|Publication number||US3198196 A|
|Publication date||3 Aug 1965|
|Filing date||15 Oct 1962|
|Priority date||15 Oct 1962|
|Publication number||US 3198196 A, US 3198196A, US-A-3198196, US3198196 A, US3198196A|
|Inventors||Sawin Robert L|
|Original Assignee||Sawin Robert L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
3,198,196 HAIR TREATING CONTAINER WITH A HAIR POSITIONING T& mm m P G5. M m D a %m L H0 R mm 1 F Aug.- 3, 1965 IN YEN TOR. W ofdwm United States Patent 0 3,198,196 HAIR TREATENG CUNTAINER WITH A PAIR POSITIQNING AND HULDHNG PART Robert L. Sawin, 242 W. 108th Place, Chicago 28, ill. Filed Oct. 15, 1962, Ser. No. 239,475
7 Claims. (Cl. 132-9).
This invention relates to treatment of hair or the like, and more particularly relates to devices for such treatment, especially with fluid substances such as liquid hair treating agents.
In the practice of a beauty operator or hair stylist it is often necessary to treat various strands of hair from various sections of the head, e.g. for frosting, dyeing, bleaching, or the like, in order to create the desired hair style. In present practice, makeshift means are often employed to effect such treatment of strands of hair. For example, the beauty operator or hair stylist may select a few strands of hair for treatment and lay the strands of hair onto a piece of aluminum foil. A piece of cotton is then wrapped around the ends of the hair closest to the scalp and the aluminum foil is formed around the piece of cotton. Thereafter the bleach or dye or other treating agent is poured onto the hair and the aluminum foil is wrapped around the hair in order to prevent the bleach from contacting neighboring strands or the scalp. Such a procedure is fairly laborious and it usually takes several hours to complete the hair treating process. Additionally, the ever-present possibility of the aluminum foil either unwrapping or leaking leaves much to be desired in the treating process in the way of dependability and safety.
It is a general object of my present invention to provied a new and useful device for treating hair and the like.
Further, it is an objective of this invention to provide a new and useful device for use in treatment of hair with liquid treating agents more conveniently, dependably and safely and in less time than often has heretofore been possible.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a new and useful device including an openable and closeable container for containing hair and liquid, which container has an opening or port through which the hair may protrude during treatment, the hair being attached at one end to a head, wig, or other object.
Various features or embodiments of the device of the above objects may include means for looking or locking and sealing the container in closed position, means directing hair laterally into the port, and/ or hinge or other means for opening and closing the container.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a container as described in accordance with any of the foregoing objects, features, or embodiment, which container may be a formed member, e.g. molded or pressed, as a unit including the means for opening and closing, the means for locking and sealing, and/or the port means and the means directing hair into the port.
Still another object is to provide a device in accordance with the foregoing which includes improved means sealing the port means through which the hair may project or extend.
Still other objects and features will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the device of this invention in closed position;
FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the embodiment of FIG- URE 1 in open position;
FIGURE 3 is a section through the embodiment of FIGURE 1 along line 3-4: in FIGURE 2 showing the hinge means and locking means more clearly; and
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view of end 14 looking in the direction of arrows 4-4 of the embodi- 3,198,196 Patented Aug. 3, 1965 ment of FIGURE 1 for more detailed illustration especially of the port and seal means.
While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail one embodiment of the invention with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated.
Referring first to FIGURES 1 and 2, a container indicated generally at 10, composed of a resilient or flexible lightweight material such as polyethylene or a light aluminum alloy, constitutes the main body of the illustrated device. The container may have any internal diameter and/ or length desired for a particular hair treating process, depend-ing at least somewhat on the length and/or thickness of the strand of hair desired to be treated. Various containers of varying sizes can be provided in a set selection of the proper size by the hair stylist. The illustrated container is an elongate molded plastic container having an internal diameter of about /2 inch and an internal length of about 3 inches. The material of construction for the container is preferably plastic and, where it is desired to use the container to hold liquids exerting strong che. .ical action, it is preferred that the container be substantially inert toward the action of the treating agent. In any event, the container is adapted to contain such treating agents as hair bleaches, dyes, rinses, or other treating agents well known to those in the art, as
will be more apparent hereinbelow. Container 10 is generally cylindrical and is formed of circular end 12, generally cylindrical side 11 and circular end 14, side 11 defining a taper of the container adjacent end 14 and toward end 14. The sides and ends of the container define a chamber 15 within the container adapted for receiving and containing strands of hair. Means for opening the container are provided by hinge 16 which, in the illustrated embodiment, is formed of a pair of opposing grooves 16a and 1612 (FIGURE 3) lengthwise in side wall 11. Opposiing hinge 16, closure snap seam 17 appears in side 11 and ends 12 and 14- with the container in closed position as illustrated in FIGURE 1.
The illustrated container 10 may be considered as being a formed member having two cooperating halves interconnected by hinge 16 and adapted to be brought together to form chamber 15. The two formed halves have peripheral interlockable lips 18 and 19, best seen in FIG- URES 2 and 3. The cooperating halves are generally pivotable toward and away from each other for closing and opening the container.
