|Publication number||US3900203 A|
|Publication date||19 Aug 1975|
|Filing date||8 Jul 1974|
|Priority date||8 Jul 1974|
|Publication number||US 3900203 A, US 3900203A, US-A-3900203, US3900203 A, US3900203A|
|Inventors||Adolph F Kukulowicz|
|Original Assignee||Adolph F Kukulowicz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (60), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Kukulowicz 1 1 Aug. 19, 1975 [541 TANDEM WHEELED ROLLER SKATE 3,287,023 11/1966 Ware 280/1122 3,823,952 7 1974 K k 1 n 281) 1.2  Inventor: Adolph F. Kukulowicz, m Parkway I H Forest Dr., Apt. 801, Willowdale, Ontario Canada Primary E.\'uminerDavid Schonberg I Axsixlunt blraminer-Milton L. Smith 1 1 Filed? y I974 Artur/my, Agent, or Firm-K. M. Hill Appl. No.: 486,359
 US. Cl 280/112; 280/1122  Int. Cl. A63c 17/14 [581 Field of Search .1 280/112, 1122, 11.23, 28()/7.13,11.1BT
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,628,559. 5/1927 Showers 2811/1 1.2 UX
2,725,238 11/1955 Day 280/112 3,000,643 9/1961 Levin. 2811/1 1.2
3,008,725 11/1961 Stites 280/112  ABSTRACT Tandem wheeled roller skates having braking means operable against the hubs of a pair of the wheels in tandem, When at least two pairs of wheels are mounted in line in tandem a separate brake is mounted on a front pair and another brake is mounted on the rear pair in order that braking pressure can be varied or applied uniformly in unison. The brake can be applied by the wearer of the skate by merely stooping and adjusting the head of a tightening nut.
1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures TANDEM WIIICIiLIII) ROLLER SKA'I'F.
The present invention relates to tandem wheeled rol' ler skates. In particular the invention herein relates to an improvement in tandem wheeled roller skates that have for an object of use as sports equipment the par pose of employing them for exercising and strengthen ing the legs.
PRIOR AR'I Prior methods of tightening the wheels have been known but the construction herein contemplates an improvement which allows a wearer to more easily manip' ulate the tightening feature.
It is an object of the present invention to provide in combination with a rigid supporting structure means whereby the resistance to rotation of the wheels or any one of the same may be varied and controlled through the agency of a large handoperable screw and a pair of bearing plates on each pair of wheels as will be more fully explained hereinafter. the construction being such that whether a force is made to bear against free rotation by the tightening to be explained, or whether the wheels are to be allowed to run free. in either case equal rigidity and precision should obtain to the end, that skating may he learned and practised for enjoyment or for exercise with optimum confidence that no loosening or mechanical failure will lessen or interrupt its use.
A further object of the invention is the construction of a tightening means that allows both pairs or either pair of wheels to be easily demohilized by a wearer of the skate while it is on his foot to permit him to easily walk with the skate without the wheels rolling.
With the considerations and inventive objects herein set forth in view, and such others as may become ap parent from consideration of this disclosure and specification. the present invention consists of and is hereby claimed to reside in the inventive concept which is comprised. embodied, embraced or included in any method. construction, arrangement or combination of parts. or new use of any of the foregoing which may herein he exemplified in one or more specific embodiments of such concept. reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. I is a perspective view of the skate of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of one pair of tandem wheels showing the hearing or pressure plates with bolt and tightening knob exploded therefrom.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view through a pair of tandem wheels on the line 3- 3 of FIG. I. In drawings, like character references designate identical parts in the several figures.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:
In order to first describe briefly the present invention in terms consonant with the accompanying Claims and to identify the parts defined therein. a tandem wheeled roller skate has been made wherein the wheels eollec tively designated II) are arranged in a single file and substantially centrally to the horizontal axis of the skate. the invention being characterized in combining a supporting structure generally designated 12 consisting of a sole plate designated I4 and intended to comprise both the front and heel portions 16 and I8 thereof (FIG. I i and a pair of spaced apart and parallel wheel carrying plates generally designated 20, 2| secured at 22 to the sole plate and projecting substantially at right angles thereto. Wheels II) are each apertured as at 26 to surround the hub 28. A tire 30 is provided on each wheel and is shown in axial cross-section (FIG. 2) to be generally circular with rounded edges for smooth run ning characteristics.
The hub 28 of each wheel I0, projects from the wheel to present a smooth disc shaped surface I3 on either side of; each wheel. liach disc I3 is coplanar with an adjacent plate an inner hub 35 projects out wardly from both sides of each wheel beyond the plane of the outer surface of the discs I3 but less than the distance of the spaced apart plates 20, 2]. Each wheel is mounted on a nut and bolt assembly designated 38, 39 projecting through main hublt'l and inner hub 35. Bolt 39 acts as. the axle for a wheel I0, which is free running thereon.
