|Publication number||US5029942 A|
|Application number||US 07/444,088|
|Publication date||9 Jul 1991|
|Filing date||30 Nov 1989|
|Priority date||9 Dec 1988|
|Also published as||DE3841532A1, DE3841532C2, EP0372339A2, EP0372339A3, EP0372339B1|
|Publication number||07444088, 444088, US 5029942 A, US 5029942A, US-A-5029942, US5029942 A, US5029942A|
|Original Assignee||Bayer Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (64), Classifications (14), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a back rest support structure for a vehicle seat, especially an automobile seat, and to a vehicle seat back rest comprising said support structure.
Back rest support structures for vehicle seats, especially automobile seats, are made as a rule from tubular steel or sheet metal. For this purpose complex stamped and bent parts have to be produced in costly processes, assembled and protected against rust. They require an additional covering because they would not otherwise be acceptable to the consumer as visible structures. The support structure and back pad as well as the cover are frequently joined together in such a way that it is difficult or impossible to replace a defective pad or cover alone.
The object of the invention is to provide a back rest support structure for vehicle seats, especially automobile seats, but also for aircraft or boat seats, which can be produced easily and has the necessary physical properties.
This object is achieved by a back shell which is surrounded like a cassette by a frame which comprise a U-section side members which are open towards the exterior and a U-section cross member which connects the upper ends of the side members and is open on one side, the back shell and the members comprise a single injection molded part.
This construction of the back rest support structure permits economical mass production using thermoplastic or thermosetting plastics, particularly fiber reinforced thermoplastics or thermosetts, in particular, glass reinforced polyamide-6, polyamide-6.6, or a polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer blend, with a glass fiber content in each case of approximately 20 to 40% by weight. Naturally, this back rest support structure must be sufficiently sturdy to withstand normal stresses. In addition, the attachment points for the hinge fittings must have the appropriate strength. In order to avoid breaking and splitting of the back rest support structure in the event of a crash, potential deformation points which are designed to yield more readily than the back rest support structure are provided on other parts of the seat, for example on the fittings. As regards bending strength and torsional stability the construction of the members as U-sections comes very close to that of closed hollow sections. However, the latter are very costly to unmold. It is only necessary to have two side slides in the forming tool for the production of the novel back rest support structure. The back shell may be flat, but it may also approximate the shape of a body. The U-section side members and the cross member form a rigid frame to accommodate the seat pad which rests against the back shell. The connections for the fittings and the seat adjustment and, if required, other elements can be accommodated in the open cavities in the side members. The width of the side members can vary over their length.
The back shell, as depicted especially in FIG. 4, preferably runs forward towards the side members and is rounded, then bent, and branches, turning back to become the central parts of the side members and running on to become the front flanks thereof. This construction is suitable for plastic materials and prevents jagged breaks while ensuring good transfer of stress between the members and the back shell.
According to a preferred embodiment, at least one of the members has a cover--such as shown in FIG. 3. This cover serves for improving the appearance. It can be removable and replaceable; however, it can also be permanently connected to the side member to form a box section in order to increase the strength. The same applies to the covering of the cross member.
Molded ribs are preferably arranged in the cavities in the members. These serve for reinforcement and in particular, they increase the bending strength and torsional stability. By appropriate construction of the cavity in the forming tool they can be molded directly with the member, so that no additional work is necessary.
In a further special embodiment, the front flanks of the side members are curved towards the front like a shell. This construction provides lateral reinforcement for the back pad which is to be placed upon it, so that the body of the occupant is positioned better at the sides. In this way they form a type of shell together with the back rest.
In a further special embodiment, the cross member is open towards the front and forms the cover for a head rest supporting plate.
The so-called head rest supporting plate has stops for the adjustment of the head rest.
According to another embodiment, the cross member is open towards the rear and forms a storage chamber which has a flap associated with it as a cover.
Depending upon the size of this storage chamber it can be used for cards, first aid box, etc. This flap should be constructed so as to prevent injury and in particular, should have a recessed catch.
The flap is preferably provided on the exterior with a protective cushion. This serves to protect the back occupant in the event of a crash.
The novel back rest support structure also has the advantage that the back pad can be replaced without difficulty. Additionally, it is no longer necessary to arrange the cover directly on the back pad but, with appropriate design, it can be pulled over the back rest or fixed thereto. A releasable fixing of the cover is also possible, if the pad with the cover can be fixed to the back rest support structure. In this way it is possible for the vehicle to be equipped at the car dealership with a back pad of a suitable hardness and a seat covering which is acceptable to the consumer so as to rationalize the manufacture on the production line. This means that the buyer's requirements in this connection can be met at the last moment, i.e. before the vehicle is handed over.
