|Publication number||US2707341 A|
|Publication date||3 May 1955|
|Filing date||2 Jul 1954|
|Priority date||2 Jul 1954|
|Publication number||US 2707341 A, US 2707341A, US-A-2707341, US2707341 A, US2707341A|
|Inventors||Romano Frank T|
|Original Assignee||Romano Frank T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (69), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 3, 1955 F. T. RoMANo 2,707,341
SHOES WITH CONVERTIBLE HEELS Filed July 2, 1954 INVENToR. Pff/VK f. Kaff/QM@ .54 BY United States Patent O SHOES WITH CONVERTIBLE HEELS Frank T. Romano, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application July 2, 1954, Serial No. 441,034
4 Claims. (Cl. 36-34) This invention relates to shoes, more particularly to womens shoes, and an essential object thereof is the provision of a womans shoe having an extensible and retractable heel, that is, a heel which may be readily converted from a high heel to a low heel and vice versa.
It has been observed that women after wearing high heeled shoes for a while long for a change to low heels to rest their feet, and of course they are unable to make the change until they arrive at home. With the convertible heel of the present invention she may almost anywhere malte the conversion to low heels, or vice versa, in a matter of seconds.
Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved arch construction as part of the shoe having such a convertible heel, so that the arch may readily accommodate for the difference in height of the heel.
The above as well as additional and more specific objects will be clarified in the following description, wherein characters of reference refer to like-numbered parts in the accompanying drawing. lt is to be noted that the drawing is intended solely for the purpose of illustration and that it is therefore neither desired nor intended to limit the invention necessarily to any or all of the exact details of construction shown or described except insofar as they may be deemed essential to the invention.
Referring briefly to the drawing, Fig. l is an exploded perspective View of a shoe embodying the features of the present invention, showing the moveable heel portion detached from the fixed heel portion or housing of the shoe.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the shoe with the heel in extended, or high-heel, position.
Fig. 3 is a View similar to Fig. 2, but showing the heel in the low-heel position.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is fragmentary enlargement of the moveable heel portion of either Fig. 4 or Fig. 5, but showing the latter with the spring actuated button in extended position as it would appear if the said heel portion were entirely separated from the shoe, as in Fig. l. l
Referring in detail to the drawing, the numeral 10 indicates a womans shoe having the heel 11 attached to the sole 12 through the medium of the arch 13.
In the present case the heel 11 is formed of two parts 14 and 15. The part 14 has the general external appearance of a heel but it is hollow and rather constitutes a hollow housing than a heel. The part 15 is slidably mounted in the housing 14. The top surface 16 of the part 15 is flat, and the housing 14 has a substantially constant crosssectional area of the same contour and dimensions as the top 16 of the slidable heel member 15.
On opposite sides of the part 15, cut-outs 17 extend downward from the top 16. For each cut-out, a spring leaf 18 is anchored by a rivet or the like 19 in upstanding position, and extends from the base of the cut-out toward but short of the surface 16. It is flexed as shown in Fig. 6,
so that its upper extremity is normally urged outward from the cut-out through the side of the member 15. Each spring 18 has a button 20 facing outward from the member 15, at or near the upper end of the spring.
At similarly opposite sides of the interior wall of the housing 14, the same is provided with aligned recesses 21 substantially circular in conformation but whose oors 22 are rounded or curve downward toward and into the interior of the housing. The ceiling 23 of the housing 14 is flat, like the top surface 16 of the moveable heel member, but if `desired a lining 24 may be secured to the ceiling 23. ln the present discussion when reference to the ceiling of the housing is made, it will be understood to signify a lined or an unlined ceiling.
The similarly opposed sides of the housing 14 are additionally provided with circular openings through the wall thereof, shown at 25, in which the buttons 20 are adapted to register when the heel member 15 is in extended or high-heel position. The distance between the recesses 21, which are positioned near the ceiling of the housing, and the openings 25 which are positioned nearer the lower end of the housing, defines the amount of slidable movement of the member 15 in the housing 14.
When the member 15 is in the withdrawn or lot-heel position shown in Figs. 3 and 5, the buttons 20 register, by force of the springs 1S, in the recesses 21 of the housing and thus prevent the member 15 from falling downward in the housing. ln this position the flat top 16 of the member 15 has the ceiling of the housing resting thereon and taking up the weight of the wearer. To extend the heel into high-heel position, the member 15 is simply pulled outward from the housing, the rounded or cam-like lower portions of the recesses 2l permitting this as the buttons will ride down the surfaces 22 while pushing the springs 18 and the buttons into the cut-outs 17. When the buttons reach the openings 25 in the housing, their springs will urge them to enter and register in the said openings, thus stopping the member 15 in the position shown in Figs. 2 and 4. To permit the members 15 again to be restored into the housing in the low-heel position, the buttons 20 are pushed inward until clear of the inner wall of the housing, then the member 15 is pushed upward as far as it will go, and at its extreme upper position the buttons 20 will enter the recesses 21.
