|Publication number||US3628829 A|
|Publication date||21 Dec 1971|
|Filing date||8 Jul 1969|
|Priority date||9 Mar 1966|
|Publication number||US 3628829 A, US 3628829A, US-A-3628829, US3628829 A, US3628829A|
|Inventors||Heilig Morton L|
|Original Assignee||Heilig Morton L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (143), Classifications (44)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  lnventor Morton 1.. Heilig -60 Riverside Drive, New York, N.Y. 10024  Appl. No. 870,852  Filed July 8, 1969  Patented Dec. 21, 1971 Original application Mar. 9, 1966, Ser. No. 533,017, now Patent No. 3,469,837. Divided and this application July 8, 1969,
Ser. No. 870,852
 EXPERIENCE THEATER 6 Claims, 39 Drawing Figs.
 U.S. C1 297/217, 297/180  Int. Cl A47e 1/12  Field of Search 297/217, 180, 186, 184
 Relerences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,370,832 3/1921 Mollberg 297/ 180 1,615,615 1/1927 297/217 1,618,158 2/1927 297/217 1,719,940 7/1929 297/217 2,031,643 2/1936 297/217 (/10 fin) I04 1 M40 r Primary Examiner- Francis K. Zugel Attorney-Hopgood and Calimafde ABSTRACT: The combination of a viewing chair and sensestimulating means for use in motion picture or television theaters is provided comprising a seat with armrests and having a back which terminates into a hood over the chair, support means for the chair including means adapted to rock the chair in various directions, means for vibrating said chair, odor-producing means associated with said chair, odor-conducting conduits associated with said odor-producing means, means for moving air through the odor-producing means and the odor-conducting conduits towards the face of a spectator seated in said chair, air passageways associated with the chair having exit ports for directing air towards various portions of the spectators body, means for feeding air to the air passageways, exhaust means associated with the hood of the chair for removing said fed air and odors, and a loudspeaker associated with the hood of said chair.
pn mwg gmm, 3528.829
SHEET UlUF 13 INVENTOR. MUR ro/v L. HE/L 6 'ATTORNEYS- PATENTEU EH22] ml SHEET [20F 13 INVENTOR. MORTON L. HElL/G W 9 ATTORNEY$ PNENTEO mm mm 3628.829
SHEET 0 3 OF 13 INVENTOR. MOP TON L HE/L/G ATTORNEYS.
. SHEET [1 0F 13 INVENTOR. MORTON L HE/L /6 mmmm 'slezsxazs SHEET CSUF13 INVENTO MORTON L. NEIL/6' PATENTEnniczmn 3628,8329
SHEET [60F 13 y,. 1 m 3 INVENTOR.
MORTON L. HE/L/G A 7' T ORA/EYE "1mm an SHEET USUF 13 INVENTOR. MORTON L. HEM/6 W k A TTORNFYJ.
SHEET llUF13 U] 1 mvamoa.
F IG. 2 W
EXPERIENCE THEATER This is a division of application Ser. No. 533,017, filed Mar. 9, 1966 now Pat. No. 3,469,837.
This invention relates to the art of motion picture or television and the enjoyment thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to an improved form of motion picture or television entertainment in which the spectator is enabled, through substantially all of his senses, to experience realistically the full effect or illusion of being a part of or physically responding to the environment depicted by the motion picture. For the sake of brevity, the invention is referred to herein as the experience theater and is meant to include any form of animation whether produced by the passage of light through a moving motion picture film or produced electronically as, for example, by the technique commonly employed in television, magnetic tape recording, or even the relatively new techniques of hollography or laser beam projection.
Thus, insofar as the invention is concerned, the experience theater is a new and improved type of theater designed to completely involve a mass audience into a new and exciting world of experience.
All other existing theater systems, even the most advanced, such as Cinerama and Circarama, feed only parts of mans sensory apparatus with information. Thus, the spectator viewing a film or television program in these theaters is constantly reminded that he is not really in the world being depicted on the screen, but rather in a theater looking at an image of it on the screen.
By feeding almost all of mans sensory apparatus with information from the scenes or programs rather than the theater, the experience theater makes the spectator in the audience feel that he has been physically transported into and made part of the scene itself.
Accordingly, it is the object of the invention to provide an experience theater system which gives to an observer or spectator a desired realistic experience by utilizing sensing elements and conditions which enable the spectator to respond fully .to the illusion of being part of the created environment and thus receive the full dramatic impact portrayed by the scene.
Another object is to provide a new and improved viewing screen having a concave configuration adapted to full peripheral viewing, the screen being formed of a mosaic of reflective elements.
A still further object is to provide the combination of viewing chairs and associated sense-stimulating elements together with a concave viewing screen adapted for full peripheral viewing.
Still another object is to provide a viewing chair having associated sense-stimulating means including mechanical articulating means for applying controlled movement to the chair to promote awareness of body position conforming to body attitude portrayed by a particular motion picture scene.
These and other objects will more clearly appear when taken in conjunction with the following disclosure and the ac companying drawings, wherein:
FIGS. 1 and 2 are illustrative of one embodiment of a concave viewing screen provided by the invention;
FIGS. 3 and 4 depict another embodiment of a concave viewing screen which may be employed in carrying out the invention;
FIGS. 5 to 16 show concave viewing screens and surface portions utilizing mosaic elements employed in the construction of the screens; 7
FIG. 17 is illustrative of one means for arranging viewing chair in accordance with the carrying out of one embodiment of the invention;
FIGS. 18 to 21 relate to chair arrangements and manipulation;
FIGS. 22 and 23 show in detail two embodiments of a viewing chair provided by the invention;
FIG. 220 shows means for tilting the chair.
FIGS. 24 and 25 are illustrative of means which may be employed in producing aromas;
FIG. 26 depicts an air-distributing system employed in combination with the viewing chairs;
FIG. 27 shows another arrangement of chairs which may be employed in the invention;
FIG. 28 is illustrative of a pair of peripheral Polaroid 3D glasses for use in the experience theater;
FIGS. 29 to 34 are illustrative of various forms of seating arrangements which may be employed in the experience theater; and
FIGS. 35 and 36 are block diagrams coordinating signal producing stimuli on a film with sense-stimulating elements.
As one preferred embodiment of the experience theater the invention provides a projection screen of concave configuration of substantially hemispherical sweep which embraces substantially the entire normal field of vision of a spectator, in combination with a centrally located projection system, a plurality of loudspeakers spaced in predetermined positions on the convex side of the screen, a plurality of specially arranged viewing chairs, with the plane of support of the chairs steeply inclined to the ceiling of the theater such that the plane of support subtends the concave screen much as a cord subtends an arc of a circle, and sense-stimulating means associated with each of the chairs.
