|Publication number||US4835713 A|
|Application number||US 06/762,990|
|Publication date||30 May 1989|
|Filing date||6 Aug 1985|
|Priority date||6 Aug 1985|
|Also published as||CA1273107A, CA1273107A1, DE3626563A1|
|Publication number||06762990, 762990, US 4835713 A, US 4835713A, US-A-4835713, US4835713 A, US4835713A|
|Original Assignee||Pitney Bowes Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (16), Referenced by (97), Classifications (22), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to electronic postage meters and metering systems and particularly to an improved method and apparatus for ensuring the validity of a postal indicia printed by a postage metering system. The term electronic postage meter or metering system as used herein also refers to other similar meters, such as parcel registers and tax stamp meters that dispense and account for value.
Since the days of the first postage meter, security has been considered the heart of postage meter operation. Security must be absolute since monetary value is being printed.
In prior postage meters, an indicia is printed by a letter press utilizing a uniquely engraved die containing postal information, such that the metered postage indicia is traceable to a particular postage meter. Newer postage meters have been developed that include electronically controlled printers, such as thermal printers, ink jet or dot matrix pin printers for printing the indicia. While these newer meters work well in concept, there is a further consideration of security that must be addressed. Such indicias are rather easily printed by anyone who has a computer operating under a suitable program and an appropriate printer. One way of ensuring the validity of a particular indicia has been to encode a message in the indicia such that an unauthorized person cannot reproduce the appropriate encoding.
Such meters utilizing encoded information are disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,757,537; issued July 12, 1988 to Arno Muller filed Apr. 7, 1985 and in U.S. Pat. No. 4,725,718; issued Feb. 16, 1988, by R. Sansone entitled Postage and Mailing Information Applying System filed concurrently herewith, both assigned to the Assignee of the instant application.
In a system disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,637,051; issued Jan. 13, 1987 of John Clark, filed July 18, 1983, and assigned to the Assignee of the instant invention there is taught another method and apparatus for producing a coded indicia. In this device, the encoding is such that the indicia is printed in human readable format, but the dots forming the indicia are modified by voids or displacements or the like in order to produce a coded message that is then decodable to ensure that the coded information is identical to the human readable information of the indicia.
In accordance with the invention, it has been found that with the use of known electronic binary dot matrix printing means, such as ink jet, thermal head, LED printer and the like, one can introduce a greater flexibility into the printed indicia than hitherto considered possible and thereby one can further encrypt for even greater security any desired variables including the postal value, and particularly those variables, e.g., the next inspection date, that would be known only to the meter manufacturer or in a data center, in order to validate the postal transaction. The encrypted variable or variables can be printed in addition to the conventional indicia or substituted therefor.
In accordance with the invention, the information to be printed is first described in a binary format of pixels or dot-positions in a matrix, preferably a square matrix of 2N by 2N configuration, where N is a counting number, referred to herein as the object matrix (OB). The pixels of the object matrix (OB) may incorporate binary coded information in some predetermined order or may constitute one or more alphanumeric or other character or characters in graphic form.
An image transformation is then applied to this matrix, preferably by matrix multiplication by another 2N by 2N matrix "A", such that the transformation is of the form (IM)=(A)(OB)(A) wherein (IM) is the transformed image matrix and is preferably the known HADAMARD matrix. The pixels or dots of the resulting image matrix (IM) are then printed. It will be understood that if further security is desired the binary bits or pixels of the resulting image matrix (IM) may again be scrambled in predetermined manner.
It will be appreciated that the redundancy of information can be increased by printing a number of similar matrices having the same image pattern and in symmetric or non-symmetric format. When the image matrix is printed in first format and then as a reflection of the first format, the probability of losing information is reduced if the printed data is defective because of a printer element failure. It will be understood that while larger matrices are contemplated and will accommodate larger blocks of information, the use of smaller square matrices, e.g. 8 by 8 matrices, is preferable.
Further features and advantages of the method and apparatus in accordance with the invention will become apparent from the descriptions of the drawing.
FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a system that is adapted to print an indicia in accordance with the instant invention.
FIG. 2 shows a flow chart for performing a transformation in accordance with the invention.
FIGS. 3A and 3B show a transformation illustrating the creation of a particular image matrix wherein the 0's of the printed array represent the dots of the image array in accordance with the invention.
FIG. 4 is an illustration of various printed matrices showing the transformation of encrypted date information in accordance with the invention.
FIG. 5 is an illustration of the matrix transformation of graphic data.
FIG. 6 is an illustration of another indicia wherein the image matrix elements are printed as an alpha numeric array.
FIG. 7 is an illustration of the printing of the transformed image matrix as a serialized bar code.
Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown at 10 a postage metering system in accordance with present invention. At the heart of this system is the CPU or microprocessor 12 that, operating under the specific instructions from a program residing in PROM 14, controls the basic meter functions, performs calculations based on any input data, and controls the flow of data into the various memories. Typically, a RAM 15 is connected to the CPU for the storage of real time information and for the real time accounting of critical accounting information including the updating of ascending and descending meter registers. The register values are then stored in more permanent form in nonvolatile memory 16 either when the power is interrupted or on a real time basis as is well known in the art.
The system operates in accordance with data, e.g. value to be metered, supplied from an appropriate input means, such as the input keyboard 18 or from a communication device such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,301,507 to Soderberg.
The CPU 12 is also coupled to a printer 20 that receives print signals from CPU 12 for the printing of postal information or an envelope, label or the like. The printer for use in accordance with the invention may be a conventional dot-matrix pin printer, or any one of the plurality of like type devices, such as ink jet printers, thermal printers, or LED printers, that are suitable for receiving electronic signals and converting these into dots or pixels printed on a document.
As seen in FIG. 1, in accordance with the invention, CPU 12 is also coupled to a transformation module 22 that operates in accordance with the invention to transform information in an initial object format into an encrypted image format which includes information to ensure the validity of the indicia.
FIG. 2 is a flow chart showing the functions performed in the transformation module 22. It will be understood that the operations may be performed by a microcomputer resident in the transformation module 22 that then communicates in known manner with the CPU 12 or by means of a program stored in PROM 14 accessed in conventional manner by the CPU 12.
Referring to FIG. 2 digital data is received at 30 from the keyboard 18 or graphic and other digital data may be generated by CPU 12 as an array of pixels for providing graphic information, that data, in binary form, would typically be fed to the printer 20 as electronic signals for printing a desired image. In accordance with the invention, the data is fed to the transformation module 22 and is stored in, for instance, a suitable buffer, as a plurality of binary bits representing the alphanumeric or graphic data from which it is derived.
The stored data is then read from the buffer into other registers in a format suitable for forming an 8 by 8 binary matrix, the object matrix (OB). The data may be permutated at 32 in any predetermined manner in accordance with key 34 prior to being read into the matrix format and additionally may be incorporated in the binary matrix at 36 and 38 in any predetermined manner in accordance with specified keys 40. Thus, a given serialized stream of data may be presented as rows or columns of data, forwards or backwards, or as a spiral-like string beginning on the sides or near the center, or as predetermined random distributions within the matrix. These descriptions are presented by way of example only and should not be considered as limiting the invention. For best results the binary matrix array has a parity bit, assigned at 36, so as to make the number of bits always an even or odd number or to identify and/or select the parity for proper processing.
It will be appreciated that an operator or inspector at this point, knowing the keys, will be easily able to retrieve the data from the array of dots in the matrix were it to be printed or displayed. It must be noted that the digital data forming the matrix (OB) may also be the binary representation of an encrypted string of alpha numeric data generated as described, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,757,537 to Muller, that would then require even further decryption to obtain the originally encrypted information.
In accordance with the invention, a matrix transformation is applied to the above defined object matrix at 42 and 44. A suitable and convenient transformation is a matrix multiplication of the form (IM)=(A)(OB)(A) where (A) is a matrix multiplier of the same size as (OB), in this case 8 by 8, wherein the determinant of (A) is not equal to zero, and (IM) is the resultant transformed matrix product.
