US 3596056 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1,614,620 1/1927 Kittredge etal. 219/10.51 Highland Park. NJ. 1,962,842 6/1934 Root 219/10.51 I21] Appl No. 847,756 3,116,403 12/1963 Carter 219/301 X (22] Filed May 22,1969 3,144,174 8/1964 Abplanalp 222/146 [231 Division of Ser. No. 619,670, Mar. 1, 1967, FOREIGN PATENTS 1,094,408 12/1954 France 219/10.51 Pammed 274 756 7/1951 Switzerland 219/300  Assignee CoIgatePalmolive Company New York, N.Y. Primary Examiner-A. Bartis Attorneys-Norman Blumenkopf, Murray M. Grill, Herbert 8. Sylvester, Thomas .1. Corum, Ronald S. Cornell and Robert L. Stone  ELECTRICAL HEATING DEVICE FOR FLUENT PRODUCTS ABSTRACT: A heating device for rapidly elevatmg the tem- 1 Claim, Drawing Figs.
perature of a fluent mater1a1 after the material is dlscharged  [1.8- CI 219/300, fr m a pressurized container, The heating device comprises a 219/10.5l, 219/214, 2221146 HA, 239/1 tepdown transformer having a tubular secondary winding for 1 Int. carrying and heating the fluent material The econdary wind. 5/00 0513 1/00 ing is positioned so that the material discharged from the con- Field 0| Search 2l9/l0.5l, mi fl i t the tubular secondary, is heated as it flows 10.49, 300, 214, 146 HA, 146 HE; 222/146 HA, h rethrough, and is discharged therefrom as a heated product 146 HE; 239/135 ready for use. The transformer is mounted on a discharge block adapted for mating with a valve stem of the container.  References cued The arrangement is such that manually induced downward UNITED STATES PATENTS movement of the transformer and discharge block causes the 1,402,021 l/1922 Snelling 219/ 10.51 discharge valve of the container to be opened to cause flow of 1,458,634 6/1923 Waage 2l9/10.51 material through the secondary and out a discharge spout.
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I M l yi ri 4 1" 2 5 Inventor Alan Dillarstone Pmmmmwn 3.5961156 sum 3 [IF 3 FIG.8
ELECTRICAL HEATING DEVICE FOR FLUENT PRODUCTS This is a division of application Ser. No. 619,670, filed Mar. 1, 1967 now US Pat. No. 3,518,4l0.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION In accordance with the present invention there is provided an electrical heating device comprising a stepdown transformer with a tubular secondary winding for conveying a fluent material whereby it is possible to heat the fluent material therein. The secondary of the transformer is so constructed that substantially instantaneous heating is obtained in the secondary and cooling of the secondary is rapid because of the low heat capacity thereof.
The device of the present invention is useful for heating and dispensing a wide variety of preparations. In the interest of simplicity for illustrating the use of the presently contemplated device, reference is made to fluent material in the form of a shaving cream. Other suitable fluent materials include cosmetic preparations such as hand lotions, body lotions, skin cleansers and hair conditioners, foods such as hot fudge toppings and many other fluent products which are more desirable in a heated condition.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The complete structure, functions, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent by reference to the following detailed description thereof taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway side elevation of one embodiment ofa pressurized aerosol-dispensing device having a heat ing device of the type contemplated by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a horizontal cross-sectional view taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the dispensing device of FIGS, 1 and 2;
FIG. 4 is a partially cutaway side elevation of another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partially cutaway front elevation showing the upper part ofthe device of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the embodiment of FIGS. 4
FIG. 7 is a view taken partially in section and showing a portion of a heating, dispensing device comprising a further embodiment of the present invention;
FIGS. 8 and 9 are views showing the front and rear of the embodiment ofFlG. 7; and
FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram ofa typical electrical circuit useful in the device of this invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION Referring now to the drawings wherein similar reference characters are used to designate similar elements, the container I is of known type and advantageously comprises a rigid can body 11 closed at its top by a domed cover member 12 which is tightly sealed at its periphery to can body 11 by bead 13. In the disclosed embodiments, the cover member 12 supports a valve assembly which comprises mounting cup 14 having a rim crimped to cover member 12 of container 10. The valve assembly is provided with a discharge valve housing (not shown) and a discharge valve stem (valve control member) 16 having a discharge passage 17. The lower end of can body 11 is closed by bottom 18 sealed thereto by bead 19 similar to bead 13. Can body II together with top and bottom covers 12, I8 and the valve assembly is adapted to contain a mixture of liquid and vapor under considerable internal pressure.
