Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2717437 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date13 Sep 1955
Filing date15 Oct 1952
Priority date22 Oct 1951
Publication numberUS 2717437 A, US 2717437A, US-A-2717437, US2717437 A, US2717437A
InventorsMestral George De
Original AssigneeVelcro Sa Soulie
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Velvet type fabric and method of producing same
US 2717437 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


ATTORNEY United States Patent VELVET TYPE FABRIC AND METHOD OF PRODUCHVG SAME George de Mestral, Prangins, Vaud, Switzerland, assignor to Velcro S. A., Fribourg, Switzerland, a corporation of Switzerland Application October 15, 1952, Serial No. 314,933

Claims priority, application Switzerland October 22, 1951 4 Claims. (Cl. 28-72) My invention has for its object a velvet fabric including a foundation structure constituted by a Weft and a warp incorporating threads that are cut at a predetermined length so as to form a raised pile. My novel fabric distinguishes from the other similar fabrics by the fact that the raised pile is made of artificial material, while at least part of the threads in said pile is provided near its end with material-engaging means, as required for adhering to a similar fabric or for scouring purposes.

My invention has for its further object a method for producing a fabric of the above type, according to which the raised pile is provided with its material-engaging means by forming loops round a carrier and submitting the loops formed on the carrier to a thermic action with a view to giving them their final shape, after which the loops are cut on one side of the carrier so that each loop produces at least one pile thread having a hook-shaped end.

Fabrics of the type referred to are intended primarily for use as closing means or fasteners for garments, curtains and the like as substitutes for the usual slider-operated closing means or fasteners or for buttons or the like attaching means, whenever a yielding invisible closing arrangement is of advantage.

Fabrics of the type referred to may also be used to advantage as cleaning implements. As a matter of fact, it is possible to lay them on a support made of wood or of plastic material so as to produce a clothes or shoe brush.

I have illustrated diagrammatically and by way of example in accompanying drawings various embodiments of the fabric according to my invention. In said drawmgs:

Fig. 1 is an explanatory diagram of a preferred method of production of such a fabric.

Fig. 2 shows two pieces of fabric executed according to a first embodiment of my invention and laid over each other so as to interengage and to adhere to each other.

Turning to Fig. 1, it is apparent that the velvet fabric, illustrated in the making, includes a foundation structure constituted by a weft 1 and by a warp 2.

The foundation structure also carries the warp thread 3 in addition to the warp thread 2, said thread 3 being adapted to form the raised pile 9, 10, some of the pile threads showing near their ends material-engaging means; in the example illustrated, the threads 9 of the pile are bent downwardly to form a hook 4.

Obviously, the weft and warp threads forming the foundation structure may be arranged otherwise than in the manner illustrated.

Furthermore, the raised pile is made of artificial or a synthetic resin material so that it is possible to give the pile threads the desired shape and to make them retain the said desired shape. I may use as an artificial material any suitable plastic material, such as that sold in the trade as nylon, which is a generic term for any long chain synthetic polymeric amide which has recurring amide groups as an integral part of the main polymer 2 chain and which is capable of being formed into a filament in which the structural elements are oriented in the direction of the axis. Note Du Pont Products Index, published by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company (Inc.), Wilmington 98, Delaware, page 91, January, 1951.

When producing a fabric of the type illustrated in Fig. l, I proceed in the same manner as for the production of the special valvet made on bar looms. As a matter of fact, it is possible to use for the formation of the pile, small transverse metal bars (Fig. 1) round which the additional warp threads are caused to pass so as to form loops 6. Each small bar 5 is provided with a longitudinal groove 7 in which is guided a knife 8 adapted to cut the loop 6 open and to form thus the raised pile threads. However, with a view to obtaining the hooks 4, I heat the bar 5 before the cutting of the loops 6, so that the thread extending over the bar may assume and retain the shape imparted to it by the latter. The heating of the bars may be obtained by making an electric current flow through then. Obviously, the carrier bars 5 for the loop may be heated as well through any means other than an electric current, e. g. the carrier bars may be hollow and heated by steam.

After the loop 6 has been cut, the raised pile retains its shape and each loop produces, on one hand, the raised pile threads 9, the ends of which are hook-shaped and, on the other hand, ordinary raised pile threads 10 forming lost strands.

As apparent from inspection of Fig. 2, it is possible to superpose two pieces of fabric of the type illustrated in Fig. 1, after having imparted to one of the two pieces a angular displacement in respect to the other piece and after turning them so that their pile surfaces face each other, the pile threads 9 of one piece engaging the pile threads 9 of the other piece through the co-operating hooks 4. Thus, as the number of hooks 4 per surface unit, say per square inch, may be high, the two pieces of fabric adhere together perfectly, and it is necessary to draw them away from each other with some energy, when it is desired to separate them. After separation of the two pieces, the hooks 4 return into their original shape.