The sense-stimulating means are employed in a manner to stimulate the natural range of mans major senses, to wit: (1) vision which involves moving colored imagery which may be depicted in three dimensions and which may have a horizontal angle of 185 and a vertical angle of 150; (2) hearing involving dimensional sound that comes from all points around the head; smell based on aromas and taste; (4) tactile sensations of heat and/or cold with pressure; and (5) kinesthetic sensations involving awareness of body position.
The experience theater utilizes sense-stimulating means to feed sensory information to approximately percent of this system, in the following manner: (a) a hemispherical or marshmallow or obloidal-shaped screen to reflect moving, colored images with three-dimensional effect that fills I70 percent of the spectators horizontal vision and percent of his vertical vision; (b) the use of 5 to 30 speakers to provide directional sound from all points in the screen and one small speaker in each chair provides sound from behind the spectators head; (c) the feeding of aromas through the arm of each chair with immediate evacuation through the hooded space above the spectators head; these aromas can be changed instantly according to the needs of the film; (d) the application of tactile sensations by blowers that blow air of controlled and varying temperatures to the head and hands of the spectator and the use of a vibrating oscillator in each chair which conveys the appropriate vibrations (motorcycle, train, automobile, etc.) to the entire body of the spectator; (e) and the simulation of body attitude by tilting the spectators chair to various angles as might occur in a banking airplane or a speed boat.
The advantages of the invention are achieved by utilizing the foregoing effects or sensations in combination. If any of the above sensations are provided alone, the psychological effect is completely unnatural and therefore ineffective and unsatisfying. But when provided together in a properly programmed manner, the effect is completely natural, therefore very convincing and enjoyable.
For example, three-dimensional imagery is not satisfactory without substantially full use of peripheral vision, and aromas are unnatural unless objects are portrayed with a three-dimensional effect, etc. The natural and necessary unity of all these sensory stimuli is the key idea of the experience theater, but the invention goes much further in that it solves the many problems that immediately arise when the traditional means of supplying one sensation conflict with these necessary to provide another; and when its desired to provide these multiple stimuli to a mass audience rather than to one individual.
In this connection, the shape of the concave screen is very important, several embodiments of which are shown in FIGS. 1 to 4. In order to take full advantage of the peripheral field of vision made possible by the screen, the viewing chairs are supported on a plane P steeply inclined to an imaginery plane V extending vertically downward from the ceiling C. As will be noted, the plane of support of the chairs subtends the concave screen S. In effect, the audience is closed in by the screen itself, with the concave portion facing the audience, the plane of support of the chairs making, for example, an angle of about 65 with the floor of the theater.
The concave screen 8" shown in FIGS. I and 2 (FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1), while substantially hemispherical has a somewhat marshmallow or obloidal shape. That is to say, the central portion 10 of the concave screen and the sides 10b are partly flattened. In the embodiment of FIGS. 3 and 4, the central and side concave portions 10a are more spherically shaped.
While it is appreciated that planetariums and some recent theater developments use a hemisphere above the audience with the audience on the ground floor looking up, this position is physically tiring so the spectator and psychologically unnatural, since the spectator is used to looking ahead at the world, while walking or driving; rarely up at it. In order for the spectator to look ahead, and yet to have a completely free horizontal visual field requires a special arrangement whereby the spectators sit substantially above one another.
Both the hemispherical and obloidal screens completely fill the spectators free visual field with imagery 170 horizontally and 120 vertically, the only limitations being those imposed by the other spectators, his own body, and the evacuation hood above his head.
The concave screen depicted by FIGS. 1 and 2 is advantageous in that it allows the entire audience to be further away from the central and most important part of the screen, thus providing better definition and more comfortable eye focusing. Additionally, it frees the key central part of the image from the serious spherical distortion that necessarily accompanies spherical screens. Thus, in the key central part of the picture where the screen is flattened, buildings, telephone poles and horizon lines are straight rather than curved.
Referring to FIG. I, steeply rising steps 111 are shown for supporting viewing chairs. A projection system 12 is located centrally and in front of concave portion 10 of the screen. Loudspeakers 13 are strategically placed and spaced about the back or convex portion of the screen. As shown in the drawing, the front or concave screen is made up of a plurality of facets or mosaic elements 14 (to be described in more detail later) shaped and disposed at a predetermined angle of reflection, such that rays of light directed to any of said faces from the projection system 12 by means of a wide angle lensc are caused to reflect back to the viewing audience without bounding from one section of the screen to the other. Thus, ray 150 (FIG. I) is shown reflected via ray 15b to the top of the viewing stand, while ray 16a is shown reflected to the bottom but away from the screen. The same is true of rays 17a, 17b and 18a, 18b, etc.
By using a screen of the foregoing type with substantially full peripheral vision, new and improved 3D effects can be achieved.
Peripheral imagery without 3D is not usually satisfactory because the spectators natural binocular vision can immediately sense that the films monocular image is lying flat on a deeply curved surface.
Equally unsatisfactory is 3D without peripheral imagery because the 3D images which appear to be floating in space seem unnaturally truncated by the edges of the conventionally rectangular screen. For example, a man whose head and shoulders are floating in the space before a viewer appears as if some giant sword has sliced off his trunk and legs at the point where it touches the edges of the frame.
Three-dimensional pictures may be obtained with the invention by projecting a leftand right-eyed image from two motion picture or television projectors 19 and 20 (FIG. 2) through polarized filters, each angled at 90 from each other.
The surface of the screen should advantageously be aluminized in order for the light reflected from it to maintain its polarization. But if the surface of either the hemispherical or obloidal screen are aluminized without special precautions serious problems may arise. First, hot spots may appear to the spectator wherever the angle of the incident is the same as the angle of the reflected light and, secondly, light will bounce from one surface to another, causing a serious washing out or graying of image contrast. Hence the surface of the aluminized screen should preferably be constructed of a mosaic of elements each disposed relatively to impinging rays such that the rays are evenly reflected back to the audience while none of the rays is reflected to the other screen surfaces. Examples of various mosaic elements which may be employed are shown in FIGS. 5 to 16.
