|Publication number||US3000381 A|
|Publication date||19 Sep 1961|
|Filing date||7 Nov 1956|
|Priority date||7 Nov 1956|
|Publication number||US 3000381 A, US 3000381A, US-A-3000381, US3000381 A, US3000381A|
|Inventors||William G Mulhole, John J Osmar|
|Original Assignee||Chicopee Mfg Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (35), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 19, 1961 w. G. MULHOLE ETAL DIAPER HOLDER Filed Nov. 7, 1956 @N N www N ULV United States Patent O 3,000,381 DIAPER HOLDER William G. Mulhole, Elizabeth, NJ., and John J. Osmar,
North. Little Rock, Ark., assignors to Chicopee Manufacturing Corporation, a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Nov. 7, 1956, Ser. No. 620,824 Claims. (Cl. 12S-284) This invention relates to diapering devices and holders for diaper pads, more particularly to a holder which is especially adapted to hold inexpensive diaper pads which are disposed of after one use.
The present invention contemplates a diaper pad holder which is adapted to hold a somewhat imsy, but highly absorbent disposable pad snugly in position on a baby without stretching the pad unduly, tearing it, or othervsu'se destroying its effectiveness as a diaper; and the diapering device which comprises a disposable pad of this type in such a holder.
The rear half of the diaper pad holder of this invention is extensible and elastic so that the holder may be tted tightly around the baby. r[he front end of the holder is relatively inextensible and adapted to hold the front end of the pad securely in position without slippage during use. Since the rear half of the holder is extended during use, the rear end of the pad is positioned in the holder in such a way that it may slip in the direction of its length to avoid stretching or tearing the pad, itself.
Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and claims taken together with the drawings wherein:
FIGURE l is a plan view of a diaper pad holder according to one embodiment of the invention with the extensible rear half of the holder in relaxed condition.
FIGURE 2 is a similar plan view of the holder of FIGURE 1 with the rear half of the holder extended to its full dimension.
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged broken sectional view along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.
Referring to the drawings, there is shown a waterproof diaper pad holder which is roughly T-shaped in its full dimension, or when it is fully extended, as shown in FIGURE 2. The line A-A passing approximately through the mid-point of the crotch portion of the holder divides the holder into a front part 11 and a rear part 12 which will be referred to sometimes hereinafter in the specification and claims as a front half and a rear half; the front half 11 being that below the line A--A in the iigures, and the rear half 12 being that above the line. Thus, the front half of the holder at the base of the T is relatively elongated and narrow, while the rear half of the holder is much wider across the top of the T.
The rear half of the holder is gathered when the holder is relaxed, as shown in FIGURE 1, to provide the required extensibility. 'Ihe rear part .12 of the holder body is gathered adjacent its top edge 13 and secured to elastic means 14 such as an elastic tape by zig-zag stitching or an equivalent technique to provide an extensible and elastic rear waist embracing portion 15. Somewhat concave leg embracing portions 16 are provided along each edge of the holder about the line A-A in the area of the crotch portion of the holder. As shown in FIGURE 1, the holder body is gathered above the line A-A in the leg embracing portions 17 of the rear half of the holder and secured to'extensible elastic means 18 by stitching or the like. Thus, both the rear waist embracing portion and the rear leg embracing portions 17 of the holder of FIGURE 1 are extensible and elastic. Generally speaking, the elastic means 14 on the Waist embracing portion will be quite resilient to assure that the holder stays in position and does not slip down from the babys waist.
Patented Sept. 19, 1.961
In contrast, the waist embracing portion 21 of the front half of the holder is not gathered and therefore only as extensible as the material of the holder body. Preferably, the body of the holder is formed from a sheet of relatively inextensible waterproof material, such as vinyl sheeting, or the like, with the result that the front half 11 of the holder is relatively inextensible. Preferably, also, a relatively inextensible reinforcing band 22 is provided, for strength purposes, along the waist embracing edge of this half of the holder.
For convenience in manufacturing and to reinforce the leg embracing portions 23 of the front half of the holder, the elastic means 18 of the leg embracing portions 17 of the rear half of the holder may be extended over and secured to the leg embracing portions of the front half, as shown in the drawings. However, the body of the holder in these areas is gathered only slightly, if at all, so that the leg embracing portions of the front half of the holder are, at best, relatively inextensible. The elastic means 18 could be confined to the rear leg embracing portions, in which case it would be preferable to reinforce the leg embracing edges of the front half of the holder by some other means, such as reinforcing strips or the like.
