Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3099150 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date30 Jul 1963
Filing date19 Dec 1961
Priority date19 Dec 1961
Publication numberUS 3099150 A, US 3099150A, US-A-3099150, US3099150 A, US3099150A
InventorsMathias M Check
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination push button lock
US 3099150 A
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 30, 1963 M. M. CHECK 3,099,150

COMBINATION PUSH BUTTON LOCK Filed Dec. 19, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 *1 l i. n

Will E" INVENTOR. MA mms N Casq Anne/15y July 30, 1963 CHECK 3,099,150

COMBINATION PUSH BUTTON LOCK Filed Dec. 19, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 pg, ifi.4.-. \o\ 1518 19 54 rlb 25 3 50 5| ll 31 4! 2A Tim INVENTOR.

MATH/AS /7 CHECK A rroe/wsy July 30, 1963 M. M. CHECK COMBINATION PUSH BUTTON LOCK 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Dec. 19, 1961 July 30, 1963 M. M. CHECK COMBINATION PUSH BUTTON LOCK 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Dec. 19, 1961 United States Patent 3,099,150 COMBINATION PUSH BUTTON LOCK Mathias M. Check, Straiford, Pa., assignor to The Yale and Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed Dec. 19, 1961, Ser. No. 160,556 19 Claims. (til. 70313) This invention relates to a combination lock, and more particularly to a novel combination lock of that type in which the tumblers are positioned by a series of push buttons.

Push button operated combination locks are quite old in the art and many attempts have been made to manufacture and sell such looks. So far as I know, no push button operated combination lock has ever been commercially successful, due mainly to the fact that the physical form and mode of operation of prior art locks have not been desirable. I believe that the push button combination lock that I have conceived, and which is described below, is particularly desirable because of its physical form, its mode of assembly to various types of lock mechanisms, and its operation.

As a feature of my invention, my combination lock is in the form of a cylinder that is readily adapted for assembly to various types of lock mechanisms for controlling those lock mechanisms in an effective manner, and in a manner that will be commercially desirable. Thus, as a particular feature of the invention, my lock utilizes a cylinder having a simple rotating plug that is released upon operation of a series of push buttons carried by the plug and rotatable therewith.

As a further feature of the invention, the rotating plug of my lock carries a series of tumblers for actuation by the push buttons, and for movement to release position upon elfective operation of the push buttons in accordance with a particular combination. Thus, as an important feature, the cylinder in which the plug is mounted carries a series of looking lugs that project into the opening in which the plug rotates, the tumblers of the plug engaging in spaces provided between the lugs. Obviously, rotation of the plug will be prevented because the tumblers will impinge against the lugs upon attempted rotation of the plug. By providing the tumblers with gatings which may be set in alignment with the locking lugs, it is obvious that effective positioning of all of the tumblers will enable the plug to rotate freely.

It is possible through my concept to set the tumblers when the plug is in different rotated positions, since each push button is operated in the same manner for releasing the plug regardless of the rotated position of the plug. The particular feature is valuable for many reasons, but especially for permitting unlocking of the plug i the event that it may be inadvertently locked in a rotated position. Those skilled in the art also will appreciate that by locking the plug in a particular rotated position, the plug may be utilized to hold retracted, or dogged, or projected, a bolt or other lock mechanism.

As a still further feature of the invention, my cylinder and plug are adapted for mounting as a unit relatively to a lock casing in a conventional manner. Thus, the cylinder may be mounted in the same manner as is a commercial pin tumbler cylinder, while yet permitting effective push button combination tumbler operation. That is an extremely important contribution of my invention.

As a further particular feature, I prevent the application of picking torque by locking the plug against rotation when a push button is being actuated. Since the tumblers may be moved only by the push buttons, it

3,099,150 Patented July 30, 1963 is obvious that it becomes impossible to manipulate the tumblers while picking torque is applied.

As a further feature of the invention, each of the push buttons is maintained in direct physical contact with a tumbler when that tumbler is in an outward initial looking position and the push button is in a projected v position. Therefore, a first depression of a push button applies direct pressure to move its tumbler a particular predetermined distance. The tumbler is held by suitable detent mechanism in the position. to which it has been so moved. Thereafter, further depressions of the push button act through a clutch action to move its tumbler step by-step to release position. Upon positioning of all the tumblers in release position, they will be held in release position to permit rotation of the plug. Therefore, the combination mechanism of my lock may be released, and maintained released indefinitely.

