Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3834048 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date10 Sep 1974
Filing date31 Aug 1973
Priority date9 Oct 1972
Also published asCA975957A, CA975957A1
Publication numberUS 3834048 A, US 3834048A, US-A-3834048, US3834048 A, US3834048A
InventorsW Maurer
Original AssigneeW Maurer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shoe fastening
US 3834048 A
Abstract
A shoe fastening for a ski boot or the like comprises a housing, a body mounted for unidirectional rotation in the housing and a serration coupling between the housing and the unidirectionally rotatable body for holding the body against rotation in the opposite direction while permitting the unidirectional rotation thereof. A shoe lace has one end affixed to the rotatable body and the other end affixed to the housing, the lace being looped about a counter-support arranged to receive the shoe lace from the rotatable body.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 1 3,834,048

Maurer Sept. 10, 1974 SHOE FASTENING 144,144 6/[952 Germany 24/ll7R 196,751 Il/l956 Austria 36/50 [76] Inventor: Wilhelm Maurer, Wehntalerstrasse 536 CPI-8000, Zurich, Switzerland 22 Fl (11 A 31 1973 Primary Examiner-Bobby R. Gay

[ 1 16 Assistant Examinerl(enneth J. Dorner pp 20 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kurt Kelman [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Oct. 9, 1972 Switzerland 14732/72 ABSTRACT 52 s C] 3 50, 24 g SK, 24 117 A, A shoe fastening for a ski boot or the like comprises a 24/203 housing, a body mounted for unidirectional rotation in 51 Int. Cl. A43b 11/00, A43C 11/00 the housing and a Serration coupling between the [58] Field of Sear h 24/68 R, 68 SK, 68 B, 70 R, housing and the unidirectionally rotatable body for 24/70 SK, 71,1, 712, 269, 270, 271, 117 A, holding the body against rotation in the opposite di- 117 R, 118, 203; 36/25 AL, 50 rection while permitting the unidirectional rotation thereof. A shoe lace has one end affixed to the rotat- [56] R f r c Cit d able body and the other end affixed to the housing,

UNITED STATES PATENTS the lace beinglooped about a counter-support ar- 2,611,940 9/1952 Cairns 24 71.2 igi to recewe the Shoe lace from the rotatable FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 13,030 6/1912 Great Britain 24/203 6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAImImsm 01974 sum 1 or 2 FIG.1 w

SHOE FASTENING The present invention relates to an improved fastening for winter sport shoes.

Many types of shoe fastenings have been proposed, including hooks and buckles, the latter being preferred because they can be operated rapidly and simply. Therefore, buckles have recently been used almost exclusively for fastening together the two associated parts forming the top or upper of ski boots and the like. However, buckles have the disadvantage that they are opened unintentionally, for instance by contact with the ski poles or with obstacles on the ground. Neither buckles nor hooks have been used for fastening ice skating boots because they are opened readily and without the intention of the wearer by contact with obstacles and the like.

It is the primary object of this invention to provide an effective fastening for all types of winter sport shoes and boots.

It is a more specific object of the invention to provide a shoe fastening of the indicated type which is secure against unintentional opening.

The above and other objects advantages are accomplished in accordance with the present invention with a fastening which comprises a housing defining an opening, a body mounted in the housing for unidirectional rotation, and a serration coupling between the housing and the unidirectionally rotatable body for holding the body against rotation in the opposite direction while permitting the unidirectional rotation thereof. A flexible elongated fastening element having two ends has one end affixed to the rotatable body and a counter-support for the fastening element is arranged to receive the fastening element from a peripheral annular groove in the rotatable body wherein the element is guided from the one end and through the housing opening, and to have it looped about the countersupport for return to the housing. The other fastening element end is affixed to the housing.

A fastening of this type need to be only of very limited height so that it will not project from the shoe sufficiently to getcaught by outside obstacles and is unintentionally loosened or opened. When in contact with such obstacles or the other skate, for instance, when the skater crosses one foot over the other, the fastening of this invention will not be opened. Furthermore, this fastening has the advantage that it may be readily tightened or loosened with a simple tool for turning the rotatable body, for instance the tip of a ski pole. In this case, the fastening may be operated without the need of the skier to bend down.

The invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of a now preferred embodiment thereof, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein FIG. 1 is a partial top view of an ice skating shoe with a fastening according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 shows a side elevational view of one part of the fastening of FIG. 1, partly in section; and

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the rotatable body of FIG. 2.

Referring now to the drawing, the fastening is shown to comprise flat housing 1 which may be pressed, injection molded or machined, as desired. Housing 1 is attached to one part of the shoe top or upper, for instance by illustrated rivets 2. Body 3 is mounted within the housing for unidirectional rotation, the body defining peripheral annular groove 6. Coupling 4 with radially extending, meshing serrations on housing 1 and body 3 holds the body against rotation in the opposite direction while permitting the unidirectional rotation thereof. If desired, a leaf spring 5 may be mounted on the housing and biased against the rotatable body so as to assure engagement of the coupling serrations at all times.

A flexible fastening element has one end affixed to the rotatable body and is guided from the one end in groove 6 and then through a bore 7 in housing 1 to counter-support 10. The fastening element may be a wire rope. If desired, the bottom of annular groove 6 may be roughened to increase the friction between rotatable body 3 and the fastening element. Upon rotation of the body, the'fastening element will be wound thereon in the groove.

The counter-support is attached to the associated part of shoe top or upper so that it receives the fastening element passing through bore 7. The fastening element is looped about counter-support 10 (see FIG. 1) and returned to the same housing or a housing adjacent thereto in a row of housings, where the other fastening element end is then affixed. In the illustrated and preferred embodiment, the counter-support is constituted by a multi-stage, hook-like device and the fastening element is looped thereabout under one of the multiple hooks so as to be prevented from slipping off the device. The hereinabove described fastening operates as follows:

When it is desired to close the fastening, the wire rope 8 is hooked onto counter-support 10 and looped therabout, whereupon the rope is tensioned by rotating body 3. For this purpose, the rotatable body carries means 9, such as a slot, for operationally engaging a tool detachably associated with the body for rotating the same. Such a tool may be a coin, a suitable key, a screw driver, or the suitably shaped end of a ski pole which may be detachably engaged by means 9. Since serration coupling 4 functions like a detent, rotation of body 3 in the opposite direction will be prevented and a loosening of the tightened rope will be impossible. This rotational closing movement makes it possible to adjust the tension of the fastening element very finely to assure utmost comfort for the wearer of the shoe.

When it is desired to open the fastening, the rotatable body is simply depressed axially in respect of the housing so as to disengage the serrations of the coupling.

This will uncouple rotatable body 3 and the tension of the fastening element will rotate the body in the opposite direction to unwind the fastening element. If only partial opening is desired, it will be useful to rotate the body in the opposite direction, too, by means of a tool while keeping the body depressed. In this manner, the unwinding of the fastening element may be limited to the desired extent.

The number of associated housings and countersupports depends on the type and size of the shoe, as well as the desired closure pressure on selected portions of the foot of the wearer. In this respect, the same criteria are used as in the known buckle fastenings.

I claim:

1. A fastening for winter sport shoes, comprising 1. a housing defining an opening,

2. a body mounted in the housing for unidirectional rotation,

a. the body defining a peripheral annular groove,

3. a serration coupling between the housing and the unidirectionally rotatable body for holding the body against rotation in the opposite direction while permitting the unidirectional rotation thereof,

4. a flexible elongated fastening element having two ends, a. one of the fastening element ends being affixed to the rotatable body, and

5. a counter-support for the fastening element, the

counter-support being arranged to receive the fastening element from the rotatable body groove wherein the element is guided from the one end and through the housing opening, and to have it looped about the counter-support for return to the housing,

a. the other fastening element end being affixed to the housing.

2. The fastening of claim 1, wherein the rotatable body is mounted in the housing for axial movement in respect thereto, the axial movement causing disengagement of the serration coupling and permitting rotation of the body in the opposite direction.