It is thus possible to use a pair of such pieces of fabric to advantage as a substitute for the usual fastening means, such as slide-operated fasteners, ordinary buttons, press buttons or the like attaching means. As a matter of fact, it is sufiicient to sew a piece of fabric of the type described along the edges of the parts of garments, curtains and the like, which are to be held together. A mere pressure exerted on the two garment elements against each other will provide for their fastening. A somewhat considerable tractional stress exerted on the two garment elements thus associated, allows separating them when required.

A fastening arrangement obtained as disclosed hereinabove shows inter alia the following advantages:

The possibility of compensating any clearance between the associated elements as such elements are not always in exact register with each other;

In the case of any straining, the fastening arrangement will yield before any damage is inflicted on the fabric, which is very important whenever a piece of velvet has engaged some fabric having delicate meshes.

It should be remarked that the velvet fabrics according to my invention and more particularly those illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, may serve advantageously for the execution of household implements, such as clothes brushes, shoe brushes and the like cleaning or scouring means. Obviously, in such a case, the size of the threads and more particularly their thickness and their rigidity may be selected according to the purpose intended for the pieces of fabric that are to be executed.

The velvet fabric according to my invention is thus obtained in practice in a manner similar to a conventional velvet. However, it is obvious that my novel fabric has neither the silky feel nor the outer appearance of the usual velvet that serves for the execution of clothes or for upholstery.

I claim:

1. A method for producing a velvet type fabric consisting in weaving together a plurality of weft threads and a plurality of warp threads together with a plurality of auxiliary warp threads of synthetic resin material, forming loops with said auxiliary warp threads on one surface of the so woven fabric, submitting the said loops to a thermal source, thereby causing said loops to retain their shape to form raised pile threads, cutting said loops near their outer ends, thereby forming material-engaging means on at least a portion of said pile threads constituted by said cut loops.

2. A method for producing a velvet type fabric consisting in weaving together a plurality of weft threads and a plurality of warp threads together with a plurality of auxiliary warp threads of synthetic resin material, forming loops with said auxiliary Warp threads on one surface of the so woven fabric, submitting the said loops to a thermal source, thereby causing said loops to retain their 2 shape to form raised pile threads, cutting each of said loops near the respective outer end at a point between said outer end and the fabric surface, thereby forming a hook-shaped section with the free end of the respective pile thread at one side of said point at which the cut is made.

3. A velvet type fabric comprising a foundation structure including a plurality of weft threads, a plurality of warp threads, and a plurality of auxiliary warp threads of a synthetic resin material in the form of raised pile threads, the ends of at least part of said raised pile threads being in the form of material-engaging hooks.

4. A velvet type fabric comprising a foundation structure including a plurality of weft threads, a plurality of warp threads, and a plurality of auxiliary warp threads of a synthetic resin material in the form of raised pile threads, the terminal portions of at least part of said raised pile threads being in the form of a material-engaging means including hook-shaped sections.

