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Publication numberUS3887808 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date3 Jun 1975
Filing date25 Jun 1973
Priority date26 Jun 1972
Also published asDE2332040A1
Publication numberUS 3887808 A, US 3887808A, US-A-3887808, US3887808 A, US3887808A
InventorsDen Houte Jozef Willy Van, Royen Freddy Ghisleen Van, Goethem Hugo Vital Van, Edwin Hendrik Hazenbosch
Original AssigneeAgfa Gevaert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thermoimaging process utilizing a photochromic material containing a spiropyran, a polyhalogenated hydrocarbon, a thiol compound and a polyvinylcarbazole
US 3887808 A
Abstract
A process for forming a dye image comprising the image-wise heating in the presence of minor amounts of visible light of a recording material containing an intimate mixture comprising:
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Van den Houte et al. 1 June 3, I975 [54] THERMOIMAGING PROCESS UTILIZING A 3,785,820 [H974 lnouo: ct al .1 96/90 PC PHOTOCHROMIC MATERIAL 3 8l0.762 5/l974 Laridon et al. t 96/90 R CONTAINING A SPIROPYRAN A 3.820.995 6/l974 Mertens et a]. 96/90 R POLYHALOGENATED HYDROCARBON, A FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS THIOL COMPOUND AND A 1,274,655 8/l968 Germany 96/90 PC POLYVINYLCARBAZOLE Primary ExaminerWon Hv Louie, Jr. lnvenmrs' 'ggi z g yg zf gf zt Attorney, Agent, or FirrrlWilliam J. Daniel Royen, Wommelgem; Hugo Vital Van Goethem, Edegem; Edwin {57] ABSTRACT H d ik fl b h, M h l ll A process for forming a dye image comprising the imf B l i age-wise heating in the presence of minor amounts of visible li ht of a recordin material containin an inti- [73] Ass1gnee: Agfa-Gevaert, Mortsel, Belgium mate miiwm comprising? g [22] Filed: June 25, 1973 l. at least one spiropyran compound,

2. at least one ultraviolet-radiation sensitive [21] Appl. No.: 372,938 compound capable of producing on exposure to ultravioletradiation with the spiropyran [30] Foreign A lieation Priorit Data compound a dye salt, and in working relationship June 26 1972 United Kingdom 29915 72 will said mixture 3 Compound mixwm of compounds belonging to one of the following 521 US. Cl 250/316; 96/27 R; 96/48 R; classes' R; a. an organic mtrogen-contalnmg compound 51 1m. 61. G031: 5/04; G030 1/52 comprising 3 thiol group or taummefic 581 Field of Search... 96/27 R, 48 R, 48 OP, 90 R, form mime group as represented in the 96/90 250/3) 3n following tautomeric structural parts:

[56] References Cited s:

UNITED STATES PATENTS be a polymer containing N-vinylcarbazole units. aum .1 3.642.479 2 1972 Van Allen et al. 96/90 PC 15 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures THERMOIMAGING PROCESS UTILIZING A PHOTOCIIROMIC MATERIAL CONTAINING A SPIROPYRAN, A POLYIIALOGENATEI) HYDROCARBON, A THIOL COMPOUND AND A POLYVINYLCARBAZOLE This invention relates to thermographic recording. The Belgian Pat. No. 771,848 relates to a photographic process, wherein a recording material, containing an intimate mixture comprising 1. at least one spiropyran compound,

2. at least one ultraviolet-sensitive compound capable of producing on exposure to ultra-violet radiation with the spiropyran compound a dye salt, and in working relationship with said mixture one or more compounds belonging to one of the following classes:

A. polycyclic aromatic compounds,

B. aromatic carbonyl compounds,

C. organic compounds containing two radicals of different electron-affinity, the term radical including group and atom, linked to each other through a conjugated system.

D. organic compounds containing an aromatic nucleus or aromatic ring system in which two adjacent carbon atoms are common to said nucleus or ring system and to an adjacent ring that has no conjugated character and at one end is linked to the aromatic nucleus or ring system through a carboncarbon bond and at the other end linked to said nucleus or ring system through an electron-donating group, said organic compounds including those having a said nucleus or ring system in substituted form,

E. polymeric compounds containing recurring units of the following general formula:

wherein:

Z represents sulphur or a single bond.

