Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3331612 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date18 Jul 1967
Filing date28 Apr 1965
Priority date28 Apr 1965
Publication numberUS 3331612 A, US 3331612A, US-A-3331612, US3331612 A, US3331612A
InventorsFred R Tietge
Original AssigneeFred R Tietge
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Skate board construction
US 3331612 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M E8, 1967 F. R. TIETGE 3,331,612

SKATE BOARD CONSTRUCTION Filed April 28, 1965 INVENTOR. FEED P. T/ETCvE BY '@/%m United States Patent 3,331,612 SKATE BOARD CONSTRUCTION Fred R. Tietge, 3963 Mount Blackburn, San Diego, Calif. 92111 Filed Apr. 28, 1965, Ser. No. 451,462 1 Claim. (Cl. 280-1128) This invention relates to a skate board construction and more particularly to a skate board construction wherein the supporting axle for the skate boards wheels is suspended in a block of resilient material that provides an improved, controlled and shock absorbing pivotal movement.

There are many designs and constructions of wheel supports for roller skates, skate boards and the like. Several of these constructions use resilient or yieldable material to cushion the contact shock of the wheels engaging a supporting surface. However difiiculty has been encountered in attempting to provide a wheel support having a cushioned axle that permits the desired degree of freedom of pivotal movement of the wheel axle while still having the cushioned and vibration and shock absorbing axle suspension. Most prior art cushioned axle constructions are complicated, are expensive to make, do not allow the desired degree of resilient support, and are not guided sufliciently, Those that satisfy some of the prior disadvantages, limit the turning and twisting motion of the Wheel axle. Further in many cushioned axle constructions, while the axle to a degree is supported by resilient material, there still is metal to metal contact from wheels to skate board that carries the vibrations and shock of wheel contact through to the skate board, roller skate or the like.

It is therefore anobject of this invention to provide a novel and improved skate board or roller skate consrtuction.

It is another object of this invention to provide a novel and improved wheel axle guiding and cushioning construction.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved and novel, integral, vibration and shock absorbing axle suspension for the wheels of a skate board, roller skates or the like.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved and novel skate board structure wherein the axle and wheels turn against a spring action and thrust resisting axle retention. 7

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved and novel, cushioned, vibration and shock absorbing axial suspension that is simple and inexpensive to make and yet that permits a wide degree of guided, pivotal movement.

It is another object of this invention to provide a novel and improved skate board structure wherein the wheel supporting axle pivots around the center of its longitudinal length.

The present invention is directed to the construction of a skate board, roller skate or the like in which the wheel supporting axle is solely suspended in a block of resilient material and guided in pivotal movement, within the allowable yield of the resilient block, by diagonal slots in the supporting bracket. To skillfully use skate boards, it is desirable that the wheel axle have sufficient interstructural flexibility so that it shifts and twists with resiliency and snap return action. This insures the turning of the skate board in the preferred skillful manner by application of an appropriate turning force and a similar return of the wheel axle to the normal or forward position upon removal of the turning force. This maneuver of turning the wheel axle with respect to the skate board frame is accomplished by tilting the frame to one side or the other while retaining the skate wheels 3,331,612 Patented July 18, 1967 firmly upon the supporting surface. The coordination of the user in accomplishing these maneuvers is often determined by the quality, controlled flexibility and uniform responsiveness of the skate boards suspension system. The suspended axles of this invention are imbedded in a resilient material that subjects substantially uniform compression and tension forces on the length of the Wheel axle when pivoted in the manner previously described. The axle is press fit or imbedded in the block of resilient material and because of friction therebetween resists rotation with the wheels. The cushioning resilient block withstands the normal compression forces due to the weight of the skater while providing a high degree of resilience between skate board frame and wheel axle as the wheels contact the supporting surface.

There are other objects, advantages and features of the invention that will become more apparent from the following specification when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout and:

FIGURE 1 is a side view part in section and part broken away of a skate board having the wheel bracket suspension of this invention;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the bracket, resilient block and wheel supporting axle assembly of this invention;

FIGURE 3 is an end view illustrating the turning of the skate board; and

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the plate.

