Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2272481 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date10 Feb 1942
Filing date10 Oct 1938
Priority date10 Oct 1938
Publication numberUS 2272481 A, US 2272481A, US-A-2272481, US2272481 A, US2272481A
InventorsEdward Meadow, Rinkcs Earl B
Original AssigneeEdward Meadow, Rinkcs Earl B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Treating and massaging parts of the body
US 2272481 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 10, 1942. E. B. RINKES' EI'AL TREATING AND MASSAGING PARTS OF THE QODY Filed Oct. 10; 1958 W Mm. MM I 6 .MW p

v Patented Feb. 10, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFI E TREATING AND MASSAGING PARTS OF THE BODY Earl B. Rinkes, Canton, and Edward Meadow,

Massillon, Ohio Application October 10,1938, SerialNo.234,116 1 substantially continuous services of a nurse or attendant, and the effectiveness of the treatment is retarded during the changing of the dressings, and also depends to a great extent upon the emciency and capability of the person applying the dressings. 2

'It is therefore a general object of the present invention to provide a means and method for treating infections for subjecting an infected part of the body to a constant and uniform treatment, without requiring the services of an expert attendant.

In certain cases it has been found that massaging the body or parts thereof under water has certain beneficial effects. Prior apparatuses have been provided for immersing all or substantially all of the body in a receptacle and circulating water into and, out of the same, but such treatment has not resulted in any particular benefits for a number of reasons, including the fact that the pressure of the water is not localized or effective at the area to be massaged.

Moreover, in cases where a patient is recovering from infantile paralysis, it has been found beneficial to manually massage the limbs under water to aid in restoring the use of them, but such treatment usually requires the time and services of an expert masseur in order to obtain the desired results.

Accordingly, it is a further object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for massaging the limbs of the human body in a novel and improved manner, without requiring the services of an experienced person or expert masseur.

And finally, it is an object of the present invention to provide a simple and inexpensive apparatus which can be used by any experienced persons, or even by the patient himself, to treat or massage parts of the human body according to the novel method described. herein.

These and other objects are accomplished by the parts, combinations, methods and apparatus comprising the present invention, which is represented byway of example in the drawing and hereinafter described and claimed. v, A

Stated in general terms, a preferred apparatus for carrying out the invention may include: a closed container adapted'for engirdling a part of the body such as an arm or leg, and beingconnected to means for' circulating liquid therethrough at a constant temperature and pressure,

said container being so constructed as to impart a spiral or helical circulatory motion to the liquid,

thereby subjecting the body part-within the same to a spirally moving hydraulic pressure.

Referring to the drawing forming part hereof, Figure 1 is a more or less diagrammatic view of the improved apparatus applied for treatment of a human arm, the container enclosing th arm being shown in section; 1 i I Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse sectional View of the container detached from the arm; and

Fig. 3 is a detachedperspective view looking into the'open end of the container. 2

The same numerals refer to the, same parts throughout the drawing.

The improved apparatus shown by way of example in the drawing preferably includes a rigid tube 5 which may be tapered or somewhat conical in shape as shown, and circular in cross section as indicated in Fig. 2. The tube is preferably constructed of a rigid transparent material such as glass, so that the effects of the treatment on the body part within the tube may be observed.

The tube 5 is shown of a size and shape suitable for enclosing a patients arm 6, although the size and shape may be varied to suitably enclose a leg, as desired. One end of the tube 5, preferably the small end, is closed as indicated at l and the other end is open to permit telescoping the tube over the patients arm.

Means for providing a liquid tight seal around the arm 6 at' the open end of the tube may include a soft rubber ring 8 which is detachably mounted on the open end of the tube in any suitable manner, as by the flanged ring 9 fitting over the open end of tube 5 and having the soft rubber ring 8 secured thereto. When the tube 5 is applied to the arm 6, the soft rubber ring 8 compresses easily to allow entrance of the arm and has suificient resiliency to provide a liquid tight seal around the same.