Since it is desirable that the heel of the shoe be positioned flat on the ground in both low-heeled and highheeled conditions of the shoe, and otherwise to accommodate the arch of the shoe to both conditions, it is desirable to have a portion, preferably the forward portion 26 of the arch, made of rubber or other suitable yieldable material.
When the heel is in low-heel position, only a small portion, preferably the lift of the heel, protrudes from the housing 14.
Obviously, modifications in form or made without departing from the invention.
l. A shoe heel comprising a hollow housing enclosing a compartment open at the bottom and having a ceiling at the top parallel with the open bottom end, the crosssectional area of said compartment being substantially constant in form and dimensions between said bottom end and said ceiling, a moveable member slidably mounted in said housing and having a length slightly greater than the depth of said compartment, said member having approximately the same area and form in cross-section as said compartment at least in the upper portion thereof and being insertible into said compartment with the top of the member in contact with said ceiling in the upper limit position of the member, limit stop means partly on said member and partly on said housing limiting movestructure may be spirit or scope of the ment of the member to a position of partial extraction from the housing, and means for releasably locking the member in said last-named position.
2. The shoe heel set forth in claim l, having additional means for releasably locking said moveable member in said upper limit position.
3. The shoe heel set forth in claim l, said limit stop means comprising normally outwardly urged buttons on opposed sides of the member, said housing having opposed openings through the wall thereof remote from said 'ceiling, and resilient means normally urging said buttons outward from said sides of said member, said buttons being registrable in said openings.
4. The shoe heel set forth in claim l, said limit stop means comprising normally outwardly urged buttons on opposed sides of the member, said housing having opposed openings through the wall thereof remote from said ceiling, resilient means normally urging said buttons outward from said sides of said member, said buttons being registrable in said openings, said housing having opposed recesses in the internal wall thereof near said ceiling lying in substantially the same vertical plane as-said openings, said buttons in said upper limit position of the member registering in said recesses, the lower edges of said recesses curving downward into the compartment to facilitate pressing of the buttons inward into the member upon pulling the member downward `to extend the heel to a high heel, said member having opposed cut-outs receptive of said buttons when depressed inward into the member as aforesaid.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,604,826 Hornicek Oct. 26, 1926
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1604826 *||5 Mar 1925||26 Oct 1926||Jerry Hornicek||Removable heel|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3464126 *||8 Apr 1968||2 Sep 1969||Sarkissian Vahe B||Shoe with a hinged mechanically adjustable heel|
|US3538628 *||23 Sep 1968||10 Nov 1970||Lord Geller Federico & Partner||Footwear|
|US3805418 *||2 Jul 1973||23 Apr 1974||J Matuka||Adjustable heel apparatus|
|US3977095 *||26 Sep 1975||31 Aug 1976||Phillips Esther M||Break-away heel for shoes|
|US4062132 *||8 Sep 1976||13 Dec 1977||Chester Klimaszewski||Footwear having replaceable heel and sole|
|US4146981 *||11 May 1976||3 Apr 1979||Leandre Renaldo||Footwear structure with interchangeable elements|
|US4416072 *||22 Sep 1981||22 Nov 1983||Touchwood International S.A.||Heel and sole assembly for an adjustable arch shoe|
|US5309651 *||9 Sep 1991||10 May 1994||Fabulous Feet Inc.||Transformable shoe|
|US5347730 *||2 Feb 1993||20 Sep 1994||Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico||Low heel shoe convertible to high heel shoe and vice versa with an adjustable shank|
|US5410820 *||11 Mar 1994||2 May 1995||Goodman; Michael C.||Hinged shoe sole assembly for fixed and variable heel height shoes|
|US5524365 *||16 Aug 1994||11 Jun 1996||Goldenberg; Tzvika Y.||Shoe with exchangeable heel|
|US5560126 *||17 Aug 1994||1 Oct 1996||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5615497 *||17 Aug 1993||1 Apr 1997||Meschan; David F.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5806210 *||12 Oct 1995||15 Sep 1998||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US5826352 *||30 Sep 1996||27 Oct 1998||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5887360 *||2 Dec 1997||30 Mar 1999||Bucalo; Gladys Lopez||Adjustable heel assembly and shoe including the same|