The mosaic elements making up the concave screen may comprise aluminized metal, plastic or glass elements formed so that individual squares or hexagonal surfaces or faces are each individually aimed to reflect the rays coming from the projector to the audience. The mosaic element should be capable of being angled in different planes, for example, by being adjustably mounted on ball sockets as in FIG. 13. There, it will be noted that various methods of mounting the mosaic element are depicted. The supporting base of the screen 21 is shown to be perforated with holes 22 through which sound from mounted loudspeaker 23 passes. Attached to supporting base .21 are elements 24a to 2401, all of which illustrate various methods of locking the element. Thus, element 24a illustrates a ball-socket mounting using a rear screw 25; element 24b a side screw 26; element Me a front screw 27; and element 24d a biasing spring 28.
Another embodiment employing the same principle is to form plastic or glass elements having a front or rear coating of silver to form hundreds of tiny (one-half to one-sixteenth inch) convex mirrors 29 or semimirrors as in FIG. 12. Each of the mosaic surfaces may either be an actual mirror, or a metallized reflective surface having a matte finish which reflects a light with more diffusion than a true mirror, but less diffusion than reflection from a white surface (a white paper surface). Each mirror is set at a specific angle such as the plates described above, but in addition, each mirror has a particular vertical and horizontal curvature that reflects a specific light pattern which exactly covers the audience from that position (note FIGS. 6 and 7). Holes 30 for sound are provided at the comers. Thus, referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, the central mirrors reflect the widest patterns (60) while the side mirrors (6b, 6c) reflect narrower and narrower patterns. The advantage of this mirror system, squarish mirrors, FIGS. 60., lb, c, for the obloidal screen (FIG. 9) and round mirrors, FIGS. 70, b, c, for the spherical screen (FIG. 8) is: (l) maintenance of polarization; (2) minimizing of hot spots; (3) maximum utilization of available light energy.
Thousands of mirrors (or semimirrors) may be pressed into one plate as shown in FIGS. 10, ll, l2and 15. These mirrors can be either square or hexagonal (note FIGS. 14 and 16), and curved or flat (note FIGS. 12 and 15), depending on their position in the overall screen. At the juncture of the small convex mirror surfaces tiny holes 30 are provided to allow sound to pass through the screen as shown in FIGS. 10 and 12. The panels are numbered in the back for proper locating, and fitted with a female thread (31) and key slot 32 for quick mounting onto a rear support frame.
Another form of concave screen is that shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B which depict a spherical screen made up of alurninized surfaces in the form of concentrically located annular segments 29a, each angled to reflect the light back to the audience while none is reflected to other parts of the screen.
Two projectors 33a and 33b (FIG. 5) are mounted at the center of the plane of support of the viewing chairs. The projectors are adapted to be synchronized mechanically or electrically and equipped with wide angle -180 lenses and polarizing filters.
Either a separate 5 to 30 channel tape playback synchronized to the projection system or magnetic tracks on the film itself (see FIGS. 35 and 36) may feed 5 to 30 speakers located behind the screen and small speakers placed behind the head of each spectator (note FIGS. 22 and 23).
To keep the spectators vertical field free of obstruction, it has been found advantageous to place them one above the other. This can be directly one above the other in very small theaters (of three or four rows), but in larger theaters a completely vertical placement of the audience would result in a real physical danger from falling and a frightening psychological sense of insecurity for those on the upper levels.
These problems are solved by supporting the audience in a plane P, 65 from the horizontal (FIGS. 1 and 17). This offers safety as well as a greater sense of security. Referring to FIGS. 17, six levels 34 to 39 are provided for supporting chairs 34a to 3911. With regard to FIG. 17, safety can be further enhanced by having a transparent or glass or plastic sheet 40 extend at an angle of approximately 38 from the horizontal. The spectator can be held back by this and yet see through it. Safety may be provided, however, by the manner in which the spectator gets to and from his seat and by the safety features of the seat itself.
In the embodiment shown in FIG. 17, the spectators rise to the appropriate level by escalator or elevator and then approach their seats from the rear of the spectator plane P." The chairs are adapted to swivel at a point 41 just beneath the seat, so that the empty seat is facing away from the screen toward the approaching spectator. He sits in the chair then lowers the safety crossbar 42 shown in FIG. 19 which locks automatically. Only when this bar is down can the spectator pull finger loops 43 which via cable 44 cause pin 45 (note pull against biasing spring 46 out of hole 47 and allow the chair to spin around and face the theater. The pin then drops in to hole 48 setting the chairjn the forward looking position. Solenoid 49 is provided to prevent the safety bar from being reopened until the chair is spun back to the rear facing position.
Chairs 50 are spaced in couples (note FIG. 18) with a space of approximately 1 foot between each couple. This allows the spectator in a chair on either side of the space ,note 51) to spin in that direction and get his knees and feet through. The spectator rotates the chair by pushing with his feet against the base which does not turn. Thus, the spectators approach their chairs from the rear, lock the crossbar, spin around, watch the show, then spin back, raise the crossbar and get out with complete safety. This system is desirable for shows of 40 minutes or longer where spectators must be able to leave their chairs at will to go to the rest room.
In a less elaborate form of the experience theater shown in FIGS. 20, 21 and 27 which would be used for shows under 40 minutes, the spectators approach and leave their seats from the front much as in a normal theater, except that they do so during intermission when the lights are on. The safety is provided in the following manner:
All crossbars 52 (FIG. are electrically locked by a spring-biased solenoid 53 while the show is on. When the last scene of the film fades into darkness, hydraulic arms 54 (note FIGS. 20 and 27) located at each side of a bank of chairs that comprise each row (note FIG. 29) rises to a height of about 4 feet and 7% inches by means of telescoping members 54a, 54b and 54c which raise a bar 55 up to a height of about 3 feet 9 inches. The rising bar unravels a thick yet flexible plastic sheet 56 from a roll 57 (hidden by jack 54 but shown at other levels) thus creating a wall to protect the spectator. Once the plastic wall is up, the solenoid is actuated to free safety bar 52 (note FIG. 21), allowing each spectator to raise his safety bar. The spectators can then stand and exit single file in both directions, holding on to raised bar 55 (FIG. 27) for balance. When the theater is empty, new spectators enter from either side, sit in their seats, and lower their safety crossbars. Once the theater is full, all crossbars are locked by switch actuated means (not shown), and the lights go down. In the darkness, hydraulic arms 54 lower and the plastic wall is pulled back on roll 57 by means of a spring coiled mechanism (not shown) completely freeing the spectators field of view for the show which then starts. The wall behind each chair in FIG. 20, shows the grid 52a of an evacuation channel for removing previously supplied fragrances, a loudspeaker 52b, and a recess 52c for holding Polaroid glasses 52d and a germicidal lamp 52c.
The seats or chairs of the experience theater are important in carrying out one embodiment of the invention by providing many of the sensory stimuli.