Through effective operation of a reset mechanism, preferably including a button, the tumblers may be placed in locking position while the plug is in any rotated position, so long as the plug has first been rotated to align the tumblers with the spaces between the locking lugs. Obviously, the tumblers may again be set in release position through the some operation of the push buttons that was initially required to release the plug for rotation. Thus, my novel push button lock may have a practically unlimited number of looking positions, depending upon the design of the particular look.

I have thus outlined rather broadly the more important features of my invention in order that the detailed description thereof that follows may be better understood, and in order that my contribution to the art may be better appreciated. There are, of course, additional features of my invention that will be described hereinafter and which will form the subject of the claims appended hereto. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the conception on which my dis-closure is based may readily be utilized as a basis for the designing of other structures for carrying out the several purposes of my invention. Itis important, therefore, that the claims be regarded as including such equivalent constructions as do not depart from the spirit and scope of my invention, in order to prevent the appropriation of my invention by those skilled in the art.

- In the drawings:

FIG. 1 shows a'perspective view of my novel push button lock, with a conventional lock casing to which it may be assembled;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are rear end views of my look;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal section showing parts of my lock in certain positions;

FIG. 5 shows further positions of the parts;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the tumbler and fence arrangement;

FIGS. 7 and 8 are sections on the lines 77 and 8-8 in FIG. 4;

FIG. 9 is an exploded view showing the mechanism of my lock;

FIG. 10 shows a control pin that I may use in my look.

Referring now more particularly to FIG. 1 of the drawings, my novel push button lock 10 icludes a cylinder 11 and a knob or head 12 that rotates at the front end of cylinder 11. The knob or head 12 is equipped with a series of push buttons 13a, 13b, 13c, 13d, that may be depressed in the proper combination to effect release of my lock, and a reset button 14 that may be depressed to effect locking. Just behind the knob or head 12, the cylinder 11 has a flange 15 that will lie against the outer surface of a 'door when the cylinder is assembled in an opening in the door. I show screw threads 16 formed on a rearward portion of cylinder 11 for mounting my lock.

in a threaded opening in a lock casing 17 on the door, a cam 18 on the cylinder then being in position to actuate lock mechanism '19 in the casing 17, as I shall presently describe in full detail. It is to be understood that I show the screw threads 16 and lock casing 17 merely to emphasize that my cylinder lock may be assembled to a lock in a conventional manner, this being an extremely imr portant feature.

To proceed with a description of my novel push button look, I shall first refer to FIGS. 4 and 9 of the drawings. It will be seen that I form the cylinder 11 with a stepped opening 20 that extends inwardly from the front end of the cylinder. The head 12, to which I have referred, is integral with a plug 21 that is fitted in the cylinder opening 20 so as to rotate in the longitudinal axis of the cylinder. At this point, I may call attention to the fact that I relieve the material of the plug head 12 to form recesses 23, shown in detail in FIG. 9, thus leaving relatively weak portions 24 between the recesses 23. A rather conventional sheet metal scalp 25 is formed over the head 12, covering the recesses 23 and portions 24. Should a tool be forcibly applied to the scalp 25, in an attempt to rotate the plug 21 when it is locked, the scalp 25 and portions 24 will yield while the plug remains locked. I further form a circular recess 23a in the flange 15 on cylinder 11, causing the flange 15 to yield should the tool be applied to the flange.

Since the push buttons 13a, 13b, 13c, 13d are alike, I shall describe merely one of those buttons and its related mechanism, referring particularly to button 13b. As will be understood from FIGS. 4 and 9, the button 13b is mounted to slide longitudinally in openings in the plug head 12 and scalp 25. A coil spring 26, FIG. 4, is assembled about the button 13b and acts against a flange 2 7 on the button to press the flange toward the inner surface of scalp 25, holding the button normally in a projected position. One side of the push button 131), that being the upper side as viewed in FIG. 4, has an integral dogging portion 28 extending inwardly from the flange 27. The cylinder 11 has a slot 29 that is adapted to accept the dogging portion 28, so as to interlock the plug 21 and cylinder 11 to prevent rotation of the plug whenever the button 13b is depressed from its fully projected position. As shown in FIG. 4, button 13b is made hollow for a substantial part of its length while having an outer end wall 30. Button 13b is further formed with a cam portion 31 at its inner end, to which I shall refer again.

