|Publication number||US3726277 A|
|Publication date||10 Apr 1973|
|Filing date||31 Aug 1970|
|Priority date||31 Aug 1970|
|Publication number||US 3726277 A, US 3726277A, US-A-3726277, US3726277 A, US3726277A|
|Original Assignee||S Hirschman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (82), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2,629,381 2/1953 2,652,056 9/1953 2,662,527 12/1953 Jacks 128/290 R limited tates aterrt 191 3" l irsclrrnan  FEMHNKNE HYGIENIC PAD  Inventor: Shale Hirschrnan, 110-11 Queens Boulevard, Forest Hills, N.Y. 11375  Filed: Aug. 31, 1970  Appl. No.: 68,301
 US. Cl ..l28/285, 128/295  Int. Cl. ..A6lf 13/20  Field of Search ..l28/285, 290, 295
 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,328,795 9/1943 Pinks 128/290 R [451 Apr. re, 1973 2,682,875 7/1954 Brown 128/290 R 2,917,049 12/1959 Delaney ..l28/285 3,097,648 7/1963 Dupuis 128/290 R Primary Examiner-Charles F. Rosenbaum Attorney-Philip G. Hilbert 7 1 ABSTRACT A feminine hygienic pad having a configuration for locating the same in the area of the female urethral meatus for absorbing urine and the like, as an incident to stress incontinence, together with dimensional parameters which may be of an order to locate the pad in the area of the vaginal orifice for absorbing vaginal secretions or discharges; or, to extend such pad so as to receive and absorb discharges from both the meatus and the vaginal orifice.
5 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures FEMININE HYGIENIC PAD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Stress incontinence, involving the loss of urine upon sneezing, laughing, jumping, running and other activities, is a common phenomenonin women. Although the urinary exudation may be in small amounts, it may be hygienically and emotionally distressing. This disorder becomes more common with an increasing number of pregnancies.
Thus, the loss of even small amounts of urine from the urethral meatus may give rise to a pungent and abhorrent odor, accompanied by a feeling of wetness. In addition to a condition of tissue laxity surrounding the urethra and with a relatively short urethra in some women, many diseases may lead to stress incontinence. Urethritis, cystitis, venereal diseases, pelvic inflammatory conditions, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders affecting the bladder, and rectal or vaginal surgery, in many instances may give rise to a condition of stress incontinence.
Aside from stress incontinence, other exudations may be encountered. These may include vaginal secretions, secretions derived from Skenes and Bartholins glands, from the sweat glands of the vulva, and the like. Such secretions and exudations may mix to produce disagreeable odors and may be accompanied by a feeling of wetness. This phenomenon becomes more pronounced in the case of a woman having a vaginal discharge due to infection, venereal disease, post-surgery, post-pregnancy, and for some time following menstruation.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide an improved absorbent pad construction, particularly adapted to be located in opposed relation to the urethral meatus of women, to receive and absorb urine discharges due to stress incontinence, as well as other exudations, secretions, discharges and the like emanat' ing from the adjacent physiological areas.
A further object of this invention is to provide an absorbent pad of the character described, which is adapted to be inserted between the labia majora so as to be readily retained in place without the need for auxiliary retaining means; the pad being adapted to receive and absorb limited amounts of urine, exudates, secretions and discharges.
Another object of this invention is to provide an improved absorbent pad which lends itself to a ready association with the female perineal pelvic area; does not disturb the normal anatomy of the indicated area; is non-irritating; is hypoallergenic; is readily inserted and easily removed; and is emotionally acceptable by women.