Referring to FIGS. 22 and 23, a preferred embodiment of a viewing chair 60 is shown supported by a double-acting swivel along two axes 61, 62 disposed at right angles to each other. Arm 63 which may be gear or hydraulic driven, controls the front-back pitch in relationship to the scene of the screen. Arm 64 (not shown here) similarly controls sideways tilt (note FIG. 22A). Thus, the spectators watching scenes taken from a motorcycle or-airplane will pitch and tilt just as the vehicle does, thus strongly reinforcing the spectators feeling that he is physically on the vehicle. The rest of the chair floats on a bed of springs (or optionally, foam rubber). A vibrator or oscillator 66 is provided to vibrate the rest of the chair in the rhythm appropriate to the scene, such as the varying speeds and surges and bumps of a speedboat. These vibrations are communicated to every part that touches the chair, i.e. the feet, the legs, the buttocks, the arms and the back, just as would happen if the spectator were actually sitting in a speedboat. The oscillator is variable and controlled by either pitch or volume variations on one channel of the magnetic guide track on the film.
FIG. 22A shows one method of tilting the chair using a pair of reversible motors M-l, M-2, which are activated by a sensed signal (note FIG. 35). Thus, motor M1 causes gear G-l to rotate and in turn meshing gear G-2. Coaxially mounted with gear G-2 is an internally threaded worm gear W-l which rides on driven worm gear 63a, worm gear 63a being driven in either direction as shown by the arrows, which gear in turn actuates pivotally mounted arm 63 for tilting the chair back and forth about axis 6l (FIG. 22). Motor M-2 similarly actuates arm 64 via gears W-3 and W4, internal worm gear W-S and worm gear 64a.
Aroma systems without 3-D have been attempted in the past but they have always failed because of the psychological paradox of smelling a flat two-dimensional image. Odor implies a physical reality-a palpable presencethus, the object providing the aroma should preferably be three-dimensional, if a satisfactory natural impression is to be made on the spectator.
Aromas are provided in one of two ways, either from a central, electronically controlled fragrance system, FIG. 26 (note 67) through a fixed tube 68 and then flexible tube system 69. The aromas are carried into one or both arms of the chair and directed upward, towards the face through a small slotted hole 70. One of the serious problems with other attempts to add aromas to films has been the contamination of the theater air with one odor and the inability to clear the air of this aroma before the next one arrived.
The experience theater chair solves this problem by placing a hood 71 (FIGS. 22 and 23) over the spectators head, and by applying mild suction through hole 72 so that the fragrance laden air is immediately evacuated once it passes the face. This air is evacuated through flexible tube 73 then rigid tubing 74 system and expelled from the theater.
- Another way of providing aromas is to put individual aroma cartridges 75 (FIGS. 24 and 25) into the arm of each chair (FIG. 22). The cartridge may comprise a plastic box with, for example, 12 fragrance slots 76. An appropriate wire mesh containing solid aroma pellets 77 is placed in each chamber. The top cover 78 is put on and then the two holes 79 in the side of each chamber 80 are plugged by a side cover 81 with protruding plugs on the inside. A door 82 located on the spacious side of chair is opened, the side cover removed and the cartridge put in.
The system works in the following manner. Blower 83 is activated whenever-a fragrance is desired. This creates a negative air pressure. One channel on the films (84 in FIG. 35) magnetic track carries specific frequencies which are related to specific odors. Note channels C--1 (front tilt), C-2 (side tilt), C-3 (vibrations) and C-4 (aromas) in FIG. 35. Whenever the film calls for a given odor, the appropriate signal on channel C4 activates magnetic head 85 which through electronic filters and amplification (not shown) causes a signal to be sent to solenoids in all of the chairs corresponding to odor stimulation 88 in FIG. 35. The solenoid 89 (FIG. 24) raises bar 90 to a position where the two holes 79A (FIG. 24) in the bar (which normally act as closed gates) and allows air to pass through it.
Odorless air is sucked into the chamber now heavily saturated with fragrance through holes 911, 92 and sucked out again through hole 92A and then blown gently up toward the face through latticed hole 93. The whole system may be easily removed for servicing and repair.
Breezes of varying velocities to produce tactile sensations can also be provided in the experience theater in several ways. A central air system shown in FIG. 26 takes air in through a filter 94 from the outside, heats it or cools it in a temperature control chamber 95 depending on the scene (i.e. steel mill hot; water skiing-cool, etc.) and then applies pressure from one large blower 96 whose speed is controlled by either the varying pitch or volume of one channel on the magnetic soundtrack (note FIG. 35). This air is then led through a fixed 97 and flexible duct 98 to four points of all chairs (FIG. 23); the furthest point of each arm 99 blowing breezes back on to the hand, the central front part of hood 100 blowing breezes down on to the face and back over the hair and the rear of head and behind the head 1011 blowing forward. Each of these exits are open or closed by solenoids 99a, 100a and 101a controlled by the films magnetic track in such a way that breeze blows either from the front or the back or only on the head to produce the tactile sensation indicated generally by the numeral 102 (FIGS. 35 and 36).
Another way of supplying breezes to the same points of the body is to have very small electrically controlled blowers 103, 104 and 105 placed at these points in the chair shown in FIG. 22. In this case, a signal turning the motor on and off and governing the velocity of the motor eliminates the screen need for solenoid gates as in the first breeze system.
Each blower has its own air intake from the theater air and each one is also equipped with tiny heating and cooling units to vary the temperature of the air according to the scene.
A soft plastic sheet 106 (FIG. 22) with holes for the passing of sound and air is placed behind the head so the spectator can lean back if he desires. This is important for the seats in the lower rows which may be tilted slightly back to allow their occupants a more comfortable view of the screen. The leftand right-eyed images reach the appropriate eye of the spectator through the use of Polaroid glasses 107 (FIGS. 22, 23 and 28).
The glasses are contained in small container 108 shown in FIG. 23 on the roomy side of the chair, and attached by fine supply chain I09 to prevent their getting lost or stolen. The box contains a germicidal lamp 110 to disinfect the glasses. This lamp is adapted to light up during intermission.
The box is divided into two compartments (FIG. 19), one to hold the smaller glass for people who don't wear glasses 111 and the other 112 a larger glass which fits easily over all pairs of prescription glasses.
The design of the polarized glasses is important in achieving the full advantages of the preferred aspects of the invention (FIG. 28). One of the main reasons why 3D movies have not been too successful has been the flimsy uncomfortable nature of the very cheap paper glasses which have been used.
