US 694934 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Mar. 4, i902.
J. 4 3 9, 4 n... 6 0. N
H A I R C L AS P.
(Appication Bled Oct. 26, 1900.3
THE onlus PETER; co., pHoro-umn., wAsmNGfcN. u. c.
Nrrnn STATES PATENT OFFICE;
JOHN MACHADO, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SFECIFICTAION formingpart of yLetters Patent No. 694,934, dated March 4, 1902.
Application filed October 26, 1900.. 'Serial No. 3,4.498. (No model.') u
and useful Improvements in Articles of Hair- Dress, of which the following is a specifica- This invention relates to improvements in hair-clasps for articles of hair-dress to retain aladys hair in place and at the same time to firmly secure hair-ornaments to the hair.
It has for its object to provide a neat, strong, and compact device and one which is very effective and easily applied to the hair.
The invention consists of the novel con# struction, arrangement, and combination of parts which will be fully described hereinafter and claimed, and it is carried out sub-- stantially as illustrated on the accompanying drawings, which form 'an essential part of this specification, and whereon Figure l represents a rear view of a hair-ornament With my improvement applied thereto. Fig. 2 represents a top View of the same. Fig. 3 represents a cross-section ot the same on the line w w in Figs. l and 2. Figs. 4 and 5 represent, respectively, a rear view anda cross-section on theline fr a: in Fig. i of a slightly-modified construction of my device applied to a hair-ornament similar to that shown in Fig. l. Fig represents a similar cross-section to that shown in Figs. 3 and 5 of another slightly-modified arrangement of my invention applied to a similar hair-ornament., Figs. 7 and 8 and also Figs. 9 and 10 represent, respectively, rear views and cross-sections on the lines yyin Fig. 7 and zz in Fig. 9 ofm y improved device applied to what are known as side combs.
Like characters of reference refer to like parts Wherever they occur on the different parts of the drawings.
Ladies when dressing their hair have found it tobe nearly impossible for them to keep the short aiid broken hairs in proper place Within the mass of hair and up from their necks and clothing; but they have been annoyed by the short and broken hairs hanging loosely from the rest of their hair, causing an, untidy appearance and thesoiling of their In ord-er to obviate this annoyance, it has been the custom heretofore to luse'a number of very iiue wire hair-pins, ap-
proaching as nearly as possible the same color as their hair, vand'even with a great number of such hair-pins in use it has-been found that the movements' of the hea'd would cause a portion of ythe'hai'r to become detached from the hair-pins and to hang loosely'from the rest of the hair, while the pins, `owing to the oily nature of the hair, would gradually work out and fall. It has also been the custom in some cases to employA bar -pins or buckles pinned or otherwise attached to the back hair and to gather the short and broken Vhair into such bars or buckles; but on account of the slippery and oily nature of the, hair it has been found to be im possible to hold the hair in place by such devices, 'as the movements of the head would cause the hair to Withdraw from the same,while the pins or buckles would gradually move downward upon the long hair to which they were attached. In many cases very costly back and side combs as Well as other ornaments of hair-dress -have become lost by slipping out from the hair, owing to the oily nature'of the hair and the movements of the head.
It is the especial and principal object of this my invention to provide an article of hai r1 dress with a friction-strip against which the hair is pressed, Vand which, by the nature of the material from which said strip is made, shall have sufficient yfriction to iirmly hold the hair and vsaid article of hair-dress together; and it is more especially my object by this invention to provide a4 ,friction-strip which is made from'a material upon which the oily nature of the hair 'will have the effect to increase rather than decrease the holding power of the strip. i
W'ith these objects in view my invention is constructed substantially as follows:
Referring to my device as illustrated in Figs. l to 6, both'inclusive, one or more strips l of friction-producing material-such as rubber, cloth, felt, or other analogous material, but preferably of rubber--is securely attached to the -body 2 of the article lof hair-dress, either by cementing it into a groove 3 in said 'body or into a metalpiece 4, made in the form of a groove and attached to said body, as shown in Fig. 6. In connection with this friction-strip I employ a clamping device to IOO Lil
clamp orpress the hair against said strip when in use and as and for a purpose to be described hereinafter. In the devices shown in Figs. 1 to 6, bothlinclusive, this clamping device has been shown as consisting ot' a slotted pin 5, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 6, or as asinglepronged pin 6, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. In either case one end ot' the pin is hinged at 7 to the body 2 of the article of hair-'dress and lis held at its opposite end by means ofa suitable catch or fastening device, which has been shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 6 as consisting ot a stud 8 with an enlarged head, which is forced through the slot in the clamping-pin 5, the sides of the pin yielding for that purpose, but which has been shown in Figs. 4 and 5 as consisting of aspring-clasp 9, which yields and allows the pin .6 to be inserted therein.
The device as shown in Figs. 1 to 6, both inclusive, is designed more especially to be used upon the back part of a ladyshead and to hold any short or broken hair in place, which hair would otherwise remain loose after the hair had been dressed and might fall down and rest upon the collar or dress or might hang loose, and in either case be unsightly and disagreeable.