It is understood that the pads of the instant invention are not catamenial devices, since they are not intended to receive a bloody menstrual discharge. Also, such pads are not adapted to receive severe and copious discharges of urine due to general incontinence, as distinguished from stress incontinence; or substantial vaginal discharges.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of the feminine urethral and adjacent areas, showing a pad of the instant invention being inserted in place;
FIG. 2 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1, showing another form of the pad adapted to cover mainly the vaginal orifice;
FIG. 3 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1, showing a pad adapted to cover both the urethral meatus and the vaginal orifice;
FIG. 4 is a plan view showing the pad in place;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown in FIG. I, the urethra is indicated at 11, extending from the bladder 12. The uterus is indicated at 13 and the labia majora are shown at 14. The pad 10, of the instant invention, is shown in place, received between the labia majora l4 and thus covering the urethral meatus which is the external orifice of urethra 11 and from which urine is ejected.
The pad 10 is formed of soft, flexible, non-shredding highly absorbent, but non-swelling material, such as thin cellulose sheeting in roll form. The pad 10 exhibits a cross section made up of an anterior portion 15 which merges with a posterior portion 16; the former being of reduced dimensions as compared to that of the latter. Thus, the portions 15, 16 are of arcuate, part circular section; the portion 15 having a smaller radial dimension then that of portion 16.
It has been found that pad Ml, readily lends itself to insertion between the labia majora M; and further, the pad is easily retained therebetween without the need for auxiliary retaining means. Thus, a light pressure on the posterior portion 16 will cause the smaller anterior portion 15 to force the labia majora to open slightly and allow pad 10 to take its proper position, overlying the meatus of urethra ll. The radii of the respective portions 115, 16 are relatively small, allowing the vulva to be completely enclosing in respect to pad 10.
As shown in FIG. 7, an alternative embodiment of the invention takes the form of pad WA. Here the merged portions 15A, 16A are of part elliptical cross section; the portion 16A having major and minor axes somewhat larger then those of portion 15A. Pad 10A also lends itself to easy insertion and removal.
The pad 10B, shown in FIG. 8, is of elliptical cross section. Here the major axis of the cross section extends between the anterior portion 15B and posterior portion 163; thus indicating the mode of insertion.
While the pad 10 may be of uniform cross section throughout its length, as indicated in FIG. Q; the pad 10 provided with a trailing string T7 to allow for easy removal thereof; may also have a tapered form, as shown in FIG. Ill. Here the forward end portion 18 includes a part spherical head surface 19, which tapers rearwardly to the end portion 20. The string 17 extends from end 20, preferably; although it may also extend from the forward end surface 19.
It is understood that pads A and 105, may also be of either uniform cross section along the length thereof; or tapered from end to end, as indicated in FIG. 10. Thus, with the tapered forms of the pads, the tapered end portion thereof fits near the anterior portion of the vulva near the clitoris, while the larger body portion thereof fits in the larger mid-and posterior portions of the vulva, to thereby more closely conform to the anatomical areas involved.
The pads 10, 10A and NB may be dimensioned in respect to their length, to be particularly adapted to cover the urethral meatus primarily, as shown in FIG. 1; to cover the vaginal orifice 21, as shown in FIG. 2; or to cover the meatus of the urethra 11 and vaginal orifice 21, as shown in FIG. 3.
The pads 10, 10A, or 10B may be impregnated with selected scents, medications, or combinations thereof to thereby mask the odor of the absorbed urine or other discharges, thereby providing a soothing and pleasant odor to the general physiological areas concerned.
Further, pad 10 may be modified to carry and dispense lubricants alone or in admixture with deodorants, medications and the like. To this end, as shown in FIG. 11, pad 10 may be formed with a V shaped groove 22 extending along the top of pad portion 15. Such groove 22 is prefilled with lubricant 23 or other carrier for admixed medications, deodorants and the like. It will be apparent that in inserting such pad 10 in place, the normal transverse constriction of the pad portion will act to dispense material 23 which has a suitable viscosity and is thus applied to the physiological areas concerned.
It has been found that the curvilinear surface portions and the non-uniform cross sections of the several pads shown herein, is highly effective in locating the same between the labia majora and retaining the same in place. Further, there is no tendency to force the labia majora apart or to exert undue pressure against their medial wall portions.