The elements of the multiplier matrix (A) may conveniently be both positive and negative as well as zero. For best results, there is a further constraint that each of the resulting elements of the image matrix be numbers represented by a maximum of six bits for the 8 by 8 matrix illustrated. With the proper selection of the matrix "A" (i.e. a HADAMARD matrix) all the elements of the image matrix (IM) are positive or negative numbers with the same parity as matrix (OB). Negative numbers in this format may then be represented by their selected matrix (OB) parity complement. Alternatively of course the negative may be represented by a sign bit, the disadvantage being the extra printing element that would be required to produce the dot.
It will be understood that larger matrices will allow the encryption of even larger amounts of data, however, at the expense of the need for much greater data manipulation. A plurality of different 8 by 8 matrices may of course be generated and printed on a document if desired. It will also be appreciated by those skilled in the art that while square matrices having an odd number of rows and columns may be utilized, the recovery of the original object matrix data in such case is considerably harder since the image matrix elements do not necessarily always fall within the aforementioned constraints as to size.
The matrix multiplication detailed above may be accomplished by the microprocessor or CPU 12 operating under a suitable program or alternatively may be conveniently carried out in a matrix multiplier LSI chip manufactured and marketed by INTEL, Santa Clara, Calif., suitably connected to receive the data pixels of the matrix (OB) and to communicate the matrix product (IM) to a buffer in the transformation module 22 or to the RAM 14 for communication to the printer 20.
It will be understood that the bits resulting from the matrix transformation may again be scrambled at 46 in accordance with a predetermined key 48 if desired in order to further enhance the security of the encryption.
Preferably the image matrix is printed at least twice using a two-fold symmetry and for best results is printed four times with a four-fold symmetry, i.e. as a mirror reflection of itself and then another reflection of the two images thus produced. The advantage of providing this redundancy, besides the aesthetic qualities, thus produced, is that the probability of losing information due to any inoperative printing element of the printer 20 may be reduced. It will be appreciated that the image matrix formed as described above may be printed in contiguous or non-contiguous formats, as borders for other printed matter, and as a supplement to or in place of other indicia on a mailpiece or document. If the printer is capable of printing in several colors a predetermined pattern of bits in the object matrix may be transformed and printed as a different plurality of dots in the image colored differently from the remainder of the printed dots. The resulting image pattern of colors might thus be more easily recognized as a valid indicia by a trained inspector simply by visual inspection of the printed matrix.
As mentioned previously the elements of the image matrix are numbers and as such may be represented in ways other than as the binary image matrix described in conjunction with FIG. 2. Thus the image matrix elements may be printed as a matrix array of alphanumeric characters if desired or may be printed serially as a bar code.
FIGS. 3A and 3B show an object matrix (OB) consisting of an array of binary data (shown in FIG. 3A) and a representation of the corresponding image matrix (IM) resulting from a transformation in accordance with the invention. The object matrix (OB) shown in FIG. 3A is multiplied by the known "HADAMARD" matrix to obtain the image matrix shown in FIG. 3B. The 0's shown in the image matrix represent the actuated pixels of the printer. As previously described, the image matrix (IM) in FIG. 3B is printed in four-fold symmetry; the matrix (IM) of the upper right-hand corner being reflected into the left-hand corner and both being reflected into the left-hand corner and both being reflected into the lower half of the array as illustrated in FIG. 3B.
FIG. 4 shows various printed matrices in accordance with the invention in a sequence with the corresponding data encrypted in the matrix being listed below the matrices. As illustrated, the data to be encrypted includes the date of the next inspection, a number that may be kept as a secret by the manufacturer or meter inspector, and the transaction date. The encryption of data relating to the device incorporating the invention herein adds another level of security to that offered by the graphic encoding provided for validating and ensuring the authenticity of the transaction.