The glasses employed with the experience theater, while still relatively inexpensive, are strong quality glasses that are designed in such a way that within a few minutes the spectator completely forgets that he is wearing them.
This is accomplished first by having the polarized filters 113 so large and curved as to extend beyond the widest peripheral range of the eye in both the horizontal and vertical direction and also large enough to cover any glasses worn by the spectator. As will be noted in FIG. 28, the glasses are formed of two halves which meet centrally above the nose at 114, the two halves each curving about each side of the face above the cheek bones to provide a wide angle field of view, and each polarized at to the other.
To minimize pressure points on the face and head, the edges of the polarizers are carefully rounded and the nose support broad and carefully molded at 115. The side head clasps 116 are contoured to the head and broadened to a winglike structure in order to distribute the pressure. It is perforated by holes at 117 to allow the rear and front air breezes to penetrate, thus minimizing the head's awareness of the broad clasp.
The seat design of the simpler version of the experience theater shown in FIG. 27 accomplishes substantially the same effects as those described in FIGS. 18 to 23 except that the chair does not tilt. The major difference is that the concrete structure of the theater wall 118 itself assumes many of the functions built into the more elaborate chair.
The chair floats on strips of rubber 119 and may be caused to vibrate by means of vibrator I20. Aromas are fed through a central system 121 through a tube in the arm 122,. Instead of using a breeze blower to the hand, for economy rear and upper face blowers 123, 124 are built right into the concrete. A straight concrete overhang 125 replaces the elaborate chairs hood and traps the fragrances and evacuates them through a wall channel 126. The Polaroid glasses are held in a recess 127 in the cement to the rear and side of the head. It also contains a germicidal lamp 128 which is actuated during intermission.
The experience theater is the first theater which gives its audience a total illusion of being physically carried into a completely different environment. This is achieved by combining all the sense stimuli into one unified system. Thus, the experience theater provides the art with a new and substantially broadened medium of entertainment.
As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the novel screen and theater provided by the invention may take on various embodiments, depending upon the seating capacity desired in the theater.
Referring to FIG. 31, a view is shown in elevation looking from the screen and facing viewing chairs designated generally by numeral 130, the periphery 131 representing the outline of the somewhat hemispherically shaped screen. The height of the theater as measured across the vertical mouth of the screen is about 44 feet and the width about 5 1 feet. Six rows of seats 1300 to f are shown, providing an aggregate seating total of 90 spectators. Projection cameras 132, 133 are shown located substantially centrally of the seats, said cameras being adapted for use in 3D movies using polarized light and polarized viewing lenses.
In the more elaborate theater of FIG. 32, similarly viewed as in FIG. 31, the height of the theater as measured across the mouth of hemispherical screen 134 would be about 64 feet. the width being substantially the same. Nine rows of seats are provided having a seating capacity of about I64 spectators. A pair of cameras 135, 136 are located centrally of the seats.
FIG. 33 depicts still another embodiment similar to FIG. 32 but having a height of 74 feet and seating an aggregate of about 228 spectators. Theaters having a squarish screen 137 as in FIG. 30 but designed with the substantially hemispherical shape (i.e. having a marshmallow or obloidal contour) can be designed to provide even a larger seating capacity. Thus, in FIG. 30, nine rows of seats are provided having a seating capacity of 224 spectators.
Since the seating arrangement of the experience theater is predicated on using a height greater than the horizontal extension of the theater, a practical way of increasing the seating capacity is to place two theaters back to back as shown in FIG.
' 9 34. The double theater is characterized by an overall enclosure 138 having two hemispherical ends 139 and 140, each enclosing a substantially hemispherical screen 139a and 140a, the convex side of each screen having strategically located loudspeakers 141 and 142. Steeply inclined seats 143, 144 are provided, respectively, in each of the theaters the seats being supported along plane supports 145, 146 as shown. The two theaters can either shown the same program simultaneously, or different ones simultaneously. Or they can show the same program at staggered times so the people anxious to see the show need only wait half the time before the next show begins. in the double theater shown, which may have a capacity of 460 spectators, an entertainment lobby 147 may be provided having means shown for keeping the spectators occupied while waiting for the next show.
By using the combination of the novel chair and novel screen, the sense-stimulating devices associated with each of the chairs can be programmed or coordinated with signal means in the form of magnetic tracings or channels as shown for film 84, 84A in the block diagram of FIGS. 35 and 36. Leftand righeeye films (84, 84A) are shown by way of example for the projection of 3-D movies. Channels C-l to C-8 on film 84 are related to various senses shown in the block diagram while channels C-9 to C-l6 relate to distribution of sounds to the various loudspeakers. Of course, where 3-D movies are not involved and only one film is employed, the film may be adapted to carry all of the necessary signal responses.
While magnetic channels are shown associated with each of the films, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that all of the magnetic signals could in the alternative be carried on a separate reel of magnetic tape synchronized with the two picture reels. Also, where the television principle of transmission is employed using videotapes, two videotapes may be er;- ployed for transmitting the leftand right-eyed images.
Although the present invention has been described in conjunction with preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that modifications and variations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as those skilled in the art will readily understand. Such modifications and variations are considered to be within the purview and scope of the invention and the appended claims.
. l. The combination of a viewing chair and sense-stimulating means for use in motion picture and television theaters which comprises, a seat with armrests and having a back which terminates into a hood over the chair, support means for said chair including means adapted to rock said chair in various directions, means for vibrating said chair, odor-producing means associated with said chair, odor-conductng conduits associated with said odor-producing means, means for moving air through said odor-producing means and said odor-conducting conduits towards the face of a spectator seated in said chair, air passageways associated with said chair having exit ports for directing air towards various portions of the spectators body, means for feeding air to the air passageways, exhaust means associated with the hood of said chair for removing said fed air and odors, and a loudspeaker associated with the hood of said chair.
2. The viewing chair of claim 1, wherein the support means includes pivot means adapted to rock the chair in the forwardly and transverse direction, including means for actuating said pivot, and wherein the chair has vibration responsive means associated with the bottom of said chair.
3. The viewing chair of claim 1, wherein said chair is provided with means to enable said chair to rotate partially about its vertical axis to enable access to said chair.
4. The viewing chair of claim 1, wherein said chair is provided with a latchable safety crossbar pivotally mounted across the handles thereof.
5. The viewing chair of claim 1, wherein a central air system is provided associated with the air passageways of said chair.
