|Publication number||US6430766 B1|
|Application number||US 09/951,294|
|Publication date||13 Aug 2002|
|Filing date||11 Sep 2001|
|Priority date||19 Jun 1998|
|Also published as||US6286166, US20020029425|
|Publication number||09951294, 951294, US 6430766 B1, US 6430766B1, US-B1-6430766, US6430766 B1, US6430766B1|
|Inventors||Alan W. Henley, James R. Stolpmann|
|Original Assignee||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (39), Referenced by (38), Classifications (17), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/334,984, filed Jun. 17, 1999, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,286,166, which claims the benefit of U.S. provisional application Serial No. 60/089,819 filed Jun. 19, 1998.
The present invention relates to a mattress for supporting a body. More particularly, the present invention relates to a modular foam mattress apparatus which provides a pressure reduction surface for supporting a body.
The present invention includes a mattress having a plurality of foam components located between a bottom cover and a top cover. The mattress includes a plurality of modular foam sections which allow easy replacement of modular components, as necessary. The top and bottom cover are coupled together by a wrap-around zipper which allows a caregiver to choose an appropriate type of cover for particular clinical and financial needs.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following detailed description of the illustrated embodiments exemplifying the best mode of carrying out the invention as presently perceived.
FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of one embodiment of the modular foam mattress of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating securement of a fire barrier around the foam components of the mattress;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view illustrating a bottom cover;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the bottom cover of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view illustrating formation of a corner of the lower cover;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view illustrating a magnet pocket formed in the bottom cover;
FIG. 7 is a top plan view of a magnet configured to be inserted into the magnet pocket of the bottom cover;
FIG. 8 is a side elevational view of the magnet of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is an end view of the magnet of FIGS. 7 and 8;
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of a foam base configured to be situated over a bottom surface of the bottom cover;
FIG. 11 is a side elevational view of the foam base of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a top plan view of a foot section foam module;
FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken through the foot section foam module of FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is an end view of the foot section module of FIGS. 12 and 13;
FIG. 15 is a top plan view of a back or seat section foam section module;
FIG. 16 is a sectional view taken through the seat section foam module of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is an end view of the seat section foam module of FIGS. 15 and 16;
FIG. 18 is a top plan view of a head section foam module;
FIG. 19 is a sectional view taken through the head section module;
FIG. 20 is an end view of the head section module of FIGS. 18 and 19;
FIG. 21 is a bottom plan view of a shear cover configured to be situated over the foot section module, the seat section module, the head section module and the foam base;
FIG. 22 is a side elevational view of the shear cover of FIG. 21;
FIG. 23 is a side elevational view of a top cover;
FIG. 24 is an end view of the top cover;
FIG. 25 is an enlarged view illustrating R.F. welded seams which form corners of the top cover;
FIG. 26 is a bottom plan view of the top cover; and
FIG. 27 is an enlarged view illustrating further details of the zipper and R.F. weld seal of the top cover.
Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a modular foam mattress 10 including a bottom cover 12, a foam base 14, a foot foam section 16, a back or seat foam section 18, and a head foam section 20. A fire sock or barrier 22 is configured to surround the foot section 16, seat section 18, head section 20 and base 14. A shear cover 24 is configured to be situated over the fire barrier 22, the foot section 16, seat section 18, head section 20 and base 14. A top cover 26 is configured to be coupled to the bottom cover 12 to form the mattress 10.
FIG. 2 is a bottom view illustrating installation of the fire barrier 22 over the base 14, foot section 16, seat section 18, and head section 20. Fire barrier 22 includes an open end 28 configured to permit the fire barrier to slide over the other components. FIG. 2 illustrates the foot end 30 of the fire barrier 22 which is folded under the foot section 16 and closed as shown. The fire barrier 22 illustratively is closed with spaced apart safety pins 32.
Further details of the bottom cover 12 are illustrated in FIGS. 3-6. Bottom cover 12 includes a bottom surface 34 and upstanding side walls 36. A zipper 38 is coupled around the side wall 36 as illustrated in FIG. 4. Illustratively, the bottom cover 12 is made from a vinyl material. Handles 40 are coupled to the side wall 36 of bottom cover 12 to facilitate placement and positioning of the mattress 10.
FIG. 5 illustrates details of a corner of bottom cover. Cover 12 is illustratively sewn along lines 35 and 37 to form the comer.