I equip my novel lock with a series of bar-like tumblers 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d, FIGS. 6, 7 and 9, that slide in longitudinal slots 33 arranged around the periphery of the rotating plug 21. One of those tumblers is actuated by each of the push buttons, it being understood that push button 13!) actuates tumbler 32b. Referring to FIG. 4, it will be seen that a stem portion 34 of tumbler 32b is mounted to slide within the button 13b, being equipped with a washer 35 for that purpose. A coil spring 36 is seated on shoulders 37 on the plug 21 and acts against the washer 35, normally pressing the stern portion 34 of tumbler 32b into contact with the end wall 30 on button 13b.

The upper edge of tumbler 32b, as view in FIG. 4, is formed with a series of driver notches 38 while its lower edgehas ratchet teeth 39. Further, tumbler 32b has a gating 40b that is formed at a point on a longitudinal edge of the tumbler. The tumbler 321) with its gating 4% will coact with a fence 41 for controlling the rotation of the plug 21in a manner that I shall described. It will be appreciated, of course, that the tumblers 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d may differ as to the longitudinal points at which their gatings are formed, those points being chosen to set up the desired combination in the lock. However, the tumblers may easily be made from blanks that are alike, it merely being necessary to form each blank with a particular gating.

Returning to the tumbler 32b, it will be seen in FIG. 4 that the ratchet teeth 39 on that tumbler coact with a corresponding detent 42, there actually being one detent 42 for each tumbler. The construction or detents 42 will be understood when considering FIGS. 8 and 9 together with FIG. 4, each detent having opposed shaft portions 43 mounted to rotate in slots 44 on the plug 21, and being arranged in an opening that extends between the corresponding tumbler slot 33 and an axial bore 45 in plug 21. An arm 46 on each detent 42 extends into the axial bore 45, and a coil spring 47 acts against that arm to press the detent toward the ratchet teeth 39 on a corresponding tumbler. Thus, if we assume that tumbler 32b is moved inwardly, the corresponding detent 42 will be efiective to hold the tumbler 32b against the outward pressure of its spring 36. At this point, it may be noted that I form tumbler 32b with a plain surface 48 just beyond the teeth 39, so that detent 42 will not hold the tumbler should the tumbler be moved inwardly beyond a predetermined position. Also, tumbler 325 has a plain surface 138 beyond the driver notches 38, for reasons I shall describe.

I have already referred to the cam surface 31 that is formed on the inner end of push button 13b, FIG. 4. Coacting with that cam surface 31 is a corresponding tumbler driver 56. As shown in more detail in FIG. 9, tumbler driver 50 is generally T-shaped, having at one end two projecting side portions 51 that can slide and also rotate in recesses 52 in plug 21. At its opposed end, driver 50 has a beveled tooth 53. A coil spring 54, FIG. 4, presses the driver 54 in a longitudinal direction, pressing its tooth 53 against the cam surface 31 on button 13b. The arrangement is such that spring 54 also tends to rotate the driver 50, normally pressing it in a direction away from tumbler 32b and toward the inner surface of cylinder 11, all as shown in FIG. 4.

The manner in which the tumblers are actuated will be best understood if we first consider that FIG. 4 shows push button 13b and tumbler 32b in their normal position. Push button 13b is in contact with the outer end of tumbler stem 34, and if depressed will act directly against tumbler 32b to move it inwardly. That movement of a tumbler actually is illustrated by the position of the tumbler 32d in FIG. 4, with button 13d moving that tumbler so as. to engage its first ratchet tooth 3'9 with the corresponding detent 42.

In FIG. 5, the tumbler 32b illustrates the position of a tumbler after a first depression and release of its push button. Thus, the push button 13b in FIG. 5 has been returned by its spring 26 to projected position, but tumbler 32b is held by its detent 42 in a first depressed position. It will be seen that button 13b in the FIG. 5 position cannot again act directly to move tumbler 32b, because the end wall 34} of that button now is spaced from the tumbler. However, the first driver notch 33 on tumbler 32b now is opposite the tooth 53 on the corresponding driver 50. Thus, if push button 131) is now depressed a second time, the cam surface 31 on that button will cause tooth 53 on the corresponding driver 50 to rotate into the first driver notch 38, clutching button 13b to tumbler 32b and enabling that button again to slide tumbler 32b.