Holland Dec. 1, 1936 Miller Dec. 15, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2062884 *8 Feb 19351 Dec 1936Sidney Blumenthal & Co IncMethod of producing pile fabric
US2662559 *17 May 195115 Dec 1953Alexander Smith IncPile fabric
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2820277 *25 Oct 195521 Jan 1958Forster KarlMethod and apparatus for making a hooked pile fabric
US2933797 *29 Apr 195726 Apr 1960Sines Soc Para Inversiones ExtCutting device for pile fabrics
US2952925 *2 Oct 195820 Sep 1960Held BettyConstruction with adjustable shank portions
US2961983 *18 Aug 195929 Nov 1960Lees & Sons Co JamesIndustrial apparatus
US2970597 *5 May 19597 Feb 1961Jantzen IncBody encircling garments
US2976914 *6 May 195928 Mar 1961Daniels C R IncFloor cushions for airplane use and the like
US3009235 *9 May 195821 Nov 1961Internat Velcro CompanySeparable fastening device
US3009269 *14 Apr 196021 Nov 1961Folk James SHouse boot
US3012340 *14 Jan 196012 Dec 1961Catherine B ReinhartShoe having interchangeable members
US3014502 *12 Jun 195926 Dec 1961Morgan Valentine Co Inc LPile fabric and its method of manufacture
US3021838 *6 Jul 195920 Feb 1962Charles C FineTruss
US3022559 *3 Nov 195527 Feb 1962Prym Werke WilliamSeparable interlocking fastener
US3027566 *11 Dec 19583 Apr 1962Jaymar Ruby IncGarment waistband construction
US3027661 *1 Feb 19603 Apr 1962Riedell Shoes IncShoe sole construction
US3028861 *13 Jan 196010 Apr 1962Shapiro MartinAnkle supporter
US3031730 *26 Sep 19581 May 1962Morin Louis HBurr-type closure or coupling element
US3032345 *7 Apr 19591 May 1962Jerome H LemelsonTarget game
US3034132 *26 Sep 195815 May 1962Landsberger BernardInfant's blanket
US3052888 *11 Sep 196111 Sep 1962Blanchard Irene SHair protecting device for use with bathing caps
US3057354 *13 Apr 19599 Oct 1962Personal Products CorpSupporting device
US3059350 *11 Aug 196023 Oct 1962Price Dan MStrapless sandal
US3063718 *10 Oct 196113 Nov 1962Frederick E SteinkampDetachable streamer means for use in playing touch football
US3063749 *21 Jun 196013 Nov 1962Struble AlbertHeadrest cover
US3066321 *11 Apr 19604 Dec 1962Mildred M KintnerBedding retaining means
US3066323 *12 Dec 19604 Dec 1962Mildred M KintnerBedding
US3070090 *27 Jan 196125 Dec 1962Arabion N TaylorNeck support
US3075521 *29 Jun 196029 Jan 1963Grassl SimonCervical collars
US3076244 *11 Aug 19595 Feb 1963Velcro Sa SoulieDevice for connecting two flexible parts
US3086214 *7 Apr 196023 Apr 1963Seymour LashSelf-adjusting stretch coverall
US3089494 *12 Jan 196214 May 1963Schwartz RobertPinless diaper
US3093830 *18 Apr 196118 Jun 1963Wills David VReversible combination tie-vest article
US3099265 *22 Nov 196030 Jul 1963Queen Size Clothes IncFemale garments
US3105972 *18 Dec 19618 Oct 1963John A ChristopherGolf glove
US3110312 *9 Feb 196212 Nov 1963Jane B WirthCombined diaper type garment and seat pad
US3111679 *2 Jan 196226 Nov 1963Adolph ReinsbergHair screen
US3118443 *11 Jan 196221 Jan 1964Donald L DykingaHead halter
US3119191 *24 Aug 196128 Jan 1964Virginia E VitzthumShoe improvement
US3123080 *13 Mar 19613 Mar 1964 Brenn-albertoni
US3125277 *12 May 196117 Mar 1964 Box and closure therefor
US3127256 *28 Sep 196031 Mar 1964 Gas clba
US3127259 *28 Sep 196031 Mar 1964 Unit filter assembly
US3127621 *16 Apr 19627 Apr 1964Emanuel GruberBedspread
US3128476 *24 Jul 196114 Apr 1964Lash SeymourFluid-impermeable closure
US3130111 *14 Aug 196121 Apr 1964Sobef Soc De Brevets De FermetSeparable pile fastener
US3135256 *22 May 19612 Jun 1964Surgical Appliance IndCervical collar
US3135820 *2 Feb 19622 Jun 1964Charleston Rubber CompanyFastening devices for linemen's rubber blankets
US3148376 *5 Jan 196215 Sep 1964Leonard P FriederSupport for head engaging device
US3154082 *13 Nov 196127 Oct 1964Powder Melting CorpGirdle
US3160143 *15 Apr 19638 Dec 1964Gen ElectricQuick release adjustable X-ray patient support belt
US3164844 *12 Sep 196212 Jan 1965Jaymar Ruby IncGarment waist band construction
US3196459 *1 May 196227 Jul 1965De Grazia JosephClosure means for a protective garment
US3196511 *15 Jul 196327 Jul 1965Kintner Mikldred MFastening means
US3241881 *29 Aug 196222 Mar 1966Raymond C RiceSeat belt
US3242509 *21 Dec 196129 Mar 1966Nissen CorpGymnastic floor covering
US3252691 *30 Mar 196224 May 1966American Air Filter CoGas cleaning apparatus
US3255749 *27 Jun 196314 Jun 1966John A SmithersBandage wrap
US3255809 *28 Oct 196314 Jun 1966Kawczynski Leonard NPleated drapery construction
US3260294 *19 Jan 196512 Jul 1966Rosana CampionConvertible tire