The valve is of known construction as is the manner of mounting it. Valve control member 16 of container is vertically reciprocable and is spring biased upwardly to its normally closed position. A slight downward depression of element of opens the valve to permit discharge of the container contents through passage 17.
It will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that although the pressurized dispensing devices shown in FIGS. 1-8 utilize a container having a discharge valve with a vertically reciprocating valve stem, this container can be modified. For example it is possible to employ tilting" valve stems. The actuation of a tilting" valve would take place in an equivalent manner by movement of the tilt valve through a small angle in the vertical plane. Valve control elements and mechanisms are well known and the invention is not to be construed as limited to any particular valve control element and/or valve mechanism. Similarly, those skilled in the art will recognize that other and different forms of containers may be employed with the present invention. Thus, the container and the valve assembly may be constructed of any suitable material such as metal, glass, plastic or the like, and may be adapted to dispense product by pressure formed in any suitable manner. In the embodiments described herein, the pressure is developed by a propellant.
Any propellant means generally employed is suitable in the practice of the present invention, although the use of one or a mixture of liquefied gases is preferred. Among those gases which can be used are polyhalogenated lower hydrocarbons such as chlorinated and fluorinated methanes, ethanes and higher homologues e.g. monochlorodifluoromethane, monochlorodifluoroethane, dichlorodifluoromethane, dichlorodifluoroethane, trichloromonofluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane etc.; and lower hydrocarbons such as propane, butane and isobutane. Compressed gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide may also find use. In some instances it may be desirable to use a combination of two or more liquefied, normally gaseous materials in order to achieve a suitable pressure within the container and impart the desired properties of stability, propellancy, ease ofdelivery, etc. to the fluent material.
A cap unit 20 for holding the heating unit is provided for connection to the container 10 said cap 20 being generally circular in configuration with top 26 having opening 27 therein for button 75. Cap 20 is formed with a generally cylindrical sidewall 28 having a shield 25 over an opening 24 for dispensing product and an opening 29 for electric cord 74. Wall 28 is provided with a flexible undercut lip structure 2 at its lower end to engage bead 13 of container 10 in a snap fit to frictionally hold cap unit 20 on container 10. Wall 28 may also be provided with thumb and flnger rests or indentations 8 for ease in gripping the device.
The interior of wall 28 of the cap unit 20 is provided with a horizontally disposed plate 23 affixed thereto. The top 3 of plate 23 supports resilient legs 4 which extend to the bottom 33 of the transformer 30 which comprises the heating device. Plate 23 has an aperture 7 to permit conveyance of product from container I0 to heater 30. Resilient legs 5 extend from the top 33 of transformer 30 to the internal face of top 26 of cap 20. Resilient legs 4 and 5 may be deformable rubber legs, springs or any other suitable resilient means for maintaining transformer 30 in position. The transformer 30 is vertically reciprocable and resilient legs 4 and 5 return it to its normal at rest position.
A switch 73 is provided with pushbutton 75 and is so mounted on or above tubular secondary 35 that its pushbutton 75 extends through opening 27 in top 26. A flexible cover such as that shown at 77 may be provided to enclose pushbutton 75. v
The cap unit 20 can be constructed of any desired material, or combination of materials, such as rigid or semirigid plastic materials, metallic materials or the like.
The heating device comprises a transformer including a laminated core which may be of any desired dimension and construction. Some typical cores of transformers are constructed in square or rectangular laminated hollow frame from insulated metallic strips, with the primary and secondary windings separately wound about opposite legs of the core.