The actual driver operation is. illustrated in reference to the push button 13d in FIG. 5. Thus, button 13d in FIG. 5 is being depressed a third time, causing the corresponding driver 50 to engage the second driver notch of tumbler 32d and sliding that tumbler to a third depresesd position in which it will be held by its detent 42. Subsequent depressions of a push button will act in like manner, with the appropriate driver 50 engaging successive driver notches 38 on a tumbler to move the tumbler step-by-step to still further depressed positions.

I now call attention to the fact that it will be impossible to damage a tumbler in my lock by depressing a push button an excessive number of times. That will be understood when it is seen that tumbler 32b, for example, when moved inwardly a predetermined distance, will position its plain surface 138 opposite its corresponding driver 5t Then, that driver no longer can engage a notch 38 and will not move the tumbler 32b. Also, a detent 42 will not hold its tumbler when engaging the plain surface "48 on the tumbler. Thus, after a push button has been depressed a predetermined number of times, the button cannot set its tumbler in a further position. Therefore, a button will not move its tumbler beyond a normal limit position and cannot apply pressure that would injure the lock.

The tumblers 52a, 32b, 32c, 32d may reset in their normal locking positions through the reset button 14, FIG. 4. That button 14 slides in the axial bore 45 in the plug 21, and has an end portion '55 that will engage the detent arms 46 when the button is depressed against the pressure of a spring 154. Thereby the reset button 14 will rotate detents 42, moving the detents away from the tumblers and enabling the tumbler springs 36 to return the tumblers to normal position.

Thus far, I have confined my description to the tumbler and button mechanism that I utilize in my novel push button lock. I shall now describe the fence 41 and the extremely novel manner in which that fence acts together with the tumbler mechanism. In the construction that I prefer, the fence 41 is a ring-like member, best seen in FIGS. 6 and 9, that is assembled within the stepped cylinder opening 25. The fence 41 is formed with key portions 56 that engage recesses 57 in the cylinder 11, so that the fence and cylinder are interlocked. The inner periphery of the fence 41 is formed .with a series of lugs 59, FIGS. 6 and 9, that project inwardly along the inner circumference of the cylinder 11, with slots 58 between the lugs.

A will be understood from FIG. 6, one tumbler 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d, is adapted to move longitudinally in each fence slot 58, or in other words, between two juxtaposed lugs 59. Thus, when in a normal locking position, each tumbler coacts with the fence lugs so as to lock the plug 21 against rotation in cylinder 11. That locking position of a tumbler is illustrated by the tumbler 32b in FIG. 4, for example.

If we refer to the tumbler 32b in FIG. 5, we see the release position of a tumbler. Thus, in FIG. 5, tumbler 32b has been actuated by its, push button 13b to align its gating 49b with the fence lugs 59. When all of the tumblers 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d have been actuated to release position, their gatings will be aligned with lugs 59, so that the plug 21 no longer will be locked and may be rotated, as will be understood.

In order to actuate the cam 18, I form the reanward end of plug 21 in my preferred construction with a relatively small integral gear 60 that is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, and indotted lines in FIGS. 2. and 3. I may incidentally equip gear 69 with means for retaining the plug 21 in cylinder 11, as by a screw 61 extending through an opening in rear end wall 62 on cylinder 11 and threaded into an axial opening in gear 60. The gear 60 meshe with a further gear 63 rotating in an axis that is offset relatively to the aXis of plug 21 on the cylinder 11. Gear 63 has a stub shaft 64 that projects beyond the rear end wall 62 of the cylinder, and that carries the cam 18. When the cam 18 is in one position, as in FIGS. 1, 2, 4 and 5, that cam will lie within the outer periphery of cylinder 11, enabling the cylinder to be threaded into the opening of the casing 1 7, FIG. 1. Nevertheless, the plug 21 by rotating can rotate cam 18 beyond the periphery of cylinder 11, as is indicated in FIG. 3, enabling the cam to actuate the lock mechanism 19 the casing. Thus, cam 18 will effectively operate while the actual rotation of the plug 21 is in the longitudinal axi of cylinder 11.