Fastening devices are provided on each side of the front and rear halves of the holder beyond their respective leg embracing portions. A set of three spaced snap halves 25 is positioned adjacent the edge of the holder along each side, at the front and rear thereof. Reinforcing strips 26 are stitched to the body of the holder in v these areas to prevent the snap halves 25 from loosening or pulling out. Preferably, male halves on the outer side of the rear half 12 of the holder enter and cooperate with female snap halves on the inner side of the front half 11 of the holder. However, this arrangement may be varied with the male halves being on the front half 11 of the holder and the female halves being on the rear half 12, or with the snap halves facing opposite sides of the same half of the holder.
Pad securing means in the form of a front strap 27 is provided adjacent the waist embracing portion 21 of the front half of the diaper holder. This strap 27 extends across the holder and is secured at each of its ends by stitching, or the like, to the reinforcing strips 26 along the sides of the front half of the holder. A rear strap 28 is secured to the rear half of the holder through a heat sealing ring 28A which surrounds the strap. Ihe ends of the strap are integral with corresponding portions of the heat sealing ring and the ring is heat sealed to the holder adjacent these portions in such a way that the unattached length of the strap between its ends is approximately equal to that of the front strap 27. Preferably, the unattached length of the rear strap 28 is at least about as great as the width of diaper pads to be used therewith and the strap is located centrally of the rear half of the holder so that a pad threaded therethrough is supported slidably in the rear part of the holder.
In use, the front end 31 of an elongated yabsorbent pad 30 is inserted under the front strap 27, then the body of the pad is folded over the strap 27 and the rear end of the pad is threaded under the rearV strap 28, while the holder is relaxed, as shown in FIGURE 1.
The baby then is placed on the rear half of thefpad- 30 and the front half of the holder is folded over the babysV abdomen with the leg embracing portions of the holder between the babys legs. The rear half 12 of theholderfv half of the holder. This snug iit prevents the front end of the pad 31 from becoming dislodged from the front strap 27. The rear half of the pad 30 is held in position by the generally close t of the holder around the babys body.
Even though the front end 31 of the pad is positively secured to the front half 11 of the holder by folding the end of the pad around the front strap 27, the front half o r' the pad is not stretched appreciably as the holder is tted around the baby because the front half of the pad is vrelatively inextensible. Thus, the front half of the pad and the front half of the holder retain their relative positions. Since the rear half 12 of the holder is extended as it is stretched around the babys body, the rear strap 28 is vdesignedto allow the rear end of the pad 3G to slide therethrough to avoid placing undue tension on the pad as the rear half 12 of the holder is extended. The relative motion between the rear half of the holder and the rear Yhalf of the pad is illustrated in the comparison between FIGURES l and 2, before and after stretching of the holder, respectively. Thus, the absorbent pad Ymay be relatively imsy or at least of low tensile strength. This allows the use of cheaper yet highly absorbent materials, such `as'ilufled Woodpulp, other ocky absorbent materials, and the like.
lt is preferred that the elastic strips 14 and 18 at the waist and leg encircling portions of the holderY be sheathed with an open netting 32 of a durable, preferably hydrophobic material such as nylon, or the like. Since this sheathing is positioned about the elastic when it is fully extended, it will become shirred or pleated in the relaxed condition of the Vholder as shown in FIGURE 1. The sheathing 32 improves the appearance of the holder and provides a cushioning eifect between the elastic 'strips andthe babys body.
The reinforcing strips 26 in the front and rear of the holdermay be extended up beyond lthe Waist embracing edges thereof to provide tabs 33 which may be used for opening the top snaps'or pinning the holder to the babys undershirt.
The body of the holder may be formed from a single sheet of a vinyl polymer or'copolymer, either pigmented for opacity or relatively clear and transparent. It is preferred that the sheet be opaque and white and embossed with a fine pattern to provide a textile-like texture to the holder. In the above-described structure, vinyl sheeting approximately'4 mils thick has given good results. Of course, any one of various similar materials may be eniployed Afor this purpose.