The novel vehicle seat back rest with a back rest support structure of the type described above is characterized in that the back pad which is laterally surrounded by the frame at least partially covers the front flanks of the side members. This results in the creation of lateral guiding zones for the body of the occupant just in this region which are harder than in the central part, without the need for pads with zones of foam material of differing hardness.
The back pad preferably also covers the front face for the cross member.
In this way, it is ensured that for occupants of widely differing sizes, this part of the back rest support structure is also padded in order to prevent injuries in a crash.
According to a further special embodiment, the back pad covers the outer face of the side members. This embodiment serves not only for improving the appearance but also reduces the danger of injury.
Embodiments of the new vehicle seat back rest with the novel back rest support structure are shown schematically in the drawings and are explained below in greater detail. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 shows a back rest support structure with the cross member open at the front in a three-dimensional representation viewed from front to one side,
FIG. 2 shows a back rest support structure with the cross member open at the back in a three-dimensional representation viewed from the back to one side,
FIG. 3 shows a cover for a side member in a three-dimensional representation,
FIG. 4 shows a sketch of a cross-section through the back rest support structure and
FIG. 5 shows a back rest.
In FIG. 1 the back rest support structure 1 consists of an injection molded part made from polyamide-6 containing 35% by weight glass fibers. A frame 2 consisting of side members 3, 4 and a cross member 5 surrounds a back shell 6. The side members 3, 4 are U-shaped in cross-section and each have a front flank 7, a central part 8 and a rear flank 9. Molded ribs 11 are arranged in the cavity 10 thus formed. Reinforcements 12 are provided in the lower region of the cavities 10 in the side members 3, 4 for the connection of the fittings and the adjustment of the angle of tilt of the back rest. The cross member 5, which is closed on the back and thus has a U-shaped cross-section with a wide central part 13, an upper flank 14 and a lower flank 15, connects the upper ends of the side members 3, 4. Molded guides 17 for a head rest are also located in the cavity 16. This cavity 16 is closed by a cover 18 which is sketched in and as a headrest supporting plate, is provided with a stop (not shown) pointing into the cavity 16 for the head rest. The head rest supporting plate 18 is formed in such a way that it fits exactly between the flanks 14, 15 and thus contributes to the strengthening of the structure.
In FIG. 2, the back rest support structure 21 consists of an injection molded part made from a blend of polycarbonate/ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) containing 30% by weight glass fibers. A frame 22 consisting of side members 23, 24 and a cross member 25 surrounds a back shell 26. The side members 23, 24 are U-shaped in cross-section and each have a front flank 27, a central part 28 and a rear flank 29. Molded ribs 31 are arranged in the cavity 30 thus formed. Reinforcements 32 are provided in the lower region of the cavities 30 for the connection of the fittings and the adjustment of the angle of tilt of the back rest. The cross member 25 is closed at the front and in this way forms a U-shaped cross-section with a wide central part 33, an upper flank 34 and a lower flank 35. The cavity 36 thus formed serves as a storage chamber and is provided with a cover 37 constructed as a flap. This flap is provided with a protective cushion on the outside to protect the back occupant in the event of a crash.
FIG. 3 shows a covering 39 for the left-hand side member 23 of FIG. 2 which engages with the snap connections (not shown) in side member 23.
In FIG. 4, there is depicted a view of a preferred cross-section of a side member. Accordingly, the back shell 41 is rounded at 42 with a radius R=50 mm, then bent at 43, forming at angle α1 of 45° with the central part 44 of the side member 45. This bend 43 branches, one part turning back at 46 to become the central part 44 and the other part turning at an angle α2 of 15° to become the front flank 47. The rear flank is designated by 48.