The invention herein devised comprises a tandem wheeled roller skate 80 having a plurality of wheels I0 arranged in single Iile substantially centrally of and along the length of a foot support platform 70.
The skate has a pair of longitudinally extending spaced apart frame plates 21, 22 projecting downwardly substantially at right angles from the platform 70 and attached thereto to form a rigid structure there with. There is a hub assembly 28 for each wheel It). and a tire 30 surrounds each hub assembly 28. An axle means 39 is provided for each wheel and passes through the hub assembly 28 and through apertures 75, 76 provided through the pair of frame plates 2|, 22. A nut 38 and bolt head 77 are provided to secure each axle between the frame plates with each wheel and hub assembly thereof free running therebetween.
The pressure brake plate SI extends between a pair of the tandem wheels and has at least two annuli formed therein whereby one annuli is fittable over an axle ofone wheel and the other is fittable over the axle of said other pair of wheels to allow the wheels to rotate freely when the brake plate 5| is positioned between the frame plate 2] and the hub assembly 28 of the wheel. A disc surface I3 is formed with hub 28 and extends outwardly of each wheel. surrounding each hub assembly co-planar with the annuli I3 of each brake plate. A large finger-manipulatable nut head 44 is pro vided substantially midway of the brake plate SI between a pair of wheels and is adapted to bear against the plate SI to bend it inwardly against the disc surface I3 of the wheel hub 28 thereby to induce braking pressure to the wheels.
PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The hubs 28 are each provided with the shown ball bearing assembly 42. The annuli S0 in the brake plate SI free running on axle 39 surround hub 36 on each side of each wheel. The screw-threaded set screws 44 have an extension knob 45 internally threaded to mate with bolt 46. The head 47 of bolt 46 and knob 45 both pass freely through the frame plates 20, 21 at apertures 48, 49 respectively.
The inner face of bolt head 47 and the inner face S6 of knob 44 bite into the mid portion of the brake plates SI 6] as shown in FIG. 3 flexing the brake plates as shown. In the flexed position as shown in the drawings the brake plates 51, 6I bear against the wheel hubs I3 at areas 62, 63 and 64. 65 respectively. Although the brake plates SI, 61 are loose between the wheel and the frame plates 21, 22, they remain satisfactorily centered in virtue of the fact that the end extremities of the hub 28 protrude and thereby occupy a portion of the thickness of the brake plates provided by the central hubs 3S surround axle receiving apertures 26, therein as clearly shown in FIG. 2.
From all the foregoing it will be apparent that when the nut 44 is tightened, the brake plates 5|. 6| will move imperceptably toward each other and against the hub disc faces to increase the friction acting therein and such pressure may be varied and controlled considerably according to the extent to which the nut 44 is tightened. The head 44 of the tightening means is made sufficiently large so that a skate wearer could easily stoop to vary the pressure of the brakes against the wheels without removing the skate.
In this way it will readily be appreciated that the present invention provides means whereby the legs of hockey players may be subjected to highly efficacious strengthening exercise and one which is identical with that for which their leg muscles are being strengthened. namely the playing of hockey on saktes.
To avoid the necessity of a wearer of the present invcntion having to change into ordinary street shoes after using the skate he can tighten the nut 44 fully to completely immobilize the wheels and thereby allow him to walk in normal step-by-step fashion as though wearing boots.
In FIG. 1, the platform 70 to which the skate is fitted is the sole of a boot. but the platform could be made with straps and the like to fit the normal shoe or boot of a wearer where the purpose of the skate was to be for mere play rather than as an alternative to ice skates for exercising the legs. A hockey player could use the present invention to keep his legs in shape between hockey seasons regardless of whether there was an ice rink available to him at the time since the skate herein devised can be used on any hard, smooth surface.
Various modifications may be made to the invention described and be within the scope of the concept disclosed. It is intended. therefore. that the foregoing disclosure shall be considered as illustrative of such concept and not as limiting the protection sought to any particular embodiment thereof.