3. The fastening of claim 2, further comprising resilient means biased to hold the rotatable body against the axial movement and for keeping the serration coupling engaged in the absence of pressure in the opposite direction to the bias of the resilient means.

4. The fastening of claim 1, wherein the rotatable body carries a means for operationally engaging a tool detachably associated with the body for rotating the same.

5. The fastening of claim 2, wherein the tool engaging means is a slot in the body.

6. The fastening of claim 1, wherein the shoe has two associated parts forming the top of the shoe, a plurality of said housings are mounted in a row on one top part, a like plurality of said counter-supports are mounted in a substantially parallel row on the other top part, and all but one of the fastening elements have their one end affixed to the rotatable body of one of the housings in the row while the other end thereof is affixed to the housing adjacent thereto.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2611940 *20 Apr 195030 Sep 1952Thomas C CairnsShoelace tightener
AT196751B * Title not available
DE144144C * Title not available
GB191213030A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4227322 *13 Oct 197814 Oct 1980Dolomite, S.P.A.Sport footwear of injected plastics material
US4253250 *8 Dec 19783 Mar 1981Polyair Produkt Design Gesellschaft M.B.H.Shoe fastener
US4754560 *12 Nov 19865 Jul 1988Salomon S.A.Device for securing a skier's foot inside a ski boot
US5001817 *14 Jun 199026 Mar 1991Nordica S.P.A.Securing and adjustment device particularly for ski boots
US5003711 *25 Jun 19852 Apr 1991Salomon S.A.Alpine ski boot
US5123182 *31 Oct 199023 Jun 1992Dynafit Skischuh Gesellschaft M.B.H.Device for the operation of adjustment, fastening or the like elements of ski shoes and ski bindings
US5325613 *28 Jan 19935 Jul 1994Tretorn AbShoe with a central closure
US5371926 *1 Apr 199413 Dec 1994Nike, Inc.Tension lock buckle
US5392535 *20 Apr 199328 Feb 1995Nike, Inc.Fastening system for an article of footwear
US632477415 Feb 20004 Dec 2001Charles W. Zebe, Jr.Shoelace retaining clip and footwear closure means using same
US643887212 Nov 199927 Aug 2002Harry Miller Co., Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US6502329 *4 Nov 19997 Jan 2003Howard SilagyFootwear article using a criss-crossing lacing pattern
US657488810 Sep 200110 Jun 2003Harry Miller Company, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US66766205 Dec 200013 Jan 2004Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US680775426 Aug 200226 Oct 2004Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US68171169 Jul 200216 Nov 2004Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US688325416 May 200326 Apr 2005Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US708046814 May 200425 Jul 2006Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US7082701 *23 Jan 20041 Aug 2006Vans, Inc.Footwear variable tension lacing systems
US7118543 *9 Sep 200410 Oct 2006Top Shelf Manufacturing, LlcOrthosis closure system with mechanical advantage
US718622912 Jan 20046 Mar 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US720172717 Aug 200510 Apr 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US728134110 Dec 200316 Oct 2007The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US728729422 Oct 200430 Oct 2007Harry Miller Co., Inc.Method of making an expandable shoe
US728730420 Dec 200530 Oct 2007Zebe Jr Charles WCam cleat construction
US729337323 Nov 200513 Nov 2007The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US73065719 Apr 200711 Dec 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular compressive orthosis system with a mechanical advantage closure
US7371222 *18 Oct 200413 May 2008Biocybernetics InternationalCervical support system
US739260223 Nov 20051 Jul 2008The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US740142323 Nov 200522 Jul 2008The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US747323526 Aug 20056 Jan 2009Orthomerica Products, Inc.Lightweight modular adjustable prophylactic hip orthosis
US758133724 Jun 20041 Sep 2009Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe having screw drive assemblies