The -front waist band 22, the reinforcing strips 26, and
\ thefront and rear straps 27 and 28 each may be formed from na single layer of 4 mil vinyl sheeting folded upon itself` twice to provide a 3-ply strip, 12 mils thick. A single layer 12 mils thick, or a like structure, may be employed with equal advantage. Similarly, although stitching has been mentioned for use to secure the various parts of the holder together, with the exception of the backV strap 28 which has been described as heat sealed, heat sealing may be employed throughout, or an adhesive, or the like, may be used.
Having now described the invention in speciiic detail and exemplified the manner in which it may be carried into practice, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the lart that innumerable variations, applications, modications, and extensions of the basic principles involved may be made without departing from its spirit or scope.
The claims are:
1. A rdiaper pad holder comprising a crotch portion, leg embracing portions and waist embracing portions, said holder ybeing divided by an imaginary median line passing approximately through the mid-point of the crotch portion into a front half and a rear half, the leg embracing portions and waist embracing portion of the holder to the rear of said median line being extensible and elastic and the entire leg embracing portions and the Waist embracing portion to the front of said median line being inextensible and non-elastic, which further comprises pad securing means infront half of said holder beyond the leg embracing portions thereof, and fastening devices along the sides of each of said front and rear halves beyond their respective leg embracing portions, whereby the front yendlof an elongated diaper pad may be iixed to the pad securing means in the front half of the holder and the rear end of the diaper pad may be slidably positioned in the rear ,half of the holder and the holder bearing the pad may be fitted on a baby by placing said leg embracing portions between a babys legs and stretching the extensible rear half of the holder around the baby and securing it to the inextensible'front half by said fastening devices without stretching the pad where it is iixed in the front half of the holder. Y
2. A diaper pad holder according to claim l wherein the pad securing means is .in the form of a front strap extending across and secured at its ends to the front half ofthe holder beyond the leg embracing portions thereof, whereby the diaper pad maybe fixed to the strap by passing the pad through and over the strap and stretching the Waist'embracing portion of the holder around the baby.
3. A diaper-pad holder according to `claim l wherein pad guiding means is centrally located in the rear half of saidholder, whereby the rear end ofthe pad may be threaded through the guiding meansfor slidable movement therewith. t
4. A diaper pad holder according to claim 3 wherein the guiding means is Vin the form of a rear strap extending across and secured at its `ends tothe rear half of the holder. 5. A diapering ydevice comprising, in combination; a diaper pad yholder which in Vturn comprisesV a vcrotch portion, leg embracing portions, waist embracing portions, said holder being divided by an imaginary median'line passing approximately through the mid-point of the crotch portion into a front half and a rear half, the legh'emb'racing portions and Waist embracing portionY of theV holder to the rear of said median line being extensible and4 elastic and the 'leg vembracing portions and theA waist embracing portion to the front of said median line being relatively inextensible 'and non-elastic, fastening devices along Vthe sides of each of said front and rear halves, beyond their respective leg embracing portions, Va front strap extending across and secured at its ends to said front halfadjacent the Waist embracing portionof said half, and a rear strap extending across and secured at its ends to the rear half of 'said holdei and an elongated disposable diaper pad having its front end linserted under said front strap and the remainder of the pad folded over the front strap and threaded under said rear strap, whereby said pad is attached tothe relatively inextensible front half of the holder and is slidably positioned on said extensible rear half, and the holder-bearing the pad may be iitted on a baby by placing said legembracing portions between a babys legs and stretching the extensible rear half of the holder aroundk the baby and securing it to said front half by said Yfastening devices without stretching the pad where it is `fixed in the front half of the holder.
References Cited Yin the ile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE CERTIFICATE 0F CRRECTION Patent No.'r3,000,38l September 19, 1961,
William G. Mulhole et al.
It is hereby'certfed that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.
Column 4, under the headin add the following:
g, "UN'TTED STATES PATENTSH 2,581,904 Burnsl --Janm 8, 1952 2,854,979 Turner et al---Oct. 7,v 1958 Signed and sealed this 3rd day of April 1962.