Preferably, supports 10 of semi-soft material are provided Within the tube 5 to support the arm 6 in a comfortable position so that the arm may be enclosed in the tube for long periods Without tiring the patient.

The tube 5 is provided preferably at its larger end with an inlet pipe or duct l I, and at its other end with an outlet pipe or duct I2. A liquid reservoir [3 is provided for being placed at a location conveniently adjacent to the tube 5, and a flexible pipe or hose [4 conducts liquid from the reservoir through inlet pipe ll into the tube 5. A flexible conductor or hose I5 is connected to the outlet pipe [2 for returning fluid from the other end of the tube 5 to a suitable pump IE which pumps the liquid from conductor l5 back into the reservoir I3. By operating the pump at a constant speed by any suitable driving means, the fluid in the system will be circulated at a constant pressure, thereby providing for a uniform fluid pressure being applied to and around the arm 6 immersed within the tube 5.

Means for heating the fluid in the reservoir and maintaining it at a constant temperature may include an electric heating element indicated diagrammatically at H having the usual electric conductor cord I8 attached thereto for connection with an electric current supply. The electric heating element may be thermostatically controlled in a well-known manner to maintain the temperature of the fluid circulating through the reservoir substantially constant.

Means for imparting a spiral or helical motion to the fluid as it is circulated through the tube 5 preferably includes a series of spirally arranged ribs on the inner surface of the tube 5, or a single continuous helical rib I9 as indicated in the drawing. This rib may be formed integral with the tube 5 as shown or may be formed as a.

separate element secured or mounted on the inner surface of the tube. Thus, as the fluid enters inlet H and circulates through the tube to pass out of outlet l2 it is given a spiral or helical circulating motion by the rib or ribs l9, so that the arm 6 or other body part enclosed within tube 5 is subjected to the action of liquid circulating or moving in a helical path under constant pressure, and at a constant temperature if desired.

I We have discovered that in the case of treating infections and particularly where there is an open wound, if the usual medicants or antiseptics are introduced into the fluid helically circulating through tube 5, the antiseptic and curative effect on the infected part is greatly enhanced as compared with the results obtained by the customary wet dressings now in use. Consequently, an infection can be cured in less time with less discomfort to the patient, and without requiring the services of a skilled attendant.

Moreover, due to the fact that the arm or other body part is subjected to a continuous helically circulating action of the fluid under constant pressures and temperatures the antiseptic curative efiect is more positive in its action,

In the case of massaging limbs We have discovered that the helical massaging action of the fluid under constant pressure is very beneficial, and especially in infantile paralysis cases it aids in restoring the natural use of the limb much more rapidly than any prior method or massaging action of which we are aware. Moreover, the improved spiral or helical massaging pressure can be applied by the most inexperienced person without requiring any manual exertion or the services of an expert masseur.

We claim:

Apparatus for treating a part of the human body including a tube closed at one end for em girdling the body part, means at the open end of said tube for providing a seal around said body part, said tube being provided with an inlet at one end and an outlet at the other end thereof, a liquid reservoir communicating with said inlet and outlet, means for maintaining the tube full of liquid and circulating the liquid under constant pressure from the reservoir through said tube and back to the reservoir, and helical ribs on the interior of the tube and integral therewith for imparting a helical motion to the liquid circulating therethrough.