US3263235 *6 Mar 19642 Aug 1966Young Dorothy MHunt cap
US3276036 *31 Mar 19644 Oct 1966Yates Dowell APatient's comfort gown
US3276037 *9 Jun 19654 Oct 1966William EnglehauptScarf with inherent adjustable fastening means
US3277547 *17 Dec 196211 Oct 1966 Separable fastening element
US3298739 *16 Dec 196417 Jan 1967Scruggs Thomas MSeat belt safety apparatus
US3301295 *16 Mar 196431 Jan 1967Fitch Murrie MTraveller's hand kit
US3319307 *12 Oct 196416 May 1967Italo MarforioFabric fastening assembly
US3319852 *27 Aug 196516 May 1967Neale A PerkinsSling
US3327419 *2 Mar 196527 Jun 1967Stanos Pardee PCard mounting and display apparatus
US3328081 *28 Oct 196327 Jun 1967Scruggs Thomas MSafety seat belt
US3338291 *23 Nov 196429 Aug 1967Kintner Mildred MFixture for window hangings
US3341386 *11 Jan 196612 Sep 1967Collins & Aikman CorpMethod of making frieze effect fabrics
US3346904 *17 Feb 196417 Oct 1967American Felt CoGlass polishing head having a detachable felt pad
US3354491 *21 Mar 196628 Nov 1967Kay El Sales CorpToothbrush
US3359980 *19 Jan 196526 Dec 1967Henry RosenblattDiapers having integral fasteners
US3368811 *17 Apr 196213 Feb 1968Albert G PearsonInterlocking glove and handle
US3385305 *11 Jan 196628 May 1968Frank D. BuzzelliDetachable coiffure
US3395416 *3 Oct 19666 Aug 1968Bissell IncMop with reversible disposable pad
US3407988 *8 Mar 196729 Oct 1968Joseph S. WapnerWire handle for sealed cartons
US3459200 *28 Jul 19665 Aug 1969Manderveld Elise BerlierDevice for curling,waving or setting hair
US3460535 *1 Jul 196612 Aug 1969Antoine BehnaSanitary slip
US3464153 *30 Jan 19672 Sep 1969Robert W SmallMethod of assembling toy or model vehicle and the so assembled vehicle
US3477067 *5 May 196611 Nov 1969Gentex CorpEar cup with spring supported resilient seal
US3503101 *21 Jun 196831 Mar 1970American Velcro IncFastening apparatus
US3527001 *1 Jun 19678 Sep 1970Minnesota Mining & MfgHolder for abrasive product
US3527629 *15 Nov 19668 Sep 1970Velcro Sa SoulieMethod of producing fastener member having upstanding fastener elements shaped for releasable engagement with cooperating fastener elements
US3530687 *10 Aug 196729 Sep 1970Int Knitlock CorpMethod and apparatus for manufacturing knitted cloth having pile configuration
US3539436 *10 Aug 196710 Nov 1970Int Knitlock CorpKnitted product having a material-engaging surface
US3618608 *16 Feb 19709 Nov 1971Mary E BrinkDiaper with fastener
US3638270 *22 Oct 19691 Feb 1972Engel Edward FMonofilament pile cleaning tool
US3643316 *24 Feb 196922 Feb 1972American Velcro IncMethod of making separable fastening devices
US3663980 *23 Sep 197023 May 1972Conklin Roland HDoor mat
US3765193 *12 Jun 197016 Oct 1973Rech Dev Technologiques SocMethod and apparatus for the circular knitting of hook and loop fastener elements
US3773048 *7 Jul 197120 Nov 1973Kirkliauskas ADevices for mounting medical appliance
US3804093 *10 Nov 197216 Apr 1974Raymond Lee Organization IncMedical device: recta-bag
US3805773 *17 Jan 197323 Apr 1974Ballert Orthopedic CorpTraining assist brace
US3833938 *10 Aug 197310 Sep 1974Morris J Co IncTurnout coat
US3849802 *21 Jun 197326 Nov 1974Scient Enterprises IncTemperature protection suit
US3879835 *26 Sep 197329 Apr 1975George C BrumlikMethod of making multi element self-gripping device having cooperating gripping elements
US3922455 *26 Sep 197325 Nov 1975Ingrip FastenersLinear element with grafted nibs and method therefor
US3943981 *25 Mar 197416 Mar 1976Velcro S.A.Hooking-up device
US3994026 *7 Jul 197530 Nov 1976Johnny X. AllemandGarment with supported drop seat
US4012544 *12 Jun 197515 Mar 1977Milliken Research CorporationDust collection mat and method of manufacture
US4058852 *31 Aug 197622 Nov 1977Louis AragonaShirt type garment including built in arm positioning means
US4059117 *23 Jun 197622 Nov 1977Pnina RosenfeldGirdle accessory
US4078264 *22 Nov 197614 Mar 1978Degennaro Frank AArticle of clothing
US4106121 *29 Nov 197615 Aug 1978Belson Gary WTactical load bearing vest
US4222162 *29 Nov 197816 Sep 1980Levy Mark AScreen repair
US4249689 *21 Feb 198010 Feb 1981Western Electric Company, Inc.Methods of and apparatus for advancing elongated material
US4307493 *31 Mar 198029 Dec 1981Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Velvet type fastener tape
US4330907 *31 Mar 198025 May 1982Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Velvet type fastener tape and method of producing the same
US4351067 *6 Apr 198128 Sep 1982Bartels Franklin DWork gloves with attachment mechanism
