|Publication number||US2536271 A|
|Publication date||2 Jan 1951|
|Filing date||18 Oct 1946|
|Priority date||11 Jul 1945|
|Publication number||US 2536271 A, US 2536271A, US-A-2536271, US2536271 A, US2536271A|
|Original Assignee||Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (49), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 2, 1951 J. FRANSEN 2,535,271
DEVICE FOR THE MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PERSONS WITH HIGH-FREQUENCY ENERGY AND ELECTRODE FOR SUCHA DEVICE Filed Oct. 18, 1946 INVENTOR JACOBUS FR NSEN BY%4%%7A% AGENT Patented Jan. 2, 1951 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE Jacobus Fransen, Eindhoven, Netherlands, as-
signor to Hartford National Bank and Trust Company, Hartford, Conn., as trustee Application October 18, 1946, Serial No. 704,003 In the Netherlands July 11, 1945 Section 1, Public Law 690, August 8, 1946 Patent expires July 11, 1965 2 Claims. 1
This invention relates to a device for the medical treatment of persons with high-frequency energy, in which the electrodes consist of flexible flat conductors covered with insulating material, and to electrodes for such a device.
As has hitherto been usual, two of such electrodes are placed either adjacent or opposite each other on the body of the patient and each of these electrodes is connected through a single core cable to the device supplying the high-frequency energy. This has several drawbacks. In the case of movements of the patient the distance of the two supply cables and of the two electrodes varies steadily, which causes detuning of the circuit of the patient and consequently variations of the energy supplied to the patient. Consequently, much supervision is required. In addition, the cables, which are at a fairly large distance from each other,'constitute a source of radiation due to which considerable quantities of energy are lost and serious disturbances are caused in the neighbourhood.
According to the invention the device for the medical treatment of persons with high-frequency energy comprises a twin-core cable having connected to it two fiat flexible conductors which are embedded in a single plate of insulating material.
This yields the advantage of facilitating the application of the electrodes which now constitute a mechanical assembly, and in addition movements of the patient no longer give trouble by detuning due to movements of the cable and movements of the electrodes with respect to each other. Furthermore, less energy is lost due to radiation and less disturbances are caused in the vicinity. Moreover, much less supervision is necessary.
To reduce radiation losses as much as possible, it yields particular advantages to make use of a transmission line free from radiation.
In order that the invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into effect it will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawing, given by way of example, which represents a pair of electrodes according thereto.
In the sole figure the reference numeral I denotes a flexible rubber plate in which two electrodes 2 and 3 of copper gauze are embedded. The electrodes 2 and 3 are connected througlr short connecting wires 4 and 5 to the two conductors 6 and I of a twin-core shielded cable, of which 8 denotes the shielding means. In pracill 2 of the body to be treated, in which case the electrodes 2 and 3 lie adjacent each other. Or, if preferred, the device may be so dimensioned as to enable the encirclement of the body by plate i so that electrodes 2 and 3 are disposed on opposing sides of the body.
What I claim is:
1. Apparatus for the medical treatment of patients with high frequency energy comprising a deformable plate of insulating material, a pair of copper gauze electrodes disposed in spaced relation and embedded within said plate, and a nonradiating transmission line for applying high frequency energy to said two electrodes, said line including a pair of spaced conductors each connected to a respective electrode.
2. Apparatus for the medical treatment of patients with high frequency energy comprising a rubber plate, a pair of copper gauze electrodes disposed in spaced relation and embedded within said plate, and a transmission lin for conducting high frequency energy to said two electrodes, said line including a pair of spaced conductors each connected to a respective electrode, and a tubular shield surrounding said conductors.
tice, the plate I is placed flatly against a portion JACOBUS FRANSEN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 500,767 Hetherington- Carruthers July 4, 1893 1,794,288 Goebeler Feb. 24, 1931 1,811,357 Karplus June 23, 1931 1,889,271 Zerne Nov. 29, 1932 1,973,387 Neymann et a1. Sept. 11, 1934 2,249,935 Birtcher July 22, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 8,238 Great Britain Mar. 2, 1895 of 1894 100,071 Australia Jan. 28, 1937 148,021 Austria Dec. 10, 1936 706,582 France June 25, 1931 OTHER REFERENCES Bulletin 265A, General Electric Diathermy Electrodes and Accessories, published in 1934 by the General Electric X-Ray Corp. 01' Chicago, page 16.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US500767 *||6 Oct 1892||4 Jul 1893||Elected medical|
|US1794288 *||7 Jun 1927||24 Feb 1931||Eberhardt Goebeler||High-frequency apparatus|
|US1811357 *||11 Mar 1929||23 Jun 1931||Lorenz C Ag||Wireless signaling apparatus|
|US1889271 *||22 Apr 1931||29 Nov 1932||Zerne Gustav A||Electrical contact pad|
|US1973387 *||13 Jun 1932||11 Sep 1934||Gen Electric X Ray Corp||Apparatus for use in giving diathermic treatments and the like|
|US2249935 *||6 May 1940||22 Jul 1941||Birtcher Cecil J||Electrode means for use in shortwave diathermy treatment|