US76580195 Jun 20089 Feb 2010The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US7862582 *2 May 20064 Jan 2011Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Suture management
US79586545 Jan 201014 Jun 2011The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US8066726 *23 Nov 200429 Nov 2011Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Serpentine cutting blade for cutting balloon
US827740112 Sep 20072 Oct 2012Boa Technology, Inc.Closure system for braces, protective wear and similar articles
US83813629 Aug 201026 Feb 2013Boa Technology, Inc.Reel based closure system
US84091221 Dec 20092 Apr 2013Dean CropperBack orthosis and orthotic method
US84183817 Jun 201116 Apr 2013The Burton CorporationLace system for footwear
US84352622 Dec 20107 May 2013Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Suture management
US84387744 Aug 201114 May 2013Lawrence C. SharpPistol cocking assistive device
US84741577 Aug 20092 Jul 2013Pierre-Andre SenizerguesFootwear lacing system
US854978510 Apr 20138 Oct 2013Lawrence C. SharpPistol cocking assistive device
US8806778 *9 Aug 201319 Aug 2014Kabushiki Kaisha KurebuFootwear having lacing system connecting footwear and inner lining
US917972911 Mar 201310 Nov 2015Boa Technology, Inc.Tightening systems
US92206255 Feb 201429 Dec 2015Ossur HfThoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
US931436324 Jan 201419 Apr 2016Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US937044011 Jan 201321 Jun 2016Ossur HfSpinal orthosis
US9392838 *23 Sep 201419 Jul 2016Fi-Ber Sports, Inc.Protective cover for an article of footwear
US939314424 Jan 201419 Jul 2016Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US941495326 Jan 201516 Aug 2016Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treatment of the back
US943980020 Jun 201213 Sep 2016Ossur HfOrthopedic device, use of orthopedic device and method for producing same
US946855414 Mar 201618 Oct 2016Ossur Iceland EhfOrthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US955493527 Jul 201531 Jan 2017Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US957270518 Sep 201321 Feb 2017Ossur HfSpinal orthosis
US959721923 Nov 201521 Mar 2017Ossur HfThoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
US974371427 Mar 201429 Aug 2017Boa Technology Inc.Reel based closure system
US979550027 Jul 201524 Oct 2017Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US20020170206 *9 Jul 200221 Nov 2002Harry Miller Co., Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US20030192204 *16 May 200316 Oct 2003Harry Miller Co., Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US20040139974 *12 Jan 200422 Jul 2004Schwenn Shannon R.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US20050054960 *9 Sep 200410 Mar 2005Telles Jeffrey L.Orthosis closure system with mechanical advantage
US20050055848 *24 Jun 200417 Mar 2005Harry Miller Co., Inc.Expandable shoe having screw drive assemblies
US20050060913 *15 Nov 200424 Mar 2005Inchworm, Inc.Expandable shoe and shoe assemblies
US20050113728 *18 Oct 200426 May 2005Heinz Thomas J.Cervical support system
US20050160627 *23 Jan 200428 Jul 2005Martin DalgaardFootwear variable tension lacing systems
US20050283102 *26 Aug 200522 Dec 2005Schwenn Shannon RLightweight modular adjustable prophylactic hip orthosis
US20050284003 *29 Aug 200529 Dec 2005Vans, Inc.Footwear variable tension lacing systems
US20060111736 *23 Nov 200425 May 2006Kelley Greg SSerpentine cutting blade for cutting balloon
US20070137003 *20 Dec 200521 Jun 2007Zebe Charles W JrCam cleat construction
US20070179417 *9 Apr 20072 Aug 2007Schwenn Shannon RModular orthosis closure system and method
US20080066272 *12 Sep 200720 Mar 2008Hammerslag Gary RClosure System For Braces, Protective Wear And Similar Articles
US20080097483 *2 May 200624 Apr 2008Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Suture management
US20100168630 *1 Dec 20091 Jul 2010Dean CropperBack orthosis and orthotic method
US20110077671 *2 Dec 201031 Mar 2011Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Suture management
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/50.1, 24/DIG.470, 24/575.1, 24/712.4, 36/50.5, 24/580.1, 24/68.0SK
International ClassificationA43C11/16, A43C3/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S24/47, A43C11/16, A43C11/165
European ClassificationA43C11/16B, A43C11/16