US 3428404 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 18, 1969 P. J. CIANCIO LIQUID APPLICATOR Filed April 28, 1966 FIG.
INVENTOR. PASQUALINA J.
United States Patent 3,428,404 LIQUID APPLICATOR Pasqualina J. Ciancio, 34 N. Iowa Ave, Atlantic City, NJ. 08401 Filed Apr. 28, 1966, Ser. No. 547,093 US. Cl. 401-109 2 Claims Int. Cl. B43k /16, 24/02; A61k 7/00 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The present invention relates to a liquid applicator and more particularly to a liquid applicator which comprises a liquid container and brush applicator in one apparatus and which may be used for applying liquids at infrequent intervals.
In applying nail polish or other types of liquids utilizing a brush, itis necessary to dip the brush into the liquid and then apply it. The bottles holding the liquids, such as nail polish, are usually too bulky to be carried ina womans purse and even if they arent there is always the danger of leakage. Another factor making the dip and apply method unsatisfactory is the fact that many women find it difiicult to apply nail polish when riding in a car. There is always the fear that they may spill the liquid contained in the bottle. 1
It is an object of this invention to provide a liquid applicator which comprises a liquid container and brush applicator in one apparatus and which may be the size of a pen or larger according to option; an invention which enables liquid to be squeezed onto a brush and then applied.
It is another object of this invention to provide a liquid applicator which may or may not be refillable according to option.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a liquid applicator for applying various types of liquids (thick or thin), such as nail polish, glue, liquid pastes, water for sealing envelopes, and liquid eye makeup.
Other objects will become apparent as the description proceeds.
To the accomplishment of the above and related objects my invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawings, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawing is illustrative only, and that change may be made in the specific construction illustrated and described so long as the scope of the appended claims is not violated.
In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is an inside view of the invention shown as it will look during application.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary inside view of the invention showing the brush in its storage position, part of a retaining hook being illustrated as distorted by 90 axial rotation.
FIG. 3 is an outside front end view of the liquid applicator.
FIG. 4 is an inside view of the snap on cap.
FIG. 5 is an outside view of the invention showing the ridge for the snap on cap.
Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to FIG. 1, the illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a tubular plastic liquid container and brush applicator in one apparatus called a liquid applicator 5 which may or may not be refillable according to option.
The liquid applicator 5,-is fabricated of a pliable plastic. The front section 6 of the applicator 5, which contains a good part of the elongated portion 7 of the applicator 5, the ducts 16, the canal 17, the shaft guide 13 and the pins 11 may be made in one mould and then fused to the accordion type plastic 8 which enables the applicator 5 to contract and expand. This accordion type plastic 8 is then fused to the remainder of the applicator 5 (made in another mould), i.e., the rest of the elongated portion 7 of the applicator, the shaft 14, the connecting rod 15 which stabilizes the shaft 14, and the hooks 10 which engage the pins. After the brush 12 is set into the end of the shaft 14, all three sections are fused together to form one apparatus.
The screw on cap 9 (see FIG. 1) is made of a pliable plastic and is a standard screw on cap. This screw on cap 9 enables the applicator 5 to be refillable. The canal opening 17 is too small to pour the liquid into the container through that end.
The exterior of the applicator 5 has two circular hooks 10 which catch the two plastic pins 11 which project from the two sides of the applicator 5. When the hooks 10 engage the pins 11, they keep the applicator 5 from expanding and keep the brush 12 in the application position (see FIG. 1). When the hooks 10 are disengaged the brush 12 retracts to its storage position inside the applicator 5 (see FIG. 2) and more importantly into the liquid which keeps the brush 12 soft.
Inside the applicator 5 is the shaft guide 13 which keeps the shaft of the 'brush 12 in its proper position when the applicator 5 expands and contracts. The shaft guide 13 of course, is a part of the inside walls of the applicator 5. p
The shaft 14 and connecting rod 15 are fabricated of the same plastic as the applicator 5 except that they are solid in nature. They are a part of the back portion 7 of the applicator 5 (FIG. 1). The shaft 14 is stabilized by virtue of the connecting rod 15 transversely joined to the shaft 14.