|US5918384 *||30 Sep 1996||6 Jul 1999||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US5926975 *||3 Feb 1998||27 Jul 1999||Goodman; Michael C.||Hinged shoe sole assembly for working boots|
|US5953836 *||26 Feb 1998||21 Sep 1999||Watt; William T.||Shoe having a removable heel|
|US5970628 *||8 Sep 1998||26 Oct 1999||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US5970630 *||11 Sep 1996||26 Oct 1999||Gallegos Alvaro Z||Rigid midsole footware structure with removable undercarriage attaching means|
|US6021586 *||7 Jan 1999||8 Feb 2000||Bucalo; Gladys Lopez||Adjustable heel assembly and shoe including the same|
|US6050002 *||18 May 1999||18 Apr 2000||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6195916||25 Feb 2000||6 Mar 2001||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6260292 *||22 Mar 2000||17 Jul 2001||Mickey Lynn Swedick||Spike-Loc, a replaceable spike system and the sole|
|US6324772||17 Aug 2000||4 Dec 2001||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6604300||4 Dec 2001||12 Aug 2003||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
|US6662471||18 Oct 1999||16 Dec 2003||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US6962009||30 Jun 2004||8 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe|
|US6966129||30 Jun 2004||22 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Cushioning for athletic shoe|
|US6966130||30 Jun 2004||22 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Plate for athletic shoe|
|US6968635||30 Jun 2004||29 Nov 2005||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe bottom|
|US6996923||30 Jun 2004||14 Feb 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Shock absorbing athletic shoe|
|US6996924||30 Jun 2004||14 Feb 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Rear sole structure for athletic shoe|
|US7040040||30 Jun 2004||9 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Midsole for athletic shoe|
|US7040041||30 Jun 2004||9 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with plate|
|US7043857||30 Jun 2004||16 May 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe having cushioning|
|US7069671||30 Jun 2004||4 Jul 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Arch bridge for athletic shoe|
|US7076892||30 Jun 2004||18 Jul 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Shock absorbent athletic shoe|
|US7082700||3 Aug 2005||1 Aug 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration|
|US7089689||3 Aug 2005||15 Aug 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member|
|US7114269||28 May 2003||3 Oct 2006||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved sole|
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|US7380350||30 Jun 2004||3 Jun 2008||Akeva L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with bottom opening|
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|US7540099||30 Jun 2004||2 Jun 2009||Akeva L.L.C.||Heel support for athletic shoe|
|US7596888||12 Dec 2008||6 Oct 2009||Akeva L.L.C.||Shoe with flexible plate|
|US8112908 *||28 Mar 2008||14 Feb 2012||Jayne Visser||Shoe with removable/interchangeable heel and related method|
|US8453351||16 May 2011||4 Jun 2013||Allisa J. Hale||Shoe with a height-adjustable heel|
|US20040123496 *||11 Dec 2003||1 Jul 2004||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with improved heel structure|
|US20040231192 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Plate for athletic shoe|
|US20040231193 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Shock absorbing athletic shoe|
|US20040231194 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Athletic shoe with plate|
|US20040231195 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Midsole for athletic shoe|
|US20040231198 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Cushioning for athletic shoe|
|US20040231199 *||30 Jun 2004||25 Nov 2004||Meschan David F.||Arch bridge for athletic shoe|
|US20040237345 *||30 Jun 2004||2 Dec 2004||Meschan David F.||Rear sole structure for athletic shoe|
|US20040237347 *||30 Jun 2004||2 Dec 2004||Meschan David F.||Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe|
|US20040244222 *||30 Jun 2004||9 Dec 2004||Meschan David F.||Shock absorbent athletic shoe|
|US20050262730 *||3 Aug 2005||1 Dec 2005||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration|
|US20050262731 *||3 Aug 2005||1 Dec 2005||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge|
|US20050262732 *||3 Aug 2005||1 Dec 2005||Akeva, L.L.C.||Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member|
|US20140215852 *||4 Feb 2013||7 Aug 2014||Quantina Monique White||Quantina Monique|
|EP2074900A1||22 Dec 2008||1 Jul 2009||Michael Mag. Steiner||Exchangeable heel, shoe sole component and shoe|
|WO1996005394A1 *||15 Aug 1995||22 Feb 1996||Tzvika Y Goldenberg||Shoe with exchangeable heel|
|U.S. Classification||36/34.00R, 36/150, 36/42, 36/100|
|International Classification||A43B13/34, A43B13/00|