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Publication numberUS2366613 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date2 Jan 1945
Filing date11 Aug 1943
Priority date11 Aug 1943
Publication numberUS 2366613 A, US 2366613A, US-A-2366613, US2366613 A, US2366613A
InventorsGotthard Hagstrom
Original AssigneeH B Ives Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Casement window operator
US 2366613 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2, 1945. HAGS M 2,366,613

CASEMENT WINDOW OPERATOR Filed Aug. 11, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet l Jan. 2, 1945. a. HAGSTROM 2,366,613

' CASEMENT WINDOW OPERATOR Filed Aug. 11, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.-

Jan. 2, 1945. HAG TROM 2,366,613

I CASEMENT WINDOW OPERATOR I Filed Aug. 11, 1943 s sheets-sheer a I 26 a T V \I\\\\L l\ Patented Jan. 2, 1945 6 u'Ni'rEo STATES PAT E'NT 6 OFFICE E hemmfiii fvmmoe E Gotthard Hagstfom Berlin, Conn, assignor to The H. B. Ives Company; New Haven, (301m; "a

corporation of Connecticut- Application Augnst 11, 1943, ser l No. 498.149

2 Claims. (o1; 268-120) This invention relates to casement window cpera'tors and,6.more particularly, :to a device of this character whichmnay :be connected to the 'wim- 6 'dow sash fat tooth *top and bottom 50 that both ends of the window will be forcibly and positively drawn toward the window frame to effect a tight closure. 6 6 6 In the employment of Lcasementwindowswhich aixega'dapted tobeihinged at one sedgeand :swing outwardly from the window frame; it is ioftcourse 6-de irab1e to effect emean's Efor :closing. the sash .tightltwand :this .lproblem 6h as be-enone :oficonsidzerableidimculty. It is xrdesirable toabea'able toopei a'te or move the window from open ,to closed position :and vice versa thy xthe :operation if-1a, single elemenhuand itiisrtalso desirable to so construct the window operator that ,it :actposi: tively on both :top anti -bottom of the-asash.

' In the rpresent construction, duplicate operators are provided :at the top and bottom :of .the

ovind'ow :frame, these operators being actuated,

however, .;by c'a, single manually operated element or crank which serves to rsimultaneously {actuate both ofthe operators. 6

dows :to he iable to oleanlboth Lsidesidf the wind'ow from ithednsidelof the mom, This is usually not .possible with :the .roriiinarly casementzwindow hinged atloneiedge-*tmSWingJabQut fiXed hinges or 6 closely against the window frame. 6 6

6 6-f6urther objeoteof athe irinvention Eis toaprovide :a 'Lcasement window vloper'ator having 6 means rto engage and :move the 6window at both :top and bottom :of rthe vsash,26whichrmeano iwill 'beia'ctuated byt usingle convenientlyilocatednnemher. 6 6

rnstillsfurthera object .ofzthe mmentioniis toiprowide :a :casement'6'window operator which :will .positivel'y rhotd zthe TWiTIdOW isash Ttightly :against the frame :at b oth ithe itopmndbottommf rtheiisash and,

at the 'risame timeimayhemeadiiy pei'atedeven though :the wintloWeis -covered6 byrza fscreen. l in 61sti1-11 further iohjectlof the invention is [the 6 .166Itiis'allso6idesirableainithe mseaof casement winlwillnot mo; swing the window sash aontwardly with respect to, the frame but will move the sash bodily with respect to the frame so that the hinged ledge athereof will move 6zinwar6dly to -.a position spaced from the adjacentgportion of the frame. 6 6 i 66 6 still further object of the 6uinmenstion is to provide substantially duplicate casement window operators .at the atop and bottom 6 of the window sash and to provide means for actuating these operations from 6a sing1e point and by 66means 660i singlerotatableqznember. 6

66 i'Eo-these and other ends theiinirention relates to :the novel featunes and 1 oornbinations of 6 parts to be hereinafter described and claimed. 6 lnthe accompany g drawings;

6 6 66Eig.66 1 iseirontleleyationalviewpfaportionlof a 6-casemen1; 6 .window ,pr6ovided with an operator 6 embordyin-gmy -invention; 6 6

Fig. 62 :is :a sectional view {through the window 6trame, onfline6;262 of Fig. 1,;showinetheoperator 6 i t p an i w; 6

z'Fig. 631 13 6a 1 iew.simi1ar to ,Fig. 32 but showing the parts in a different position;

ing ithewindowin fully open position; 6

,Eig .66:is6.e, yi-ewisimislar tol igs. 2 and 3, showing the indow sashes t approaches-a closedsnosttion; 6 ,7,66is a sectional viewonline 1-6-1 ;of'Fig.66'3; and 6 1 Fig.8 .isasectiona'1 viewon 61ine 8-18 of Fig.1.