|AT148021B *||Title not available|
|AU100071B *||Title not available|
|FR706582A *||Title not available|
|GB189508238A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3720209 *||25 Nov 1970||13 Mar 1973||Medical Plastics Inc||Plate electrode|
|US4620550 *||15 Apr 1985||4 Nov 1986||Schering A.G.||Implantable bipolar stimulating electrode|
|US5324328 *||5 Aug 1992||28 Jun 1994||Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.||Conductor for a defibrillator patch lead|
|US5330523 *||5 Aug 1992||19 Jul 1994||Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.||Implantable defibrillator patch lead|
|US5356428 *||13 Aug 1992||18 Oct 1994||Cardiotronics, Inc.||Non-invasive, radiolucent electrode|
|US5366497 *||31 Mar 1992||22 Nov 1994||Cardiotronics, Inc.||Non-invasive, radiolucent cardiac electrode|
|US5391200 *||10 Mar 1994||21 Feb 1995||Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.||Defibrillation patch electrode having conductor-free resilient zone for minimally invasive deployment|
|US5496363 *||13 Jul 1994||5 Mar 1996||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Electrode and assembly|
|US6135953 *||25 Jan 1996||24 Oct 2000||3M Innovative Properties Company||Multi-functional biomedical electrodes|
|US6606523 *||17 Dec 1999||12 Aug 2003||Transneuronix Inc.||Gastric stimulator apparatus and method for installing|
|US7473145||18 Oct 2007||6 Jan 2009||Covidien Ag||Return pad cable connector|
|US7637907||19 Sep 2006||29 Dec 2009||Covidien Ag||System and method for return electrode monitoring|
|US7722412||24 Oct 2007||25 May 2010||Covidien Ag||Return pad cable connector|
|US7722603||28 Sep 2006||25 May 2010||Covidien Ag||Smart return electrode pad|
|US7736359||12 Jan 2006||15 Jun 2010||Covidien Ag||RF return pad current detection system|
|US7927329||28 Sep 2006||19 Apr 2011||Covidien Ag||Temperature sensing return electrode pad|
|US7938825||7 Nov 2006||10 May 2011||Covidien Ag||Multiple RF return pad contact detection system|
|US8021360||3 Apr 2007||20 Sep 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads|
|US8062291||31 Mar 2010||22 Nov 2011||Covidien Ag||Smart return electrode pad|
|US8080007||7 May 2007||20 Dec 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Capacitive electrosurgical return pad with contact quality monitoring|
|US8100898||1 Aug 2007||24 Jan 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||System and method for return electrode monitoring|
|US8216222||13 Apr 2011||10 Jul 2012||Covidien Ag||Temperature sensing return electrode pad|
|US8231614||11 May 2007||31 Jul 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|US8235980||14 Dec 2011||7 Aug 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Electrosurgical system for measuring contact quality of a return pad|
|US8382749||17 Jul 2012||26 Feb 2013||Covidien Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|US8388612||11 May 2007||5 Mar 2013||Covidien Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|US8430873||4 Jan 2012||30 Apr 2013||Covidien Lp||System and method for return electrode monitoring|
|US8690867||14 Feb 2013||8 Apr 2014||Covidien Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|US8777940||3 Apr 2007||15 Jul 2014||Covidien Lp||System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads|
|US8801703||1 Aug 2007||12 Aug 2014||Covidien Lp||System and method for return electrode monitoring|
|US8808161||23 Oct 2003||19 Aug 2014||Covidien Ag||Redundant temperature monitoring in electrosurgical systems for safety mitigation|
|US8821487||31 Mar 2006||2 Sep 2014||Covidien Ag||Temperature regulating patient return electrode and return electrode monitoring system|
|US20060079872 *||3 Oct 2005||13 Apr 2006||Eggleston Jeffrey L||Devices for detecting heating under a patient return electrode|
|US20070049914 *||1 Sep 2005||1 Mar 2007||Sherwood Services Ag||Return electrode pad with conductive element grid and method|
|US20070073284 *||7 Nov 2006||29 Mar 2007||Sturm Thomas A||Multiple RF return pad contact detection system|
|US20070161979 *||12 Jan 2006||12 Jul 2007||Sherwood Services Ag||RF return pad current detection system|
|US20070244478 *||18 Apr 2006||18 Oct 2007||Sherwood Services Ag||System and method for reducing patient return electrode current concentrations|
|US20080009846 *||6 Jul 2006||10 Jan 2008||Sherwood Services Ag||Electrosurgical return electrode with an involuted edge|
|US20080033276 *||18 Oct 2007||7 Feb 2008||Ehr Chris J||Return Pad Cable Connector|
|US20080050984 *||24 Oct 2007||28 Feb 2008||Ehr Chris J||Return pad cable connector|
|US20080071263 *||19 Sep 2006||20 Mar 2008||Sherwood Services Ag||System and method for return electrode monitoring|
|US20080082092 *||28 Sep 2006||3 Apr 2008||Sherwood Services Ag||Temperature sensing return electrode pad|
|US20080249520 *||3 Apr 2007||9 Oct 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads|
|US20080249521 *||3 Apr 2007||9 Oct 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads|
|US20080249524 *||3 Apr 2007||9 Oct 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||System and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads|
|US20080281309 *||7 May 2007||13 Nov 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Capacitive electrosurgical return pad with contact quality monitoring|
|US20080281310 *||11 May 2007||13 Nov 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|US20080281311 *||11 May 2007||13 Nov 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Temperature monitoring return electrode|
|WO1980001045A1 *||16 Nov 1979||29 May 1980||R Bentall||Inductors for high frequency electromagnetic therapy apparatus|