US4395781 *9 Apr 19812 Aug 1983Noreen MyersInsect protective garment
US4396013 *3 Dec 19802 Aug 1983Velcro Usa Inc.Support and guide strap
US4402690 *21 Oct 19806 Sep 1983Robin RedfernHigh absorbency, contoured, reusable diaper
US4463486 *12 Aug 19817 Aug 1984Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Method of manufacturing a velvet-type fastener web
US4485489 *21 Jun 19824 Dec 1984Calspan CorporationEntrance and egress system for protective shelters and garments
US4485534 *23 Dec 19824 Dec 1984Calspan CorporationInterchange mechanism for multiple fasteners
US4523498 *2 Feb 198318 Jun 1985At&T Technologies, Inc.Ergonomical in-line tool
US4599746 *29 Oct 198415 Jul 1986Stoner Claudia CEyelid shield and method of making same
US4601066 *22 Mar 198522 Jul 1986Campbell Walter AFashion/exercise garment
US4628709 *18 Mar 198516 Dec 1986Actief N.V.Apparatus and method for producing knitted hook-type fastener material
US4670930 *2 Oct 19849 Jun 1987Lu MingCleaning gloves
US4709453 *14 Oct 19861 Dec 1987Foster-Miller, Inc.Separable fastening device
US4769855 *23 Jan 198713 Sep 1988Elephant Garment Co., Ltd.Baby's night gown
US4813369 *21 Oct 198721 Mar 1989Moreland Brenda GWarning pennant
US4875259 *24 Mar 198824 Oct 1989Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyIntermeshable article
US4900605 *16 Sep 198813 Feb 1990Harold ThorgersenBristle pile textile for garment applications
US4926848 *2 Sep 198822 May 1990Shimkus John WAdjustable elastic bandage
US4937181 *13 Oct 198926 Jun 1990John RogersEducational display system
US4961418 *5 Jun 19899 Oct 1990Mclaurin Smith MarkHeat retaining fabric and physical therapy appliances
US4979613 *28 Dec 198925 Dec 1990The Proctor & Gamble CompanySeparable fastening device
US5037348 *3 Aug 19906 Aug 1991Leading Lady, Inc.Therapeutic brassiere for breasts having implants
US5038047 *19 Mar 19906 Aug 1991Still Shirley SLead impregnated material
US5038411 *11 Sep 199013 Aug 1991St Armand SusanBreast-feeding cover and shoulder clip
US5040526 *15 Mar 199020 Aug 1991Cheryl TravaglioneSurgical dressing cover
US5042105 *4 Sep 199027 Aug 1991Buck Melissa JMop head cover
US5058247 *1 May 199022 Oct 1991The Procter & Gamble CompanyMechanical fastening prong
US5069103 *10 Sep 19903 Dec 1991Healy Brian CStringed instrument support device
US5077870 *21 Sep 19907 Jan 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5088164 *22 Mar 198918 Feb 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyContainer with intermeshable closure members
US5098331 *3 Aug 199024 Mar 1992Leading Lady, Inc.Therapeutic chest dressing for breasts having implants
US5113555 *26 Nov 199019 May 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyContainer with intermeshable closure members
US5133166 *21 Jun 199028 Jul 1992Tac-Fast Systems SaStructural assembly system
US5134746 *11 Dec 19894 Aug 1992Steven WilliamCleaning material
US5137508 *14 Dec 199011 Aug 1992Paul EngmanDisposable protective bandage for animals
US5170690 *25 May 199015 Dec 1992Foster-Miller, Inc.Survivability enhancement
US5180534 *21 Dec 199019 Jan 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess of manufacturing a refastenable mechanical fastening system
US5201101 *28 Apr 199213 Apr 1993Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of attaching articles and a pair of articles fastened by the method
US5212853 *10 Mar 199225 May 1993Nifco Inc.Separable plastic fastener and method and apparatus for manufacturing thereof
US5230851 *7 Mar 199127 Jul 1993The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess of manufacturing a refastenable mechanical fastening system
US5300058 *10 Dec 19925 Apr 1994The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable absorbent article having an improved mechanical fastening system
US5318741 *17 Jun 19937 Jun 1994The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess of making a refastenable mechanical fastening system
US5325569 *30 Oct 19925 Jul 1994The Procter & Gamble CompanyRefastenable mechanical fastening system having particular viscosity and rheology characteristics
US5326415 *3 Sep 19935 Jul 1994The Procter & Gamble CompanyScreen printing method for manufacturing a refastenable mechanical fastening system and fastening system produced therefrom
US5349991 *30 Apr 199327 Sep 1994Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Woven surface fastener construction
US5360270 *28 Apr 19921 Nov 1994Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyReusable security enclosure