The manner of using this construction of my device is as follows: The lady combs or otherwise draws the loose and broken hairs up from the neck or sides of the head and into their proper place against the remainder of the hair, which remaining hair is held firmly in place by the manner in which the hair is dressed. She then inserts the pin 5 or 6 through a portion of the long hair, which is held in place bythe dressing of the hair, and then turns the body 2 of the hair-dressing article on the pivotal connection 7 downward against the short hair, which rest upon the long hair, and by pressing` the body downward forces the clamping-pin 8 through the slot in the pin 5 or forces the clasp 9 over the pin 6, according to the style of retaining device whieh is used. This causes the long as well as the short hair to be rmly clamped between the clamping-pin and the body of the article of hair-dress and also causes the hair to be pressed against the friction-strip, which strip will produce sufficient friction on the hair pressed against it to prevent the hair from being withdrawn and will hold the hair in proper place against any reasonable influence tending to withdraw it. If rubber is used in the strip, the oil in the hair and the heat of the head willact upon said strip in such a manner as to increase the friction on the hair the longer the hair is clamped between the clamping-pin and the friction-strip. By clamping a portion of the long hair, as well as the short hair, it will be seen that the long hair will prevent the hair-dressing article from falling, while the said article will prevent the short hair from falling.
Thus far I have shown and described my device of a construction suitable to be used Aas an attachment to a hair ornament-such as a buckle, bar, rosette, or other suitable ornament-but my device is equally applicable as an attachment to side and back combs and other articles of hair dress and will not only act to retain the hair in proper place, but will act to fasten the comb or other article to the hair,preventing them from accidentally working out from the hair and being lost.
In Figs. 7, 8, 9, and 10 I have illustrated two constructions of my device when applied to a side comb, and the same construction, as well as that shown in the other views of the drawings, may be applied to a back comb; but I have deemed it unnecessary to illustrate a back comb in connection with mydevice.
In Figs. 7 and 8 I have shown the friction strip 1 as being inserted within a body 2 of a hair-dressing article similar to that described above, and in the place of a clamping-pin I have shown a side comb 10, pivotally connected at 11 to said body, which comb is provided With a slot which registers with the friction-strip when the comb is turned upon its pivotal connection against the body 2. The comb is held so as to clamp the hair between the comb and the friction-strip by means of a common rotaryT catch 12, which is rotated within the body 2 and will pass through a slotted perforation 13 in the comb when the catch is in one position, but will be prevented from passingthrough said perforation when said catch is lrotated from that position and when in this latter position will lock the comb and ornamental body iirmly together, thereby clamping land holding the hair between the comb and friction-strip.y The construction of the catch 12 will be clearly understood without any lengthy description of the same by reference to the drawings.
Iny using my device when constructed as shown in Figs. 7 and 8 I insert the comb 10 in its proper place in the hair. I then brush the short or broken hair into its proper position against the comb, and then clamp the body 2 in its position, as shown on the drawings, against the hair, irml y clamping theliair between the friction-strip and the comb.
In Figs. 9 and 10 I have illustrated another construction of my device when applied to a side or back comb, and it is as follows: A thin metal framework 14 is attached to the comb 15 by screws, rivets, or in any other suitable manner. The clamping pin 16 is made of an endless wire bent and shaped into the desired form, as illustrated in Fig. 9, which wire is mounted within bearings 17 17 in the frame 14 in such a mannerc that it can be moved lengthwise within said bearings to withdraw or to insert-the pin within the hair.
The frame 14 is provided with a spring-catch 18, under which the end'of the clamping-pin is placed when the clamping-pin is in position to clamp the hair and as shown in Fig. 9.
The frame 14: is also provided with a groove.
19 to hold the friction-strip l, as shown and substantially as described in relation to Fig. 6.
In using my device when constructed as illustrated in Figs. 9 and l0 I Withdraw the clamping-pin by moving it longitudinally within the bearings 17 17 and after having arranged the hair to the position it is desired to have it retained in I insert the comb in po-Y sition in the hair. I then force the clamping-pin through a quantity of the hair and clamp the hair between the pin and frictionstrip by inserting the clamping-pin under the catch 18 and in the position shown in Fig. 9. It will be understood that my device not only holds the loose and short hair in place, but
` also firmly attaches the comb to the long hair and prevents it from working ont of the hair and becoming lost.
It will be understood that the various catches and the various means employed to attach the clamping-pin to the other lneml hers of the device are interchangeable and can be substituted one for the other; that I do not wish to limit myself to the use of any particular construction or arrangement of said parts, as my invention consists, broadly,
in the use of a suitable friction-producing strip and a clamping device to clamp and hold the hair between saidvdevice and friction-strip, whereby the short and broken hair may be held in proper place by my device and whereby anycomb, buckle, bar, rosette,
or other article of hair-dress is firmly secured to the hair'and prevented from working out and becoming lost.
Having thus fully described the nature, construction, and operation of my invention, I wish to secure -byLetters Patent and claiml. A device of the character described comprising a base-plate, a compressible frictionstrip on the base-plate and a clamping member lying parallel to the compressible strip and clamping the hair positively against the strip. A w
2. A'device of the character described, the combination with a base-plate having compressible friction material secured thereto, a
clamping-pin secured tothe base-plate and lying parallel to the compressible material and clamping the hair positively against said material, and means for detachabl y securing the clamping-pin in position.
3. In a device of the class described, the