It is understood that the pads 10, 10A, 108 may be molded or otherwise formed from the cellulosic base material, to the desired cross sectional and longitudinal configurations, by apparatus and procedures known in the art.
1. An elongated absorbent pad for receiving small amounts of urine discharged due to stress incontinence and other vaginal and urethral discharges, said pad being devoid of corners and fiat surfaces intermediate its ends and having two superposed portions, each being curvilinear in cross section with the upper portion having a radius smaller than the radius of the lower portion, said pad being adapted to be located between the labia majora and labia minora, the smaller radius portion facilitating insertion between the labia and retention in the interlabia space.
2. A pad as defined in claim 1 wherein each of the superposed portions is of part elliptical cross section, the major axis of the upper portion being less than that of the lower portion.
3. A pad as in claim 1, wherein said pad cross section is uniform along the length thereof.
4. A pad as 1n claim 1, wherein said pad is formed with a groove in a surface portion of the upper portion thereof, said groove extending along the length of said pad, and a viscous material disposed in said groove for dispensing therefrom upon transverse constriction of said pad during the insertion thereof between the labia majora.
S. A pad as in claim 4, wherein said groove has a transverse dimension which decreases from the outer surface of said pad inwardly thereof.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2328795 *||19 Jun 1940||7 Sep 1943||Frances W Finks||Catamenial device|
|US2629381 *||2 Aug 1951||24 Feb 1953||Ethel C Brown||Tampon|
|US2652056 *||8 Sep 1952||15 Sep 1953||Earle C Haas||Catamenial device|
|US2662527 *||18 Dec 1952||15 Dec 1953||Jacks Williard Grant||Sanitary pad|
|US2682875 *||27 Jun 1952||6 Jul 1954||Ethel C Brown||Catamenial tampon|
|US2917049 *||21 Jun 1956||15 Dec 1959||Alice M Delaney||Feminine hygienic device|
|US3097648 *||10 Feb 1961||16 Jul 1963||Marie J A Dupuis||Catamenial pad|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4095542 *||15 Oct 1976||20 Jun 1978||Hirschman Shalom Z||Methods of making feminine hygienic pads|
|US4175561 *||10 Feb 1977||27 Nov 1979||Hirschman Shalom Z||Feminine hygienic pads with improved absorption|
|US4196562 *||2 Feb 1978||8 Apr 1980||Hirschman Shalom Z||Methods of making feminine hygienic pads with anterior leading edges|
|US4340058 *||5 Dec 1980||20 Jul 1982||Pierce Larry L||Sanitary napkin|
|US4627848 *||23 Apr 1984||9 Dec 1986||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Anatomical pad|
|US5334176 *||23 Jul 1991||2 Aug 1994||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent core for use in catamenial products|
|US5336208 *||20 Dec 1991||9 Aug 1994||Advanced Surgical Intervention, Inc.||Urinary incontinence pad|
|US5370633 *||28 Sep 1993||6 Dec 1994||Villalta; Josue J.||Anatomical vaginal tampon|
|US5484429 *||3 Aug 1993||16 Jan 1996||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Interlabial sanitary pad|
|US5672165 *||6 Jan 1997||30 Sep 1997||Belecky; June Marian||Menstrual hygiene product|
|US5724994 *||1 May 1995||10 Mar 1998||Uromed Corporation||Fluidly expandable urethral plug assembly which receives fluid from an external source and method for controlling urinary incontinence|
|US5725481 *||17 May 1996||10 Mar 1998||A. Fem Medical Corporation||Method and apparatus for collecting vaginal fluid and exfoliated vaginal cells for diagnostic purposes|
|US5746222 *||14 Dec 1995||5 May 1998||Uromed Corporation||Urinary continence device for men and method of controlling urinary incontinence by using same|
|US5752525 *||4 Dec 1995||19 May 1998||Uromed Corporation||Urethral plug assembly having adhesive for enhanced sealing capabilities and method of using said plug assembly|
|US5762644 *||26 Jun 1997||9 Jun 1998||The Procter & Gamble Company||Toilet-disposable absorbent interlabial device|
|US5769091 *||9 Feb 1996||23 Jun 1998||Uromed Corporation||Urethral plug having adhesive for enhanced sealing capabilities and method of using said plug|