US5382462 *28 Jul 199317 Jan 1995Tac-Fast Systems SaCarpet tape
US5385706 *7 Apr 199331 Jan 1995The Proctor & Gamble CompanyProcess of making a refastenable mechanical fastening system with substrate having protrusions
US5392498 *10 Dec 199228 Feb 1995The Proctor & Gamble CompanyNon-abrasive skin friendly mechanical fastening system
US5445597 *30 Sep 199329 Aug 1995Tri-Point Medical L.P.Wound closure means using flowable adhesive
US5460769 *1 Aug 199424 Oct 1995Nifco Inc.Method and apparatus for manufacturing a separable plastic fastener
US5477629 *21 Jan 199426 Dec 1995Gleason, Jr.; Richard F.Multi-adjustable display cap
US5482755 *28 Apr 19949 Jan 1996Manning; James H.Readily attachable and detachable coverings for surfaces
US5490808 *30 Jan 199513 Feb 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive attachment system for rotative abrading applications
US5505747 *13 Jan 19949 Apr 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMolding, bonding, deforming
US5540673 *31 Jan 199530 Jul 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyRefastenable mechanical fastening system
US5553326 *16 Dec 199410 Sep 1996Moore; Gary L.Removable, washable sweatband for hats
US5607635 *8 Nov 19914 Mar 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5609431 *31 Aug 199411 Mar 1997Innovative Cleaning Concepts, Inc.Cleaning material with material supply
US5616155 *26 May 19951 Apr 1997Kimberly-Clark CorporationCoated fabric suitable for preparing releasably attachable abrasive sheet material
US5618225 *6 Jun 19958 Apr 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive attachment system for rotative abrading applications
US5634245 *14 Jul 19953 Jun 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyStructured surface fastener
US5651745 *8 Jun 199529 Jul 1997Childress; Ellen CarolMotion transfer device
US5657516 *12 Oct 199519 Aug 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDual structured fastener elements
US5667540 *13 Mar 199616 Sep 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making an abrasive article
US5672186 *13 Mar 199630 Sep 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyRolling flowable polymeric material onto surface of base sheet, then shaping polymer into projections which are bent to form releasable fastener hooks when solidified and bonding reverse of base sheet to reverse of abrasive sheet
US5679302 *16 Apr 199321 Oct 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod for making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5691026 *8 Mar 199425 Nov 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener member with a dual purpose cover sheet
US5691027 *29 Sep 199525 Nov 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener with a dual purpose cover sheet
US5720740 *7 Apr 199324 Feb 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyRefastenable mechanical fastening system attached to substrate protrusion
US5725423 *3 Mar 199710 Mar 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrading apparatus
US5785784 *23 Jul 199728 Jul 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoating the substrate with abrasives containign radiation curable binder, exposing to radiation and curing the binder
US5840089 *29 Jul 199724 Nov 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanySubstrate having abrasive means on one surface and providing a plurality of hooking stems on the oppostie surface
US5845375 *30 May 19978 Dec 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5846365 *20 Sep 19968 Dec 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyMethod of making disposable absorbent article with integral landing zone
US5852855 *2 Dec 199629 Dec 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDisposable diaper with fastener
US5868987 *19 Jun 19979 Feb 1999Minnesotamining And ManufacturingSuperimposed embossing of capped stem mechanical fastener structures
US5879604 *25 Oct 19969 Mar 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5884374 *20 Nov 199723 Mar 1999Velcro Industries B.V.Fastener members and apparatus for their fabrication
US5901375 *24 Jul 199811 May 1999Davis; Burl W.Multi-use convertible garment
US5902427 *11 Jul 199711 May 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener arrangement with dual purpose cover sheet
US5931729 *15 Apr 19973 Aug 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyArticle made by spin welding a fastener thereto
US5983467 *29 Dec 199716 Nov 1999Duffy; Leonard A.Interlocking device