I. A tandem-wheeled roller skate having a plurality of wheels arranged in single file substantially centrally of and along the length of a foot support platform comprising in combination:
A pair of longitudinally extending spaced apart frame plates projecting downwardly substantially at right angles from said platform and attached thereto to form a rigid structure therewith;
A hub assembly for each wheel;
A tire surrounding each hub assembly;
An axle means for each whee] projecting through said hub assembly and through aperture provided through said pair of frame plates;
Means to secure each axle between said frame plates with each wheel and hub assembly thereof free running therebetween;
At least one pressure brake plate extending between a pair of said wheels and having at least two annuli formed therein whereby one annuli is fittable over an axle of one wheel and the other is fittable over the axle of said other pair of wheels to allow said wheel to rotate freely with said brake plate positioned between said frame plate and said hub assembly of said wheel;
A disc surface provided outwardly of each wheel surrounding each hub assembly co-planar with the annuli of said brake plate; Means provided substantially midway of said brake plate between said pair of wheels adapted to bear against said plate to bend it inwardly against said disc surface of said wheel hub assembly thereby to induce braking pressure to said wheels.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1628559 *||29 Apr 1926||10 May 1927||Sinclair Showers Ernest||Coaster-wagon brake|
|US2725238 *||29 Jan 1952||29 Nov 1955||Day Samuel S||Training-type roller skate|
|US3000643 *||2 Sep 1958||19 Sep 1961||Levin Simon||Controllable skate having continuously applied brake|
|US3008725 *||3 Apr 1959||14 Nov 1961||George M Stites||Roller skate training device|
|US3287023 *||16 Jul 1964||22 Nov 1966||Chicago Roller Skate Co||Roller skate|
|US3823952 *||15 May 1972||16 Jul 1974||Kukulowicz A||Tandem wheeled roller skate|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4909523 *||12 Jun 1987||20 Mar 1990||Rollerblade, Inc.||In-line roller skate with frame|
|US4943075 *||18 Aug 1989||24 Jul 1990||Gates Patrick G||Pair of wheeled skate-skis with brakes usable on most terrains|
|US5048848 *||12 Jun 1987||17 Sep 1991||Rollerblade, Inc.||In-line roller skate with axle aperture plugs for simplified wheel installation|
|US5135244 *||22 Apr 1991||4 Aug 1992||Wdrm Patent Co.||Suspension and braking system for a tandem wheeled skate|
|US5143387 *||3 Sep 1991||1 Sep 1992||Jeff M. Colla||Roller skate brake assembly having toe actuator within the boot|
|US5232231 *||12 Aug 1992||3 Aug 1993||Bruce Carlsmith||Brake for roller skates|
|US5249376 *||16 Nov 1992||5 Oct 1993||Michael Capria||Shoe heel with rollers|
|US5280931 *||20 Nov 1992||25 Jan 1994||Thistle Sports Enterprises, Inc.||Roller brake|
|US5303940 *||8 Sep 1992||19 Apr 1994||Jeannette L. Brandner||Skate having angularly mounted wheels|
|US5351974 *||23 Sep 1992||4 Oct 1994||Cech Donald E||In-line skate braking assembly and method|
|US5382031 *||5 Jun 1992||17 Jan 1995||Nordica S.P.A.||Skate with improved steering capabilities|
|US5397138 *||21 Jan 1994||14 Mar 1995||Mangelsdorf; Gary||Braking mechanism for in-line skate|
|US5468004 *||12 May 1995||21 Nov 1995||O.S. Designs, Inc.||Anti-lock brake for in-line skate|
|US5470086 *||28 Jan 1994||28 Nov 1995||The Hyper Corporation||In-line roller skate assembly|
|US5511805 *||12 May 1994||30 Apr 1996||Mcgrath; Neal||Braking apparatus for use with in-line roller skates|
|US5549309 *||5 Jan 1995||27 Aug 1996||Gleichmann; Darin L.||Multi-line in-line roller skate, multi-line in-line roller skate frame|
|US5620190 *||18 Aug 1994||15 Apr 1997||Fisher-Price, Inc.||In-line skate|
|US5630596 *||16 Feb 1995||20 May 1997||Rudolph; Robert K.||Brake device for in-line skates|
|US5632829 *||14 Jul 1995||27 May 1997||The Hyper Corporation||Pneumatic in-line skate wheel|
|US5634648 *||26 May 1995||3 Jun 1997||Nordica S.P.A.||Roller skate with improved fit|