A represents a single bond or a divalent hydrocarbon group.

each of R, and R represents hydrogen or a lower alkyl radical,

each of Q. and O represents hydrogen or to gether represent the necessary atoms to cclose an adjacent carbocyclic nucleus including a substituted adjacent carhocyclic nucleus,

each of Q and represents hydrogen or together represent the necessary atoms to close an adjacent carbocyclic nucleus including a substituted adjacent carbocyelic nucleus, and

n represents 1 or 2,

F. organic nitrogen-containing compounds having a thiol group or in their tautomeric form a thione group as represented in the following tautomeric structural parts:

HS J

G. inorganic compounds producing photoelectrons under the influence of activating electromagnetic radiation and having a basic or amphoteric character,

exposed information-wise to activating electromag netic radiation of a dose being sufficient to bring about a directly visible image.

The United Kingdom Patent Application No. 40,349/71 being a modification of the United Kingdom Patent Application No. 4] ,749/70, which corresponds with the above-mentioned Belgian Pat. No. 771,848 relates to the use of an amide, acylamino or ureido compound in a photographic process operating with said spiropyran and ultraviolet-sensitive compound. The amido, acylamino, or ureido compound used in admixture with said spiropyran compound and ultraviolet-sensitive compound corresponds to the following general formula:

wherein:

R represents an organic group, e.g. of the type present in a carboxylic acid chloride, e.g. an alkyl group, an aryl group, or heterocyclic group including these groups in substituted form, or a NHR or group, in which each of R and R represents an alkyl group or an aryl group, e.g. a phenyl group including these groups in substituted form, and

R represents hydrogen or an organic group as is di rectly linked to the NH; group of an organic amino compound, e.g. an alkyl group, an aryl group, or a heterocyclic group including these groups in substituted form.

It has now been found that recording materials de scribed in the above mentioned United Kingdom Patent Application No 40,349/71 and in the Belgian Pat. No. 771,848 having in the recording layer composition an organic nitrogen-containing compound comprising a thiol group or in its tautomeric form a thione group as represented in the following tautomeric structural parts:

According to a preferred recording embodiment of the present invention the recording material is exposed with infrared radiation and a minor amount of visible light while being in heat-conductive contact with an original containing infrared-absorbing image markings. The exposure is preferably reflectographical i.e. the in frared radiation is allowed to pass first through the recording material before it strikes the original. Accord ing to this embodiment the infraredabsorbing image markings of the original are heated and the heat gener ated in these markings is transmitted by conduction to the recording layer. The infrared-absorbing image markings are. e.g.. printed characters the ink of which contains carbon black or a metallic compound.

Two possible ways of effecting reflectographic exposure are illustrated in the accompanying FIG. 1 and HO. 2.

According to the reflectographic exposure technique of FIG. 1 a photosensitive material 1 comprising a photo-sensitive layer 2 applied to a support 3, which is capable of transmitting infrared radiation and visible light is placed between the infrared radiation source 4 and the original 5 bearing infra-red-absorbing indicia 6, during the exposure.

According to the reflectographic exposure technique of FIG. 2 the photosensitive layer 7 of the photosensitive material 12 is facing the infrared radiation source 8. During exposure the support 9 of the photosensitive layer 7 is in contact with the infrared-absorbing indicia 10 of the original 11. The support 9 of the photosensitive layer 7 is thin and heatconducting. In both exposure arrangements the infrared exposure source emits infra-red radiation and a minor amount. e.g. up to percent of visible light.

Spiropyran compounds suited for photothermographic image formation according to the present invention are spiropyrans containing at least one pyran ring having in the orthoand meta-position to the oxygen atom a condensed benzo. naphtho, or other higher aromatic polycyclic condensed ring system including these condensed rings or ring systems in substituted form, e.g. an anthraceno or a phenanthreno ring system as is present e.g. in a spirodibenzopyran, a spirodinaphthopyran, a spirobenzonaphthopyran. a 1.- 3.3-trimethylindolinobenzospiropyran. a 1.3.3- trimethyLindolinonaphthospiropyran or such spiropyrans containing condensed aromatic nuclei of the anthracene or phenanthrene type.

In said spiropyrans the pyran rings, the condensed benzo. the condensed higher aromatic rings as well as the l.3.3 trimeth vlindolino ring may be substituted.

Suitable substituents therefor are, erg. hydrocarbon groups such as alkyl groups, e.g. lower alkyl groups such as methyl. substituted alkyl groups. e.g. substituted with halogen. or phenylsubstituted alkyl groups. alkylene ester groups e.g. -CH COOC H alkylene carboxyl groups e.g. CH COOH, carbonamide groups or substituted carbonamide groups e.g.