|US5895381 *||3 Jan 1997||20 Apr 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with flexible extensions|
|US5927282 *||16 Jul 1998||27 Jul 1999||Uromed Corporation||Controlling urinary incontinence|
|US5928452 *||26 Nov 1997||27 Jul 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Method of making a shaped absorbent interlabial device|
|US5964689 *||20 Nov 1997||12 Oct 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Method of making an absorbent interlabial device with a central groove|
|US5968026 *||14 Nov 1997||19 Oct 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US5988169 *||29 Mar 1996||23 Nov 1999||Iotek, Inc.||Vaginal insert and method for treating urogenital disorders|
|US6007498 *||9 Mar 1998||28 Dec 1999||A.Fem Medical Corporation||Method and apparatus for collecting vaginal fluid and exfoliated vaginal cells for diagnostic purposes|
|US6030375 *||29 Mar 1996||29 Feb 2000||Iotek, Inc.||Compressible vaginal insert and method for treating urogenital disorders|
|US6033391 *||21 May 1998||7 Mar 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Toilet-disposable absorbent interlabial device|
|US6123693 *||30 Jul 1998||26 Sep 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with flexible extensions|
|US6152905 *||10 Oct 1997||28 Nov 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device comprising a fluid acquisition/transfer complex|
|US6174293||27 Dec 1999||16 Jan 2001||A-Fem Medical Corporation||Method and apparatus for collecting vaginal fluid and exfoliated vaginal cells for diagnostic purposes|
|US6180051||24 Mar 1997||30 Jan 2001||Johnson & Johnson Gmbh||Method for forming shaped fibrous articles|
|US6183455||25 Jun 1996||6 Feb 2001||A-Fem Medical Corporation||Biodegradable absorbent pads|
|US6183456||1 May 1998||6 Feb 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Feminine hygiene system and kit using an absorbent interlabial device|
|US6254584||3 Jan 1997||3 Jul 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Thin comfortable interlabial absorbent structure|
|US6270486 *||1 May 1998||7 Aug 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6355022||11 Mar 1999||12 Mar 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with substance thereon for maintaining the device in position|
|US6409713||5 Jun 1997||25 Jun 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Emollient-treated absorbent interlabial application|
|US6416501||23 Apr 2001||9 Jul 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6458072||19 Apr 2001||1 Oct 2002||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Urinary incontinence device|
|US6478726||19 Apr 2001||12 Nov 2002||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Method for alleviating female urinary incontinence|
|US6702759 *||31 Jul 2001||9 Mar 2004||Private Concepts, Inc.||Intra-vaginal self-administered cell collecting device and method|
|US6702796||26 Mar 2001||9 Mar 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device having an improved tab|
|US6890325||31 Dec 2001||10 May 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having a tab|
|US6936013||20 Jan 2004||30 Aug 2005||Private Concepts, Inc.||Intra-vaginal self-administered cell collecting device and method|
|US6953456 *||8 Dec 2000||11 Oct 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Tampon having an oval form after expansion and process for producing the same|
|US7115116||31 Dec 2001||3 Oct 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having various means|
|US7138560||10 Dec 2003||21 Nov 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article with time-delayed absorbent binder composition|
|US7217259||18 Dec 2002||15 May 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article|
|US7288080||31 Dec 2001||30 Oct 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad|
|US7514591||10 Dec 2003||7 Apr 2009||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article with improved flushability characteristics|
|US7867209||8 Nov 2007||11 Jan 2011||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon pledget for increased bypass leakage protection|