|US5667280 *||30 May 1995||16 Sep 1997||Mechatronics, Inc.||Skate wheel|
|US5799955 *||30 Jan 1996||1 Sep 1998||Iverson; Robert A.||Integrally formed in-line skate having flexible boot and stiff frame|
|US5803466 *||9 Jan 1997||8 Sep 1998||Rike Industries, Inc.||Toe plate with dual flanges for in-line skate frame|
|US5855381 *||17 May 1994||5 Jan 1999||Kirk; Norbert||Wheel lock for in-line skates|
|US5873584 *||7 Oct 1997||23 Feb 1999||Rike Inline, Inc.||In-line roller skate frame|
|US5904359 *||26 Nov 1996||18 May 1999||Nordica S.P.A.||Skate with in-line wheels|
|US5915703 *||9 Jan 1997||29 Jun 1999||Rike Industries, Inc.||In-line skate axle and related assembly method|
|US5961130 *||23 Apr 1998||5 Oct 1999||Benetton Sportsystem S.P.A.||Locking device, particularly for skate wheels|
|US6003882 *||14 Nov 1996||21 Dec 1999||V-Formation, Inc.||Customizable skate with removable wheel hangers|
|US6045143 *||12 Aug 1998||4 Apr 2000||Rike Industries, Inc.||Toe plate with dual flanges for in-line skate frame|
|US6082746 *||10 May 1999||4 Jul 2000||Rike Industries, Inc.||In-line skate axle and related assembly method|
|US6135463 *||9 Jan 1997||24 Oct 2000||Rike Industries, Inc.||In-line skate with quick release sidewalls and related assembly methods|
|US6325394||8 Jun 2000||4 Dec 2001||K-2 Corporation||Flexing base skate|
|US6375198||5 Apr 1999||23 Apr 2002||Nordica S.P.A.||Skate with in-line wheels|
|US6666463||2 Jul 2002||23 Dec 2003||K-2 Corporation||Flexing base skate|
|US6729628 *||6 Mar 2002||4 May 2004||Alex R. Bellehumeur||Brake for inline skates|
|US6736412||4 Oct 2000||18 May 2004||K2 Corporation||Klop skate having pushing and pulling capabilities|
|US6880833 *||28 Jan 2003||19 Apr 2005||Manuel Polanco||Modular roller skate apparatus|
|US6921093||22 Dec 2003||26 Jul 2005||K-2 Corporation||Flexing base skate|
|US6957830 *||8 Jul 2002||25 Oct 2005||K-2 Corporation||In-line skate frame protector|
|US7344143 *||5 Aug 2005||18 Mar 2008||Lotuskate Sports Industrial Co., Ltd.||Roller skate having a safety device|
|US7419187||17 Mar 2005||2 Sep 2008||K-2 Corporation||Double klap flex base boot with heel linkage|
|US7455305||12 Dec 2005||25 Nov 2008||Alex Bellehumeur, Trustee of the Alex Bellehumeur Family Trust dated August 24, 1988||Vertically reciprocating skate brake|
|US7950676||10 Sep 2004||31 May 2011||Easton Sports, Inc.||Article of footwear comprising a unitary support structure and method of manufacture|
|US8336892 *||11 Mar 2010||25 Dec 2012||Mark Croskey||Skate brake|
|US8978835 *||7 Mar 2013||17 Mar 2015||Jason Mathew Larock||Apparatus for controlling the rotational speed of a wheel of a skateboard, skate or similar wheeled device|
|US20040135328 *||22 Dec 2003||15 Jul 2004||K-2 Corporation||Flexing base skate|
|US20040145129 *||28 Jan 2003||29 Jul 2004||Manuel Polanco||Modular roller skate apparatus|
|US20040262861 *||20 Apr 2004||30 Dec 2004||K2 Corporation||Klop skate having pushing and pulling capabilities|
|US20050263968 *||5 Aug 2005||1 Dec 2005||Chuck Chang||Roller skate having a safety device|
|US20050288133 *||7 May 2004||29 Dec 2005||Elliot Rudell||Ball with internal impact detector and an indicator to indicate impact|
|US20060038362 *||26 Jul 2005||23 Feb 2006||K-2 Corporation||Flexing base skate|
|US20100314845 *||11 Mar 2010||16 Dec 2010||Mark Croskey||Skate brake|
|USRE35493 *||3 May 1995||15 Apr 1997||Thistle Sports Enterprises, Inc.||Roller brake|
|EP0686412A2 *||26 May 1995||13 Dec 1995||NORDICA S.p.A||Roller skate with improved fit|
|EP0876836A2||22 Apr 1998||11 Nov 1998||Benetton Sportsystem S.p.A.||Locking device, particularly for skate wheels|
|WO1994006656A1 *||16 Sep 1993||31 Mar 1994||Donald E Cech||In-line skate braking assembly and method|
|WO1996022138A1 *||21 Jan 1995||25 Jul 1996||Gary Mangelsdorf||In-line skate|
|WO1996038210A1 *||28 May 1996||5 Dec 1996||Mechatronics Inc||Skate wheel|
|WO1997003736A1 *||8 Jul 1996||6 Feb 1997||First Team Sports Inc||Adjustable roller brake system|
|U.S. Classification||280/11.205, 280/11.231|
|Cooperative Classification||A63C17/226, A63C17/06|
|European Classification||A63C17/22D, A63C17/06|