Referring now to FIGURE 1, a skate board 20 has a board or stage mounted on traction wheels for use in the well known manner. The board 22 may be made of Wood, metal or the like and may have any desired length. The boards function is to support the feet or other portions of the users body. It has a U shaped bracket 24 suspended from the lower surface. The U shaped bracket, that may be constructed from heavy gauge sheet metal or from other suitable materials, has outwardly projecting flanges 26 and 28 that face against the underneath surface of the board 22. Apertures 30 receive screws 32 for securing the bracket 24 to the board 22. Positioned in the bottom of the U shaped portion of the bracket is a block of resilient material 46 that may be made of resilient rubber, suitable resilient plastics, synthetic rubber or the like. The block 46 has a shape as shown in FIG- URE 1 that conforms with the lower portion of the U shaped member 24, A plate 42 having cars 44 rests in appropriate slots 34- at each side and end of the U shaped member 24 and prevents vertical upward movement by the resilient block 46. While the resilient block 46 is held in the bottom of the U shaped member by plate 42, the block 46 is not in a compressed condition.

The U shaped member or bracket 24 has diagonal slots 38 in each side 37 and 39. The bottom corners of the U shaped bracket 24 are concave and receive the bottom of diagonal slots 38. The block of resilient material 46 has a hole 48 bored through its volume which hole is perpendicular to the sides of the block and that is in a plane spaced equidistant from the bottom surface. An axle 50 for carrying the wheels 58 has a diameter considerably larger than the aforesaid hole 48 and is press fitted through the hole to a point that the center 56 of the axle length is at the center point between the sides of block 46 and the U shaped bracket 24. The axle 50 has flared portions at the center 56 for projecting into the resilient material 46 and increasing the already existing friction force between the outer surface of the axle 50 and the inner surface of the hole 48 in the resilient block material. This friction prevents axle 50 from rotating with the wheels around its longitudinal axis within the block of resilient material 46. It should be recognized that axle 50 may be suspended in block 46 by any of several conconstruction,

struction techniques such as by imbedding, molding therein, press fitting, or the like.

Axle 50 in projecting through the resilient block 42 extends through diagonal slots 38 as shown. In the preferred there is a minute spacing between the outer surface of the axle 50 and the inner edge of the diagonal slots 38. This permits relatively free movement of the axle 50 in slot 38. However slot 38 guides the axle in any such movement by contact therebetween. In normal turning of the skate board one end of the axle 50 drops downwardly and the other end of axle 50 rises. This causes axle 50 to be in different positions in each of the respective diagonal slots 38 which induces the pivotal motion to the axle 50 that causes one end of the axle to move forward relative to the other end and to the skate board. The wheels 58 are mounted on axle 50 against ears 54 in the manner shown. The end of the rod 50 is enlarged at 52 for preventing the wheels from moving oif the end of the rod 50. The wheels may be of any type construction and preferably have ball bearings.

In construction the U shaped bracket 24 receives the resilient block 46 which block has the hole 48 out therethrough. Bracket 24 is then bent around block 46 to the assembled condition (see FIGURE 2) with plate 42 inserted in a position shown. Axle 50 is then forced through I hole 48 with the ends of axle 50 projecting out through diagonal slots 38. The bracket 24 is then secured to the underneath surface of the skate board in the manner shown. As is well known skate board or roller skates have two identical bracket and wheel axle combinations spaced along the length of the board.