6. The viewing chair of claim 1, including means responsive to signal meansassociated with a projection film for coordinating a plurality of said sense-stimulating means associated with said chair.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1370832 *||9 Jul 1920||8 Mar 1921||Mollberg Bror||Chair with ventilating device for theaters, biographs, and the like|
|US1615615 *||10 Mar 1924||25 Jan 1927||Michael P Cannon||Vibrating chair|
|US1618158 *||16 Aug 1920||22 Feb 1927||Abell Gerald L||Light, color, and radiant ray bath cabinet|
|US1719940 *||15 Aug 1923||9 Jul 1929||John G||Fumigated iftjblirittjbe|
|US2031643 *||24 Mar 1934||25 Feb 1936||Albert A Granovsky||Combination chair and lamp|
|US2420251 *||8 May 1944||6 May 1947||La Foriyes Frank||Hair drier with air recirculating means|
|US2587731 *||19 Jun 1950||4 Mar 1952||Frank J Irving||Electrically heated chair|
|US2852998 *||5 Apr 1955||23 Sep 1958||Serra Jose Llobet||System for diffusion of air in show halls for ventilation and air conditioning purposes|
|US3112002 *||1 Mar 1961||26 Nov 1963||Lely Nv C Van Der||Tractors|
|US3131967 *||28 Aug 1961||5 May 1964||Emil J Paidar Company||Air cooled barber chair|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3865430 *||24 Apr 1973||11 Feb 1975||Tanus Antonio||Theater chair automatically movable by remote control|
|US3868107 *||26 Feb 1973||25 Feb 1975||Taketoshi Ichida||Simulated viewing apparatus|
|US3897974 *||19 Jul 1973||5 Aug 1975||American Seating Co||Cantilevered seat for motorcoach vehicles or the like|
|US3923300 *||29 Nov 1974||2 Dec 1975||Tanus Antonio||Theater chair automatically movable by remote control|
|US3933326 *||1 May 1975||20 Jan 1976||Schauffler Peter P||Observation/interpretation system|
|US4066256 *||17 Nov 1975||3 Jan 1978||Future General Corporation||Amusement ride|
|US4072346 *||14 May 1975||7 Feb 1978||Ralf Schueler||Seating furniture|
|US4094256 *||7 Jun 1976||13 Jun 1978||Voko Franz Vogt & Co.||Work table having lines embodied therein|
|US4470631 *||3 Dec 1981||11 Sep 1984||Powell Alfred J||Seating structure|
|US4752065 *||19 Dec 1985||21 Jun 1988||Showscan Film Corporation||Motion picture amusement ride|
|US4826245 *||30 Dec 1987||2 May 1989||Entratter Lynda G||Privacy chair and private viewing system|
|US5015933 *||15 Nov 1989||14 May 1991||Ridewerks, Ltd.||Seat base motion controller|
|US5021954 *||11 Jan 1988||4 Jun 1991||The Walt Disney Company||System and method of providing passenger ingress and egress in an amusement ride|
|US5161104 *||3 Jun 1991||3 Nov 1992||The Walt Disney Company||Amusement ride having pivotable ingress-egress bridges|
|US5277662 *||20 Jul 1992||11 Jan 1994||The Walt Disney Company||System and method of providing passenger ingress and egress in an amusement ride having pivotable bridges|
|US5301457 *||22 Feb 1993||12 Apr 1994||Seely James R||Chair with insect repellant air jets|
|US5348370 *||4 Dec 1992||20 Sep 1994||Fukuoka Kagaku Ltd.||Apparatus for vibrating seats|
|US5409186 *||5 Mar 1993||25 Apr 1995||Eldec Corporation||Unitary seat support with integrated electronics|
|US5496220 *||2 Jun 1994||5 Mar 1996||Brad Engstrand||Sensory simulator|
|US5564985 *||6 Jun 1995||15 Oct 1996||Brad Engstrand||Sensory simulator and editor and a method of using the same|
|US5610674 *||19 Jun 1995||11 Mar 1997||Martin; David A.||Precision fragrance dispenser apparatus|
|US5678889 *||9 Apr 1996||21 Oct 1997||Purcell, Jr.; Joseph William||Moveable theater seats|
|US5700052 *||14 Nov 1995||23 Dec 1997||Yamaha Corporation||Chair for an acoustically designed building|
|US5722897 *||7 Jun 1996||3 Mar 1998||Engstrand; Brad||Sensory simulator and editor and a method of using the same|
|US5727186 *||27 Jan 1995||10 Mar 1998||The Boc Group Plc||Simulation apparatus and gas dispensing device used in conjunction therewith|
|US5760873 *||26 Apr 1994||2 Jun 1998||Wittek; Goetz-Ulrich||Process and device for the synchronous addition of odours to visual and/or acoustic stimulation|
|US5762268 *||28 Apr 1997||9 Jun 1998||The Boc Group Plc||Simulation apparatus and gas dispensing device used in conjuction therewith|
|US5832320 *||17 Sep 1997||3 Nov 1998||Wittek; Goetz-Ulrich||Process and device for diffusing perfumes that accurately correspond to events or scenes during cinematographic representations and the like|
|US5845434 *||23 Oct 1995||8 Dec 1998||Hayashi; Masahiko||Theatre|
|US5853330 *||22 Mar 1996||29 Dec 1998||Engstrand; Brad||Sensory simulator and editor|
|US5949522 *||3 Jul 1997||7 Sep 1999||Manne; Joseph S.||Multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US5964064 *||25 Apr 1997||12 Oct 1999||Universal City Studios, Inc.||Theater with multiple screen three dimensional film projection system|
|US5980255 *||16 Mar 1998||9 Nov 1999||Cae Electronics Ltd.||Seat for motion simulator and method of motion simulation|
|US6025902 *||2 Jun 1998||15 Feb 2000||Wittek; Goetz-Ulrich||Process and device for the synchronous addition of odors to visual and/or acoustic stimulation|
|US6039653 *||16 Nov 1998||21 Mar 2000||Engstrand; Brad||Apparatus, system and method for experiencing motion|
|US6042382 *||20 Nov 1996||28 Mar 2000||Halfhill; Robert||Sustained G-force centripetal acceleration apparatus and method|
|US6056362 *||13 May 1999||2 May 2000||Rpi Advanced Technology Group||Chair assembly, in particular a chair assembly for use in virtual reality devices|
|US6139324 *||4 Mar 1998||31 Oct 2000||D-Box Audio Inc.||Multi-sense home entertainment chair transducer system|
|US6152829 *||13 May 1999||28 Nov 2000||National Research Development Corp.||Device and process for producing effects|
|US6169595 *||7 Jun 1999||2 Jan 2001||Joseph S. Manne||Multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US6224491 *||27 Jun 1997||1 May 2001||Kabushiki Kaisha Sega Enterprises||Ride-type game machine|
|US6239857 *||30 Dec 1999||29 May 2001||Wittek Goetz-Ulrich||Process and device for the synchronous addition of odors to visual and/or acoustic stimulation|
|US6273865 *||12 Jul 1999||14 Aug 2001||Naomi Perez||Massage therapy chair|