6 T il lustnate a preferred embodiment of 6 invention, .I have shown .in Fig. .1 .of :the .drawings 6 acasement Window comprising 3, Ltrame .l fl and-=a 6 swinging .sash ll 4-1., the frame abeing rlp'rovidedcwith the usual 'ra-bbeted6;portions 61.2 to .efiect a tight closure :with thesash. 6 6

are designed to :positiEe'ly :force :bo'th ztopiand bottomiofthe sashitoaopemand xolosedlpositionaevenly and :smoothlm 6 :the construction tor :these .openatorsrislidentical it awillihe necessaryito @descrihe one thereof only. l

Secured to the windowifraine-fisa{supporting plate 61 '3 having :1nounted6 'thereon6bearingmem hers 6M and d5, whi-chzmemhers are ;spaced apart and :Provided With openings .116 and Iii .1 *for the reception of the ends e118 :zand [9 of .a shaft '21], 6

this; shait beinetrotateihlyzmonnted in the bearing members llnnd rti. 6 i :In order ito jprewent iloneitudinal 6movemen-t of provision iof 1 a oasementowindowioperatorwhich I85 the 6 'shait, it isiiprmzided ialdialbentlone end with Mountedin ithewindow:fnamegahovezandfiblow6 6 the :saish, rare duplicate topenaiting 6 @devices which a shoulder 2| abutting the bearing member I4 and adjacent the other end with a collar 22 abutting the bearing member l5.

The hub of a beveled gear 25 is rotatably mounted in the bearing member [5, which hub is provided with a non-circular opening 26 to r'eceive the correspondingly-shaped end 21 of the shaft so that rotation of the hub of the gear a certain range of relative movement to and from the collar 33 due to the fact that the rod 58 will slide freely through the flange 59, nevertheless the amount of separation of collars 32 and 33 will be limited when the head 60 of the rod 58 strikes the flange 59, as shown in Fig. 3. If, at this time, further movement of the collar 32 toward the left takes place, it will tend to also draw the collar 33 toward the left.

A spring 62, mounted on the pivot 54,-acts on the depending portion 59 of the collar 32 to urge the latter toward the left as shown in Figs. 2 to mounted upon the shaft, are collars 32 and 33.

Collar 32 is provided with internal screw threads 34 designed to operatively engage threaded portion 3| of the shaft 20 and is also provided with an internally smooth portion 35 designed to slide over these threads.

The collar 33 is provided with internal screw threads 36 intermediate its length and is provided at one side of these threads with an internally smooth bore 37 designed to slide over threads 3| and at the other end with a smooth bore portion 38 designed to slide over the reduced end 39 of the bearing member l5, so that the outer edge of the collar 33 may, in some positions of the parts, abut against a ber l5.

Secured to the window sash, adjacent the supp rting plate I3, is a'second plate 42 which may be held in place by the screws 43 and, as shown in Fig. 8, the sash is slotted or cut away below this'plate to receive certain connecting members which-connect the operator parts previously describedwith the sash, which previously described parts, it will be recalled, are mounted on the frame. v

- One of these members comprises a link 44 pivoted to the'plate l3 at 45 and to the plate 42 at 46. In addition, an arm 41, which is carried by the collar33, is provided with'a rearwardly curved portion, the end of which is pivoted at 48 to the plate 42. 5 As shown in Fig. 4, the collar 32 is provided with a vertically projecting boss 58 which extends through a slot 5| provided in the plate I 3, the end of this boss being loosely received in an elongated opening 52 in a lever 53 pivoted to the plate l3 at 54. As shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 6, for example, the lever 53 is of curved formation and the outer free end thereof extends toward the window sash so that in certain positions of the latter it may enter the slot below the plate 42 and con-- tact witha wear-plate 42 secured to the plate 42 and extending at substantially right angles to the latter plate or in a vertical direction. The outer end of the lever 53. isalso designed to engage behind a pin or screw 55 screwed to the window sash through the plate 42 and serves to draw the sash tightly to closed position.