(Simple-core-type transformer 30 of FIGS. 1 and 2.) Metallic cores may also be constructed in the form of a rectangular hollow frame with an intermediate leg. In this type of transformer the primary is wound about the intermediate leg through the hollow portions to either side thereof, and the secondary is wound around and insulated from the primary winding. (Shellcore-type transformer 330 of the embodiments of FIGS. 4- 9.) Of course, it is to be understood that other acceptable cores having a primary winding and a secondary tubular winding may be designed for the transformer and the invention is accordingly not limited to the specific types shown. The laminated cores of the transformers are made of metals such as iron, silicon steel, nickel iron and other known materials. The primary winding is made of a suitable metal such as copper, brass, aluminum and the like in known manner. The secondary Winding comprises a metallic tubing such as copper aluminum, stainless steel, and the like. The primary (as well as the outside of the core) is preferably coated with an insulating material such as shellac, varnishes, enamels, epoxy resins, plastics and other known dielectric materials of similar types. The successive layers of windings or turns of the primary, or the primary windings itself, may be separated by strips of insulating material such as kraft paper" as well as insulating materials which form a film over the wire winding. On the other hand, it is not necessary to coat the secondary of the stepdown transformer since the voltage is relatively small. Thus, the secondary may be air insulated or, if desired, can simply be coated with an insulating material such as those mentioned above.
The high ratio of the primary winding to the tubular secondary winding of the transformers contributes to the safe, rapid heating of the secondary which provides a current of high amperage and low voltage. The transformer is designed with a tubular secondary winding adapted to provide sufficient electrical energy for rapid heating of product to a desirable elevated temperature which for example would range from about 1 F. to about 175 F. for a shaving composition. In general, the
transformer secondary is designed to furnish 50 to 200 amperes at 0.25 to 5 volts.
The primary winding may consist of from about 400 to 1,500 turns and the tubular secondary winding may consist of from about one to eight turns.
Since the passageway of the tubular secondary carries the product or fluent material therein and the heating is localized in the secondary tubing, the fluent material is heated and the secondary is concomitantly cooled thereby. Thus, since the heating is localized in a tubular secondary providing a current of high amperage and low voltage, and the secondary is cooled as the fluent material is heated, the device of the present invention heats a fluent material or product safely, uniformly, quickly and effectively.
.Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, while not required, it is possible to provide a temperature control cutoff element such as a thermostat connected in series with the control switch 73 and the primary winding 35. FIG. 10 shows a schematic diagram of the wiring circuit of the device of the present invention with a thermostat 100.
As illustrated in FIGS. 1-3, the container 10 is connected to a simple-core-type transformer 30 and held in a cooperative axial position by an annular collar 21 attached to the valve stem 16 of the container. Stepdown transformer 30 consists of legs 31, top 32, bottom 33, an insulated primary winding 34 and a tubular secondary winding 35 having a passageway 36 therethrough. The legs 31, the top 32 and the bottom 33 are enamel coated. In the embodiment shown, the primary winding 34 is a B&S gauge 030 wire, separated by strips of insulating material and/or coated with an insulating material, which is intended principally for use with I10 volt alternating current withdrawn from a source providing between about 0.2 ampere and 2.0 amperes. In the construction shown in FIG. 1, the cord 74 with leads 71 and 72 connect primary 34 of transformer 30 through control switch 73 with a source of fluctuating current, which in this embodiment comprises a 110 volt AC normal house outlet.
The tubular secondary winding 35 is provided with an inlet end 37 having a tapered end for mating with and receiving product from valve stem 16 of container 10. Collar 21 is provided with an upwardly enlarged funnellike lip 22 to provide a lead-in or guide for the inlet and 37 of the secondary 35. Secondary 35 is provided with a stop 79 adapted to engage the top 3 of plate 23 to facilitate he removal of container'lO. Tubular secondary 35 is provided also with an outlet or dispensing spout portion 38 which extends through opening 24 of cap 20 and is protected by cover portion 25 of the cap 20.
Tubular secondary winding 35 is of low resistance i.e. a circuit through a small resistance, provided by the secondary being shorted out by a fusion point 39 where two adjacent portions of the tubular secondary 35 are welded, brazed, clipped or otherwise joined. Thus, the joining together of the two ends of the secondary completes the secondary circuit. In view of the low voltage in the secondary circuit, the outer surface of the tubular secondary winding 35 does not require any insulation. As any fluent material, such as shave cream, flows through the passageway 36 of the tubular secondary 35, it travels turbulently in direct contact with the inner surface of the tubular secondary 35 and the secondary thereby provides direct and immediate heat.
In assembling the device of FIGS. l--3, the container 10, which is loaded with a propellant and a liquid charge such as a lather shaving soap composition, is fitted with the collar 21 on its valve stem 16, i.e. the collar 21 frictionally engages the stem. Alternatively, the valve stem 16 can be provided with an enlarged radius at its upper inner periphery in order to provide both a guide and a coupling for the inlet end 37 of the tubular secondary 35.