Bottom cover 12 is also formed to include a pair of magnet pockets 42 formed near foot end 44. The magnet pocket 42 is illustrated in further detail in FIG. 6. The magnet pocket 42 includes first and second spaced-apart sections 44 and 46 which are R.F. welded to the bottom surface 34 of bottom cover 12. An opening 48 is formed for receiving a magnet 50.
The magnets 50 are best illustrated in FIGS. 7-9. Magnets 50 include a magnet body 52 and a back-up plate 54. The back-up plate 54 is illustratively zinc or galvanized plated. The back-up plate is bonded to the magnet by a suitable adhesive. A magnet 50 is configured to be inserted into each pocket 42 as illustrated in FIG. 1. Illustratively, the magnets 50 at foot end 44 aid in sheet retention and reduce mattress slippage.
The foam base 14 is best illustrated in FIGS. 10 and 11. Illustratively, foam base 14 is made from a polyurethane foam having an ILD of about 35 to about 40, with a support factor of about 2.0 MIN. The density of base 14 is about 1.8 to about 1.9 PCF. Base 14 includes a top surface having Velcro material fastening sections 58 adjacent head end 60 and foot end 62. Larger Velcro sections 64 are coupled to top surface 56 of base 14 as shown in FIG. 10. It is understood that other fastening means may be used instead of Velcro sections 58 and 64. Base 14 further includes notched sections 66 formed in a bottom surface 68 to permit insertion of bed exit detection strips across the width of the mattress 10. Velcro sections 58 and 64 are used to couple the foot section 16, seat section 18, and head section 20 to the base 14 as discussed below.
The modular foot foam section 16 is illustrated in FIGS. 12-14. Foot section 16 includes outer perimeter foam sections 70 extending along opposite sides of the foot section 16. Velcro material 72 is coupled to the four corners of foot section 16 on perimeter foam sections 70 as illustrated in FIG. 12. Velcro material 72 is configured to be coupled to Velcro material 58 adjacent foot end 60 of base 14 and to a portion of Velcro material 64 adjacent foot end 60.
Side perimeter foam sections 70 illustratively are made from a polyurethane foam material having an ILD of about 35 to about 40 and a support factor of about 2.0 MIN. Illustratively, perimeter foam sections 70 have a density of about 1.8 to about 1.9 PCF.
Foot section 16 includes a bottom base 74 extending from foot end 76 to head end 78 of foot section 16. Base 74 is illustratively made from a high resiliency polyurethane foam material having an ILD of about 11 to about 15 and a support factor of about 2.4 MIN. The density of base 74 is illustratively about 1.9 MIN. PCF.
A heel section 80 is located on top of base 74 adjacent foot end 76 of foot section 16. Illustratively, heel section 80 is a high resiliency polyurethane foam material having an ILD of about 7 to about 10 and a support factor of about 2.4 MIN. The density of heel section 80 is about 1.5 to about 1.6 PCF.
A calf section 82 is located on top of base 74 adjacent heel section 80 at the head end 78 of foot section 16. Calf section 82 includes an angled edge surface 84 as best shown in FIG. 13. Illustratively, calf section 82 is made a high resiliency polyurethane foam material having an ILD of about 17 to about 21 and a support factor of about 2.4 MN. Calf section 82 illustratively has a density of about 2.25 to about 2.5 PCF. All the foam components of foot section 16 are bonded together with suitable adhesive.
The seat foam section 18 is best illustrated in FIGS. 15-17. Seat section 18 includes perimeter foam sections 90 having Velcro material 92 coupled to a bottom surface at the locations indicated in FIG. 15. Velcro material 92 is configured to be coupled to inner portions of Velcro material 64 at the center of base 14 illustrated in FIG. 10. Perimeter foam sections 90 are made of the same type of material as perimeter foam sections 70 discussed above.
Seat section 18 further includes a central foam portion 94 having cut or notched portions 96 extending transversely across its top surface 98 as best illustrated in FIG. 16. Seat foam section 94 includes a first angled section 100 extending outwardly away from foot end wall 102 and a second angled portion 104 extending outwardly away from head end wall 106. Angled surface 100 is configured to abut angled edge surface 84 of foot section 16.
Center foam section 94 is illustratively formed from a high resiliency polyurethane material having an ILD of about 23 to about 27 with a support factor of about 2.4 MIN. The density of seat foam section 94 is about 2.25 to about 2.5 PCF. All the foam components of the seat section 18 are illustratively securely bonded together with a suitable adhesive.