FIG. 5 is an illustration of the matrix transformation of graphic data showing two versions of symbolic information which can be used in an indicia image and also showing (in a reduced scale) the corresponding images formed by transformation in accordance with the subject invention, that in this example, is incorporated in a 16 by 16 matrix. The character being encoded are a graphic "P" and "B". It will be appreciated that in comprising the image matrices a very minute change in the pixels forming the object matrix can result in significant changes in the image matrix.
FIG. 6 is an illustration of an image matrix wherein the elements that have been transformed in accordance with the invention are printed as an array of alphanumeric characters. It will be understood that the characters of the matrix array may be serialized and printed as a data string.
FIG. 7 is an illustration of data generated by a transformation in accordance with the invention and of the same data printed in the form of a serialized bar code.
The information included in the object matrix in any of the illustrated formats is made available to an inspector by performing an inverse transformation algorithm of the dots encrypted in the image matrix.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3798360 *||30 Jun 1971||19 Mar 1974||Ibm||Step code ciphering system|
|US3818442 *||8 Nov 1972||18 Jun 1974||Trw Inc||Error-correcting decoder for group codes|
|US3985998 *||17 Aug 1973||12 Oct 1976||Century International Corporation||Personal authority verification system|
|US4160120 *||17 Nov 1977||3 Jul 1979||Burroughs Corporation||Link encryption device|
|US4253158 *||28 Mar 1979||24 Feb 1981||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for securing postage printing transactions|
|US4301507 *||30 Oct 1979||17 Nov 1981||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Electronic postage meter having plural computing systems|
|US4322577 *||21 Aug 1979||30 Mar 1982||Braendstroem Hugo||Cryptosystem|
|US4376299 *||14 Jul 1980||8 Mar 1983||Pitney Bowes, Inc.||Data center for remote postage meter recharging system having physically secure encrypting apparatus and employing encrypted seed number signals|
|US4447890 *||21 Mar 1983||8 May 1984||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Remote postage meter systems having variable user authorization code|
|US4512020 *||13 Sep 1982||16 Apr 1985||U.S. Philips Corporation||Data processing device for processing multiple-symbol data-words based on a symbol-correcting code and having multiple operating modes|
|US4578774 *||18 Jul 1983||25 Mar 1986||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for limiting access to non-volatile memory in electronic postage meters|
|US4637051 *||18 Jul 1983||13 Jan 1987||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System having a character generator for printing encrypted messages|
|US4641346 *||21 Jul 1983||3 Feb 1987||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for the printing and reading of encrypted messages|
|US4641347 *||18 Jul 1983||3 Feb 1987||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for printing encrypted messages with a character generator and bar-code representation|
|US4649266 *||12 Mar 1984||10 Mar 1987||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Method and apparatus for verifying postage|
|US4660221 *||18 Jul 1983||21 Apr 1987||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for printing encrypted messages with bar-code representation|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4888803 *||26 Sep 1988||19 Dec 1989||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Method and apparatus for verifying a value for a batch of items|
|US4949381 *||19 Sep 1988||14 Aug 1990||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Electronic indicia in bit-mapped form|
|US5065000 *||1 Aug 1988||12 Nov 1991||Pavo Pusic||Automated electronic postage meter having a direct acess bar code printer|
|US5075862 *||26 Dec 1989||24 Dec 1991||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for printing value indicia with diagrammatic data representation|
|US5113445 *||11 Feb 1991||12 May 1992||Symbol Technologies Inc.||System for encoding data in machine readable graphic form|
|US5243655 *||16 Mar 1992||7 Sep 1993||Symbol Technologies Inc.||System for encoding and decoding data in machine readable graphic form|