ONE-Q! halogen. nitro, hydroxy. alkoxy. aryloxy or a substituent linking the carbon atoms in 3.3'-position in the spiropyran system together. e.g. a (CH-fl -chain wherein n is 2 or 3.

General formulae covering particularly suited spiropyrans are the following:

-CONH- Q or R and R, together represent a -(CH chain wherein n =2. or 3 to link the carbon atoms in the 3 and 3' positions together.

Suitable spiropyran compounds and their preparation are described in the publihsed German Pat. Nos. 1,274,655 filed Dec. 15, 1965 by Telefunken Patentverwertungs G.m.b.H., 1,269,665 1,286,110

1,286,111 and 1.286112 all filed Sept. 30 1966 by 5 Telefunken Patentverwertungs G.m.h.H., and by W Dilthey, Berres Holterkoff, Wubken. .l. Prakt. Chem. [2] 114, 187 (1926). by C. F. Koelsch and W R, Workman in J. Am. Chem Soc. 74 6288 (1952) and by l. M. Heilbron and G. F. Howard in J. Chem. Soc. {1934),1571.

Preferred spiropyran compounds are spirodinaphthopyrans and spirobenzonaphthopyrzins including such compounds wherein the naphthoand/or benzo ring(s) is (are) substituted.

An illustrative list of particularly useful spiropyran compounds is given in the following Table l.

Spi ropyran c ompound Melting point CtgTbQQ Ci 5Q Gil -COOK CHZ-CO-NH- Q Table 1 Continued Spiropyran compound Melting point 0 Table 1 Continued Spiropyran compound Melting point Table l Continued Spiropyran compound Melting point in order to illustrate the preparation of the diarylos piropyran and the indolino-arylospiropyran compounds, more detailedly, the following preparations are 1 given:

PREPARATION 1 condenser and a gas inlet tube reaching nearly the bottom of the flask are introduced:

ethanol l litre hutanunc 22 ml (0.35 mole) Z-hydroxy-lnaphthaldehydc 86 g (0.5 mole) The flask is shaken until partial dissolution of the ingredients. Dry dydrogen chloride gas is introduced at a rate. which allows complete absorption and the start of ethanol reflux. Thereupon the already highly blue mixture is cooled in a mixture of ice and sodium chlo ride and the introduction of hydrogen chloride gas continued until saturation. ln the reaction mixture green crystals of pyrylium salt are formed and the crystallization is allowed to proceed overnight in a refrigerator.

The pyrylium salt formed is separated by suction, washed with ethanol and thereupon brought into sus pension in 300 ml of ethanol.

A l0 percent by weight aqueous solution of ammonium hydroxide is added with stirring until the mixture is definitely alcaline. During this operation the mixture becomes colourless.

The obtained crystalline product is separated by suc tion, washed with water, and dried.

Finally the spiropyran compound is recrystallized from 600 ml of benzene and again separated and dried under reduced pressure at SO-60C. Yield: 45 g. Melting point: 204C.

PREPARATlON 2 In a 100 ml flask fitted with a reflux condenser the following ingredients are introduced:

salicylaldchy dc lJJ-trimeth l-Z-mcth lcnc indnlcnine ethanol 3.7 g (0.03 mole) The solution is refluxed for 2 h. Thereupon the mixture is cooled and filtered. To the filtrate water is added so that a solid product precipitates. which is separated by suction, washed with water, and dried under vacuum conditions. The spiran compound is recrystallized from 15 ml of hexane.

Yield: 5 g. Melting point 9394C.

The compound capable of producing a dye salt with a spiropyran on exposure to activating electromagnetic radiation, for use according to the present invention is preferably an organic polyhalogen compound, from which a halogen-containing radical can be separated photolytically. Compounds posssessing that property are within the scope of the following general formulazwherein:

each of A, B, X. and Y is a halogen atom of the group of chlorine. bromine or iodine, or

wherein one of said symbols A, B. X, or Y represents an alkyl group, including a substituted alkyl group, e.g. a halogen-substituted alkyl group. a hydroxyalkyl group or an aralkyl group e.g. benzyl. an aryl group, a substituted aryl group. or a heterocyclic group e.g. a quinoxaline or quinaldine group or an aroyl group and the other symbols are chlorine. bromine or iodine, or wherein at least two of said symbols A, B, X or Y represent an aromatic acyl group e.g. benzoyl and the other symbols chlorine, bromine. or iodine.

