US 2486752 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1, 1949 F. R. MICHAEL 2,486,752
ROTATING POINTER RACING TOY OR GAME APPARATUS Filed July 1, 1946.
WIIIIIIIII/I/l/A Patented Nov. 1, 1949 UNITED STATES l i tENT QFFICE ROTATING POINTER RACING TOY R GAME APPARATUS 3 Claims.
My invention relates to a new and useful toy or game apparatus and has for one of its objects to slidably and revolvably mount a rotary element on an upright so fashioned as to produce a spiral groove or grooves whereby the rotary element will revolve While descending along the upright and continue to revolve by inertia after reaching the limit of its descent to provide an amusing appearance and which can be used as a game of chance.
Another object of the invention is to provide a member slidably mounted on an upright having spiral grooves or tracks and said member including a spring clutch means whereby said member may be caused to revolve as it freely moves down the upright and permitted to be slid along the up- .right without revolving for resetting, said member carrying a rotary element revolvably mounted, and said member and rotary element having coacting means to cause said rotary element to revolve with the member while the latter descends and release said element so that it may revolve independently after the member and element have reached their limit of descent.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an upright having spiral grooves or tracks mounted on a base provided with indices, a sleeve member mounted on the upright and including means to cause said sleeve member to revolve while it descends and permit it to be raised without revolving, a rotary element carried by the sleeve member and supporting figures and pointers, and said sleeve member provided with a ratchet for coaction with a tooth on the rotary element to revolve said member and element together while the two are descending and permitting said element to revolve free of the member when the descent is arrested.
With the above and other objects in view this invention consists of the details of construction and combination of elements hereinafter set forth and then designated by the claims.
In order that those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains may understand how to make and use the same its construction will be described in detail, referring by numerals to the accompanying drawing forming a part hereof in which-- Fig. l. is an isometric view of a toy or game apparatus constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view through the working mechanism.
Fig. 4 is an isometric view of the collar looking at the underside thereof.
Fig. 5 is a similar view of the ring forming a part of the rotary element, viewed from the top.
In carrying out the invention as herein eml i, such as numerals and letters, depicted on any desirable portion thereof, for example, on its side edge or periphery. These indicia represent certain game designations or score signs.
Projecting from the center of the base II] is an uprigl'it i2 having spiral grooves or tracks l3 and a convenient way to construct said upright is to twist together a number of wires as illustrated. At the bottom of the upright is a hub or stop l4 that may be a tubular device slipped over the upper end of the upright or fixed to the base. This stop it projects a short distance above the base to limit the downward movement of the rotary parts as will be apparent from the following description. On top of the upright is detachably mounted a knob it to prevent accidental withdrawal oi the moving elements of the apparatus.
On the upright is slidably and revolvably mounted a sleeve it, including an enlarged lower end or flange El and a stem l3. An axial bore l9 through the sleeve is larger than the greatest diameter of the upright so that said sleeve can slide freely under certain conditions.
For automatically clutching the sleeve with the upright to cause the former to revolve about said upright, a radial hole 20 is provided in the lower enlarged end or flange ll of the sleeve and a ball 2| or other suitably rounded clutch member is mounted in the inner end of said hole for registration with any groove or track I3 on the upright. Said clutch member is urged towards the axis of the sleeve or towards the upright so as to normally remain in engagement with the latter by a spring 2'2 located in the hole 20 and held in place by a screw 23 threaded into the outer end of the hole 26. This screw can be also used for adjusting the tension of the spring 22.
It will now be apparent that if the sleeve is prevented from rotating it may be moved in a longitudinally straight line along the upright because the spring actuated clutch member 2| will ride over the ridges or side walls of the tracks but when the sleeve is released in an elevated position the clutch member will engage in a spiral track and cause said sleeve to revolve as it descends.
A ring 24 is rotatably mounted on the shank I8 of the sleeve 56, preferably supported by bearing balls 25 located in a raceway 26 in the form of an annular groove in the top face of the enlarged end or flange of the sleeve.
Any desirable number of arms 21 are fixed to the ring 24 and project radially therefrom. The outer ends of said arms, preferably, are fashioned into pointers 23 which coact with the indicia H to indicate scoring designations. Said arms 21 may also support figures 29 of horses, other animals, persons or other devices. It is to be understood that the figures might be eliminated and only the pointers used or said pointers might be dispensed with and the apparatus used as a miniature carousel for amusing children. The figures 29 may be differently colored or have designation marks 3| such as, numerals, thereon, to indicate the playing piece of an individual using the apparatus as a game device.
The top end of the ring 24 is fashioned to provide an inclined surface 3| terminating at a shoulder or ratchet tooth 3'2. Mounted on theupper end of the shank I8 of the sleeve [8, directand a spring 36 is secured in said groove with one end 31 free in opposition to and for coaction withthe shoulder or tooth 32 when the sleeve member is revolving but said tooth rides under the free end of the spring when said sleeve member stops and the rotary element is revolving forwardly as indicated by the heads of the horse figures.
In practice, the movable parts of the apparatus, including the sleeve structure and the rotary element, can be raised along the spiral track upright without rotating the parts because the clutch member will ride over the track ridges. When said movable parts have been elevated the desired distance, they are released and the clutch member will revolve as said movable parts descend by gravity. The spring ratchet pawl 31 will engage the tooth 32 and cause the rotary element, including the ring 24, to revolve with the sleeve member. When the descent of the movable parts is arrested bycontact with the stop or hub E4, the, rotary element, including the ring 2d, will continue to revolve by the imparted inertia and because the tooth 32 will ride under the spring pawl but the friction of said pawl on the ring will finally cause the rotary element to stop. If the base, is. provided with indicia, either the pointers or some parts of the figures will designate the score at the termination of each operation of the apparatus.
Of course I do not wish to be limited to the exact details. of construction herein shown and described as these may be varied within the scope of; the appended claims without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having described my invention what I claim as new and useful is:
1. A toy or game apparatus comprising a base, indicia thereon, an upright mounted on said base having spiral tracks, a stop surrounding the lower end of said upright, a sleeve mounted to independently slide and revolve on said upright and including a shank and an enlargement at its lower end, a spring clutch in the enlargement of said sleeve and urged towards the upright to ride over the walls of said tracks when the sleeve is held against rotation and moved longitudinally of the upright and registering with said tracks to cause said sleeve to revolve when the latter is free to descend by gravity, a ring revolvably I side of the collar and having a free end to engage the tooth and revolve the ring with the sleeve, said tooth riding under the spring pawl when the movements of the sleeve are arrested by contact with the stop to permit the said ring to revolve for some time by inertia, radial arms carried by the ring, and pointers on the outer ends of said arms coacting with the indicia on the base.
2. The toy or game apparatus of claim 1 wherein the spring pawl is mounted in a groove in the underneath face of the collar.
3.. The toy or game apparatus of claim 1 wherein the enlargement at the lower end of the sleeve has a ball race in its upper surface, in combination with bearing balls in said race and on which the ring rests.
FREDERICK R. MICHAEL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file or this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 432,476 Carr July 15, 1890 1,171,728 Kodama Feb. 15, 1916' 1,673,538 Thuillier June 12, 1928 2,299,582 Lohse Oct. 20, 1942'