|US5303370 *||13 Nov 1992||12 Apr 1994||Score Group, Inc.||Anti-counterfeiting process using lenticular optics and color masking|
|US5337361 *||1 Jun 1992||9 Aug 1994||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Record with encoded data|
|US5471533 *||20 May 1994||28 Nov 1995||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Record with encoded data|
|US5479586 *||28 Dec 1992||26 Dec 1995||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Mailing machine including means for selectively changing the marginal distance from the leading edge of an envelope or tape for printing indicia thereon|
|US5480239 *||8 Oct 1993||2 Jan 1996||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Postage meter system having bit-mapped indicia image security|
|US5485554 *||29 Oct 1993||16 Jan 1996||Hewlett-Packard Company||Method and apparatus for processing an image in a video printing apparatus|
|US5489158 *||27 May 1994||6 Feb 1996||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Printer system for removable machine readable code|
|US5524184 *||4 Aug 1993||4 Jun 1996||Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.||On-line barcode printer with automatic communication parameter determining system|
|US5583941 *||19 Oct 1994||10 Dec 1996||Minolta Co., Ltd.||Imaging processor|
|US5602377 *||1 Mar 1995||11 Feb 1997||Metanetics Corporation||Bar code dataform scanning and labeling apparatus and method|
|US5699257 *||2 May 1996||16 Dec 1997||Micro General Corporation||Postage meter|
|US5701249 *||23 Mar 1995||23 Dec 1997||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Service and usage data collection using a special mail piece|
|US5723853 *||7 Mar 1997||3 Mar 1998||Welch Allyn, Inc.||Bar code reader|
|US5750975 *||25 Aug 1995||12 May 1998||Teletransactions, Inc.||Hand held bar code dataform reader having a rotatable reading assembly|
|US5796088 *||15 Aug 1995||18 Aug 1998||Teletransactions, Inc.||Hand held portable bar code dataform reader having a rotatable reader module portion|
|US5825617 *||17 Aug 1995||20 Oct 1998||Teletransactions, Inc.||Workslate computer having modular device docking stations on horizontal and vertical side portions|
|US5880453 *||10 Nov 1997||9 Mar 1999||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Reader system for removable two dimensional code|
|US5898785 *||30 Sep 1996||27 Apr 1999||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Modular mailing system|
|US5960418 *||14 Jul 1997||28 Sep 1999||Pitney Bowes Ltd.||Multi-currency postage meter|
|US6026385 *||21 Jul 1997||15 Feb 2000||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Encrypted postage indicia printing for mailer inserting systems|
|US6032138 *||5 Sep 1997||29 Feb 2000||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Metering incoming deliverable mail|
|US6064995 *||5 Sep 1997||16 May 2000||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Metering incoming mail to detect fraudulent indicia|
|US6112193 *||22 May 1998||29 Aug 2000||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Reading encrypted data on a mail piece to cancel the mail piece|
|US6215475||7 Jun 1995||10 Apr 2001||Telxon Corporation||Highly integrated portable electronic work slate unit|
|US6263438||8 Sep 1998||17 Jul 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for secure document timestamping|
|US6266045||17 Nov 1994||24 Jul 2001||Telxon Corporation||Interactive display user interface computer and method|
|US6282648||6 Nov 2000||28 Aug 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for secure measurement certification|
|US6289453||8 Sep 1998||11 Sep 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for secure measurement certification|
|US6388659||24 Jul 2001||14 May 2002||Telxon Corporation||Interactive display user interface computer and method|
|US6574000||22 Nov 1996||3 Jun 2003||Pitney Bowes Inc.||System for the enhancement of information based indicia and postage security devices|
|US6747692||28 Mar 1997||8 Jun 2004||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Portable multipurpose recording terminal and portable network server|
|US6959387||17 Jul 2001||25 Oct 2005||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for verifying secure document timestamping|
