|Publication number||US7385150 B1|
|Application number||US 11/646,666|
|Publication date||10 Jun 2008|
|Filing date||28 Dec 2006|
|Priority date||28 Dec 2006|
|Publication number||11646666, 646666, US 7385150 B1, US 7385150B1, US-B1-7385150, US7385150 B1, US7385150B1|
|Inventors||Kabir Siddiqui, Dane Howard, Catherine Kim, Chris Robert Towers, Claude Zellweger|
|Original Assignee||Microsoft Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (24), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (33), Classifications (7), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Handheld devices, such as cellular telephones, personal digital assistants, media players, and other devices are becoming increasingly integrated and multi-functioned. The ubiquitous cellular telephone can have integrated calendar, email, and audio or video playback features.
Many such devices have movable parts, such as a hinge or slide. Moving components have many constraints placed on them, including high life cycle requirements and durability requirements, all the while maintaining electrical and mechanical connections.
A device has a moving display that alternatively hides two keyboards. As the display is moved to expose one keyboard, the device may take on different functionality than when the other keyboard is exposed. The sliding mechanism has a back plate with two guides, onto which are mounted the two keyboards. A sliding plate engages has at least two legs that engage the guides. Electrical signals are passed from components attached to the sliding plate to components attached to the back plate through signals routed along one of the sliding plate legs. A loop of cable is able to roll beneath the keyboard when the sliding plate is moved from one position to another. A spring may also be used between the sliding plate and back plate to hold the sliding plate at either extreme of its travel.
This Summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This Summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
In the drawings,
A multi-modal device, such as a combined cellular telephone and media player, can be switched from one mode to another by sliding a display from a first position to a second position. In the first position, the keyboard for one mode is exposed, such as the cellular telephone mode. In the second position, the keyboard for the other mode is exposed while the first keyboard is hidden.
The sliding action may be accomplished by having a sliding plate connected to a back plate. The sliding plate may mechanically connect to the back plate on two arms, and a flexible electrical connection may connect electrical components on the sliding plate to those on the back plate. A spring may also be used to apply retention force in either position. An electronic sensor, such as a mechanical switch, may be used to detect the position of the sliding plate with respect to the back plate and enable the device to enter an appropriate operating mode.
Specific embodiments of the subject matter are used to illustrate specific inventive aspects. The embodiments are by way of example only, and are susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms. The appended claims are intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the claims.
Throughout this specification, like reference numbers signify the same elements throughout the description of the figures.
When elements are referred to as being “connected” or “coupled,” the elements can be directly connected or coupled together or one or more intervening elements may also be present. In contrast, when elements are referred to as being “directly connected” or “directly coupled,” there are no intervening elements present.
The subject matter may be embodied as devices, systems, methods, and/or computer program products. Accordingly, some or all of the subject matter may be embodied in hardware and/or in software (including firmware, resident software, micro-code, state machines, gate arrays, etc.) Furthermore, the subject matter may take the form of a computer program product on a computer-usable or computer-readable storage medium having computer-usable or computer-readable program code embodied in the medium for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system. In the context of this document, a computer-usable or computer-readable medium may be any medium that can contain, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program for use by or in connection with the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device.
The computer-usable or computer-readable medium may be, for example but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, device, or propagation medium. By way of example, and not limitation, computer readable media may comprise computer storage media and communication media.
Computer storage media includes volatile and nonvolatile, removable and non-removable media implemented in any method or technology for storage of information such as computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data. Computer storage media includes, but is not limited to, RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memory or other memory technology, CD-ROM, digital versatile disks (DVD) or other optical storage, magnetic cassettes, magnetic tape, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium which can be used to store the desired information and which can accessed by an instruction execution system. Note that the computer-usable or computer-readable medium could be paper or another suitable medium upon which the program is printed, as the program can be electronically captured, via, for instance, optical scanning of the paper or other medium, then compiled, interpreted, of otherwise processed in a suitable manner, if necessary, and then stored in a computer memory.