To connect cap unit 20 carrying transformer 30 to container 10, the inlet end 37 of the tubular secondary 35 is positioned within the enlarged lip 22 of collar 21 and lip 2 at the bottom of wall 28 of cap 20 is snapped onto the annular bead 13 of container 10. This automatically aligns the inlet end 37 of secondary 35 with the discharge valve stem 16 of container 10 which connection is effectively sealed by collar 21. Thus, the tapered end of the inlet end 37 rests upon the hollow valve stem 16 without actuating the valve since the pressure exerted by the inlet end 37 as it slides into collar 21 is slight in comparison to the spring bias of the valve member. Accordingly, there is no depression of the discharge valve stem 16 until additional external pressure is applied thereto by button 75.
In normal operation, delivery of a heated product ready for use is accomplished by depressing pushbutton 75 of the switch 73 which initially provides a flow of electric current for the transformer. Additional pressure moves the transformer downwardly within cap 20 whereby the inlet end 37 of secondary 35 forces open the valve of container 10 and product under pressure is released through valve stem 16. The composition thus released flows into the passageway 36 of tubular secondary 35, through the passageway 36, and out the dispensing spout 38. As the composition flows through the passageway 36 of tubular secondary 35, the temperature of the fluent material is elevated, with concurrent cooling of the secondary by the fluent material, and the heated material is dispensed ready for use.
In the embodiment of my invention illustrated in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, the container 10 is connected to the secondary 35 of transformer 330 by annular collar 21 attached to the valve stem 16 of the container and held in a cooperative axial position by a casing or housing 50. Housing 50 is generally cylindrical with a top 51 having an opening 52. The base of housing 50 comprises a sleeve 53 having a base plate 60 removably attached to the lower end of the sleeve. The upper part of the sleeve portion 53 is structurally similar to the cap unit 20 of FIG. I and is provided with openings 54, 55 for product and a cord; cover portions 56, 57, for openings 54, 55; and thumb and finger rests or indentations 8.
The interior of sleeve 53 is formed with an annular integral support ring 58. The top 59 of the support ring 58 supports resilient restrainer 61 which is shown as a deformable foam rubber ring, but which may be any suitable heat-resisting resilient holding means. Resilient restrainer 61 supports the core of transformer 330 whereby the transformer is vertically reciprocable as described in connection with the embodiment of FIG. 1.
The primary 34 of transformer 330 is wound about intermediate leg 40 and the tubular secondary winding 35 overlays the primary winding. The tubular secondary winding 35 is shorted out" at fusion point 39 (FIG. 5). The transformer of the embodiment shown in FIGS. 4-6 has a primary winding consisting of 730 turns of 030 8&8 gauge wire and an aluminum tubular secondary winding of four turns. The primary has a kraft paper insulation of l-mil thickness between each plane of the winding series and the core of the transformer has an enamel insulation coating. This primary is adapted for 1 IO volts at 0.5 ampere and the secondary is designed to furnish about 90 amperes at 0.6 volt and to dissipate up to about 54 watts of maximum power, usually about 40 to 45 watts of power.
The inlet end 37 of tubular secondary 35 is tapered for ease of engagement with the valve stem 16 of replaceable container 10. The outlet or dispensing spout portion 38 extends through a passage 62 in resilient ring 61 and beyond the opening 54 in the sleeve portion 53 of the housing 50.
A dispenser actuator 64 with a button portion 65 extending through opening 52 in the top portion 51 of housing 50 is mounted on the top 32 of the shell core of transformer 330 by brackets or braces 66. A flexible cover 67, which is secured to the top portion, encloses the button portion.
Electric switch 73 provided with a pushbutton 75 is vertically mounted on the top 32 of the shell core of transformer 330 in such position that its button 75 extends through an opening 68 in one of the thumb or finger rests 8 of the sleeve portion 53. A flexible cover 69 encloses the pushbutton 75 and is secured to the indentation 8. Alternatively, a switching means may be located on cable 74 between the casing and the plug, or at any other suitable location.