|US7080786||16 Mar 2004||25 Jul 2006||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader comprising illumination assembly and solid state image sensor|
|US7124948||16 Mar 2004||24 Oct 2006||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader processing two-dimensional electronic representations|
|US7147159||23 Jul 2004||12 Dec 2006||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader having two-dimensional solid state image sensor and light generator|
|US7266696||17 Dec 2001||4 Sep 2007||United States Postal Service||Electronic postmarking without directly utilizing an electronic postmark server|
|US7275694||8 Jul 2004||2 Oct 2007||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Portable bar code reading device generating first and second electronic representations of a substrate|
|US7383998||7 Mar 2005||10 Jun 2008||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader system comprising host processor and optical reader|
|US7387253||30 Aug 1999||17 Jun 2008||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader system comprising local host processor and optical reader|
|US7398929||3 Nov 2006||15 Jul 2008||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Method and apparatus for reading decodable indicia|
|US7398930||27 Apr 2006||15 Jul 2008||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Bar code reading device having image data in plurality of different formats|
|US7546954||27 Apr 2006||16 Jun 2009||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Bar code reading device for reading 1D or 2D bar code symbols|
|US7778437||8 Nov 2006||17 Aug 2010||Digimarc Corporation||Media and methods employing steganographic marking|
|US7801745||13 Jun 2006||21 Sep 2010||Walker Digital, Llc||Methods and apparatus for increasing and/or monitoring a party's compliance with a schedule for taking medicines|
|US7818263||13 Dec 2006||19 Oct 2010||Neopost Technologies||Technique for effectively generating multi-dimensional symbols representing postal information|
|US7821404||14 Jun 2006||26 Oct 2010||James A. Jorasch||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US7916354||13 Oct 2009||29 Mar 2011||Digimarc Corporation||Hiding and detecting auxiliary data in media materials and signals|
|US7967407||2 Feb 2007||28 Jun 2011||R.R. Donnelley||Use of a sense mark to control a printing system|
|US8055509||30 Jun 2000||8 Nov 2011||Walker Digital, Llc||Methods and apparatus for increasing and/or for monitoring a party's compliance with a schedule for taking medicines|
|US8069056||13 Jun 2006||29 Nov 2011||Walker Digital, Llc||Methods and apparatus for increasing and/or for monitoring a party's compliance with a schedule for taking medicines|
|US8092224||20 Oct 2005||10 Jan 2012||James A. Jorasch||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US8108322||29 Jul 2003||31 Jan 2012||United States Postal Services||PC postage™ service indicia design for shipping label|
|US8262394||14 Jun 2006||11 Sep 2012||James A. Jorasch||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US8353752||14 Jun 2006||15 Jan 2013||James A. Jorasch||Method and apparatus for outputting a result of a game via a container|
|US8397992||13 Jun 2008||19 Mar 2013||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Optical reader having image sensor for reading decodable indicia|
|US8556728||14 Jun 2006||15 Oct 2013||James A. Jorasch||Method and apparatus for outputting a result of a game via a container|
|US8600909||22 Dec 2011||3 Dec 2013||United States Postal Service||PC postage™ service indicia design for shipping label|
|US8602309||15 Jun 2009||10 Dec 2013||Hand Held Products, Inc.||Bar code reading device for reading 1D or 2D bar code symbols|
|US8753026||27 Jun 2008||17 Jun 2014||R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company||Use of a sense mark to control a printing system|
|US9098903||21 Jul 2010||4 Aug 2015||R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company||Systems and methods for detecting alignment errors|
|US9159071||21 Dec 2001||13 Oct 2015||The United States Postal Service||Information based indicia discount coupon|
|US20030105730 *||12 Sep 2002||5 Jun 2003||Rhoads Geoffrey B.||Postal meters and systems employing watermarking|
|US20030130954 *||20 Nov 2002||10 Jul 2003||Carr J. Scott||Postal applications including digital watermarks|