Secured to the collar 32 is a lug 51, to which is fixed a rod 58 passing loosely through a flange 59 upstandingly mounted on the arm 41 secured to the collar 33. The free end of thi rod is provided with a head 60 which is too large to pass through theopening in the flange 59. It will be obvious with this construction that, while as shown in Fig. .2 the collar 32 will be permitted shoulder 40 on the bearing mem- 4 so that, when this collar has been moved to a position in which its threads 34 are disengaged from the threads 3|, it will tend to remain in such position until positively moved in opposite direc- 'tion.

As shown in Fig. 1, the shaft 29 is rotatably carried by the frame of the window and carries, intermediate its ends, a beveled gear 64 which is non-rotatably mounted on the shaft and which is supported by means of a plate 65 in which it is rotatably mounted, this plate being, in turn, supported by a bracket 65 secured to the window frame. A shaft 61 is rotatably mounted in the bracket and secured to this shaft, is a gear 68, the teeth of which mesh with the gear 64. The shaft 61 may be rotated by the crank 69.

The operation of my device may now be briefly described.

" When the crank 69 is rotated, the shaft 29 will likewise be rotated, thu serving to rotate the gears 28 at the upper and lower ends of this shaft and actuate the operators. As the action is identical at the top and bottom of the sash, it will. be necessary to describe the the operators only.

The parts are shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings in the position which they occupy when the window is closed. In this position, it will be apparent that the collar 33 abuts the shoulder on the bearing member l5 and that the threads 36 have passed beyond the .point at which they would engage the threads 3|. At this time, therefore, rotation of the shaft does not directly effect movement. of the collar 33. It does, however, ef-

' fectmovement of the collar 32, for, as seen in Fig.

2,,the threadsof this collar are engaged with the threads 3| of the shaft 20. Therefore, rotation of the shaft 28 in the proper direction serves to move thecollar 32 toward the left which tend to swing the lever 53 in a clockwise direction about its pivot 44. The free curved end of this lever is moved outwardly against thewear plate 42 and thus tends to push the sash outwardly about the pivot 48 and the sash moves from the position shown in Fig. 2 to that shown in Fig. 3, the rod 58 sliding freely through the flange 59, and it will also be noted that the collar 33 has moved to the left to a slight extent, thus permitting the pivot point 48 to move to a slight extent to permit th sash to swing.

, At this time, the parts are in the position shown in Figs. -3 and-4, and it-will be noted that the collar 32 has been moved substantially to theaction of one of V threadsdl: a; d me edteward the/left f em ,the head so of the rod 58 with the flange as, the

, lever 53 in an anti-clockwisedirection. As shown exerts a pull upon the sash'by means ofthis and the sash willbepositively and firmly drawn 1 against the frame at both top and bottom.

variation within the spirit of theinvention and ai aswi perished new the position shown in Fig. 4 to that shewn'in, fig; 5

niwh ch he ash sini ially been nes tion Du 5 the t s a ter ranaesqfimev ment, the hinge d e at; these/sh IWL bamo edmwardly away r m i i i e, assh wn,.andthesashwill et t s mvot dfi withthe nk 44,- i

hinged edge of the sash w ame a su i eient ea .ie tmsarn sateen l a i it will-be e e U evement Maw-ii r ar dseeirth s iIQII-l frame, When imparts a id it yopen times a liiaith 3-1 It the threads it ut th enaasemeat y i a reverse tatiee; e the ran s E5; and th rei re a: mtebone the sha t iwindew Harms th t msnt 2 j H M tases ti e h wn in 15- 5 ing he rearedge of the sash toward the frame dsw hs nathe sashabestw pivot 46 f the link 44 to substantially the position shown in Fig. 6. Atthis time,jdue to the engagement of ngii collar32 is moved toward the right to engage its threads 34 with the threads 3 I, which occurs substantially at the time the threadsfof the collar 33 reach the righthand end of the threads 3|. The collar 33 is therefore free of the threads 3| and the collar 32 is picked up and moves the in Fig. 6, this movement of the lever effects engagement of its free end behind the pin or screw 55, and continued movement of this lever screw to drawit to closed position. During this latter phase of the closing movementofthe sash, the collar 33 movesfrom the position shown in Fig. 6 to its fully closed position shown in Fig. 2