Locking means are provided for locking container 10 in closed position. Accordingly, as illustrated, a snap closure is made up of cooperating interlocking elements along lips 18 and 19. Lip 18 carries an elongate bulbous projection on end 12 and side 11, the bulbous projection being indicated at 21 in FIGURE 3. Lip 19 is turned inward along the seam edge of end 12 and side 11 as indicated at 22, providing a resilient inward projection of lip 19. A second inward projection from side 11 is provided below lip 19, indicated at 23. Projection 23 is configurated to form receptacle 24 and to oppose projection 22 thereby forming a snap groove. The snap groove, is. receptacle 24, is adapted to receive the bulbous projection 21. The illustrated locking means is essentially a snap tongue-in-groove seal with projection 21 as the tongue and projections 22 and 23 forming a snap groove 24. All of the projections 21 through 23 are resilient, permitting the forced and snapped insertion of tongue 21 into the groove.
Especially with reference to the enlarged view of FIGURE 4, end 14 is comprised of a pair of cooperating end plates 31 and 32. The cooperating edges of end plates 31 and 32 are designated 31a and 32a respectively. Port 35 is provided in end plate 32 for containing hair strands. Channel 33 is an opening through plate 32 and extends from edge 32a in a curvilinear, e.g. arcuate path to port 35, for passage of strands of hair laterally into port 35. A generally triangular opening or delta 34- connects channel 33 with edge 32a and functions to more readily direct strands of hair laterally into channel 33. A triangular guide member or plug for opening 34 is provided on edge 31a for cooperation with triangular opening 34 so that when the container is in closed position, member or projection 36 obstructs channel 33 against lateral removal of hair strands therefrom toward surface 32a.
A sealing member 33 is provided for sealing port 35 and channel 33 against substantial flow or seepage of liquids therefrom. The sealing member is a sponge rubber pad of plate-like configuration attached by suitable means such as adhesive to the interior surface of plate 31 adapted to seal port 35 and channel 33 with the container in closed position. Suitable adhesives, e.g. for adhering sponge rubber to polyethylene or other plastic or even metallic surfaces, are available and Well known to those in the art. The tongue-in-groove locking means provides a seal against leakage of liquids around the closure of the two container halves except at end 14, i,e. between surfaces 31a and 32a. Thus, sealing member 38 is adapted to seal end 14 against substantial leakage. However, the seal at end 14 need not be complete because end 14 will be normally in a generally upward disposition during use of the device. However, where it is desired to use the device with end 14 in a generally downward disposition, edges 31a and 32a may be provided with more positive sealing means such as the tongue-in-groove lock means described above with reference to other cooperating edges of the container halves.
In use of the illustrated device, container in is opened and a strand of hair may be laid therein with the portion of the strand adjacentthe scalp overlying edge 32a and directed into opening 34. The container may then be rotated, e.g. /4 of a turn, along its longitudinal axis and the strand of hair is directed laterally to channel 33 into port 35. The container, still open, is then disposed with either of the container halves in a downward position adapted to receive and contain the hair treating agent. The hair treating agent is then poured into the downwardly disposed half and the container is snapped closed. The sponge rubber seal, being very elastic, is distorted by the hair strands during closure of the container and in effect pushes the hair strands outward in opening 35 and seals the remainder of the opening and additionally partially wraps around the hair strands to substantially isolate channel 33 from the liquid in the container. The sealing member 38 also serves to seal the line of juncture between edges 31a and 32a while the tongue-ingroove locking means, described above, seals the remainder of the closure edges of the container to prevent escape of liquid therethrough.
Where gaseous reaction products are produced by reaction within container 10, it may be desirable to provide a number of vents, not shown, to permit escape of gases, especially where such gases are produced in volumes sufiicient to force container 10 open, e.g. where seal member 38 provides a fairly complete seal. In such cases it may be advantageous to construct the container of a configuration providing the vents through the con tainer in an area normally disposed upwardly when the container is in use. The container may advantageously be designed to be self-positioning by providing a fiat or substantially, flat side which would normally be placed next to the scalp so as to leave the vent holes in upward disposition to prevent escape of the treating liquid therethrough.
It is apparent that the container portion of the device, including the cooperating halves, hinge means, locking means, port and channel, can be molded as a unit or can otherwise be constructed conveniently and inexpensively. However, the container is also reuseable and need notbe disposed of after each hair styling use. A sealing member for sealing the port may readily be incorporated in the molded article or may be formed separately and suitably attached thereto for association with the port by means of adhesives, heat seal, or other means.
Modifications of heat seals which may conveniently be incorporated include the use of a resilient member projecting inwardly from plate 31 and adapted to cooperate with the inner surface of plate 32 to force the hair downward and form a labyrinth through which the liquid would have to flow in order to leak from the container. The labyrinth may further be complicated by an additional projection from the inner surface of plate 32 inwardly over the projection from the inner surface of plate 31. As a modification of the port means omitting the channel, a simple depression in either of edges 3111 or 32a may be employed. Other modifications of the device will be apparent to those in the art.