Suitable representatives falling within the scope of that general formula are organic halides such as carbon tetrabromide. bromoform. iodoform, hexachloroethane, hexabromoethane, pentabromoethane. l,l.2.2- tetrabromoethane, a.ma-tribromoacetophenone. and tribromoethanol.

The recording materials used according to the pres ent invention containing a spirodiarylopyran compound and said thiol or thione compound in combina tion with poly-N-vinylcarbazole have a remarkably high sensitivity to white light and particularly to red light when spectrally sensitized with acetanilide or acetanilide derivatives.

Specific exampless of such useful sensitizing agents are listed in the following table 2.

Table 2 Continued Number of the c omp ound Structural formula Melting Reference for point preparation 1 fiU-NH-COCH 242 L-Vogel,

Practical Organic Chemistry, Longmans, Green and Co. Ltd., London, 5rd Ed., p. 646

152 J.C'hem.Soc.

The amount of spectral sensitizing agent may vary within a wide range depending on the intensity of the effect desired.

Preferred amounts of sensitizing agent are in the weight ratio range of 1:1 to 0.05:1 with respect to the spiropyran compound(s).

Preferred thiol and thione compounds correspond to the following tautomeric structures:

wherein:

and

Z represents the necessary atoms to close a 5- or 6- membered heterocyclic nitrogen-containing ring or X represents oxygen, sulphur, selenium or the group in which R is hydrogen or an organic group, e. g. an alkyl group including a substituted alkyl group. preferably a C -C alkyl group'or an aryl group.

ring system including such ring or ring system in .1 substituted form e.g. a benzothiazole, benzoselen- 0-5 azole, benzoxazole or benzimidazole ring. Z Particularly useful thiol and thione compounds are listed in the following table 3.

ll vimber Structural formula. Melting Reference for or the point preparation compound C g 505 Org. 1711.2,

S 2 6/ \-BH J.Am.Chem-Soc.

L l {& 1+2. (1927) 0 3 --BK 192 Org.87nth. 5

Table 3-Continued Number Structural formula Melting Reference for of the point preparatlon compound r I H 210 J.Prakt-Chem.

s lgzg, 52, 12s it C 5 g '15; Ber-55, 1295 9 N s=c N I u HN--N Useful image results are obtained in the process of the present invention with said thiol or thione compounds in a weight ratio of at least 1:30 to l:] with respect to the spiropyran compound. The N vinylcarbazole polymer or copolymer is preferably used as binding agent so that it is present in a large molar excess with respect to the spiropyran compound.

The spiropyran compoundts) is (are) preferably used in admixture with a 5- to -fold amount by weight of photosensitive organic halogen compound such as Carbon tetrabromide.

This ratio, however, is not limitative since useful results are obtained with, e.g., the spiropyran and photosensitive polyhalogen compound in a ratio by weight in the range of 1:1 to 1:50.

In order to diminish the rate of spontaneous thermal colour formation over long periods of time as might be encountered during storage of the recording material and its processing, so-called anti-foggants may be added to the photosensitive composition. Suitable antifoggants include triaryl compounds of group V ele merits, e.g. triphenylstibine and sterically hindered phenols, e.g. 2,6-di-terLbutyl-p-cresol and other reducing agents or compounds accepting atmospheric oxygen. Triphenylstibine and analogous compounds for the purpose of the present invention are described in the United Kingdom Pat. No. l,O7l,l04.

Preferred amounts of anti-foggant agent such as triphenylstibine are within the weight ratio range of 1:100 to 10:100 with respect to photosensitive carbontetra bromide and/or iodoform.

A dry photographic coating containing the above mentioned ingredients may be formed by dissolving the binding agenttsl in a suitable inert solvent that acts as dispersing or dissolving medium for the other ingredients and that is removed from the coating composition by evaporation so that a solid photographic recording layer is left on a properly chosen support. The supports may be of any kind encountered in silver halide photographic materials, e.g. paper and film supports.

In order to realize the highest sensitivity it is desirable to coat the recording layers in the absence of oxygen or to keep them in an oxygen-free environment before the exposure.

For that purpose hydrophobic polymers are used preferably as binding agent. They shield the ingredients from a direct contact with the atmosphere and more especially from oxygen as much as possible.