While I have shown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that itis not to be limited to all of the details shown but is capable of modification and within the scope of the appended claims. i

WhatIclaim is: 1. An operator for a casement window com-, prising a sash and a frame, a pair of members movablymounted onthe frame and engaged with the sash at spaced points to move the latter, said members comprising internally threaded spaced collars, a threaded shafton which said collars are mounted, means for rotating'said shaft, one

of said collars being normally disengagedfrom the threads of the shaft, and means actuated by said other collar for engaging said first collar with the threads of the shaft.

2. An operator for a casement window comprising a. sash and a frame, a pair of members the sash to, move the latter, said members com, prising. internally-threaded spacedhcollars, a threaded shaft on which said collars are mounted, means connecting saidcollarsto draw one into engagement, withsaid threads when the other reafchesa point adjacent the ends of the threads whereby said collars are moved successively, and means for rotatin said shaft. j i

H3.An, operator fora casement window com,- prisingxa sashand a frame, a pair of members movably mounted on the framewand engaged with thesash to; movepthe latter, said members comprising internally i threaded spaced collarsia threaded shaft onwhich'said collars are mounted, meansfor rotating saidshaft, oneof said collars being connected to the sashto move one edge thereof away from the frameand. theother collar l beingconnected to the other edgelof the sash to move itwayfrom the frametone ofsaid collars being normally disengagedfrom the threads of the shaft, and means flctuatedlby said other collar for engaging, said first collar with theuthreads of the shaft.

4. An operatorfon a casemenhwindow comprising aJSash; and a frame',.-a pair: of members movably mounted on the frameand engaged with the; sash' to move the, latter, said members com-. prising: internally: threaded spaced collars; a

H threaded, shaft'on which saidoollars are mounted,

one of; said: collarsbeingnormallydisengaged with the threads on the shaft, means forrengaging said collar withthe threads of theshaft by thermovee ment of said othercollar, and means forirotata j 5. An operator for a casement window comprising a sash and a frame, apair of members movably-mounted on the frame, connections between said members and the sash to effect movement of the latter in opposite directions, one of said members being pivotally connected to the sash adjacent one edge of the latter, and a lever actuated by the other of said members and en gaged with the sash only whenthe latter is near its closed position. i V i i 6. In an operator for casement windows comprising a frame and a swinging sash, a plurality of members movably mounted on the frame, one

of said members being pivotally connected to the sash adjacent oneedge thereof and adaptedto move said edge of the sash inwardly away from the adjacent portion of the frame, and means actuated by the other ofsaid members to impart initial swinging movement to thesash about, the

pivot of said first member, said last-named means comprising a lever pivoted to the frame and to saidother member, and said lever havinga free end impinging against the sash.

I. In' an operator for casement windows comprising a frame and a swinging sash, a plurality of members movably mounted on the frame and engaged with the sash to move the latter, one of said members being pivotally connected to the sash adjacent one edge thereof and adaptedto move said edge of the sash inwardlyaway from the adjacent'portion of the frame, and means actuated by the other of said members to impart initial swinging movement to the sash about the pivot of said first member, said means releasing said sash at the end of such initialmovement and re-engaging the sash upon a closing movement thereof to draw the sash to tightly closed posi- 3 tion. V

3. An operatorfor acasement windowcomprising a'sash and a frame, a pair of members movably mounted on theframeand engaged with i movably mounted on the frame, one of said members being pivotally connected to the sash adja-- mounted on the frame for movement longitudi- 1' nally thereof to impart an initial opening movement to the sash, additional means mounted on the frame for movement longitudinally thereof to give thesash a further opening movement,

and a manually operated member to move both said means longitudinally and in the same direction to effect a full opening movement of the sash, one of said means being inactive while the other is being actuated. i

10. In an operator for casement windows comprising a frame and a swinging sash, means mounted on the frame for movement longitudinally thereof to impart an initial opening movement to the sash, additional means mounted on the frame for movement longitudinally thereof to give the sasha further opening movement, and a manually operated member to move both said meanslongitudinally and in the same direction to effect a full opening movement of the sash;0ne of said means being normally disengaged from said member, and connections between said means whereby movement of the other thereof effe'cts engagement of said. one means with said member. I

11. In an operator for casement windows comprising a frame and a swinging sash, a plurality of members mounted on the frame for movement the sash a swinging movement about'said pivot when said secondmember is moved.