|US6322250 *||27 Jun 2000||27 Nov 2001||Miriam M. Pratt||X-ray chair|
|US6354954||28 Dec 2000||12 Mar 2002||Disney Enterprises, Inc.||Amusement apparatus and method|
|US6371165||11 Oct 2000||16 Apr 2002||Joseph S. Manne||Dynamic alloy wire valve for a multimedia linked scent delivery system|
|US6406004 *||8 Jun 2000||18 Jun 2002||Wella Aktiengesellschaft||Method for imparting a certain odor impression to a person and apparatus for performing the method|
|US6585515 *||22 Aug 2000||1 Jul 2003||D-Box Technology Inc.||Multi-sense home entertainment chair transducer system|
|US6629724||5 Jan 2001||7 Oct 2003||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Ventilated seat|
|US6644736||1 Feb 2002||11 Nov 2003||The Boeing Company||Privacy seat divider for transport vehicles|
|US6702767||25 Sep 2001||9 Mar 2004||Nelson R. Douglas||Multisensory stimulation system and method|
|US6733293 *||25 Jan 2002||11 May 2004||Provision Entertainment, Inc.||Personal simulator|
|US6783084||20 Nov 2001||31 Aug 2004||R. Douglas Nelson||Method and apparatus for olfactory stimulation|
|US6786541||5 Jan 2001||7 Sep 2004||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Air distribution system for ventilated seat|
|US6803987||12 Jun 1998||12 Oct 2004||Joseph S. Manne||Portable scent delivery system|
|US6857697||17 Jun 2003||22 Feb 2005||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seating comfort system|
|US6893086||9 May 2003||17 May 2005||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ltd.||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7040710||5 Jan 2001||9 May 2006||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Ventilated seat|
|US7052091||26 Jan 2005||30 May 2006||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ltd.||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7083227||10 Mar 2005||1 Aug 2006||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag||Automotive vehicle seating comfort system|
|US7108319||27 Jul 2002||19 Sep 2006||Johnson Controls Gmbh||Air conditioned cushion part for a vehicle seat|
|US7131689||21 Jul 2005||7 Nov 2006||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag||Automotive vehicle seating comfort system|
|US7152842 *||24 Jan 2000||26 Dec 2006||Lockheed Martin Corporation||User coupled workspace shock isolation system|
|US7197801||17 Feb 2006||3 Apr 2007||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ltd.||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7201441||17 Dec 2003||10 Apr 2007||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag||Air conditioned seat and air conditioning apparatus for a ventilated seat|
|US7213876||28 Nov 2005||8 May 2007||W.E.T. Automotive System Ag||Vehicle seat and associated air conditioning apparatus|
|US7229129||26 Oct 2005||12 Jun 2007||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Ventilated seat|
|US7261371||10 Dec 2002||28 Aug 2007||Johnson Controls Gmbh||Ventilation system for an upholstery part|
|US7274007||21 Sep 2004||25 Sep 2007||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ltd.||Control system for operating automotive vehicle components|
|US7338117||12 Apr 2004||4 Mar 2008||W.E.T. Automotive System, Ltd.||Ventilated seat|
|US7347815||12 Feb 2003||25 Mar 2008||Razz Serbanescu||Method and apparatus for converting sense-perceived thoughts and actions into physical sensory stimulation|
|US7356912||12 Apr 2004||15 Apr 2008||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ltd.||Method for ventilating a seat|
|US7367886 *||16 Jan 2003||6 May 2008||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming system with surround sound|
|US7370911||15 Oct 2004||13 May 2008||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7389943||29 Jun 2005||24 Jun 2008||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Electromechanical apparatus for dispensing volatile substances with single dispensing mechanism and cartridge for holding multiple receptacles|
|US7407385 *||12 Apr 2005||5 Aug 2008||T Dot Over Uma Pavel||Simulation unit|
|US7425034||15 Oct 2004||16 Sep 2008||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat having a comfort system|
|US7461892||1 Dec 2004||9 Dec 2008||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, A.C.||Valve layer for a seat|
|US7467823||7 Apr 2004||23 Dec 2008||Johnson Controls Gmbh||Vehicle seat|
|US7469844||18 May 2005||30 Dec 2008||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Diffusion device and method of diffusing|
|US7475938||6 Apr 2007||13 Jan 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Air conditioned seat and air conditioning apparatus for a ventilated seat|
|US7478869||16 Aug 2006||20 Jan 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7506938||31 Aug 2006||24 Mar 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, A.G.||Automotive vehicle seating comfort system|
|US7578552||31 Oct 2007||25 Aug 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat having a comfort system|
|US7581785 *||12 Jan 2005||1 Sep 2009||Daimler Ag||Vehicle seat|
|US7585022 *||7 Apr 2005||8 Sep 2009||Recaro Aircraft Seating Gmbh & Co. Kg||Vehicle seat system, especially for aircraft|
|US7588288||14 Apr 2008||15 Sep 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7618089||18 Apr 2006||17 Nov 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Air conditioning system for a seat|
|US7622073||29 Jun 2006||24 Nov 2009||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Apparatus for and method of dispensing active materials|
|US7637573||17 Jan 2007||29 Dec 2009||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seating insert|
|US7651077||20 Mar 2006||26 Jan 2010||Scentair Technologies, Inc.||Releasing fragrances into the air|
|US7691002 *||30 Nov 2007||6 Apr 2010||Universal City Studios Lllp||Amusement ride vehicle with sensory stimulation effects|
|US7735932||15 Jan 2009||15 Jun 2010||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US7766747 *||14 Jul 2005||3 Aug 2010||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine with surround sound features|