Particularly suitable binders for use in the present invention are hydrophobic polymers and copolymers containing, e.g. styrene, vinyl acetate, acrylonitrile, acrylate, methacrylate, Nw'inylcarbazole or butadiene units, hydrophobic cellulose derivatives, phenoxy resins or polycondensates of the polyester type, eg. polycarbonates.

When no selfsupporting layer is produced these polymers may be used in admixture for improvement of the mechanical strength or adhering power of the recording layer to its subbed or non-subbed support.

Suitable subbing layers for photochromic layers containing a spiropyran compound are described in the Belgian Pat. No. 782,026. Said subbing layers applied to a polyester film support are made of a partially saponified copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate and/or of a polymer or copolymer of acrylic or methacrylic acid esters of aliphatic or cycloaliphatic alcohols containing from 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

It has been established experimentally that the adherence of recording layers containing poly-N- vinylcarbazole or copolymers containing N- vinylcarbazole units to polyester resin supports can be markedly improved by using in admixture with the N- vinylcarbazole polymer or copolymer a polyester, a phenoxy resin or a phenol-formaldehyde resin. A preferably applied polyester resin is polyethylene isophthal ate.

A preferred phenoxy resin is EPONOL 55-8-40 of Shell, the Netherlands.

Suited phenolformaldehyde resins are: the polycondensatinn product of a mixture of p-cresol and phenol with formaldehyde (50:50), the polycondensation product of a mixture of ptert.butylphenol and phenol with formaldehyde, the polycondensation product of p-cresol and formaldehyde (used in excess) 2 xylenol-formaldehyde resin like RESlN R of Brit ish Resin Products. Great-Britain.

The resins improving the adherence are preferably used in a percentage by weight calculated on the re cording layer of at least 3 percent.

The infrared exposure of the recording materials used according to the present invention may proceed in any known thermographic copying apparatus of the reflectographic type. A suitable operating temperature is in the range of 90 to 150C.

The recording materials are suited to produce coloured copies of image-wise infrared-absorbing originals, the colour of the dye-image being determined by the type of spiropyran compound used.

The prints obtained may be stabilized by washing out the residual free radical generator with a suitable solvent or solvent mixture, e.g. a hydrocarbon liguid such as petroleum ether optionally mixed with acetone, or by simply evaporating the free radical generator by raising the temperature if the compound involved is sufficiently volatile. For the latter purpose carbon tetrabromide having a high photosensitivity or a mixture of carbon tetrabromide and iodoform is preferred as free radical generator.

According to a preferred embodiment the stabilization proceeds with increased speed when the recording layer is first overall heated at about 80C in the absence of visible light for at least 5 sec. and then treated with a chlorinated solvent, e.g. perchloroethylene at room temperature (C) for at least l5 sec in order to extract the photosensitive polyhalogen compound.

Stabilization may proceed very fast by dipping the exposed recording material in a heated organic liquid having a relatively high boiling point, preferably above 200C and not affecting the recording layer. The organic liquid is preferably heated in the range of 145 to 165C and the dipping time is e.g. 5 to 20 sec.

Suitable liquids are mineral oil of aliphatic or naph' thenic nature e.g. motor oil and lSOPAR G (trade name). A post-treatment with a solvent, e.g. a chlorinated hydrocarbon solvent may be necessary to remove the residual oil film.

The present invention is illustrated by the following examples. The percentages are by weight unless otherwise indicated.

EXAMPLE 1 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

0.12 g of carbon tetrabromide 0.12 g of iodoform 0.1 g of 3-methyl-di-B-naphtho-spiropyran 0.03 g of triphenylstibine 0.06 g of acetanilide and 8 ml of a 5 percent solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in methylene chloride,

was applied to a non-subbed polyethylene terephthalate support in a thickness of 0.12 mm. The layer was dried at room temperature.

The photosensitive film obtained was exposed reflectographically in a 3M Thermofax copying machine (Model 47) in contact with an opaque original being a black printed text on white paper. A dense blue positive image of the original was obtained.

The copy as such was not stable to light and had to be stabilized by heating at 170C.

EXAMPLE 2 A same photosensitive composition as in example 1 was used, with the difference, however, that 0.06 g of compound having the following formula:

was substituted for 0.06 g of acetanilide. A same thermographic exposure step as in example l was executed.

Positive blue images showing no fog were obtained. Fixation of the image against any further action of light had to be executed by heating at 170C.