In the operation of the heating and dispensing apparatus of the embodiment shown in FIGS. 4-6, the entire apparatus may be gripped with one hand with the thumb on pushbutton 75, a finger on actuator button 65, and another finger or fingers at finger rest 8. Inward pressure on pushbutton 75 of switch 73 provides a flow of electric current to the primary of the transformer and the current induced in shortened secondary 35 rapidly develops a high temperature therein. The button may then be released and downward pressure applied to the actuator button 65. The transformer moves downwardly whereby inlet end 37 of the tubular secondary 35 opens the valve of container and the contents pass through valve stem 16. The composition flows into and through passageway 36 of the preheated secondary 35 and flows out dispensing spout 38 as a heated composition ready for use. If desired, although not necessary, the user may actuate pushbutton 75 and thereafter depress button 65 while continuing to apply pressure to the switch pushbutton 75.
Another modified form of the use of the shell-core-type transformer 330 shown in FIG. 4 is illustrated in FIG. 7 which, with FIGS. 8 and 9, shows an embodiment in which the trans former carries a discharge block 80 adapted for mating with the valve stem 16 of the container 10. This discharge block provides a useful cooperable coupling for the transformer and the container. A coupling of this type can be used in cap assemblies or with casings or housings.
The discharge block 80 has channels 81, 82 and a dispensing or discharge spout 83 having a passageway 84. The channel 81 is provided with a wide-mouth outlet 85 at one end for engagement with the discharge valve stem 16 of the container 10. The inlet end 37 of the tubular secondary 35 in located in the channel 81 with the tapered end of inlet end 37 being adjacent the wide-mouth outlet of channel 81. The outlet end 38 of the tubular secondary 35 is located in the channel 82 with its end adjacent passageway 84 of the dispensing spout 83. Laterally d' posed within discharge block and positioned between the channels 81 and 82 is metallic peg 86 which contacts the tubular secondary at points 87 and 88 and serves to short out" the secondary of the transformer.
The discharge block 80 may be constructed of any nonconducting material which will also withstand heat such as synthetic thermoplastic resins and plastics.
FIG. 9 also showsa portion of insulating material 91 on the leg 31 of the transformer core. This is illustrative of the insulation that may be used for the cores of the present invention.
The operation of the heating and dispensing device of FIGS. 7-9 is similar to that of the other embodiments. Downward pressure on the discharge block 80 (as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 7), either while electric current flows through the transformer or after current has been provided, opens the valve of container under pressure through valve stem 16. The composition flows into passageway 36 of the tubular secondary 35, through this passageway where it is heated, and out of passageway 84 of spout 83.
Although the invention has been described and illustrated by reference to certain specific embodiments of the invention representing the present modes contemplated for carrying out the invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that modifications and variations in structure and materials of construction may be made without departing from the principles and true-scope of the invention as defined in the claims hereof.
What I claim is:
l. A heating and dispensing device for use with a pressurized containerhaving a valved discharge means including a reciprocal valve actuator, comprising a housing adapted to enclose at least the top portion of said container, a stepdown transformer having a primary winding and a tubular secondary winding, said tubular secondary winding including an inlet thereto and an outlet therefrom, coupling means cooperatively engaging said transformer and the valve discharge means of said container, said coupling means comprising a discharge block made of electrical insulation material and formed with a first vertical channel having a wide-mouthed outlet at one end adapted to receive the discharge means of said container, a second vertical channel spaced therefrom and having its lower end connecting with a horizontal passageway in said block which serves as a discharge spout, the inlet end of said tubular secondary being telescoped with said first vertical channel thereby forming a fluidtight connection and the outlet end of said tubular secondary being telescoped with said second vertical channel thereby forming a fluidtight connection, a metallic peg laterally disposed within said discharge block and forming an electrical contact between the inlet end of the tubular secondary and the outlet end thereof to provide a complete circuit with said secondary, a switch in circuit with the primary winding of the transformer, means in circuit with said switch for providing a fluctuating electric current for said transformer and means responsive to downward pressure causing conjoint downward movement of said transformer and of said discharge block for actuating said valve actuator thereby opening the valve in said discharge means whereby the contents of the container will pass into said inlet of the heated tubular secondary of said transformer, though said heated tubular secondary winding and be dispensed from said outlet into the passageway forming said discharge spout and out of the discharge spout at an elevated temperature as a product ready for use.
10 and the contents thereof are released I