|US20040030662 *||21 Dec 2001||12 Feb 2004||Gordon Roy R.||Information based indicia discount coupon|
|US20040034780 *||17 Dec 2001||19 Feb 2004||Chamberlain Charles R.||Electronic postmarking without directly ultilizing an electronic postmark server|
|US20040122779 *||29 Jul 2003||24 Jun 2004||Vantresa Stickler||Systems and methods for mid-stream postage adjustment|
|US20050102241 *||18 Dec 2001||12 May 2005||Jon Cook||Method of using personal signature as postage|
|US20050187886 *||29 Jul 2003||25 Aug 2005||Vantresa Stickler||Systems and methods for mid-stream postage adjustment|
|US20060218011 *||20 Oct 2005||28 Sep 2006||Walker Jay S||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US20060218014 *||13 Jun 2006||28 Sep 2006||Walker Jay S||Methods and apparatus for increasing and/or for monitoring a party's compliance with a schedule for taking medicines|
|US20060219717 *||14 Jun 2006||5 Oct 2006||Walker Jay S||Method and apparatus for outputting a result of a game via a container|
|US20060280035 *||14 Jun 2006||14 Dec 2006||Walker Jay S||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US20060285441 *||14 Jun 2006||21 Dec 2006||Walker Jay S||Systems and methods for improved health care compliance|
|US20070073560 *||13 Jun 2006||29 Mar 2007||Walker Jay S|
|US20070222805 *||2 Feb 2007||27 Sep 2007||Moscato Anthony V||Use of a sense mark to control a printing system|
|US20070239620 *||13 Dec 2006||11 Oct 2007||Schwartz Robert G||Technique for effectively generating multi-dimensional symbols representing postal information|
|US20090016785 *||27 Jun 2008||15 Jan 2009||Haan Henderikus A||Use of a sense mark to control a printing system|
|US20090182687 *||17 Mar 2009||16 Jul 2009||United States Postal Service||Systems and methods for mid-stream postage adjustment|
|US20100172538 *||13 Oct 2009||8 Jul 2010||Rhoads Geoffrey B||Hiding and Detecting Auxiliary Data in Media Materials and Signals|
|US20110019876 *||21 Jul 2010||27 Jan 2011||Galoppo Travis J||Systems And Methods For Detecting Alignment Errors|
|USRE41960||2 Dec 2005||23 Nov 2010||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for verifying secure document timestamping|
|USRE42018||29 Sep 2006||28 Dec 2010||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for verifying secure document timestamping|
|USRE42893||29 Sep 2006||1 Nov 2011||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for verifying secure document timestamping|
|EP0647923A2 *||7 Oct 1994||12 Apr 1995||Pitney Bowes Inc.||Postage meter system having bit-mapped indicia including fraud protection|
|EP0783160A2 *||5 Dec 1996||9 Jul 1997||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||A clock free two-dimensional barcode and method for printing and reading the same|
|EP1096429A2||12 Oct 2000||2 May 2001||Eastman Kodak Company||Printing postage stamps with embedded information|
|WO1995005632A2 *||21 Jul 1994||23 Feb 1995||Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.||On-line barcode printer with automatic communication parameter determining system|
|WO1995005632A3 *||21 Jul 1994||14 Feb 2002||Monarch Marking Systems Inc||On-line barcode printer with automatic communication parameter determining system|
|WO1999008234A2 *||6 Aug 1998||18 Feb 1999||Elettronica Meccanica Sistemi S.R.L.||A method and apparatus for printing marks|
|WO1999008234A3 *||6 Aug 1998||15 Apr 1999||Elettronica Meccanica Sistemi||A method and apparatus for printing marks|
|WO1999042957A1 *||15 Jan 1999||26 Aug 1999||Haug, Werner||Franking method and postage module|
|U.S. Classification||358/1.8, 358/1.1, 705/408, 380/51, 705/411|
|International Classification||G01G23/42, G09C5/00, G07B17/00, B41J3/44, G06K1/12, G06K15/10|
|Cooperative Classification||G07B2017/00588, G07B2017/00443, G07B17/00508, G07B2017/00709, G06K1/121, G07B2017/00717, G06K15/10, G07B2017/0058|
|European Classification||G06K15/10, G07B17/00F2, G06K1/12B|
|6 Aug 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PITNEY BOWES INC., WALTER H. WHEELER, JR. DRIVE, S
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PASTOR, JOSE;REEL/FRAME:004447/0104
Effective date: 19850730
|19 Nov 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|25 Nov 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|16 Nov 2000||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12