EXAMPLE 3 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

0. l 5 g of carbon tetrabromide 0. l 5 g of iodoform 0.04 g of di-B-naphthospiropyran 0.01 g of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole 0.025 g of triphenylstibine, and

10 ml of 5 percent solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in methylene chloride,

was applied to a non-subbed polyethylene terephthalate support in a thickness of 0. 1 2 mm. Drying was done at 50C.

The same circumstances of exposure as in example 1 yielded a positive blue copy of the original. A very faintly fogged background was formed. Stabilisation of the image against light was also achieved by a thermal treatment at l-l C.

EXAMPLE 4 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

200 ml of 5 percent solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in a mixture of methylene chloride and trichloroethane (3:1)

2.5 g of carbon tetrabromide 2.5 g of iodoform 2.5 g of trimethyldi-B-naphthospiropyran 0.8 g of triphenylstibine, and

0.2 g of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole EXAMPLE 5 Same compositions as mentioned in example 4 were produced with the difference, however, that other spiropyran compounds were used, viz. compounds 4, 9, I5, 22 and 26 of Table l yielding blue, magenta, yellow and cyan images respectively.

EXAMPLE 6 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

0.15 g of carbon tetrabromide 0.05 g of iodoform 0.1 g of 3-methyl-di-B-naphthospiropyran 0.01 g of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, and

10 ml of a percent solution of polystyrene in a mixture of methylene chloride and trichloroethylene 1:1 1

was applied in a thickness ofO. l 2 mm to a non-subbed polyethylene terephthalate support. The layer was dried at room temperature.

Reflectographic exposure proceeded according to the arrangement of FIG. 1 in a 3M Thermofax photo copier. model secretary, set at the lowest transport speed and yielded a very dense positive reproduction of the original.

EXAMPLE 7 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

0.12 g of carbon tetrabromide 0.12 g of iodoform 0.16 g of 3-methyl-di-B-naphthospiropyran 0.04 g of triphenylstibine 0.01 g of Z-mercaptobenzothiazole, and

ml of a 5 solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in a mixture of methylene chloride and trichloroethane 1:1)

was applied in a thickness of 0.12 mm on tracing paper. The film was dried at 50C.

Reflectographic exposure in a 3M Thermofax Dry Photocopier model 47 (medium speed), according to the arrangement indicated in FIG. 2 yielded a directly legible positive image.

EXAMPLE 8 EXAMPLE 9 To a photosensitive composition containing:

0.12 g of carbon tetrabromide 0.12 g of iodoform 0.1 g of 3-methyl-di-Bmaphthospiropyran 0.03 g of triphenylstibine 0.06 g of acetanilide. and

8 ml of a 5 solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in a mixture of methylene chloride and dichloroethane (50:50).

were added 0.50 g of a 4 71 solution of polyethylene isophthalate in methylene chloride. The mixture obtained was coated on a polyethylene terephthalate support in such a way that after drying at 40C a layer of 0. l 2 mm was obtained.

The material obtained was exposed and processed as described in Example 1. A deep blue image in a very good adhering scratch-resistant recording layer was obtained.

The same good results were obtained by replacing the polyethylene isophthalate respectively by:

RESIN R (trade name of British Resin Products.

Great Britain. for a xylenol-formaldehyde resin) it copolycondensate of p-cresol and phenol with formaldehyde (50/50) a polycondensate of p-cresol and formaldehyde a copolycondensate of p-tert.butyl-phenol and phenol with formaldehyde.

EXAMPLE 10 A photosensitive composition consisting of:

0.12 g of carbon tetrabromide 0.12 g of iodoform 0.1 g of 3-methyl-di-Bmaphthospiropyran 0.035 g of triphenylstibine 0.060 g of acetanilide 0.50 g of a 4 7c solution of polyethylene isophthalate in methylene chloride, and

8 ml of a 5 solution of poly-N-vinylcarbazole in a mixture of methylene chloride and dichloroethane (50:50l

was coated on a polyethylene terephthalate support in such a way that after drying at 40C a layer of 0. 1 2 mm was obtained.

The material obtained was exposed as described in Example 1.

The stabilization of the image proceeded according to one embodiment by heating the recording layer whilst pressing it for 10 sec. in contact with a metal rol ler heated at C. Subsequently, the recording material was dipped for 15 sec at room temperature (20C) into perchloroethylene. The image thus obtained was stable to daylight and had an optical density of 1.80.