|US7781704||21 Aug 2007||24 Aug 2010||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Control system for operating automotive vehicle components|
|US7866747 *||25 Feb 2009||11 Jan 2011||Sigongmedia Co., Ltd.||Theater seat providing multi-dimensional sense|
|US7883072 *||8 Sep 2006||8 Feb 2011||Sony Corporation||Shaking apparatus, shaking method, and audiovisual system|
|US7918498||6 Nov 2008||5 Apr 2011||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Valve layer for a seat|
|US7971931||16 Aug 2010||5 Jul 2011||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US8113517 *||29 Jul 2005||14 Feb 2012||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine chair|
|US8162391||29 Jun 2011||24 Apr 2012||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US8167368||15 Feb 2010||1 May 2012||W.E.T. Automotive System Ag||Air conditioning device for vehicle seats|
|US8172677||5 Nov 2007||8 May 2012||Wms Gaming Inc.||Wagering games using multi-level gaming structure|
|US8221246||12 Dec 2008||17 Jul 2012||Efurn Holdings, Llc||Entertainment chair|
|US8225555||25 Feb 2010||24 Jul 2012||Falcon's Treehouse, L.L.C.||Motion simulator theater with suspended seating|
|US8235462||30 Mar 2011||7 Aug 2012||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ltd.||Valve layer for a seat|
|US8309892||23 Aug 2010||13 Nov 2012||W.E.T. Automotive System, Ltd||Control system for operating automotive vehicle components|
|US8320751||22 Oct 2008||27 Nov 2012||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Volatile material diffuser and method of preventing undesirable mixing of volatile materials|
|US8360517||28 Mar 2012||29 Jan 2013||W.E.T. Automotive Systems, Ag.||Automotive vehicle seat insert|
|US8474191 *||23 Jul 2012||2 Jul 2013||Falcon's Treehouse, L.L.C.||Motion simulator theater with suspended seating|
|US8545320||24 Jun 2010||1 Oct 2013||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine with surround sound features|
|US8602396||19 May 2010||10 Dec 2013||Scentair Technologies, Inc.||Controlling airborne matter|
|US8663019 *||12 Nov 2010||4 Mar 2014||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine chair and wagering game systems and machines with a gaming chair|
|US8678936||12 Nov 2010||25 Mar 2014||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine chair and wagering game systems and machines with a gaming chair|
|US8747225||11 Jan 2012||10 Jun 2014||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine chair|
|US8777320||21 Dec 2009||15 Jul 2014||W.E.T. Automotive Systems Ag||Ventilation system|
|US8827709||8 May 2009||9 Sep 2014||ACME Worldwide Enterprises, Inc.||Dynamic motion seat|
|US9005023||13 Aug 2013||14 Apr 2015||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine with surround sound features|
|US9016279 *||14 Feb 2012||28 Apr 2015||Airbus Operations S.A.S.||Oxygen supply system intended in particular for the flight crew of an aircraft|
|US9085255||18 Mar 2009||21 Jul 2015||Gentherm Gmbh||Ventilation means|
|US20040142748 *||16 Jan 2003||22 Jul 2004||Loose Timothy C.||Gaming system with surround sound|
|US20040174623 *||12 Mar 2004||9 Sep 2004||Steve Weinreich||Opaque see-through non-reflective convex mirror|
|US20050264044 *||20 Jun 2005||1 Dec 2005||Steve Lee||Furniture piece|
|US20060001302 *||7 Apr 2005||5 Jan 2006||Sven Achilles||Vehicle seat system, especially for aircraft|
|US20110111839 *||12 Nov 2010||12 May 2011||Wms Gaming Inc.||Gaming machine chair and wagering game systems and machines with a gaming chair|
|US20120315983 *||13 Jun 2011||13 Dec 2012||Sony Computer Entertainment America Llc||Account management of computer system|
|US20130100008 *||25 Apr 2013||Stefan J. Marti||Haptic Response Module|
|US20130160768 *||14 Feb 2012||27 Jun 2013||Airbus Operations (S.A.S)||Oxygen supply system intended in particular for the flight crew of an aircraft|
|US20140084648 *||25 Sep 2012||27 Mar 2014||Michael Tai-Hao Wen||Vehicle display system|
|US20140340647 *||29 Oct 2013||20 Nov 2014||Cj Cgv Co., Ltd.||Multi-projection system and method comprising direction-changeable audience seats|
|USRE29271 *||30 Jan 1976||21 Jun 1977||American Seating Company||Cantilevered seat for motorcoach vehicles or the like|
|DE19600396A1 *||8 Jan 1996||31 Jul 1997||Bernhard Weber||Movement simulator for row of cinema seats|
|EP0385166A2 *||12 Feb 1990||5 Sep 1990||Luz Industries Israel Ltd.||Theater system|
|EP0420984A1 *||18 Dec 1989||10 Apr 1991||Teatr Polifonicheskoi Dramy||Information videoinstallation|
|EP1437165A2 *||26 Apr 1994||14 Jul 2004||WITTEK, Götz-Ulrich||Device for the synchronous addition of odours to visual and/or acoustical stimulation|
|EP2623172A1 *||1 Feb 2013||7 Aug 2013||CJ 4dplex Co., Ltd.||Spraying apparatus and spraying method of water and air for providing a 4D effect|
|WO1987003816A1 *||18 Dec 1986||2 Jul 1987||Intamin Inc||Motion picture amusement ride|
|WO1998018048A1 *||21 Oct 1996||30 Apr 1998||David A Martin||Precision fragrance dispenser apparatus|
|WO1998022004A1 *||18 Nov 1997||28 May 1998||Haye Frans De||Chair assembly, in particular a chair assembly for use in virtual reality devices|
|WO1999001793A1 *||2 Jul 1998||14 Jan 1999||Joseph Manne||A scent delivery system|
|WO2006050677A1 *||12 Nov 2004||18 May 2006||Martin Lain||Simulation unit|
|WO2006065287A1 *||19 Jul 2005||22 Jun 2006||Universal City Studios Llp||Amusement ride vehicle with sensory stimulation effects|
|WO2014138926A1 *||17 Mar 2014||18 Sep 2014||Simex Inc.||Presentation viewing apparatus and method|
|U.S. Classification||297/217.4, 297/217.3, 52/8, 297/180.14, 472/59|
|International Classification||A63J5/00, A47C3/02, A63F13/08, G09B9/10, A47C7/62, A63J1/00, A47C1/00, G09B9/16, G09B9/32, G09B9/22, G09B9/02, A47C1/12, A63J99/00, A63J25/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A63J25/00, A47C1/12, A47C7/62, A63F2300/302, A63J2005/002, G09B9/165, G09B9/22, G09B9/10, A63J1/00, A63F2300/8082, A63J2005/008, G09B9/32, A63F13/08, A47C3/02, A63J2005/006|
|European Classification||A63F13/08, A47C3/02, A63J1/00, A47C1/12, G09B9/32, G09B9/10, A47C7/62, G09B9/16B, G09B9/22, A63J25/00|