In operation the board 22 of the skate board 20 is freely rollable on wheels 58. A user or operator places his feet or other parts of his body on the board 20 with the person and board all moving together on the aforesaid wheels. When'it is desired to maneuver the skate board by shifting the users weight toward one or the other edges of the skate board 20, the board is then rotated, as shown in FIGURE 3, relative to axle 50 that is held in a position level with the supporting floor. The tilting board 22 changes the position of axle 50 in diagonal slots 38 thereby causing one wheel to move forward and the other wheel to move rearward. When the operator moves or shifts his weight back to a center'position on the board 22, then the wheels again move to an aligned position in slots 38 and the board moves along a straight line. The board 22 of course may be tilted toward either side as shown in FIGURE 3 with the resultant turning of the wheels to the right or left. It can be seen that the center point of the pivoting by axle 50 is at the center point of the skate board and that each end of axle 50 can move upward or downward in slots 38. This free movement permits a larger amount of guided pivotable movement relative to a given height and witdh of bracket member 24. When axle 50 pivots in the flexible block 46 and the material yields to this movement, the material under that portion of the axle 50 that moved downward is in. com ression and thus exerts an expansive force upwardly. The material above this portion of axle 50 is pulled creating tension forces that exert force on the axle 50 in the same direction as the aforesaid expansive force. The same forces are created in the reverse direction on the other end of the axle 50. These forces are distributed over the length of the axle that is in the block and thus increases the force or snap action that returns the board to upright position. This increases the feel the user has in riding the skate board.

Having described my invention, what I claim is:.

In a skate board construction,

an axle having a pair of wheels rotatably mounted thereon,

U shaped bracket means with the upper ends capable V of being secured to said skateboard,

an integral block of rubber fitted into the lower portion of said U,

plate means fitted against the upper surface of said block and fixed to said ends of said U,

each of said sides of said U having aligned elongated slots inclined in the direction of said board,

the bend in said bracket in forming said lower portion of said U being concave with the lower end of said slots extending into said concave portion,

said axle being press fit through said block and solely suspended thereby and projecting through said in clined slots for pivotal movement around the center of the axles projection through said block,

said block exerting resilient tension and compression forces on the length of said axle within said block on either side of said center,

and said pivotal movement being limited by contact' between said axle and ends of said slots.

References Cited UNITEDSTATES PATENTS 329,927 11/1885 Mendenhall 2s0 11.2s 3,023,022 2/1962 Boyden 280-1119 X FOREIGN PATENTS 1,225,739 2/1960 France.

3,440 9/1876 Great Britain.

BENJAMIN HERSH, Primary Examiner.

