|Publication number||US5278729 A|
|Application number||US 08/038,568|
|Publication date||11 Jan 1994|
|Filing date||26 Mar 1993|
|Priority date||10 Apr 1992|
|Publication number||038568, 08038568, US 5278729 A, US 5278729A, US-A-5278729, US5278729 A, US5278729A|
|Inventors||Arden L. Hoffman|
|Original Assignee||Magnavox Electronic Systems Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (10), Classifications (11), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of co-pending application Ser. No. 07/866,584, filed on Apr. 10, 1992, now abandoned.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates generally to rotatable electrical devices, such as switches, variable capacitors, and potentiometers, and, more particularly, but not by way of limitation, to a novel compact rotatable electrical device that reduces the volume occupied by conventional such devices in an electrical apparatus.
2. Background Art
Rotatable electrical devices are well known and include rotating switches, variable capacitors, potentiometers, and the like. In one application, such devices may be attached to an external surface of a radio. Typically, the device includes a stationary main control body disposed within the radio and connected to circuitry in the radio. Fixedly attached to and extending from the main control body is a hollow, externally threaded, cylindrical mounting bushing which extends through a hole defined in the external surface. A jamnut threaded on the mounting bushing is tightened against the outside of the external surface and secures the mounting bushing and main control body in place. Extending through the mounting bushing from the operative elements within the control body is a control shaft at the distal end of which external to the mounting surface is attached a knob.
A substantial disadvantage of the above conventional arrangement is that, with the requirement for some electrical apparatus, such as handheld radios, to become smaller and smaller, rotatable devices of the type noted above consume an increasingly greater percentage of the available volume within the apparatus.
A further disadvantage of the conventional construction of such devices is that the knobs thereof are frequently secured in place by means of set screws which can be loosened by vibration.
Another disadvantage of the conventional construction of such devices is that the hollow mounting bushing is a point of weakness and such bushings frequently break.
An additional disadvantage of the conventional construction of such devices is that the control shaft thereof is relatively long which presents a long lever arm and another point of weakness.
In some applications, protective ears have been provided on the mounting surface to protect the devices from breaking. These protective ears can consume valuable control panel space and hinder operation, in addition to representing additional manufacturing cost.
Yet another disadvantage of the conventional construction of such devices is that the jamnut is easily accessible from the outside surface of the panel and, thus, the apparatus is subject to tampering by removal of the jamnut.
Accordingly, it is a principal object of the present invention to provide a rotatable electrical device which is compact and occupies substantially less volume in an electrical apparatus than do conventional rotatable electrical devices.
It is further object of the invention to provide such a device that is strong.
It is an additional object of the invention to provide such a device that is easily and economically constructed.
It is another object of the invention to provide such a device that has a relatively short control shaft.
It is yet a further object of the invention to provide such a device that is relatively tamperproof.
Other objects of the present invention, as well as particular features, elements, and advantages thereof, will be elucidated in, or be apparent from, the following description and the accompanying drawing figures.
The present invention achieves the above objects, among others, by providing, in a preferred embodiment, a compact rotatable electrical device for attachment to a mounting panel of an electrical apparatus, said mounting panel having inner and outer surfaces and defining an interior space of said apparatus, with said inner surface adjacent said interior space, said device comprising: a control body having a control shaft extending upwardly from the distal end thereof, the proximal end of said control shaft being connected to operative elements within said control body; and means for attachment of the proximal end of said control body to said mounting panel through an opening defined therethrough such that said control body, when so attached, will be disposed substantially outside said interior space.
Understanding of the present invention and the various aspects thereof will be facilitated by reference to the accompanying drawing figures, submitted for purposes of illustration only and not intended to define the scope of the invention, on which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view, partially in cross-section, of one embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view, partially in cross-section, of another embodiment of the present invention.
Reference should now be made to the Drawing on which similar or identical elements are given consistent identifying numerals throughout the various figures thereof.
FIG. 1 illustrates a rotatable electrical device, generally indicated by the reference numeral 10, constructed according to the present invention, and which may be, for illustrative purposes only, a rotatable switch, a variable capacitor, or a potentiometer. Device 10 is shown as being mounted in a mounting panel 12 which may be assumed to be part of an otherwise conventional handheld radio, for example, and which defines an interior space 14.
Device 10 includes a control body 20 disposed substantially above the outer surface of mounting panel 12 and extending partially into interior 14 through an opening 16 defined in the mounting panel. The lower portion 18 of control body 10 is threaded so as to accept a jamnut 26 threadingly advanced thereon against the inner surface of mounting panel 12 so as to draw a flange 22 formed on the control body against the outer surface of the mounting panel. An O-ring 24 may be disposed between flange 22 and the outer surface of mounting panel 12 for sealing purposes if desired. Extending from the distal end of lower portion 18 are two prongs 30 and 32 for connection thereto of wiring (not shown).
Extending upwardly from the the distal end of control body 20 is a short control shaft 40 the distal end of which terminates in an enlarged splined portion 42 on which is disposed with an interference press-fit therewith an inverted cup-shaped knob 50. Knob 50 extends downwardly substantially over control body 20 and the outer periphery of the knob is approximately coextensive with the outer periphery of flange 22. It will be understood that the proximal end of control shaft 40 is connected to the conventional operative elements (not shown) of device 10 within control body 20.