Communication media typically embodies computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data in a modulated data signal such as a carrier wave or other transport mechanism and includes any information delivery media. The term “modulated data signal” means a signal that has one or more of its characteristics set or changed in such a manner as to encode information in the signal. By way of example, and not limitation, communication media includes wired media such as a wired network or direct-wired connection, and wireless media such as acoustic, RF, infrared and other wireless media. Combinations of the any of the above should also be included within the scope of computer readable media.
When the subject matter is embodied in the general context of computer-executable instructions, the embodiment may comprise program modules, executed by one or more systems, computers, or other devices. Generally, program modules include routines, programs, objects, components, data structures, etc. that perform particular tasks or implement particular abstract data types. Typically, the functionality of the program modules may be combined or distributed as desired in various embodiments.
The device 102 may be any type of multi-modal device. For example, the device 102 may be a combination telephony device in one mode and a music player, video player, image viewer, camera, or any other type of device in another mode. When a user wishes to switch modes, the user may slide the display 104 from one position to another, exposing the appropriate keyboard for the mode.
For example, if a user is operating a combination media player and cellular telephone in the media mode, the media keyboard 110 may be exposed. Using the media keyboard 110, certain functionality such as selecting, playing, and pausing the media could be executed. When the device receives an incoming telephone call, the user may slide the display 104 to the telephony mode, exposing the phone keyboard 108, and answer the call or perform another function relating to the call. In a telephony mode, the sliding display 104 may include an earpiece 114.
The sliding display 104 may include one or more softkeys 112 that may perform the same or different functions in multiple modes. For example, the softkeys 112 may be used to make menu selections from the display 104 in both modes of operation. In another example, the softkeys 112 may perform a specific function in a telephony mode, such as starting or ending a telephone call, while functioning as volume keys in a media playback mode.
The display 104 connects to the base 106 through two mechanical arms (not shown) that extend through the slots 115 and 116. Along one or both of the arms, a flexible circuit connection may connect electronic components on the sliding display 104 with electronic components in the base 106. A spring mechanism may be used to hold the display 104 in either of the two positions with some retention force.
A sensor may be used to detect the current position of the display 104 relative to the base 106. The sensor may be a simple mechanical switch mounted to detect the display 104 in one position. Some implementations may use two such switches, one to detect each position. The sensor may be any other type of sensor, including optical, capacitive, or any other sensor arranged to detect at least one position of the display 104.
As the device is moved from one position to another, software and/or hardware within the device may change operating functions, change the user interface on the display, or otherwise modify functions based on the position of the display 104. For example, moving the display 104 from the position of view 103 to the position of view 105, the device may change modes into a media player. Some functions of a telephony device may still be operable, so that the device 102 may receive an incoming call, but other functions will be inoperable, such as the ability to place a call.
In a multi-mode device where one of the devices comprises a camera, the sliding action of the display 104 may expose a camera lens in a camera mode and hide the camera lens when in another mode.
In some embodiments, the display may change orientation from one mode to another. For example, the display may be readable in a portrait orientation when in a telephony mode but may change to landscape orientation in a media player mode. In another example, the display may change orientation 180 degrees when the display is shifted from one position to another.
Some embodiments may include provisions to cover up or close the slots 115 and 116 when the device 102 is in the position 105. For example, a compliant membrane, a rubber flap, or some type of sliding closure may prevent dust and water from entering the body of the device 102 through the slots 115 and 116.
Embodiment 200 is an example of a frame that may be used for constructing the device 102. The back plate 202 and sliding plate 204 may slide with respect to each other so that the display, mounted to the sliding plate 204, may move from a first position where one of the keyboards is exposed, to a second position where the second keyboard is exposed. In the device 102, the arms 214 and 216 may extend through the slots 116 and 114, respectively.
Various components may be attached to the embodiment 200. For example, keyboards may be attached to the back plate 202 while a display may be attached to the sliding plate 204. Other components, such as batteries, connectors, printed circuit boards, speakers, microphones, etc may be mounted to the embodiment 200 in various configurations as desired.