Details of head foam section 20 are illustrated in FIGS. 18-20. Head foam section 20 includes perimeter foam sections 110 extending along opposite sides of head section 20. Perimeter foam sections 110 are illustratively made from the same material as perimeter foam sections 70 and 90 discussed above. Foam sections 110 include Velcro material 112 coupled to comers of a bottom surface as illustrated in FIG. 18. Velcro material 112 is configured to be coupled to Velcro material 58 adjacent head end 62 of base 14 and a portion of Velcro material 64 nearest head end 62 of base 14.
Head section 20 includes a central foam section 114 having a top surface 116 formed to include a plurality of transversely extending cuts or notches 118 as best shown in FIG. 19. Illustratively, central foam portion 114 is made from a high resiliency polyurethane foam material having an ILD of about 17 to about 21 and a support factor of about 2.4 MIN. Density of central foam section 114 is about 2.25 to about 2.5 PCF. Central foam section 114 is formed to include an angled edge surface 120 adjacent foot end 122 of head section 20 which is configured to engage the angled surface 104 adjacent head end wall 106 of seat section 18.
The deep lateral cuts 96 and 118 in seat section 18 and head section 20, respectively, minimize pressure points on a body situated on the mattress 10. Illustrative pressure maps for the mattress 10 are illustrated in attached Exhibit A.
The modular components including foot section 16, seat section 18, and head section 20 are replaceable for appropriate body contouring. In addition, the modular foam sections may be replaced with multi-layered foam as discussed in attached Exhibit A describing the ComfortlineŽ mattress “Basic” model.
It is understood that other types of fasteners may be used to secure the foot foam section 16, the seat foam section 18, and the head foam section 20 to the base 14. For instance, the Velcro fastening material on these sections may be replaced by snaps, ties, locator posts and apertures, or other suitable fasteners.
FIGS. 21 and 22 illustrate the shear cover configured to fit over the foam mattress components. The shear cover 24 includes a top surface 126, a side wall 128, and a bottom inwardly extending flap 130. RF welded seams are used to form the four corners of the shear cover 24. The shear cover 24 is configured to be located between the foam components and the top cover 26 to permit the top cover to slide easily over the foam components to reduce shear forces between the patient's body and the mattress and reduce the likelihood of sacral breakdown.
Shear cover 24 is formed from a material having a low coefficient of friction so that the mattress cover can slide relative to the foam core. As the mattress is articulated or as the patient moves, the shear cover 24 minimizes shear forces acting between the mattress cover the user's body. The shear cover may be made from a woven nylon or “parachute” material. Illustratively, the shear cover 24 is made from a polyurethane material such as Deerfield urethane PT611OS thickness 0.002. The polyurethane material provides an inexpensive shear material which reduces shear forces applied to the user's body situated on the mattress 10.
Details of the top cover 26 are best illustrated in FIGS. 23-27. Cover 26 includes a top surface 140 and a side wall 142, A zipper 144 is coupled to the side wall 142 to mate with zipper 38 of bottom cover 12. Illustratively, zipper 144 wraps entirely around the top cover 26 to facilitate removal and replacement of the modular components. Illustratively, the zipper 144 is RF sealed to the side wall 142 around the perimeter. FIG. 27 illustrates further details of the side wall 142 and zipper 144. A flap of material 146 extends downwardly past zipper 144 to reduce the likelihood that fluids will enter through zipper 144.
FIG. 25 illustrates formation of the four corners of top cover 25. The corners are RF welded near top surface 140 as illustrated by seam line 148 and downwardly from top seam 148 as illustrated by seam line 150 to form the comer and to reduce the likelihood that fluids will leak into an interior region of the mattress 10.
Illustratively, top cover 26 is formed from a stretchable polyurethane material which is resistant to fluids and chemical stains. The cover may also be formed from a soft nylon material having a smooth, low friction surface, if desired.