It is apparent from the foregoing that the present invention provides a reuseable snap-open/snap-shut type container which provides a significant saving in time in its use compared with other means customarily used in hair treating operations. The container prevents accidental contact between the treating agent and other strands of hair, i.e. strands decided to remain untreated, and/ or the scalp. The operator can merely select the strands of hair, lay them in the container, pour in the bleach and snap the container shut. After the desired time, the container may conveniently be opened, e.g. by insertion of fingernails along line or seam 17, after the desired treating time has expired, and the hair may then be removed. The treating agent may be wiped out of the container and the container may be washed at the stylists convenience, to remove any dye or bleach remaining therein.
.1. A hair treating device comprising shell means having walls forming an enclosure when closed, means for openand closing said shell means along a seam line, means for locking and sealing the shell means in closed position, a port in a wall of said shell means displaced from said seam line, and a channel in said Wall of said shell means connecting said port at a first end of the channel with said seam line at a second end of the channel, said channel including a portion thereof offset from said port.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said second end of said channel is offset relative to said first end.
The device of claim 1 wherein said channel is curvilinear whereby the hair strand may be inserted laterally therethrough by placing the hair strand at the second end of the channel and generally rotating the container to direct the strand of hair through the curvilinear path of said channel and into said port.
4%. The device of claim 1 including means at the second end of said channel for directing hair into said channel with said shell means open, and means blocking the passage of hair from said channel with said shell means closed.
5. The device of claim 1 including means contained within said enclosure and secured to the inner surface of a wall of said shell means in a position to be carried away from said channel and port during opening of said shell means and to be carried into engagement with the inner surface of the wall of said shell means having said port for sealing said channel and port upon closing said shell means.
6. A hair treating device comprising a pair of cooperating shells having walls including opposing end walls and forming an enclosure when closed against each other, hinge means interconnecting said shells for opening and closing said shells along a seam line, means for locking and sealing the shell means in closed position, a port in one end Wall of one of said shells displaced from said seam line for holding a strand of hair passing into the enclosure, and a curved channel in said one end Wall having two ends ofiset relative to each other and communicating respectively with said seam line and said port.
7. A hair treating device comprising shell means having walls forming an enclosure for containing a strand of hair when closed, means for opening and closing said shell means along a seam line, means for locking and sealing the shell means in closed position, a port in a wall of said shell displaced from said seam line, channel means in said wall means connecting said port at a first end of the channel with said seam line at a second end of the channel for directing a strand of hair from the seam line laterally into the port, and means at the first end of the channel defning a hook element blocking the strand of hair against move ment form said port toward said seam line.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,886,909 11/32 Santurello 132-36 1,954,273 4/34 Watkins 132-36 2,655,924 10/53 Pet-itta 132-9 3,103,933 9/63 Sanzo 132-9 3,107,783 10/63 Corey et al.
3,128,778 4/64 Ricci et al 132-9 15 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,198,196 August 3, 1965 to the printed specification, lines 2 and eading to the sheet of drawings, lines 2 and 3, title of invention, for "HAIR TREATING CONTAINER WITH A HAIR POSITIONING AND HOLDING PART", each occurrence, read HAIR TREATING CONTAINER WITH A HAIR POSITIONING AND HOLDING Signed and sealed this 8th day of March 1966.
ERNEST W. SWIDER EDWARD J. BRENNER Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1886909 *||28 Apr 1931||8 Nov 1932||Peter Santurello||Hair heating equipment|
|US1954273 *||5 Dec 1932||10 Apr 1934||Watkins Arthur E||Permanent hair waving apparatus|
|US2655924 *||5 Jul 1952||20 Oct 1953||Mario Petitta||Hair dyeing and bleaching device|
|US3103933 *||30 Nov 1960||17 Sep 1963||Sanzo Sonny C||Hair bleaching appliance|
|US3107783 *||20 Feb 1961||22 Oct 1963||Creative Packaging Inc||Phonograph record portfolio|
|US3128778 *||17 Aug 1962||14 Apr 1964||Gaudio Alphonse J||Hair-treating device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3805810 *||13 Nov 1972||23 Apr 1974||Savala D||Device and method for treating hair|
|US3941613 *||1 Apr 1974||2 Mar 1976||Nicoletti Robert E||Hair frosting device|
|US3968805 *||8 Sep 1975||13 Jul 1976||Sobeck Jr Thomas J||Hair treatment apparatus|
|US4139093 *||27 Dec 1977||13 Feb 1979||Professional Packaging Limited||Hinged holder for disc-like objects|
|US4475649 *||29 Dec 1982||9 Oct 1984||U.S. Philips Corporation||Stowage case for an electric cord|
|US4503870 *||11 Oct 1983||12 Mar 1985||Peterson Luetta M||Coiffure styling prop|
|US4552159 *||21 Jun 1983||12 Nov 1985||Fabbri Vittorio E||Apparatus for treating hair|
|US5228465 *||2 Dec 1991||20 Jul 1993||Stratford Laboratories||Hair clamp|
|US8066017 *||28 May 2009||29 Nov 2011||Adriana Born||Hair dryer attachment|
|U.S. Classification||132/212, 220/324, 220/835|
|International Classification||A45D7/04, A45D7/00|