12. In an operator for casement windows com-- prising a frame and a swinging sash, a plurality ofmembers mounted on the frame for movement longitudinally thereof, a single means adapted to be successively'engaged with said members for effecting movement thereof, one of said members being pivoted to the sash adjacent one side edge thereof whereby longitudinal movement of said member moves the hinged edge of the sash away from the frame, connections between said second member and the sash for imparting to the sash a, swinging movement about said pivot when said second member is moved, one of said man-- bers being normally disengaged from said means, and a connection between said members whereby movement of one thereof engages the other with said means; I

GOTTHARD HAGSTROM, j

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2585122 *3 Sep 194812 Feb 1952Hartman Rush SClosure operating means
US2709582 *14 Jan 195431 May 1955Morgan CompanyWindow
US4253276 *31 May 19793 Mar 1981Truth IncorporatedOperator for a casement-type window
US4497135 *15 Nov 19825 Feb 1985Truth IncorporatedAutomatic operator and locking mechanism for a closure
US4887392 *13 Apr 198919 Dec 1989Amerock CorporationApparatus for actuating and locking a window sash
US4937976 *22 Sep 19893 Jul 1990Truth IncorporatedWindow operator and hinge structure
US5111615 *15 Apr 199112 May 1992Wilhelm Weidtmann Gmbh & Co. KgWindow with pivotable sash and mechanism for locking the sash in closed position
US5152103 *17 Sep 19916 Oct 1992Truth Division Of Spx CorporationAutomatic window sash and lock operator
US5367826 *20 Oct 199229 Nov 1994Gen ElectricMechanical hatch lifting mechanism
US5440837 *17 Mar 199415 Aug 1995Truth Hardware CorporationManually operable sash lift for motorized double hung window
US5507120 *30 May 199516 Apr 1996Schlage Lock CompanyTrack driven power door operator
US5927767 *1 Nov 199627 Jul 1999Newell Operating CompanyWindow locking system
US651656719 Jan 200111 Feb 2003Hi-Lex CorporationPower actuator for lifting a vehicle lift gate
US6581331 *25 May 199924 Jun 2003Joseph Michael KralWindow and door closing mechanism
US70136045 Jul 200021 Mar 2006Assa Abloy Financial Services AbWindow operator
US8365470 *7 Mar 20085 Feb 2013Campbell Frank WLead screw operator
US844899614 Jun 200728 May 2013Newell Operating CompanyCasement window lock
US8555548 *9 Nov 200915 Oct 2013Gregory George CarterModular window operating system
US8851530 *11 Nov 20097 Oct 20141 Adolfo, LlcElectric latch retraction bar
US9222296 *6 Aug 200829 Dec 2015Strattec Power Access LlcLinear drive actuator for a movable vehicle panel
US979716527 Aug 201424 Oct 2017Security Door ControlsElectric latch retraction bar
US20080001413 *14 Jun 20073 Jan 2008Newell Operation CompanyCasement Window Lock
US20100115846 *9 Nov 200913 May 2010Gregory George CarterModular window operating system
US20100123323 *11 Nov 200920 May 2010Security Door ControlsElectric latch retraction bar
US20100270814 *23 Apr 200928 Oct 2010Andre LabarreMotorized system for latching and unlatching casement windows
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USRE34230 *12 Nov 199127 Apr 1993Truth Division Of Spx CorporationUnified casement operator
EP0323241A1 *28 Dec 19885 Jul 1989Amerock CorporationApparatus for actuating and locking a window sash
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/252, 49/339, 49/260, 49/276
International ClassificationE05F11/34, E05F11/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05F11/34
European ClassificationE05F11/34