The back plate 202 and sliding plate 204 may be manufactured from any suitable material, including stamped sheet metal, molded plastic, or any other material. In some cases, the back plate 202 and sliding plate 204 may have various mounting devices, hardware, clips, or features for attaching electrical or mechanical components. Some or all of the functions of the back plate 202 and sliding plate 204 may be incorporated into other components. For example, a printed circuit board may be incorporated into the back plate 202 or a display may be incorporated into the sliding plate 204 as opposed to being separate pieces that are mechanically fastened together.
The bushings 206 and 208 may be formed of plastic, metal, or any material that can withstand sliding forces and/or reduce noise. In some embodiments, separate bushings 206 and 208 may not be used when the sliding plate 204 and back plate 202 are constructed of a material and with a method whereby the two plates may slide with respect to each other in a free and easy manner.
The keyboard 304 and printed circuit board 306 may be mechanically attached to the back plate 202. In some instances, the keyboard 304 may serve as the two keyboards 108 and 110 shown in
The flex circuit 314 may be attached to the sliding plate 204 by a mounting clip 404. In some embodiments, the mounting clip 404 may be mechanically fastened, press fit, or attached by adhesive. Various other configurations of mechanical attachment clips or mechanisms may be used to hold and orient the flex circuit 314 against the tab 210. In some embodiments, a clip 404 may be replaced by adhesive.
Embodiment 500 illustrates how a flex circuit may roll back and forth to make continuous reliable electrical connections between devices mounted on a sliding plate 204 to electrical devices mounted on a back plate 202. The flex circuit may be manufactured from any type of electrical connector that is capable of flexing or bending. In many cases, a printed circuit having multiple conductors and may be some electrical devices may be made using polyimide or other type of film.
The mechanism of embodiment 600 is one mechanism by which a spring may exert some force to hold the sliding plate 202 in either extreme end of travel. The spring 308 may be a wound wire torsional spring, leaf spring, compression spring, or other spring design. Various wire spring designs may be used depending on the application.
The mechanism operates by exerting a spring force acting to force the spring mount 310 away from the tab 210. Such a force will press the sliding plate 204 against a stop at either end of travel. In between the position of tab 212 and 602, the spring 308 may exert force against the sliding plate 204 as the sliding plate 204 is moved toward a midpoint of the travel. After the midpoint of travel, the spring 308 may begin to exert force that pushes the sliding plate 204 forward to the far end of travel. Thus, the sliding plate 204 may tend to snap to the end of travel and be held by the spring mechanism.
The embodiment 700 illustrates how a device 102 may function. One or more sensors 702 may detect when the display 104 is positioned in one or both of the positions illustrated in views 105 and 107. Based on the position of the display 104, the keyboard inputs 708 may be interpreted in specific ways and the display 710 may be configured in various modes.
In some embodiments, a single sensor 702 may be used to detect if the display 104 is in either the first position 103 or second position 105. If the sensor 702 does not detect anything, the display 104 may be assumed to be in the other position. In other embodiments, two sensors may be used to detect that the display 104 is in either the first position 103 or the second position 105.
The processor 706 may be a programmable microprocessor, state machine, hard wired logic, or any other circuit that is capable of processing input and generating a display. In some cases, the processor 706 may be a very high powered computational device while in other cases much less complexity is used.
The keyboard 708 may be a single keyboard that contains both the phone keyboard 108 and the media player keyboard 110 in the embodiment 100. In other cases, the keyboard 708 may comprise two separate and distinct keyboards. In some embodiments, the processor 706 may recognize key presses from only one active keyboard at a time.
A bi-modal device may change functions or other qualities by sliding a display from one position to another. In each position, at least a portion of one keyboard may be covered while another keyboard may be exposed. A sliding plate may be attached to a back plate in a manner that enables mechanical and electrical connection between the two portions of the device while keeping the bi-modal functionality.