US5996189 *30 Mar 19987 Dec 1999Velcro Industries B.V.Woven fastener product
US6000106 *17 Mar 199814 Dec 19993M Innovative Properties CompanySuperimposed embossing of capped stem mechanical fastener structures
US6001202 *24 Mar 199914 Dec 19993M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod for attaching a fastener to a surface treating article, and such an article having a fastener
US6018852 *2 Mar 19981 Feb 2000Velcro Industries B.V.Touch fastener tape
US6030908 *16 Mar 199829 Feb 2000Jwi Ltd.Multilayer porous fabric
US6054091 *3 Oct 199625 Apr 2000Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.J hook-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US6132660 *19 Jun 199717 Oct 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyBacking webs with hooks, nips and webs
US6159596 *23 Dec 199712 Dec 20003M Innovative Properties CompanySelf mating adhesive fastener element articles including a self mating adhesive fastener element and methods for producing and using
US6280282 *19 Nov 199928 Aug 2001Artur PuchalskiToy building set
US636712810 Feb 20009 Apr 20023M Innovative Properties CompanySelf-mating reclosable mechanical fastener
US644318712 May 20003 Sep 2002Velcro Industries B.V.Aligning woven loop elements to form mounting sleeves
US652450718 Nov 199825 Feb 2003Velcro Industries B.V.Process and apparatus for forming fastener elements
US65466025 Apr 200015 Apr 2003Daimlerchrysler AgReleasable closure
US65466037 Dec 199915 Apr 2003Velcro Industries B.V.Woven hook and loop fastening
US654660411 Jan 200115 Apr 20033M Innovative Properties CompanySelf-mating reclosable mechanical fastener and binding strap
US65791616 Dec 199617 Jun 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US657916215 Dec 200017 Jun 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US658807411 Jan 20018 Jul 20033M Innovative Properties CompanySelf-mating reclosable binding strap and fastener
US664109613 Sep 20014 Nov 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyStretch releasing adhesive tape article with bundling strap
US6728998 *14 Jan 20034 May 2004Velcro Industries B.V.Woven hook and loop fastening
US676355617 May 200220 Jul 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyMating film and method for bundling and wrapping
US6842915 *20 Dec 200118 Jan 2005Nike, Inc.Device and method for securing apparel to protective equipment
US684914219 Oct 19931 Feb 2005The Procter & Gamble CompanyMethod of making multi-layer female component for refastenable fastening device
US688415725 Mar 200326 Apr 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US691381015 Jan 20025 Jul 2005Velcro Industries B.V.Interface tape
US69449204 Feb 200320 Sep 2005General Motors Corporationreleasable fastening system comprises loop portion comprising loop material, hook portion comprising hook elements, actuation device in electrical communication with loop and hook portions, actuation device provides electrostatic charge; batteries
US6973701 *7 Feb 200313 Dec 2005General Motors CorporationReleasable fastening system based on ionic polymer metal composites and method of use
US69790459 Nov 200127 Dec 2005Edwin EvansWindow system for convertible motor vehicles
US698351726 Nov 200210 Jan 2006General Motors Corporationreleasable attachment devices of the type used to fasten, retain, or latch together components of an apparatus or a structure that are to be separated or released under controlled conditions
US7013536 *8 Apr 200321 Mar 2006General Motors Corporationconnectors comprising hooks made from memory polymers, thermoplastic or thermosetting resins and loops formed of thermo and/or electroconductive materials, that can be detached by applying heat or currents
US70135385 Feb 200321 Mar 2006General Motors CorporationElectroactive polymer releasable fastening system and method of use
US702093815 Apr 20044 Apr 2006General Motors Corporationcomprises elastomer adapted to change orientation or flexibility in response to magnetic signal and vibration sensors; hook and loop type fastener system that provides for a controlled release of a joint in a shear and/or pull-off direction to dampen magnetic signals
US703228226 Nov 200225 Apr 2006General Motors CorporationReleasable fastener system
US704483420 Apr 200516 May 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US705256527 Jan 200330 May 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyWeb constructions with severed elongate strands
US7140081 *5 Feb 200328 Nov 2006General Motors CorporationReleasable fastener system