Although the invention has been described in detail with reference to certain illustrated embodiments, variations and modifications exist within the scope and spirit of the present invention as described and defined in the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2029370||6 Mar 1933||4 Feb 1936||Goodrich Co B F||Cushioning structure|
|US2742652||17 Jul 1952||24 Apr 1956||Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp||Cushions and cushioning material|
|US2757389||10 Aug 1953||7 Aug 1956||King Alberta J||Fitted bed sheet|
|US3000020||15 May 1958||19 Sep 1961||United Tanks Inc||Safety cushion|
|US3047888||5 Dec 1960||7 Aug 1962||Irwin L Hirsch||Cushioning structure|
|US3083379||20 Mar 1961||2 Apr 1963||Isaac Marinsky||Bed sheet|
|US3419920 *||17 Oct 1966||7 Jan 1969||Forrest E. Maddux Jr.||Mattress|
|US3939508||8 Jan 1975||24 Feb 1976||Thomasville Products, Inc.||Mattress and cushioning construction|
|US4580301||18 Nov 1983||8 Apr 1986||Courtaulds Plc||Mattress for supporting the human body|
|US4628557||14 Sep 1984||16 Dec 1986||Lutheran Hospital Foundation, Inc.||Adjustable hospital mattress with removable inserts|
|US4672702||17 Dec 1984||16 Jun 1987||Isham Barbara K||Articles of bedding with stretch fit ends|
|US4706313 *||1 May 1986||17 Nov 1987||Comfortex, Inc.||Decubitus ulcer mattress|
|US4777681||24 Feb 1987||18 Oct 1988||Lueck Werner||Cushion with stuffing of foamed material|
|US4803744||19 May 1987||14 Feb 1989||Hill-Rom Company, Inc.||Inflatable bed|
|US4947500||11 Jul 1989||14 Aug 1990||OBA AG and Hans Vollmin||Therapeutic mattress, in particular for preventing or curing decubitus ulcers|
|US4982466||12 Oct 1988||8 Jan 1991||Leggett & Platt, Incorporated||Body support system|
|US4998310||25 Jun 1990||12 Mar 1991||Olson Robert V||Breakdown air mattress assembly|
|US5070560||22 Oct 1990||10 Dec 1991||Healthflex, Inc.||Pressure relief support system for a mattress|
|US5081728||22 Oct 1990||21 Jan 1992||Skinner Charles W||Mattress and mattress cover|
|US5088136||26 Jan 1990||18 Feb 1992||Stryker Corporation||Patient transfer mattress surface|
|US5105488||18 Apr 1990||21 Apr 1992||Simmons Company||Bedding configuration having variable support characteristics|
|US5127119 *||14 Mar 1991||7 Jul 1992||Rogers John E||Shear stress control in body support pads|
|US5136741 *||25 Jan 1991||11 Aug 1992||B.G. Industries, Inc.||Multiple component mattress with removable cover|
|US5179742 *||1 Nov 1991||19 Jan 1993||Stryker Corporation||Pressure reduction mattress|
|US5195197 *||28 Sep 1992||23 Mar 1993||Hector Gutierrez||Mattress liner with magnets in pockets|
|US5201780||6 Sep 1991||13 Apr 1993||Jay Medical, Ltd.||Anti-decubitus mattress pad|
|US5226185 *||27 Jul 1992||13 Jul 1993||Guay Yvan R||Therapeutic household bed mattress|
|US5231717||24 Jun 1992||3 Aug 1993||Leggett & Platt, Incorporated||Bedding system|
|US5255404||13 Jan 1993||26 Oct 1993||Jay Medical, Ltd.||Anti-decubitus mattress pad|
|US5259079||20 May 1993||9 Nov 1993||Big Sur Waterbeds, Inc.||Double bed arrangement with combination mattress|
|US5272779||9 Sep 1991||28 Dec 1993||Whim Wham Corporation||Body supports containing a fire retardant EPDM barrier|
|US5325551||16 Jun 1992||5 Jul 1994||Stryker Corporation||Mattress for retarding development of decubitus ulcers|
|US5331698||11 Jan 1993||26 Jul 1994||Hill-Rom Company, Inc.||Mattress for birthing bed|
|US5513402||17 Feb 1994||7 May 1996||Schwartz; Jack||Mattress system|
|US5680662||9 Sep 1996||28 Oct 1997||Veritas Enterprises, Inc.||Cushioning mattress for reducing shear and friction|
|US5802646||24 May 1996||8 Sep 1998||Hill-Rom, Inc.||Mattress structure having a foam mattress core|
|US5815865||30 Nov 1995||6 Oct 1998||Sleep Options, Inc.||Mattress structure|
|US6286166 *||17 Jun 1999||11 Sep 2001||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Modular foam mattress|
|WO1999049761A1||31 Mar 1999||7 Oct 1999||Hill-Rom, Inc.||Air-over-foam mattress|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6601253 *||8 Jul 2002||5 Aug 2003||Peter Tarquinio||Multilayer foam mattress with side supports|
|US6687935 *||1 Jul 2002||10 Feb 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Mattress structure|
|US6689077||6 May 2002||10 Feb 2004||Reza R. Dabir||Apparatus and method for pressure management having temperature controlled air flow|
|US6770504||6 Jan 2003||3 Aug 2004||Honeywell International Inc.||Methods and structure for improving wafer bow control|
|US7037278||14 Apr 2003||2 May 2006||Dabir Reza R||Apparatus and method for pressure management having temperature controlled air flow|