In FIG. 5, a back pad 52 and a cover 53 are arranged on the back rest support structure 51.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3669498 *||3 Aug 1970||13 Jun 1972||Hoover Ball & Bearing Co||Seat structure|
|US3695707 *||19 Nov 1970||3 Oct 1972||American Seating Co||Recliner vehicle seat|
|US3697133 *||6 Aug 1970||10 Oct 1972||Hoover Ball & Bearing Co||Seat back structure|
|US4544204 *||8 Nov 1982||1 Oct 1985||Keiper Automobiltechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg||Back frame for seat, particularly for power vehicle seat|
|US4588228 *||5 Aug 1983||13 May 1986||Tachikawa Spring Co., Ltd.||Pan-type vehicle seat back mounted to a reclining mechanism|
|US4681366 *||6 Nov 1985||21 Jul 1987||Irvin Industries, Inc.||Vanity mirror or vehicle accessory assembly and mounting apparatus therefor|
|US4805962 *||21 Jul 1982||21 Feb 1989||Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft||Seat shell for a motor vehicle seat|
|US4861104 *||29 Jan 1988||29 Aug 1989||General Motors Corporation||Seat cushion construction and method of utilization thereof|
|US4871209 *||1 Jun 1988||3 Oct 1989||K R Industries, Inc.||Folding stadium seat|
|US4898426 *||10 Mar 1989||6 Feb 1990||Buderus-Sell Gmbh||Passenger seat for an airplane|
|DE3100202A1 *||7 Jan 1981||5 Aug 1982||Kiel Gmbh Franz||Seat for any desired use|
|DE7129577U *||Mayer H||Title not available|
|GB1254851A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5636901 *||15 Jun 1995||10 Jun 1997||Aircraft Modular Products, Inc.||Aircraft passenger seat frame|
|US5988757 *||1 Oct 1998||23 Nov 1999||Lear Corporation||Vehicle seat assembly|
|US6027171 *||20 Feb 1998||22 Feb 2000||Lear Corporation||Automotive modular seat frame assembly|
|US6056366 *||26 Feb 1999||2 May 2000||Lear Corporation||Composite back frame for a vehicle seat and method for distributing seat belt loads|
|US6059358 *||28 Dec 1998||9 May 2000||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Seat back mounted fold down auto office|
|US6220660||8 Oct 1998||24 Apr 2001||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Vehicle activity center|
|US6688700||7 Oct 2002||10 Feb 2004||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system and method for making the same|
|US6739673||12 Aug 2002||25 May 2004||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system|
|US6761412||10 Jun 1999||13 Jul 2004||Euromotive Ges. M.B.H.||Backrest construction|
|US6767067 *||3 Dec 2002||27 Jul 2004||Faurecia Sieges D'automobile S.A.||Structure for a vehicle seat element, and a method of making such a structure|
|US6896324 *||21 Apr 2003||24 May 2005||Adam Aircraft Industries||Hybrid composite-metal energy absorbing seat|
|US6994401||6 Sep 2001||7 Feb 2006||Lear Corporation||Seat backrest cover module|
|US6997515||18 Dec 2003||14 Feb 2006||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Seating system and method for making same|
|US7083230 *||3 Mar 2005||1 Aug 2006||Adam Aircraft Industries||Hybrid composite-metal energy absorbing seat|
|US7128373 *||23 Sep 2003||31 Oct 2006||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system and method of forming same|
|US7137670 *||7 Nov 2005||21 Nov 2006||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system and method for making same|
|US7234763||27 Oct 2004||26 Jun 2007||Dow Global Technologies Inc||Instrument panel assembly|
|US7250091||13 Jan 2004||31 Jul 2007||Dow Global Technologies Inc||Method of forming a seating system|
|US7300102||11 Feb 2004||27 Nov 2007||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Instrument panel assembly|
|US7753435 *||26 Nov 2007||13 Jul 2010||Chrysler Group Llc||Water shield for vehicle door|
|US7926879 *||18 Sep 2008||19 Apr 2011||Herman Miller, Inc.||Load support structure|
|US7992936||22 Mar 2007||9 Aug 2011||Herman Miller, Inc.||Seat|
|US8282169||30 Mar 2011||9 Oct 2012||Herman Miller, Inc.||Load support structure|
|US8282172||9 Aug 2011||9 Oct 2012||Herman Miller, Inc.||Seat|
|US8414073||22 Mar 2007||9 Apr 2013||Herman Miller, Inc.||Seating arrangement|
|US8511748 *||15 May 2009||20 Aug 2013||Styron Europe Gmbh||Vehicular seat back assembly|
|US8894154||2 Mar 2010||25 Nov 2014||Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc.||Seat back including integrated backrest and reinforcing composite layer|
|US8955906 *||14 Sep 2011||17 Feb 2015||Basf Se||Energy absorbing bracket for a seat of a vehicle|
|US8967726||13 Sep 2012||3 Mar 2015||Herman Miller, Inc.||Load support structure|