US714669026 Nov 200212 Dec 2006General Motors CorporationReleasable fastener system
US718839620 Oct 200313 Mar 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod for making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US7200902 *19 Oct 200210 Apr 2007General Motors CorporationReleasable fastener system
US722132326 Jun 200622 May 2007Hans Gregory SchantzTag-along microsensor device and method
US72608511 Jun 200428 Aug 2007Milnark Henry DApron and method for using the same
US7308738 *6 Jan 200318 Dec 2007General Motors CorporationReleasable fastener systems and processes
US7373698 *24 Jun 200420 May 2008Tyco Healthcare Retail Services AgClosure tabs for absorbent articles
US739918423 Jun 200515 Jul 20083M Innovative Properties CompanyDry erase article
US74232129 Nov 20069 Sep 2008Gallagher Kevin TInstrument support structure
US743078830 Mar 20067 Oct 2008General Motors CorporationMagnetorheological nanocomposite elastomer for releasable attachment applications
US746886014 Mar 200523 Dec 2008Desai Shrikant MHook and loop device applied to control shock and vibration of critical components
US750032315 Aug 200510 Mar 2009Nike, Inc.Article of footwear including a fastening system
US7524314 *29 Mar 200528 Apr 2009Uni-Charm CorporationWearing article having waist fastening elements with inserts and pockets
US772359928 Jul 200625 May 2010Inktree, Inc.Learning device
US772360017 Jan 200825 May 2010Inktree, Inc.Display device
US80026128 Apr 200423 Aug 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyAttachment system for a sanding tool
US8017213 *21 Apr 200613 Sep 2011The Boeing CompanyTemperature tolerant hooks for hook and loop attachment
US826256722 Feb 200711 Sep 2012Insightra Medical, Inc.Tissue retractor, tissue retractor kit and method of use thereof
US82731024 Jun 200425 Sep 2012Vitalitec International, Inc.Surgical clamp inserts with hooked traction elements
US838269122 Feb 201126 Feb 2013BreakPointe Orthopedics LLCOrthopedic cast cover anchor assembly and kit for protecting exposed limbs
US8439099 *1 Dec 201114 May 2013Grant W. CriderDual curtain closure system having uni-directional securing hooks
US872072223 Sep 201013 May 2014Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.Venting mechanism for containers
US888136928 Apr 200911 Nov 2014Brandon Charles KirbyMethods for using a reusable quick release fastener system
US892090214 Jun 201130 Dec 2014Empire Technology Development LlcHook to hook releasable fastener
US20100319104 *25 Aug 201023 Dec 2010Beland Jean-FrancoisShirt for a hockey player
US20110155924 *30 Mar 201030 Jun 2011Tien-Jen LoSterilizing apparatus for sterilizing kitchen utensils
US20110295221 *25 May 20111 Dec 2011Tim BrownStoma support plate and harness
US20130052400 *30 Aug 201128 Feb 2013Kuo-Ian CHENGTransparent mat reclosable fastener
USRE386524 Jun 199716 Nov 2004Velcro Industries B.V.Hook for hook and loop fasteners
DE19917726C1 *20 Apr 199911 Jan 2001Daimler Chrysler AgLösbarer Verschluß
WO1991009787A1 *7 Dec 199029 Jun 1991Procter & GambleSeparable fastening device
WO1998020826A16 Nov 199722 May 1998Procter & GambleDisposable diaper with integral backsheet landing zone
WO1999032005A120 Apr 19981 Jul 1999Minnesota Mining & MfgSelf mating adhesive fastener element; articles including a self mating adhesive fastener element; and methods for producing and using
WO1999049750A1 *30 Mar 19997 Oct 1999Velcro IndWoven fastener product
WO1999051489A126 Feb 199914 Oct 1999Michael J ShoemakerRetractable surfboard leash
WO2000062637A1 *5 Apr 200026 Oct 2000Daimler Chrysler AgReleasable closure
WO2003024265A127 Aug 200227 Mar 20033M Innovative Properties CoMating film and method for bundling and wrapping
WO2004062416A1 *8 Dec 200329 Jul 2004Gen Motors CorpReleasable fastener systems and processes
WO2004071584A118 Dec 200326 Aug 20043M Innovative Properties CoFirestop article with attachment surface
WO2007114982A122 Feb 200711 Oct 2007Univ NanyangA tissue retractor, tissue retractor kit and method of use thereof
U.S. Classification428/92, 15/229.11, 28/161, 2/235, 446/901, 273/DIG.300, 52/DIG.700, 2/321, 55/DIG.310, 473/573, 428/86, 128/DIG.150, 273/348.4, 428/100, 24/445, 5/496, 139/391, 428/95, 5/498, 160/DIG.700, 15/207.2, 2/265
International ClassificationD03D27/00, A44B18/00, D03D39/10, B65H75/28
Cooperative ClassificationY10S160/07, Y10S55/31, B65H2701/31, D03D39/10, D03D2700/60, D03D27/00, Y10S273/30, Y10S446/901, Y10S128/15, Y10S52/07, B65H75/28, A44B18/0038
European ClassificationD03D27/00, B65H75/28, A44B18/00D8, D03D39/10