MILTON L. SMITH, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US329927 *13 Mar 188510 Nov 1885 Roller-skate
US3023022 *14 May 195927 Feb 1962Albert C BoydenChild's coaster
FR1225789A * Title not available
GB187603440A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4060253 *8 Mar 197629 Nov 1977Oldendorf Eric WMethod and apparatus for skateboard suspension system
US4061350 *1 Sep 19766 Dec 1977Dayco CorporationSkateboard
US4125268 *29 Apr 197714 Nov 1978Varner David OCam-action axle carrier apparatus
US4138127 *8 Nov 19776 Feb 1979Mattel, Inc.Two wheel roller skate or the like
US4152001 *28 Nov 19771 May 1979Tony ChristiansonSkateboard truck
US4180278 *5 Jun 197825 Dec 1979Sport-Fun, Inc.Skateboard
US4196916 *10 Apr 19788 Apr 1980Schorr John ESkateboard body with curvilinear transverse cross section
US4198072 *1 Sep 197815 Apr 1980Mark CantrellWheeled vehicle
US4374548 *22 Oct 198022 Feb 1983Takagi Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Playing vehicle with a prime mover
US4403784 *22 Jan 198113 Sep 1983Gray Robert CRoller skate axle suspension
US5169166 *3 Sep 19918 Dec 1992Brooks Paul FSteering mechanism
US5199727 *3 Mar 19926 Apr 1993Lai Kuo JSteerable wheel assembly for a roller skate
US5232235 *8 Dec 19923 Aug 1993Brooks Paul FSkateboard steering mechanism
US5330214 *19 Jul 199319 Jul 1994Brooks Paul FSimplified steering mechanism for skateboards and the like
US5513865 *19 Jul 19947 May 1996Paul E. BrooksSimplified steering mechanism having both steering and tilting capabilities
US5553874 *6 Sep 199410 Sep 1996Schouten; PieterTruck assembly for roller board apparatus
US5997018 *6 Feb 19977 Dec 1999Mountainboard Sports, Inc.All terrain sport board and steering mechanisms for same
US6286843 *7 Dec 200011 Sep 2001Su-Yu LinSteering mechanism of handle-controlled skate board
US6669215 *2 Jan 200230 Dec 2003Hoggar SolutionSteerable locomotion device for sport or leisure
US6851694 *11 Dec 20008 Feb 2005Melton International L.L.C.Tricycle
US704448617 Dec 200316 May 2006Nike, Inc.Skateboard with suspension system
US7121566 *15 Jul 200317 Oct 2006Mcclain Nathan MylesSkateboard suspension system
US7159879 *2 Nov 20049 Jan 2007Jeffrey ColeBraking and steering system for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US7243925 *28 Aug 200317 Jul 2007System Boards Australia Pty LtdTruck assemblies for skateboards
US731640816 Oct 20068 Jan 2008Mcclain Nathan MylesApparatus and resilient member for resisting torsional forces
US74383038 Jan 200721 Oct 2008Jeffrey ColeBraking and steering system for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US74847415 Dec 20053 Feb 2009Kay Iii John FAxle assembly for skateboard
US781082520 Oct 200812 Oct 2010Jeffrey ColeBraking and steering system for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US7896364 *3 May 20081 Mar 2011Ferreira Americo DIncreased tilt roller wheel assembly
US81866936 Mar 200929 May 2012Leverage Design Ltd.Transportation device with pivoting axle
US8202201 *26 Dec 200719 Jun 2012Equilibrium Fitness Solutions, LlcStationary exercise scooter
US825138410 Nov 200928 Aug 2012Other Planet Products, Inc.Axle and suspension
US837159025 May 201212 Feb 2013Leverage Design Ltd.Transportation device with pivoting axle
US86959938 Feb 201315 Apr 2014Leverage Design Ltd.Transportation device with pivoting axle
US933972011 Apr 201417 May 2016Leverage Design Ltd.Transportation device with pivoting axle
US20040232633 *27 Feb 200425 Nov 2004Reynald ChaputLow profile roller skate
US20050012290 *15 Jul 200320 Jan 2005Mcclain Nathan MylesSkateboard suspension system
US20050134013 *17 Dec 200323 Jun 2005Wright Steven P.Skateboard with suspension system
US20060091634 *2 Nov 20044 May 2006Jeffrey ColeBraking and steering system for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US20060119062 *28 Aug 20038 Jun 2006Lukoszek Benjamin STruck assemblies for skateboards
US20070035102 *16 Oct 200615 Feb 2007Mcclain Nathan MApparatus and resilient member for resisting torsional forces
US20070126191 *5 Dec 20057 Jun 2007Kay John F IiiAxle assembly for skateboard
US20070182118 *8 Jan 20079 Aug 2007Jeffrey ColeBraking and steering system for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US20080194386 *26 Dec 200714 Aug 2008Neeraj Dwarkadas BahetiStationary Exercise Scooter
US20090206572 *20 Oct 200820 Aug 2009Cole Jeffrey EBraking and Steering System for a truck, wheeled platform, skateboard or vehicle
US20090273150 *6 Mar 20095 Nov 2009Leverage Design Ltd.Transportation device with pivoting axle
US20090273152 *7 Jan 20095 Nov 2009Rasyad ChungRear truck and method
US20100090423 *13 May 200915 Apr 2010Freeline Sports, Inc.Personal transportation device for supporting a user's foot
WO2004078288A2 *27 Feb 200416 Sep 2004Reynald ChaputLow profile roller skate
WO2004078288A3 *27 Feb 200429 Dec 2004Reynald ChaputLow profile roller skate
U.S. Classification280/11.28, 280/87.42
International ClassificationA63C17/01
Cooperative ClassificationA63C17/012, A63C17/015, A63C17/01
European ClassificationA63C17/01B2, A63C17/01H2, A63C17/01