count (e.g., $0.01/char.), Time of Day, Day of Week (i.e., peak & non-peak hours), mobile location (i.e., network point code).
In addition, or alternatively, the rates for delivery of the short message may be based on its type, e.g., distinguishing rates between Short Message Service Mobile Originated (SMSC MO) messages, SMSC Mobile Terminated (SMSC MT) messages, Internet chat room messages, and/or information service messages (e.g., stock quotes, e-mail, weather, sports scores, gaming, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) messages, etc.).
Preferably, delivery of short messages is prevented if the prepaid short messaging service application 100 determines, from query of the prepaid short messaging database 110, that insufficient funds remain for delivery of a given short message. In such a case, a real-time short message notification may be provided to the subscriber indicating the non-delivery of the short message the insufficiency of an account balance in a suitable short message format. Additionally, or alternatively, the short message notifications may be delivered periodically and/or upon demand.
In particular, as shown in step 302 of
In step 304, tariffing of the short message is performed in the prepaid tariff engine 150.
In step 306, the balance of the sender's account is determined, e.g., from query of a subscriber short messaging account database 110. Note that in short messaging, the exact cost of transmitting the message is known up front, and thus the risk of overdrawing a particular account balance is reduced or eliminated.
In step 308, if a sufficient subscriber account balance remains, the short message is delivered as depicted in step 310. If sufficient subscriber account balance does not remain, the delivery of the short message may be prevented, as depicted in step 312. It is preferred that in this case the subscriber be notified, e.g., by short messaging such as a text message, that the particular short message was not delivered due to a determination of an insufficient subscriber account balance.
In particular, as shown in
If flat rate message billing 402 is enabled, a subject short message is logged and the subscriber's account in the prepaid account database 110 is appropriately debited a fixed amount per message, as shown in step 408.
If, on the other hand, a rate is affixed in accordance with the number of text characters and/or the length of a particular file (e.g., a binary file), then a particular cost is associated with the subject short message, as depicted in step 410.
If a rate is applied based on a particular type of short message, then the message type is determined in step 412, and a cost associated with that particular message type (e.g., as determined from a look-up file) as shown in step 414.
Step 415 ensures billing is performed by providing a default billing mechanism.
As shown in optional step 416, adjustments may be made to the costing assigned in prior steps due to peak hour usage. For instance, a 20% premium may be added to the costs associated with the transmission of a particular short message based on the time of submission for transmission.
The prepaid short messaging system preferably supports direct interface to a credit card authorization center associated with the service provider's merchant identification number, and allows replenishment over the Internet. The direct interface may be implemented via a secure socket connection over the Internet 195 to an authorized Internet server.
The prepaid short messaging service application 100 preferably supports indirect interface to a credit card authorization center associated with the service provider's merchant identification number, and allows replenishment via an SMSC mobile originated message. For instance, in such a scenario, a mobile subscriber typically has a signature on file with the service provider, as well as authorized spending limits for mobile replenishment transactions. The direct interface may be implemented via a secure socket connection over the Internet 195 to an authorized Internet server.
The prepaid short messaging service application 100 preferably supports a prepaid subscriber replenishing their account via credit card at their discretion, e.g., by dialing an Interactive Voice Response Unit (IVRU 254 shown in
Of course, the principles of the present invention may encourage and/or implement transmission of short messages during non-peak or otherwise desirable times to reduce costs.
While the invention has been described with reference to the exemplary embodiments thereof, those skilled in the art will be able to make various modifications to the described embodiments of the invention without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention.