Perhaps the importance of that feature will be better appreciated when it is realized that the tumblers 32a, 32b,

32c, 32d coact with the fence 41 at points that also are arranged about the axis of cylinder 11. Moreover, each particular tumbler may coaot with several different points on the fence 41, those points being represented by the four slots 58 in the construction I have chosen to illustrate. Thus, the plug 21 when released may be rotated to several different positions, and then locked in any of those positions by the tumblers 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d. That locking Will .be eifected by merely depressing the reset button 14 when the plug 21 is in the desired position, causing the tumblers to move into locking position at the particular points relatively to the fence lug 59. Actually, regardless of the rotated positions of the plug 211, each push button 13a, 13b, 13c, 13d will be operated in the same manner for releasing the plug 21. Also, reset button 14 may be operated for'locking the plug in any rotated position.

Thereby I may utilize my novel push button look for achieving several lock functions, such as the locking of a bolt mechanism, the dogging of a bolt in projected posi tion, or the holding of a bolt in retracted position. Further, my lock can do those things when used with lock mechanisms that may require the plug or cam to rotate through different angles, or when the mechanisms require the plug to have locking positions that are in a different angular relation to the lock cylinder.

It will be impossible to decode my lock through an application of pressure to the push buttons. Thus, should a push button be deprmsed, its dogging portion 28 will interlock with the cylinder 11 so that the plug 21 cannot be rotated. It is not then possible to apply pressure between the fence 41 and the tumblers, as would be necessary to detect the position of the tumbler gatings.

In FIG. 10, I show a construction that I may utilize in my cylinder when it is desired to apply further control to the locking operation. As shown, that construction has a control pin 65 that is spring pressed in an outward direc-- tion in a radial opening in plug 21, the opening being arranged in angular position intermediate two of the tumbler slots 33. The outer end of pin 65 has a tapered head 66 that engages an opening '67 in the side of the cylinder 11 when plug 21 is in a predetermined looking position. The inner end of pin 65 is in opposed relation .to a circular groove 68 that I form on reset button 14.

When the plug 21 is rotated from its predetermined lockrug position, the opening 67 cams the tapered head 66 inwardly, causing pin 65 to engage the groove 68 in reset button 14. Thus, when the tumblers 32a, 32b, 32c, 32d have been set in release position, and the plug 21 has been rotated fromits predetermined locking position, the reset button 14 cannot be operated to effect locking movement of the tumblers until the plug has again rotated to its predetermined position.

The particular construction utilizing control pin 65 will be of'value to'control locking of the plug 21, when my lock is used in an application that requires merely one locking position of the plug. Of course, it will be appreciated that I may utilize the control pin 65 to control two or more predetermined locking positions, merely by forming further openings like the opening 67 at the proper points on the sides of cylinder 11.

I believe that those persons skilled in the art will now understand that I contribute an exceedingly novel push button lock that will operate very effectively, and that is very well adapted for use with existing types of lock mechanisms. Moreover, through the different locking or control positions that are possible, my push button lock will be effective for controllong different lock functions. These things I accomplish while achieving a high degree of security. Therefore, I believe that the very considerable merits of my invention will be fully appreciated.

I now claim:

1. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug rotatably mounted in the cylinder,

[a series of push buttons mounted on said plug and each adapted to be depressed one or more times from a normal projected position to a limit position and each time to be returned to its initial projected position from said limit position,

tumblers locking the plug and actuated by the depression of said push buttons to release said plug for rotation,

and a portion on each push button interlocking with the cylinder when the button is depressed whereby to dog the plug against rotation while said tumblers are being moved by said push buttons.

2. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug rotatably mounted in the cylinder,

a series of push buttons mounted on said plug and adapted to be depressed from a normal projected position,

tumblers locking the plug and actuated by the depression of said push buttons to release said plug for rotation,

and means actuated by said push buttons for interlocking the cylinder and plug when a button is depressed, whereby to dog the plug against rotation while said tumblers are being moved by said push buttons.

3. in a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug rotatably mounted in the cylinder,

2. series of push buttons mounted on said plug and each adapted to be depressed one or more times from a normal projected position to a limit position and each time to be returned to its initial position projected from said limit position,

a series of tumblers mounted for axial movement parallel to said push buttons with one tumbler impinging against each push button when said tumbler is in an initial spring pressed position,

means whereby each push button directly depresses its tumbler in the axis of movement of said tumbler when said push button is depressed a first time,

clutch means through which each push button depresses its tumbler thereafter,

said tumblers locking said plug against rotation relatively to said cylinder until depressed by said push buttons into a release position,

dogging means for holding each tumbler against movement from any depressed position to said initial projected position,

and release means for said dogging means.

4. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of lugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

a plug mounted in said cylinder opening for rotation in a particular axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis of rotation of said p s,

a series of tumblers in said plug movably mounted relatively thereto and lying each initially in a locking position coacting with said lugs to prevent rotation of said plug,

means whereby said push buttons move said tumblers to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs when said push buttons are operated in accordance with a predetermined combination Whereby to release said plug for rotation from any rotated position of said plug in said cylinder,

detent means for locking each of said tumblers in its release position to allow free rotation of said plug,

and means effective when the tumblers are so locked for releasing said tumblers for movement to their initial position locking said plug in any rotated position in said cylinder.

5. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of iugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

a plug mounted in said cylinder opening for rotation in a particular axis.

a series of push buttons mounted for limited axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis and spring pressed to a projected position,

a series of tumblers in said plug movably mounted relatively thereto and each spring pressed to an initial position coacting with said lugs to prevent rotation of said plug,

means whereby said push buttons when depressed against their springs move said tumblers against the tumbler springs to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs when said push buttons are operated in accordance with a predetermined combination whereby to release said plug for rotation from any rotated position of said plug in said cylinder,

detent means for locking each of said tumblers in its release position to allow free rotation of said plug,

and means effective when the tumblers are so locked for releasing said tumblers for spring pressed movement to said initial position locking said plug in any rotated position in said cylinder.

6. in a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of lugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

a plug mounted in said cylinder opening for rotation in the cylinder axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis,

a series of tumblers in said plug movably mounted relatively thereto and lying each normally in a locking position coacting with said lugs to prevent rotation of said plug,

means for positioning said tumblers by operation of said push buttons whereby to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs to release said plug for free rotation from any rotated position of said plug in said cylinder,

said tumblers when moved into a locking position locking said plug in any rotated position in said cylinder.

7. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of lugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

a plug mounted in said cylinder opening for rotation in a particular axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis,

a series of tumblers mounted each for movement in said plug for coacting with certain of said lugs to lock the plug in one rotated position,

each tumbler adapted to coact with other of said lugs whereby to lock the plug when the plug is in another rotated position,

and means for positioning said tumblers by operation of said push buttons whereby to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs to release said plug for free rotation from each of said rotated positions of said plug in said cylinder.

8. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening,

a plug mounted for rotation in said cylinder opening,

said plug having a series of longitudinal slots arranged around the periphery of the plug,

a series of lugs protruding into the central opening on said cylinder and into juxtaposed relation to the plug slots,

tumblers mounted to slide in said slots and normally lying in position coacting with the lugs on the cylinder to lock the plug against rotation,

a series of push buttons on said plug,

and means effective through operation of each push button to slide a tumbler for setting the tumblers in release position relatively to the cylinder lugs whereby to allow the plug to rotate.

9. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder having a central opening,

a plug mounted for rotation in said cylinder opening,

said plug having a series of longitudinal slots arranged around the periphery of the plug,

a tumbler mounted to slide in each slot,

a series of lugs protruding into the cylinder opening along a particular circumferential section on said cylinder,

opposed sides of said lugs contributing openings in which the tumblers engage to lock the plug against rotation,

a series of push buttons on said plug,

and means effective through operation of each push button to slide a tumbler "for aligning a gating in each tumbler relatively to the cylinder lugs whereby to allow the plug to rotate.

10. In a lock of the class described,

a casing,

a lock mechanism in said casing,

acylinder,

screw threads on said cylinder and on said casing whereby said cylinder may be threaded into a mounted position at least partially in said casing,

a plug mounted in said cylinder for rotation in a predetermined axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for axial movement on said plug parallel to said axis,

a series of tumblers in said plug,

means for positioning said tumblers by operation of said push buttons,

said tumblers locking said plug against rotation relatively to said cylinder until moved by said push buttons into a release position,

a cam mounted on said cylinder for rotation on an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of said plug but offset relatively thereto, with said cam lying within the periphery of said cylinder to permit threading rota- .tion of said cylinder into said casing,

and means whereby rotation of said plug etfects rotation of said cam beyond the periphery of said cylinder to actuate said lock mechanism.