|US7880052||21 Nov 2003||1 Feb 2011||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad|
|US7931634||18 Dec 2003||26 Apr 2011||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Bodily exudate capturing article|
|US8192416||19 Jun 2009||5 Jun 2012||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad|
|US8197434||28 Apr 2004||12 Jun 2012||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US8226622||20 Dec 2002||24 Jul 2012||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article with soluble adhesive and time-delayed dispersion|
|US8608639||10 May 2010||17 Dec 2013||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Resilient device|
|US8613698||10 Jul 2006||24 Dec 2013||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Resilient device|
|US8753258||20 Feb 2013||17 Jun 2014||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Resilient device|
|US9050183||1 Feb 2013||9 Jun 2015||First Quality Hygienic, Inc.||Resilient device|
|US20040122399 *||18 Dec 2002||24 Jun 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Package for discretely carrying interlabial and other feminine care products|
|US20040122402 *||18 Dec 2002||24 Jun 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide,Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article|
|US20040122403 *||20 Dec 2002||24 Jun 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Delayed dispersion interlabial absorbent article|
|US20040158223 *||10 Nov 2003||12 Aug 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad and package thereof|
|US20040243088 *||28 Apr 2004||2 Dec 2004||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US20050113775 *||21 Nov 2003||26 May 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad|
|US20050131362 *||10 Dec 2003||16 Jun 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article with time-delayed absorbent binder composition|
|US20050137557 *||18 Dec 2003||23 Jun 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Bodily exudate capturing article|
|US20050148959 *||10 Dec 2003||7 Jul 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article with improved flushability characteristics|
|US20060206089 *||9 Mar 2005||14 Sep 2006||Coley Petriva W||Absorbent article for incontinent women|
|US20110077578 *||3 Dec 2010||31 Mar 2011||Michelle Bartning||Method of treating urinary incontinence|
|USH1657 *||3 Feb 1995||3 Jun 1997||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent article with fractionation member|
|DE19934824A1 *||24 Jul 1999||1 Feb 2001||Med Sse System Gmbh Alfred Von||Vaginal tampon, used as mechanical aid against urea incontinence, has foam body with widened, flattened cross-section, preferably made from two cylinders bonded together along length|
|DE19934824C2 *||24 Jul 1999||13 Jun 2002||Med Sse System Gmbh Alfred Von||Vaginal-Tampon|
|EP0159671A2 *||18 Apr 1985||30 Oct 1985||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Anatomical pad|
|EP1407738A1 *||21 May 2002||14 Apr 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad and package thereof|
|EP1598038A1 *||17 Feb 2004||23 Nov 2005||Uni-Charm Corporation||Inter-labium pad|
|WO1982001817A1 *||4 Dec 1981||10 Jun 1982||Larry L Pierce||Sanitary napkin|
|WO1996003946A1 *||29 Jul 1994||15 Feb 1996||Young Paul & Lm||Hygiene strip|
|WO1996007379A1 *||10 Nov 1994||14 Mar 1996||Maria Carmen Azzali||Vestibular anatomically-shaped sanitary pad for women|
|WO1999018905A1 *||7 Oct 1998||22 Apr 1999||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device comprising a fluid acquisition/transfer complex|
|WO2004060247A1||28 Aug 2003||22 Jul 2004||Kimberly Clark Co||Interlabial absorbent article|
|WO2004060248A1||7 Nov 2003||22 Jul 2004||Kimberly Clark Co||Delayed dispersion interlabial absorbent article|
|WO2005060895A1||23 Jun 2004||7 Jul 2005||Kimberly Clark Co||Interlabial absorbent article with improved flushability characteristics|
|U.S. Classification||604/359, 604/904, 604/385.18, 604/377, 604/363|
|International Classification||A61F13/20, A61F13/15|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F13/2051, Y10S604/904, A61F13/47209, A61F13/202|
|European Classification||A61F13/472A, A61F13/20C|