EARL B. RINKES. EDWARD MEADOW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2512448 *16 Nov 194620 Jun 1950Joseph Tattersall AlfredRubber hot-water bottle
US2684071 *11 Feb 195320 Jul 1954Story Claiborn ETherapeutic appliance for treatment of animals
US2832336 *23 Jun 195529 Apr 1958DavisPhysiotherapy device
US2845060 *1 Apr 195429 Jul 1958James A RomanConstant volume pressure pick-up
US2952859 *19 Mar 195820 Sep 1960John H AlcamoSurgeons' pre-operating scrubbing machine
US2961672 *3 Jul 195829 Nov 1960John H AlcamoScrubbing brush for surgeons
US3094983 *25 Jul 196125 Jun 1963Frank F ReedBlood circulation device and method
US3153413 *23 Jan 196220 Oct 1964Jobst InstitutePressure bandage-splint
US3378004 *23 Jun 196516 Apr 1968John E. ChaseHydrotherapy and massage boot
US3454010 *8 May 19678 Jul 1969John Clifton MillerSurgical bandage,constrictive device,and inflatable means
US3477424 *31 Oct 196711 Nov 1969Tracy Thomas HMobile hydrotherapy equipment
US3601820 *13 Oct 196931 Aug 1971Thetford CorpFlush apparatus
US3785402 *27 Jul 197215 Jan 1974Exxon Production Research CoRemovable tubular insert for reducing erosion in headers
US4090507 *16 Mar 197723 May 1978Horn Frederick M VanHydrotherapy tank
US4099522 *25 Apr 197711 Jul 1978Alenares Santiago SHydrotherapy apparatus and method for exercising the veins of the leg and foot
US4552132 *17 Sep 198412 Nov 1985Advanced Medical Products, Inc.Pulsating hydrotherapy system
US4691695 *4 Oct 19858 Sep 1987Deutsche Forschungs- Und Versuchsanstalt Fur Luft- Und Raumfart E.V.Apparatus for medical treatments
US4945901 *22 Mar 19897 Aug 1990Burcke Jr Harry JHand therapy apparatus and method therefor
US5044357 *19 Sep 19893 Sep 1991Johns C RichardApparatus for increased volume hydrotherapy
US5074285 *20 Nov 198924 Dec 1991Wright Linear Pump, Inc.Thermal applicator method
US5241958 *9 Aug 19917 Sep 1993Noeldner David RTherapeutic whirlpool unit with temperature contrast
US5876324 *25 Sep 19972 Mar 1999Trouchine; EugenePenile stimulator device using turbulent water flow and method of use
US6086609 *8 Dec 199711 Jul 2000Jay R. BuckleyControlled cold therapy apparatus
US6149674 *6 Nov 199821 Nov 2000Hill-Rom, Inc.Patient thermal regulation system
US64064475 Mar 199718 Jun 2002Board Of Reagents, The University Of Texas SystemSelf-sealed irrigation system
US663823617 Dec 200128 Oct 2003Board Of Regents Of The University Of TexasSelf-sealed irrigation system
US685515811 Sep 200115 Feb 2005Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Thermo-regulating patient support structure
US69459441 Apr 200220 Sep 2005Incappe, LlcTherapeutic limb covering using hydrostatic pressure
US6969399 *11 Jul 200229 Nov 2005Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US700844525 Apr 20037 Mar 2006Medcool, Inc.Method and device for rapidly inducing hypothermia
US705250912 Nov 200330 May 2006Medcool, Inc.Method and device for rapidly inducing and then maintaining hypothermia
US730357922 Jul 20044 Dec 2007Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US737793524 Sep 200427 May 2008Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US7422576 *16 Dec 20029 Sep 2008Kci Licensing, Inc.Localized liquid therapy and thermotherapy device
US750725011 Oct 200524 Mar 2009Medcool, Inc.Method and device for rapidly inducing hypothermia
US754732024 Aug 200616 Jun 2009Life Recovery System Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US762194521 Nov 200524 Nov 2009Medcool, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing body temperature of a subject
US7666213 *24 Sep 200423 Feb 2010Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US773173924 Aug 20068 Jun 2010Life-Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US777146124 Aug 200610 Aug 2010Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US783317930 Dec 200316 Nov 2010Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
US78331809 Oct 200816 Nov 2010Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US789227124 Aug 200622 Feb 2011Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US802131411 Oct 201020 Sep 2011Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US8182520 *7 Dec 200722 May 2012Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US835718822 Jul 200822 Jan 2013Kci Licensing, Inc.Localized liquid therapy and thermotherapy device
US836100117 Aug 201129 Jan 2013Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US842558221 Feb 201123 Apr 2013Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US84352775 May 20087 May 2013Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US845467123 Nov 20094 Jun 2013Medcool, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing body temperature of a subject