11. In a lock of the class described,

a casing,

a lock mechanism in said casing,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of lugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

screw threads on said cylinder and on said casing whereby said cylinder may be threaded into a mounted position at least partially in said casing,

.a plug mounted in said cylinder for rotation in a predetermined axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for limited axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis and spring pressed to a projected position,

a series of tumblers in said plug movably mounted relatively thereto and each spring pressed to an initial position coacting with said lugs to prevent rotation of said plug,

means whereby said push buttons when depressed against their springs move said tumblers against the tumbler springs to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs when said push buttons are operated in accordance with a predetermined combination whereby to release said plug for free rotation from any rotated position of said plug in said cylinder,

a cam mounted on said cylinder for rotation on an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of said plug but oiiset relatively thereto, with said cam lying Within the periphery of said cylinder to permit threading rotation of said cylinder into said casing,

and means whereby rotation of said plug effects rotation of said cam beyond the periphery of said cylinder to actuate said lock mechanism.

'12. In a lock of the class described,

a casing,

a lock mechanism in said casing,

a cylinder having a central opening with a series of lugs protruding into said opening along a particular circumferential section,

means on said cylinder and on said casing whereby said cylinder is mounted lOIl said casin g,

a plug mounted in said cylinder for rotation in a predetermined axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for limited axial movement in said plug parallel to said axis and spring pressed to a projected position,

a series of tumblers in said plug movably mounted rela tively thereto and each spring pressed to an initial position coacting with said lugs to prevent rotation of said plug,

means whereby said push buttons when depressed against their springs move said tumblers against the tumbler springs to align a gating in each tumbler relatively to all of said lugs when said push buttons are operated in accordance with apredetermined combination whereby to release said plug for free rotation from any rotated position of said plug in said cylinder,

a cam mounted on said cylinder for rotation on an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of said plug but offset relatively thereto,

and means whereby rotation of said plug effects rotation of said cam to actuate said lock mechanism.

13. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug mounted in said cylinder for rotation in a predetermined axis,

a series of push buttons mounted for axial movement on said plug parallel to said axis,

a series of tumbler-s in said plug,

means for positioning said tumblers by operation of said push buttons, said tumblers locking said plug against rotation relatively to said cylinder until moved by said push buttons into a release position,

a cam mounted on said cylinder for rotation on an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of said plug but offset relatively thereto,

and means whereby rotation of said plug eflt'ects rotation of said cam.

14. In a lock of the class described,

a casing,

a lock mechanism in said casing,

a cylinder,

means on said cylinder andon said casing for mounting said cylinder with its rear end in predetermined relation to the casing and its lock mechanism,

a plug mounted for rotation in a longitudinal axis in said cylinder,

a series of push buttons mounted for longitudinal movement lOl'l said plug at the front end of the cylinder,

a series of tumblers in said plug,

means for positioning said tumblers by operation of said push buttons,

said tumblers locking said plug against rotation relatively to said cylinder until moved by said push buttons into a release position,

a lock mechanism actuating member having one end portion mounted on said cylinder tor rotation of said member on an axis :oflset relatively to the axis of rotation of said plug,

an opposed end portion of said actuating member extending in coacting relation to the lock mechanism in the casing when the rear end of said cylinder is mounted in its predetermined relation to said casing,

and means extending bet-ween the plug and lock actuat- 11 ing member on said cylinder whereby rotation of said plug effects rotation of said member to actuate said lock mechanism.

15. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug mounted to rotate in said cylinder with a front end portion'of the plug exposed,

a series of movable tumblers controlling the rotation of the plug,

a series of push buttons mounted on the exposed front end portion of said plug,

a tumbler driver actuated by each push button,

each tumbler having notches successively engaged by a corersponding driver to move the tumbler to an extreme position when the driver is actuated by depression of its push but-ton a predetermined number oftimes,

and a surface on each tumbler holding its driver in an inactive position after the tumbler has moved to its extreme position, whereby an operation of the push button will be ineffective to damage the lock through movement of the tumblers beyond their extreme position.

16. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug having an end portion exposed at the front end of the cylinder to enable the plug to be manually rotated in the cylinder,

a series of push button actuated tumblers,

an opening mounting each tumbler for longitudinal movement between locking and release positions on the key plug,

a fence integral with the cylinder and relatively to which the plug and tumblers rotate when the tumblers are in release position,

parts of said fence having openings in which the tumblers are engaged when in locking position,

and said fence parts being closely juxtaposed to the tumbler openings in the rotating plug so that the tumblers in locking position will oppose forceful rotation of the plug.

17. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug having a head exposed at the front end of the cylinder to enable the plug to be manually rotated in the cylinder,

the material of the plug head being relieved to form one or more cavities extending around a greater part of the periphery of the head,

a series of push buttons on said head of the plug for controlling the rotation of the plug,

a scalp covering the plug head and its cavities and having openings through which the push buttons extend,

and said cavities causing the scalp to yield and to become deformed due to the application of a tool when a forceful attempt is made to rotate the plug.

18. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug having a head exposed at the front end of said cylinder to enable the plug to be manually rotated in the cylinder,

a circular fence in said cylinder,

a series of tumblers mounted in a circular arrangement on the plug with each tumbler in position to co-act with a corresponding point on the fence for locking the plug against rotation,

a series of push buttons on the head of the plug,

means whereby said push buttons when depressed in a predetermined combination move each tumbler to a release position relatively to the fence,

a reset button mounted on the plug head and adapted to be depressed to reset the tumblers in locking position relatively to their corresponding points on the fence,

and said reset button being effective to reset the tumblers when the plug has been rotated to place each tumbler in position to coact with a fence point corresponding to another tumbler, whereby to enable the tumblers to lock the plug in several different rotated positions.

19. In a lock of the class described,

a cylinder,

a plug having a head exposed at the front end of said cylinder to enable the plug to be manually rotated in the cylinder,

a circular fence in said cylinder,

a series of tumblers mounted in a circular arrangement on the plug,

each tumbler having a portion for coacting with a corresponding point on the fence for locking the plug in a predetermined rotated position,

a series of push buttons on the head of the plug,

means whereby said push buttons when depressed in a predetermined combination move each tumbler to a release position relatively to the fence,

a reset button mounted on the plug head and adapted to be depressed to reset the tumblers in locking position when the plug is in its predetermined rotated position,

and interlocking means actuated to prevent resetting of the tumblers by said reset button When the plug rotates from its predetermined rotated position so that the plug may be locked only in said predetermined position.

.References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,792,949 Wissenboeck Feb. 17, 1931

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1792949 *6 Feb 192917 Feb 1931Hans WeissenboeckLock
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4064718 *28 Feb 197727 Dec 1977Cowen Lloyd GNumerical combination replacement plug for cylinder locks
US4170886 *12 Jun 197816 Oct 1979Cowen Lloyd SNumerical combination replacement for cylinder locks
US4309065 *16 Apr 19795 Jan 1982Pappas Peter RSecurity enclosure for handguns
US4333073 *28 May 19641 Jun 1982The Bendix CorporationElectromechanical decoder
US4358942 *29 Nov 197816 Nov 1982Mattson Jerry LCombination lock
US4748833 *15 Sep 19817 Jun 1988501 Nagasawa Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Button operated combination lock
US4794768 *21 Sep 19873 Jan 1989Moser Douglas JPush button combination lock type gas cap and actuator employed therein
US4799371 *7 May 198724 Jan 1989Aardee Spring & Lock Co., Ltd.Keyless lock
US4936894 *21 Aug 198926 Jun 1990Supra Products, Inc.Pushbutton lock
US5845523 *31 Jul 19968 Dec 1998U-Code, Inc.Electronic input and dial entry lock
US5887467 *10 Jul 199730 Mar 1999U-Code, Inc.Pawl & solenoid locking mechanism
US6116066 *29 Mar 199612 Sep 2000Gartner; Klaus W.Electronic input and dial entry lock
US6298699 *7 Jul 20009 Oct 2001U-Code, Inc.Electronic input and dial entry lock
US827641313 Dec 20062 Oct 2012Joseph TalpePushbutton combination lock
US837575121 Sep 201019 Feb 2013Master Lock Company LlcLockable enclosure
US85556867 Dec 201015 Oct 2013Master Lock Company LlcMechanical pushbutton locking arrangements
EP2202370A1 *13 Dec 200630 Jun 2010Joseph TalpePushbutton combination lock
WO2007087932A2 *13 Dec 20069 Aug 2007Joseph TalpePushbutton combination lock
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/313, 70/133, 70/214, 70/333.00R
International ClassificationE05B37/16, E05B37/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B37/166
European ClassificationE05B37/16C