The front section 6 of the applicator 5 has two ducts 16 which allow the liquid to flow through and onto the brush 12. The ducts 16 are curved in order to slow down the flow of the liquid. The openings of the ducts 16 on the outermost surface of the applicator 5 (see FIG. 3) and at the tip ends of the ducts 16 inside the applicator 5 have an elliptical shape. The ducts on the outermost surface of the applicator 5 must have an elliptical shape in order to direct the flow of the liquid onto the brush 12. The front section 6 also has a canal 17 through which the brush emerges and submerges. This front section 6 is completely solid except for the two duct openings 16 and the canal opening 17.
The snap 011 cap 20 (see FIG. 4) which covers the front section 6 of the applicator is so configured as to seal off the duct openings 16 and the canal opening 17 during storage. FIG. 4 is an inside view of the snap on cap 20. This cap 20 is also fabricate-d of plastic. The snap on cap 20 has a recessed section. 25 which makes the cap 20 a snap on cap. This recessed section 25 engages the ridge 24 (see FIG. 5) of the applicator when the cap 20 is snapped on over the applicator 5 to seal it. The snap on cap 20 also has a canal plug 26 to seal the canal opening 17, two small duct plugs 22 to seal the duct openings 16 and two legs 21 which protrude from the two small duct plugs 22. The legs 21 are made of plastic and are solid in nature. These legs 21 are optional. They may or may not be a part of the snap on cap 20 according to the type of liquid in the applicator 5. When the liquid in the applicator 5 is of a type that would tend to cake or clog the duct openings 16, then these legs 21 would be used to unclog the duct openings 16. They would be in the ducts 16 during storage. When the liquid is of a watery nature and does not tend to cake or clog then the legs 21 would not be necessary. The snap on cap 20 is used to seal the applicator during storage.
'What is claimed is:
1. A liquid applicator comprising a tubular liquid container and liquid-applying means in one apparatus, said liquid container being pliable and having capacity for contracting and expanding, said applicator having front and back portions, the front portion being substantially cylindrical and having an axial bore receiving said liquid-applying means and curved ducts extending substantially parallel to said bore in diametrically opposed relation thereto longitudinally through said front portion, said ducts terminating in substantially elliptical, ports on the outermost surface of the front portion of the applicator and communicating with the interior of the applicator, and a shaft guide receiving said liquidapplying means for supporting it for longitudinal movement axially in the applicator, said front and back portions being disposed in axial alignment and having interposed between them with its ends fused thereto respectively an accordion type plastic tubular portion which enables the applicator to contract and expand the back portion comprising a shaft connected with said liquidapplying means.
2. A liquid applicator comprising a tubular body, a head at one end thereof communicating therewith and presenting an axial canal and diametrically opposed ducts spaced therefrom and defining openings adjacent the outer end of the canal and a cap normally carried by the head, said head having a ridge on the exterior for snap-on reception of the cap, said cap having three plugs, one for the canal and two for the duct openings, to seal the openings during storage, said cap having a recessed section adapted to engage the ridge on the exterior of the applicator when the cap is snapped on, said duct sealing plugs having projecting legs adapted to enter and to unclog the ducts as the applicator is being prepared for storage.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 224,033 2/1880 Newton 15-541 2,149,711 3/1939 Stock 15-601 2,392,840 1/1946 DeGroft 15-537 2,642,065 6/1953 Negri 15-539 2,827,650 3/1958 Morrell et a1. 15-543 2,945,252 7/1960 Martineau 15-537 3,035,299 5/1962 Gordon et a1. 15-537 3,192,552 7/1965 King 15-537 3,260,241 7/1966 Bross -42 WALTER A. SCHEEL, Primary Exwminer.
ROBERT I. SMITH, Assistant Examiner.