A substantial advantage of the construction of device 10 is that the body of the device is almost entirely outside of interior 14, with only enough of the body extending through opening 16 to permit threading thereon of jamnut 26. Consequently, the volume that otherwise would be consumed by a conventional device can be employed for other elements or the apparatus in which device 10 is installed can be reduced in size accordingly.
A further advantage of the construction of device 10 is that the conventional relatively narrow hollow mounting bushing has been replaced with the relatively wide threaded lower portion 18 of control body 20 which could be constructed as a solid member or a nearly solid member, since no shaft needs to extend therethrough.
Another advantage of the construction of device 10 is that knob 50 is not attached to shaft 40 by means of a set screw which could vibrate loose.
An additional advantage of the construction of device 10 is that the length of control shaft 40 external to control body 20 is almost zero, thus virtually eliminating the lengthy lever arm of conventional control shafts.
Yet a further advantage of the construction of device 10 is that jamnut 26 is not subject to tampering, since it is not accessible from the outside of mounting panel 12.
FIG. 2 illustrates another electrical device, generally indicated by the reference numeral 10', constructed according to another aspect of the present invention. Device 10' is identical to device 10 described above, except that device 10' has a control shaft 40' which forms a monolithic structure with a knob 50'. This arrangement has the further advantage of ensuring that knob 50' cannot be pulled from control shaft 40'.
Devices 10 and 10' may be constructed of any suitable materials by conventional means. Knob 50 may be a polymeric material, as is indicated on FIG. 1, or it may be a suitable metallic material.
It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above, among those elucidated in, or made apparent from, the preceding description, are efficiently attained and, since certain changes may be made in the above construction without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown on the accompanying drawing figures shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3560672 *||21 Jan 1969||2 Feb 1971||Ledex Inc||Guarded position selector switch with stop position means|
|US3571534 *||12 Mar 1968||23 Mar 1971||Plessey Co Ltd||Electric switch structure with improved printed circuit contact board assembly|
|US3906371 *||25 Jan 1974||16 Sep 1975||J I L Corp Of America Inc||Replacement radio receiver apparatus for automotive installations including adjustably positionable control elements and chassis case|
|US3952176 *||13 Dec 1974||20 Apr 1976||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Multiple pole pushbutton rotary switch|
|US4110722 *||18 Jul 1977||29 Aug 1978||Cts Corporation||Variable resistance control|
|US4117444 *||14 Jul 1977||26 Sep 1978||Bourns, Inc.||Hearing aid volume control|
|US4144555 *||8 Feb 1978||13 Mar 1979||Mcgalliard James D||Single mount electrical control device assembly|
|US4295119 *||10 Mar 1980||13 Oct 1981||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Rotary variable resistor|
|US4387374 *||4 Aug 1980||7 Jun 1983||Raytheon Company||Range mark position control employing optical encoding|
|US4532817 *||2 Nov 1982||6 Aug 1985||Clarion Co., Ltd.||Tuning shaft of pushbutton tuner|
|US4891623 *||2 Feb 1989||2 Jan 1990||Stanley Electric Co., Ltd.||Electric regulator unit|
|US4892987 *||23 Jan 1989||9 Jan 1990||White Consolidated Industries, Inc.||Mounting for electrical control|
|US5083477 *||31 Jan 1991||28 Jan 1992||Gould Inc.||Control knob locking assembly|
|US5185804 *||16 Oct 1991||9 Feb 1993||Pioneer Electronic Corporation||Operating device of an electronic equipment mounted on a motor vehicle|
|JPS62114016A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6975508||26 Sep 2003||13 Dec 2005||Moeller Gmbh||Modular electrical device combination|
|US7046118 *||20 Aug 2004||16 May 2006||Nec Lcd Technologies, Ltd.||Signal processing circuit board with variable resistor which is hardly declined in the mechanical strength while its variable resistor is not limited to one particular location for the installation|
|US7527155||11 Feb 2004||5 May 2009||International Business Machines Corporation||Apparatus and system for vertically storing computing devices|
|US8654545 *||17 Sep 2009||18 Feb 2014||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Arrangement and method for holding a plurality of electric capacitor assemblies|
|US20040106331 *||26 Sep 2003||3 Jun 2004||Moeller Gmbh||Modular electrical device combination|
|US20050017838 *||20 Aug 2004||27 Jan 2005||Nec Lcd Technologies, Ltd.||Signal processing circuit board with variable resistor which is hardly declined in the mechanical strength while its variable resistor is not limited to one particular location for the installation|
|US20050153732 *||13 Jan 2004||14 Jul 2005||The Boeing Company||Satellite-capable mobile terminals|
|US20110222261 *||17 Sep 2009||15 Sep 2011||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Arrangement and method for holding a plurality of electric capacitor assemblies|
|US20150020644 *||19 Mar 2014||22 Jan 2015||Kidkraft, Lp||Screwless knob assembly for toys|
|EP1404170A2 *||2 Jul 2003||31 Mar 2004||Klöckner-Moeller GmbH||Combination of apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||361/809, 338/317, 200/296, 455/347, 74/553, 338/162, 361/814|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T74/2084, H02B1/044|
|6 May 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MAGNAVOX ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS COMPANY, INDIANA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP USA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007927/0147
Effective date: 19941219
Owner name: MAGNAVOX ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS COMPANY, INDIANA
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP USA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007927/0104
Effective date: 19951214
Owner name: MESC ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, INC., INDIANA
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP USA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:008098/0523
Effective date: 19940831
|3 Jul 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|10 Aug 2001||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|11 Jan 2002||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|19 Mar 2002||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20020111