The foregoing description of the subject matter has been presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the subject matter to the precise form disclosed, and other modifications and variations may be possible in light of the above teachings. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention in various embodiments and various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the appended claims be construed to include other alternative embodiments except insofar as limited by the prior art.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6088220 *||2 Oct 1997||11 Jul 2000||Katz; Michael||Pocket computer with full-size keyboard|
|US6483445 *||21 Dec 1998||19 Nov 2002||Intel Corporation||Electronic device with hidden keyboard|
|US6728558 *||11 Oct 2000||27 Apr 2004||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Portable telephone apparatus and control method thereof|
|US6794588 *||24 Jun 2003||21 Sep 2004||Lite-On Technology Corporation||Two-part keyboard|
|US6856327||31 Jul 2002||15 Feb 2005||Domotion Ltd.||Apparatus for moving display screen of mobile computer device|
|US7016182 *||5 Sep 2003||21 Mar 2006||Wireless Agents, Llc||Physical configuration of a hand-held electronic communication device|
|US7076058 *||24 Apr 2003||11 Jul 2006||Nec Corporation||Portable telephone set|
|US7085590||1 Mar 2004||1 Aug 2006||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab||Mobile terminal with ergonomic imaging functions|
|US7099708||14 Jan 2004||29 Aug 2006||Nokia Corporation||Foldable/Slidable Function Keyboard for an Electronic Device|
|US7110797 *||12 Nov 2004||19 Sep 2006||Ume Insurance Inc.||Multifunction cellular phone|
|US7142420 *||20 Sep 2004||28 Nov 2006||Qualcomm, Incorporated||Devices and methods for controlling relative movement between layers of an electronic device|
|US7187364 *||21 Nov 2003||6 Mar 2007||Danger, Inc.||Data processing device having multiple adjustable display and keyboard orientations|
|US7199313 *||23 Mar 2006||3 Apr 2007||Nokia Corporation||Electronic device having full function foldable keyboard|
|US7200429 *||4 Nov 2002||3 Apr 2007||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Mobile terminal and hinge device thereof|
|US7220925 *||13 Sep 2005||22 May 2007||Sony Corporation||Inputting apparatus|
|US20030013417||21 Jun 2002||16 Jan 2003||Impactra Co., Ltd.||Mobile terminal for changing position of display unit in horizontal or vertical direction|
|US20030157957||19 Feb 2002||21 Aug 2003||Wendorff John J.||Data phone with convertible keypad and method of using same|
|US20040230370||12 May 2003||18 Nov 2004||Assimakis Tzamaloukas||Enhanced mobile communication device with extended radio, and applications|
|US20050020325||24 Jul 2003||27 Jan 2005||Motorola, Inc.||Multi-configuration portable electronic device and method for operating the same|
|US20050288075||25 Jun 2004||29 Dec 2005||Nokia Corporation||Mobile communications device having rotating display and camera|
|US20060105806||15 Nov 2004||18 May 2006||Vance Scott L||Mobile device with selectable camera position|
|US20060148517||20 Dec 2005||6 Jul 2006||Lg Electronics Inc.||Video conference feature for a mobile communication terminal|
|US20060229117||7 Apr 2005||12 Oct 2006||Nokia Corporation||Mobile communication terminal|
|WO2005027089A1||9 Sep 2004||24 Mar 2005||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Mobile display device|
|1||Fussell et al., "Accessing Multi-Modal Information On Cell Phones While Sitting And Driving", http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sfussell/pubs/Manuscripts/HFES02-CellPhones-Final.pdf.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7636592 *||27 Jun 2006||22 Dec 2009||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Mobile communication terminal having two keypads|
|US7638724 *||16 Mar 2007||29 Dec 2009||Trw Automotive Electronics & Components Gmbh & Co. Kg||Switch module|
|US7831286 *||20 Dec 2007||9 Nov 2010||Samsung Techwin Co., Ltd.||Sliding structure for electronic device|
|US7872861 *||15 Apr 2009||18 Jan 2011||Htc Corporation||Portable electronic device|