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|1||Bond, "Cellular Carriers Use Prepaid Programs to Reach Untapped Markets," Billing World, Mar. 1997, pp. 14-17.|
|2||*||Business Editors, "Revenues Grow 21% in First Half 2000 Profitability Improves 34% Year-on-Year"; Business Editors. Business Wire. New York: Aug. 2, 2000. p. 1.|
|3||*||Carolyn Duffy Marsan "AOL blocks AT&T instant messaging", Dec. 9, 1999, discloses Instant messaging service (SMS) where users can perceive when people on their buddy lists are online and can chat with them instantaneously and Internet should allow open, easy and instant online communication among everyone.|
|4||*||Dr. Sam Paltridge of OECD's directorate of Science, Technology and Industry "Cellular Mobile Pricing Structures and Trends", May 19, 2000 (103 pages).|
|5||ETSI,3GPP, 3<SUP>rd</SUP>Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Core Network; Customized Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic; (CAMEL) Phase 3-Stage 2 (3G TS 23.078 version 3.3.0), 12/199, pp. 300-329.|
|6||ETSI/3Gpp, 3 <SUP>rd</SUP> Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects; General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); Service description; Stage 2; (3G TS 23.060 version 3.2.1), Jan. 2000, pp. 138-142.|
|7||Freedom Wireless, "The Freedom to Chose! Get Pre-Pay Cellular," sales pamphlet, undated.|
|8||*||M2 Presswire "ACCC: ACCC moves to ensure Telstra prepaid mobile costs are all upfront"; M2 Presswire. Conventry: Dec. 15, 2000. p. 1; Publication title: M2 Presswire. Coventry: Dec. 15, 2000. p. 1; Source type: Wire feed; ProQuest document ID: 65218564.|
|9||*||Mobile Phone News "Briefs", Bethesda: Jun. 9, 1997. vol. 15, Iss. 23; p. 1; -Source type: Periodical; ISSN/ISBN: 07375077; ProQuest document ID: 12390716.|
|10||MultiMedia Publishing Corp., "Prepaid Cellular and Prepaid Wireless Market Report and Forecast 1997-2002," sales literature, undated.|
|11||NextLink, "Introducing a New Prepaid Telephone Service from NextLink," sales literature, undated.|
|12||Open Development Corp., "openMedia Cellular Prepaid," sales literature, undated.|
|13||Open Mobile Alliance, Secure User Plane Location Architecture Candidate Version 1.0, OMA-AD-SUPL-V1<SUB>-</SUB>0-20060127-C, Jan. 27, 2006, pp. 1-80.|
|14||Open Mobile Alliance, user Plane Location Protocol Candidate Version 1.0, OMA-TS-ULP-V1<SUB>-</SUB>0-20060127-C, Jan. 27, 2006, pp. 1-66.|
|15||PCT International Search Report (PCTUS2007/21133), Apr. 21, 2008.|
|16||PCT International Search Report (PCTUS2007/23714) and Written Opinion of International Searching Authority, Apr. 18, 2008.|
|17||*||President of Western Union Telegraph Company "Annual Report", 1873 discloses "The Tariffs" and annual report 1940.|
|18||Tecore, Inc., "Pre-Paid Cellular," sales literature, Mar. 25, 1997, pp. 1-4.|
|19||The Power of Mobile Unified Messaging: Siemans and Comverse to Demonstrate WAP-Based Messaging Applications on Live GPRS System, Comverse, Feb. 2000.|
|20||*||Western Union Products and Services, 1960 or 1961, discloses telegraph and telex rates (tariffs) between points in United States. See 1-15 words for short messages (22 pages).|
|21||*||Western Union Tel. Co. Telegraph transfer, 1873.|
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|U.S. Classification||705/39, 705/67, 455/466, 370/466, 380/257, 455/408, 455/406|
|International Classification||G06Q40/00, G06Q20/36, G06Q20/10, H04M17/00, H04Q3/00, H04W4/14, H04W8/18, H04W4/24|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W4/12, G06Q20/108, H04Q2213/13134, H04Q2213/13377, H04M15/90, G06Q20/10, G06Q40/06, H04W8/18, G06Q20/105, H04M15/8207, H04Q2213/13196, G06Q20/3674, H04M2215/8166, H04Q2213/13103, H04Q2213/1313, H04M2215/7813, H04Q2213/13336, G06Q40/12, H04L12/1432, H04M2215/016, H04Q2213/13375, H04M17/00, G06Q20/102, H04M2215/54, H04Q2213/13175, H04W4/14, H04Q3/0045, H04Q2213/13098, H04Q2213/13345, H04Q2213/13093, H04M15/51, H04M2215/32, H04Q2213/13389, G06Q40/00, H04M15/854, H04Q3/0029, H04M2215/22, H04M17/10, H04W4/24, H04M2215/28|
|European Classification||H04M15/85D, H04M15/51, H04M15/90, H04M15/82B, G06Q20/105, G06Q40/06, G06Q20/108, H04Q3/00D3, G06Q40/10, G06Q20/10, G06Q40/00, G06Q20/102, H04L12/14M, G06Q20/3674, H04W4/24, H04Q3/00D3H, H04M17/00|
|19 Apr 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, INC., MARYLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:TITUS, MARK;UNG, DARA;JOHNSON, CARLE S., JR.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:011711/0925
Effective date: 20010326
|29 Jan 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SILICON VALLEY BANK, AGENT,MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, INC.;LONGHORN ACQUISITION, LLC;SOLVERN INNOVATIONS, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:023870/0484
Effective date: 20091231
|7 May 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|24 Sep 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|24 Sep 2012||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|