ERNEST w, SWIDER DAVID L LADD Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2419867 *||27 Jan 1944||29 Apr 1947||Edward Woodman||Garment|
|US2523079 *||18 Oct 1949||19 Sep 1950||Walter Frances D||Child's trunks|
|US2793642 *||19 Aug 1955||28 May 1957||Andruhovici Ottilia K||Diaper-pants for the use of pad like diapers|
|US2832346 *||9 Apr 1956||29 Apr 1958||Geneva Morstad||Diaper holder|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3162196 *||23 May 1962||22 Dec 1964||Murray Salk & Co Inc||Garment for incontinent individuals|
|US3995637 *||17 Dec 1975||7 Dec 1976||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Diaper with waist means|
|US4050462 *||29 Mar 1976||27 Sep 1977||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Disposable diaper with elastically constricted crotch section|
|US4072150 *||15 Nov 1976||7 Feb 1978||Glassman Jacob A||Double-duty diaper and insert therefor|
|US4338939 *||27 Feb 1980||13 Jul 1982||Helenne Daville||Incontinence pants|
|US4576601 *||4 Sep 1984||18 Mar 1986||Brain Lucille M||Diaper magic, open plastic pants to hold cloth diapers or disposable liner|
|US5217447 *||16 Jul 1990||8 Jun 1993||Michael E. Fedryna||Diaper system with detachable linings|
|US5413570 *||4 Apr 1994||9 May 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Diapers with elasticized side pockets|
|US5415644 *||13 Feb 1989||16 May 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Diapers with elasticized side pockets|
|US5582606 *||23 May 1995||10 Dec 1996||Kimberly-Clarke Corporation||Absorbent article having dual barrier means|
|US5599338 *||9 May 1995||4 Feb 1997||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Diapers with elasticized side pockets|
|US5601544 *||23 Dec 1993||11 Feb 1997||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Child's training pant with elasticized shaped absorbent and method of making the same|
|US5895382 *||26 Apr 1993||20 Apr 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Foreshortened containment flaps in a disposable absorbent article|
|US6406469||7 Apr 2000||18 Jun 2002||Lucille M. Brain||Re-useable holders for diapers and disposable liners|
|US6503235 *||9 Jul 2001||7 Jan 2003||Uni-Charm Corporation||Disposable pull-on undergarment|
|US7122024||24 Jun 2003||17 Oct 2006||Uni Charm Corp||Open-type disposable wearing article having bifurcated stretchable zones|
|US7575573 *||31 Dec 1996||18 Aug 2009||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent article having drawstring members|
|US8398605||7 Jul 2009||19 Mar 2013||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent article having drawstring members|
|US9011398||12 Jul 2012||21 Apr 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Containment system|
|US9011403||12 Jul 2012||21 Apr 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent insert|
|US9192524||15 Nov 2012||24 Nov 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent insert with positioning notch|
|US9192526||2 Jul 2013||24 Nov 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent insert and containment system|
|US9198806||2 Jul 2013||1 Dec 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Containment pant|
|US9198807||2 Jul 2013||1 Dec 2015||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Containment pant|
|US9226862||15 Nov 2012||5 Jan 2016||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Containment pant with positioning key|
|US9308131||12 Jul 2012||12 Apr 2016||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Containment pant|
|US20040006326 *||24 Jun 2003||8 Jan 2004||Kaiyo Nakajima||Open-type disposable wearing article|
|US20090275912 *||7 Jul 2009||5 Nov 2009||Roe Donald C||Absorbent Article Having Drawstring Members|
|USRE31922 *||23 Sep 1983||25 Jun 1985||Johnson & Johnson||Conformable disposable diapers having absorbent panel with bulged side members|
|DE2454590A1 *||18 Nov 1974||22 May 1975||Procter & Gamble||Wegwerfwindel|
|EP0676184A1 *||14 Feb 1995||11 Oct 1995||Dieter Gräther||Diaper|
|EP1174103A2 *||2 Jul 2001||23 Jan 2002||Uni-Charm Corporation||Disposable pull-on undergarment|
|EP1174103A3 *||2 Jul 2001||28 May 2003||Uni-Charm Corporation||Disposable pull-on undergarment|
|EP1374815A2 *||17 Jun 2003||2 Jan 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Open-type disposable wearing article|
|EP1374815A3 *||17 Jun 2003||21 Apr 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Open-type disposable wearing article|
|U.S. Classification||604/398, 604/401|
|International Classification||A61F13/15, A41B13/08, A41B13/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A41B13/04, A61F13/76, A61F13/68|
|European Classification||A61F13/76, A61F13/68, A41B13/04|