|US7930009 *||20 Jun 2008||19 Apr 2011||Sony Corporation||Slide mechanism and electronic apparatus|
|US7991443 *||4 Feb 2008||2 Aug 2011||Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd.||Sliding hinge|
|US8008592 *||4 Jun 2009||30 Aug 2011||Fih (Hong Kong) Limited||Side key assembly for portable electronic device|
|US8017882 *||4 Jun 2009||13 Sep 2011||Fih (Hong Kong) Limited||Side key assembly for portable electronic device|
|US8046036||17 Feb 2009||25 Oct 2011||Lg Electronics Inc.||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|US8046037||6 Mar 2009||25 Oct 2011||Lg Electronics Inc.||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|US8089010 *||27 Aug 2009||3 Jan 2012||Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.||Electronic device with two keypads|
|US8103322||27 Feb 2009||24 Jan 2012||Research In Motion Limited||Handheld electronic device having two device members slidable relative to a bridge|
|US20070155449 *||27 Jun 2006||5 Jul 2007||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Mobile communication terminal having two keypads|
|US20070221487 *||16 Mar 2007||27 Sep 2007||Trw Automotive Electronics & Components Gmbh & Co. Kg||Switch module|
|US20080151510 *||20 Dec 2007||26 Jun 2008||Samsung Techwin Co., Ltd.||Sliding structure for electronic device|
|US20080318647 *||20 Jun 2008||25 Dec 2008||Sony Corporation||Slide mechanism and electronic apparatus|
|US20090027842 *||16 Aug 2007||29 Jan 2009||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab||Display device with navigation capability|
|US20090193620 *||4 Feb 2008||6 Aug 2009||Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd.||Sliding hinge|
|US20090219250 *||29 Feb 2008||3 Sep 2009||Ure Michael J||Interface with and communication between mobile electronic devices|
|US20090245933 *||17 Feb 2009||1 Oct 2009||Chang-Yong Jang||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|US20090247247 *||6 Mar 2009||1 Oct 2009||Chang-Yong Jang||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|US20090298561 *||23 Oct 2008||3 Dec 2009||Chan-Jung Kang||Sliding-type mechanism with a semi-automatic opening function|
|US20090301853 *||4 Jun 2009||10 Dec 2009||Fih (Hong Kong) Limited||Side key assembly for portable electronic device|
|US20090301854 *||4 Jun 2009||10 Dec 2009||Fih (Hong Kong) Limited||Side key assembly for portable electronic device|
|US20100008607 *||6 Jul 2009||14 Jan 2010||Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd.||Slide mechanism for portable electronic device|
|US20100118487 *||15 Apr 2009||13 May 2010||Htc Corporation||Portable electronic device|
|US20100222116 *||27 Feb 2009||2 Sep 2010||Research In Motion Limited||Handheld electronic device having two device members slidable relative to a bridge|
|US20100326808 *||27 Aug 2009||30 Dec 2010||Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.||Electronic device with two keypads|
|US20100331063 *||30 Jun 2009||30 Dec 2010||Nokia Corporation||Method and apparatus for a sliding display|
|US20110130178 *||1 Sep 2010||2 Jun 2011||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Sliding-type portable terminal|
|EP2106100A3 *||5 Mar 2009||21 Oct 2009||LG Electronics Inc.||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|EP2106101A3 *||5 Mar 2009||28 Oct 2009||LG Electronics Inc.||Slide module and mobile terminal having the same|
|WO2011001262A1 *||30 Jun 2010||6 Jan 2011||Nokia Corporation||Method and apparatus for a sliding display|
|U.S. Classification||200/5.00A, 455/575.4, 361/679.09|
|Cooperative Classification||H04M2250/18, H04M1/0237|
|19 Jan 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT CORPORATION, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SIDDIQUI, KABIR;HOWARD, DANE;KIM, CATHERINE;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:018774/0300;SIGNING DATES FROM 20061206 TO 20061216
|20 Sep 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|9 Dec 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MICROSOFT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034542/0001
Effective date: 20141014
|25 Nov 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8