|US8979205||13 Jan 2011||17 Mar 2015||Lear Corporation||Seat assembly having a cross member|
|US9090190||6 Sep 2010||28 Jul 2015||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Vehicle seat structure|
|US9168855||28 Dec 2012||27 Oct 2015||Basf Se||Composite component|
|US9327434||12 Sep 2011||3 May 2016||Johnson Controls Gmbh||Method for producing a rear wall of a seat back|
|US9327836||18 Apr 2014||3 May 2016||Airbus Operations Gmbh||Cabin attendant seat, arrangement comprising a cabin attendant seat and aircraft area|
|US9332851 *||14 Mar 2014||10 May 2016||Hni Technologies Inc.||Chair with activated back flex|
|US9486949 *||10 Aug 2007||8 Nov 2016||Basf Aktiengesellschaft||Method of forming a composite component|
|US9499081||4 Feb 2015||22 Nov 2016||Lear Corporation||Seat assembly having a cross member|
|US9504331||25 Jul 2012||29 Nov 2016||Hni Technologies Inc.||Dynamic chair back lumbar support system|
|US9610878||4 Feb 2015||4 Apr 2017||Lear Corporation||Seat assembly having a cross member|
|US9801470||15 Oct 2014||31 Oct 2017||Hni Technologies Inc.||Molded chair with integrated support and method of making same|
|US20030117003 *||3 Dec 2002||26 Jun 2003||Francois Fourrey||Structure for a vehicle seat element, and a method of making such a structure|
|US20040155513 *||18 Dec 2003||12 Aug 2004||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system and method for making same|
|US20040160089 *||11 Feb 2004||19 Aug 2004||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Instrument panel assembly|
|US20040194877 *||13 Jan 2004||7 Oct 2004||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Seating system and method of forming same|
|US20050040690 *||23 Sep 2003||24 Feb 2005||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Seating system and method of forming same|
|US20050082896 *||27 Oct 2004||21 Apr 2005||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Seating system|
|US20050231019 *||15 Apr 2004||20 Oct 2005||Sears Manufacturing Company||Vehicle seat frame|
|US20060103228 *||7 Nov 2005||18 May 2006||Dow Global Technologies, Inc.||Seating system and method for making same|
|US20080011429 *||25 Jul 2007||17 Jan 2008||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Seating system and method of forming same|
|US20080038569 *||10 Aug 2007||14 Feb 2008||Evans Jonathan A||Composite component|
|US20090102268 *||18 Sep 2008||23 Apr 2009||Johann Burkhard Schmitz||Load support structure|
|US20090134658 *||26 Nov 2007||28 May 2009||Fadi Hanna||Water shield for vehicle door|
|US20100117419 *||22 Mar 2007||13 May 2010||Johann Burkhard Schmitz||Seat|
|US20100289308 *||22 Mar 2007||18 Nov 2010||Johann Burkhard Schmitz||Seating Arrangement|
|US20110121628 *||15 May 2009||26 May 2011||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Vehicular seat back assembly|
|US20110175423 *||30 Mar 2011||21 Jul 2011||Herman Miller, Inc.||Load support structure|
|US20130175833 *||14 Sep 2011||11 Jul 2013||Basf Se||Energy Absorbing Bracket For A Seat Of A Vehicle|
|USD796883||20 Jun 2016||12 Sep 2017||Hni Technologies Inc.||Chair|
|CN100457499C||12 Aug 2002||4 Feb 2009||陶氏环球技术公司||Improved seating system|
|CN102639357A *||6 Sep 2010||15 Aug 2012||约翰逊控制技术公司||Vehicle seat structure|
|CN103097190A *||12 Sep 2011||8 May 2013||约翰逊控股公司||Method for producing a rear wall of a seat back|
|CN103097190B *||12 Sep 2011||2 Dec 2015||约翰逊控股公司||用于生产座椅靠背的后壁的方法|
|EP0965480A3 *||4 Jun 1999||14 Jun 2000||Euromotive Gesellschaft m.b.H.||Backrest construction|
|WO2003016091A1 *||12 Aug 2002||27 Feb 2003||Dow Global Technologies Inc.||Improved seating system|
|U.S. Classification||297/452.18, 297/DIG.2, 297/188.07|
|International Classification||A47C7/40, B60N2/68, B60N2/48, B60N2/42|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S297/02, B60N2/686, B60R7/043, B60N2/4876|
|European Classification||B60R7/04B, B60N2/68P, B60N2/48F|
|30 Nov 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BAYER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, LEVERKUSEN, GERMANY A CO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:RINK, MANFRED;REEL/FRAME:005188/0100
Effective date: 19891110
|3 Jan 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|18 Dec 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|22 Jan 2003||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|9 Jul 2003||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|2 Sep 2003||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20030709