|US7523515 *||13 Apr 2007||28 Apr 2009||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Hospital bed and mattress having a retractable foot section|
|US7685664 *||30 Mar 2010||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Mattress with heel pressure relief portion|
|US7788747||7 Sep 2010||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US7845035||7 Dec 2010||Sealy Technology Llc||Pressure dispersion support systems|
|US7917978||2 Mar 2005||5 Apr 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Variable height siderail for a bed|
|US7930778||26 Apr 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Pinch-preventing unit for bed guardrail|
|US7934276||3 May 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||End panel for a patient-support apparatus|
|US7978084||26 Oct 2010||12 Jul 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Body position monitoring system|
|US8006333||30 Aug 2011||Stryker Corporation||Patient support surface with turn-assist|
|US8258963||7 Jun 2011||4 Sep 2012||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Body position monitoring system|
|US8286282||16 Oct 2012||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed frame and mattress synchronous control|
|US8341778||1 Jan 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed gap filler and footboard pad|
|US8344860||1 Jan 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient support apparatus alert system|
|US8400311||16 Dec 2011||19 Mar 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Hospital bed having alert light|
|US8432287||30 Jul 2010||30 Apr 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus for controlling room lighting in response to bed exit|
|US8464380||22 Dec 2011||18 Jun 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient support apparatus having alert light|
|US8525682||1 Aug 2012||3 Sep 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Hospital bed having alert light|
|US8537008||23 Aug 2012||17 Sep 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed status indicators|
|US8593284||19 Sep 2008||26 Nov 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||System and method for reporting status of a bed|
|US8830070||28 Aug 2013||9 Sep 2014||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Hospital bed having alert light|
|US8847756||12 Sep 2013||30 Sep 2014||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed status indicators|
|US9060619||10 Feb 2014||23 Jun 2015||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Variable height siderail|
|US9220650||13 Jun 2013||29 Dec 2015||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient support apparatus having alert light|
|US20050273941 *||2 Jun 2005||15 Dec 2005||Stolpmann James R||Mattress with heel pressure relief portion|
|US20070033058 *||5 Aug 2005||8 Feb 2007||Graber Sheldon||A method of marketing and manufacturing a bed assembly|
|US20080120780 *||15 Nov 2007||29 May 2008||Stryker Corporation||Patient support surface with turn-assist|
|US20090089933 *||9 Oct 2008||9 Apr 2009||Sealy Technology, Llc||Pressure dispersion support systems|
|US20090139034 *||12 Oct 2004||4 Jun 2009||Kirsten Maarbjerg||Futon mattress|
|US20100077552 *||1 Apr 2010||Sergei Malikhin||Modular mattress assembly|
|US20100325806 *||9 Sep 2010||30 Dec 2010||Sealy Technology, Llc||Pressure dispersion support systems|
|US20110037597 *||17 Feb 2011||Dixon Stephen A||Body position monitoring system|
|WO2003017905A2 *||22 Aug 2002||6 Mar 2003||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|WO2003017905A3 *||22 Aug 2002||8 Apr 2004||Hill Rom Services Inc||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|U.S. Classification||5/722, 5/740, 5/739, 5/730, 5/727|
|International Classification||A47C27/00, A47C27/14|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C27/001, A47C27/15, A47C27/20, A47C27/148, A47C27/144|
|European Classification||A47C27/14E, A47C27/14C2, A47C27/20, A47C27/15, A47C27/00B|
|1 Feb 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|14 Jan 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|15 Jan 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|10 Sep 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., AS COLLATERAL AGENT, IL
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ALLEN MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC.;HILL-ROM SERVICES, INC.;ASPEN SURGICAL PRODUCTS, INC.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:036582/0123
Effective date: 20150908