The stabilization could equally well be effected according to a second embodiment by dipping the exposed material for 5 sec. in lSOPAR G (trade name of Shell Company. the Netherlands. for a mixture of hydrocarbons boiling in the range of 166-170C) heated at C.

The recording layer containing the stabilized image was scratch-resistant and strongly adhered to its support.

The N-vinyl polymers and copolymers containing N- vinylcarbazole units which can be used according to the invention can be prepared by application of one of the various known polymerization procedures, e.g., by pearlor emulsion polymerization or by polymerization in solution. The initiation of the polymerization can occur by free radicals, by ion formation, or by radiation e.g., with actinic light. The polymerization degree is not critical and may vary between wide limits. As far as the copolymers are concerned the content of groups corresponding to the general formula given hereinbefore is not critical and. as shown hereinafter in the table of copolymers containing N-vinylcarbazole units. it may vary between wide limits, e.g. between 20 and 95 percent. in accordance with the desired properties of the compounds used in the preparation of the copolymers and the required sensitizing and/or mechanical properties. In general, the best results are attained with copolymers having a content of vinylcarbazole units between 40 and 90 percent.

The preparation of suitable poly-N-vinylcarbazoles is described e.g. in the German Pat. Nos. 931,731. 936,421. 1.097.680 and 1.158.367 and the US. Pat. No. 2.072.465.

The preparation of suitable N-vinylcarbazole copolymers is described in the United Kingdom Pat. No. 964.875. which specification also contains a preparation receipt for poly(N-allyl carbazole) (R 2 CH and R H) and for poly(N-propenyl carbazole) (R. H. R H. A CH;).

Halogen-substituted poly-N-vinyl carbazoles are de scribed in the published Japanese Patent Applications 21.875/67, 25.230/67. 7.592/68. 19.751/67 and 7.59l/68.

For illustrative purposes suitable vinyl copolymers containing N-vinyl carbazole units are enumerated in the following table 4.

Table 4 Copol mer mole "/1 of N-vinylcarhazole copolymer of N-vinylcarbazolc and \inylidene chloride 85.4

copolyrner of N- inylcarbazole and 3.3.5-trimethyl 93 isononylethcr copolymcr of N-vinylcarbazole and vinyl acetate 88.6

copolymer of N-vinylcarbazolc and isopropenyl acetate 94.5

copolymer of N-vinylcarbazole and vinylstearatc 37.5

copolymer of N'vinylcarbazole and methyl acrylate 67.6

copolymer of N-vinylcarbazole and ethyl acrylate 41 graft copolymer of N-vinylcarbazole and ethyl-acrylate 911.3

emulsion polymer of Nviny'lcarb;i2t)le and 94.5 polyethylacryate copolymer of N-vinylcarbamle and nbutyl acrylate 58.3

copolymer of N-vinylcarbazole and 2-ethyl 51.6 hexylacrylate copolymer of Nvinylcarbazole and 76.6 ucryloxyethyldiethylamine copolymer of N-vinylearbazolc and vinylcinnamate 92.5 copolymer of Nvinylcarbavole and methyl 62.7 methacrylate copolymer of N-vinylcarbazolc and isobutyl 51.8 methacrylatc copolymer of Nvinylcarba7ole and lauryl rnethacrylatc 77.4

copolymcr of N-vinylcarhazole and methylacryloxethyl 9.7 diethylamine copolymer of Nwinylcarbazolc and acrylonitrilc 88 graft copolymer of N'vinylcarba/ole and butylaldehyde 3U acetal of p0l)'\ln}ltlltjt1l10l copolymcr of N-vinylcarbazole and 82.4 dit Idichloroethyl )-\inylphosphonatc copolymcr ot' N\ir|)lcarha/ole and styrene 49 graft copolymcr ol' N-vinylcarbamlc and polystyrene 27.3

copol mcr of Nwinylcarhalolc and vinylnaphthalcne 47.1

copolymer of N-vinylcarhazolc and anthracene(9,lll) 91,5

copolymcr of N-vinylcarbamlc and 2-\'inylpyridine 31.8

28 Table 4-Continued Copolymer mole "/1 of N-viny learba/ole copolymcr of N-vinylcarbalolc and 4-\in vlpyridine copolymcr of N-\inylcarba7olc and N-\ inylp rrolidinc 69.1

graft copolymer of a tcrpolymcr of vinyl chloride. vinyl acetate. and maleic anhydride with NAll'lXlLill'llitlOlC We claim:

1. A process for forming a dye image comprising applying a heat pattern having a temperature of at least 90C of the image in the presence of minor amounts of about up to 20% of visible light to a recording material including a recording layer containing an intimate mixture comprising:

1. at least one spiropyran compound of the group consisting of a spirodibenzopyran. a spirodinaphthopyran. a spirobenzonaphthopyran, a 1.3.3- trim ethylindolinobenzospiropyran. a 1.3.3- trimethylindoline-naphthospiropyran. or a spiropyran that contains a condensed aromatic nucleus of anthracene or phenanthrene. and

at least one ultraviolet radiation-sensitive polyhalogen compound capable of producing on exposure with ultra-violet radiation with the spiropyran compound a dye salt and having the general formula:

wherein: each of A. B. X and Y is a chlorine. bromine or iodine atom. or one of said groups A. B. X or Y is an alkyl group. an aryl group or an aroyl group and the other groups are each chlorine. bromine. or iodine. or two of said groups A. B. X or Y each is an aromatic acyl group and the other groups chlorine. bromine. or iodine. and in working relation with said mixture at least one of the following compounds.

a. a tautomeric organic nitrogen containing compound corresponding to the following general formula:

in which: X represents oxygen. sulphur. selenium or the group in which R is hydrogen. or an alkyl. allyl. or phenyl group. and

Z represent the necessary atoms to close a or 6- membered heterocyclic nitrogen-containing ring system, and b, a polymer containing N-vinylcarbazolc units.

2. A process according to claim I, wherein the pattern-wise heating olthe recording material proceeds by exposure thereof to infrared radiation and a minor amount of visible light while said layer is in heatconductive contact with an original containing infra red-absorbing image markings.

3. A process according to claim 2. wherein the expo sure to said infra-red radiation and visible light is a re flectographic exposure.

4. A process according to claim 3, wherein said layer is applied to a support transparent for infrared radiation and visible light and said exposure is made through said support.

5. A process according to claim 3, wherein said layer is applied to a support that is heat-conductive and said exposure is made through said layer while said support is in contact with said original markings.

6. A process according to claim 1, wherein the polyhalogen compound is carbon tetrabromidc.

7. A process according to claim 1, wherein the polymer containing Nvinylcarbazole units is poly-N- vinylcarbazole serving as binding agent for said layer.

8. A process according to claim I, wherein the layer contains also an amido, acylamino. or ureido compound.

9. A process according to claim 8, wherein said amido, acylamino or ureido compound corresponds to the following general formula:

wherein:

R represents an organic residue of the type present in a carboxylic acid chloride, a l lHR or 12. The process of claim 1 wherein said spiropyran compound corresponds to one of the general formulae:

R, R R',, R R R and R each represent hydrogen, alkyl, alkyl substituted with halogen, alkyl sub stituted with an ester group, alkyl substituted with a carboxyl group, alkyl substituted with a N- phenylcarbamyl group, a hydroxy group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, a phenyl group, piperidyl, acetyl, halogen, nitro, or R, and R together represent a -(CH- chain wherein n 2 or 3 to link carbon atoms in the 3 and 3' positions together.

13. The process of claim 1 wherein said layer is pattern-wise heated to a temperature in the range of about -l50C.

14. The process of claim 1 wherein said nitrogen compound is used in a ratio by weight of about l:30 to about lZl relative to said spiropyran compound.

15. The process of claim 1 wherein said spiropyran compound is used in a ratio of about l:5 to about l:50

relative to said polyhalogen compound

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4151748 *15 Dec 19771 May 1979Ncr CorporationTwo color thermally sensitive record material system
US4184874 *5 Feb 197522 Jan 1980Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Photosensitive composition containing chelate compound
US4960679 *11 Jan 19902 Oct 1990Canon Kabushiki KaishaImage forming device
US5234798 *4 Oct 199110 Aug 1993Dittler Brothers, IncorporatedThermal reactive structures
US5879866 *11 Jun 19979 Mar 1999International Business Machines CorporationImage recording process with improved image tolerances using embedded AR coatings
US6309809 *31 Oct 199830 Oct 2001International Business Machines CorporationMulti-layer integrated imaging/image recording process with improved image tolerances
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/351, 430/346, 430/962, 430/395, 430/337, 430/353, 430/335, 430/374, 430/333
International ClassificationC07D493/10, B41M5/30
Cooperative ClassificationY10S430/163, B41M5/30, C07D493/10
European ClassificationB41M5/30, C07D493/10