US84995034 May 20106 Aug 2013Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Thermoregulation equipment for patient room
US852961311 Oct 200710 Sep 2013Medcool, Inc.Adjustable thermal cap
US865786416 Dec 200825 Feb 2014Otivio AsPortable patient temperature adjustment apparatus and method
US868375012 Feb 20131 Apr 2014Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Architectural headwall cabinet for storing a lift device
US882142221 Dec 20122 Sep 2014Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
US20030191420 *1 Apr 20029 Oct 2003Kuiper Hendrik KlaasTherapeutic limb covering using hydrostatic pressure
US20030225441 *16 Dec 20024 Dec 2003Kci Licensing, Inc.Localized liquid therapy and thermotherapy device
US20040158303 *12 Nov 200312 Aug 2004Medcool, Inc.Method and device for rapidly inducing and then maintaining hypothermia
US20040225341 *11 Jul 200211 Nov 2004Life Recovery Systems, Inc.Apparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20040260369 *22 Jul 200423 Dec 2004Life Recovery Systems Inc.Apparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20050027218 *30 Dec 20033 Feb 2005Marius FiltvedtDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
US20050096714 *24 Sep 20045 May 2005Freedman Robert J.Jr.Apparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20050203447 *8 Mar 200515 Sep 2005Robert J. PisaniWaterproof hydrotherapy limb massager
US20060030915 *4 Oct 20059 Feb 2006Medcool, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing body temperature of a subject
US20060069418 *24 Sep 200430 Mar 2006Schock Robert BApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20060074469 *21 Nov 20056 Apr 2006Medcool, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing body temperature of a subject
US20060282140 *24 Aug 200614 Dec 2006Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for Altering the Body Temperature of a Patient
US20060282141 *24 Aug 200614 Dec 2006Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for Altering the Body Temperature of a Patient
US20080097561 *11 Oct 200724 Apr 2008Medcool, Inc.Dual cycle thermal system and method of use
US20080221493 *7 Dec 200711 Sep 2008Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient and administering decompression to the patients torso
US20080228245 *7 Dec 200718 Sep 2008Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20080269852 *3 Apr 200630 Oct 2008Medcool, IncMethods and Apparatus for Thermal Regulation of a Body
US20080275408 *22 Jul 20086 Nov 2008Boynton Thomas ALocalized liquid therapy and thermotherapy device
US20080306577 *5 May 200811 Dec 2008Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
US20090036959 *9 Oct 20085 Feb 2009Thermanor AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US20100137951 *23 Nov 20093 Jun 2010Medcool, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing body temperature of a subject
US20100152633 *16 Dec 200817 Jun 2010Thermanor AsPortable patient temperature adjustment apparatus and method
US20100152821 *16 Dec 200817 Jun 2010Thermanor AsPortable patient temperature adjustment apparatus and method
US20100205739 *4 May 201019 Aug 2010Gallant Dennis JThermoregulation equipment for patient room
US20110021960 *11 Oct 201027 Jan 2011Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US20110208275 *21 Feb 201125 Aug 2011Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcApparatus For Altering The Body Temperature Of A Patient
US20110238143 *5 Aug 200929 Sep 2011Life Recovery Systems Hd, LlcSystem and method for altering and maintaining the body temperature of a patient
US20140128781 *14 Jan 20148 May 2014Otivio AsPortable patient temperature adjustment apparatus and method
WO1998038944A1 *5 Mar 199711 Sep 1998Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas SystemSelf-sealed irrigation system
WO2004058131A2 *30 Dec 200315 Jul 2004Thermonor AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
WO2004058131A3 *30 Dec 200326 Aug 2004Thermonor AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
WO2006036612A3 *16 Sep 20051 Mar 2007Life Recovery Systems Hd LlcApparatus for altering the body temperature of a patient
Classifications
U.S. Classification601/166, 138/37, 165/46
International ClassificationA61H9/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61H2205/06, A61H2009/0042, A61H9/00
European ClassificationA61H9/00