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Publication numberUS2047326 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date14 Jul 1936
Filing date31 Jan 1935
Priority date31 Jan 1935
Publication numberUS 2047326 A, US 2047326A, US-A-2047326, US2047326 A, US2047326A
InventorsJesse G King
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerating apparatus
US 2047326 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 14, 1936. J. @KING 2,047,326

REFRIGERATING APPARATUS `Filed Jan. 31, 1935 2 sheets-sheet 1 v Z/ V. z/

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. REFRIGERATING AP AAAAA US fg ig@ X (32 @E j?, l@ @y f ski @i /Patented July 14, 1936 PATENT oFElleE` REFRIGERATING APPARATUS Jesse G. King, Dayton, Ohio, assigner to General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio, a, corporation of f Delaware 'Application January 31, 1935, Serial No. 4,281

'i Claims.

The present invention relates to refrigerating apparatus and particularly to the cooling of a plurality of compartments, for example, food containers such ascontainers for ice cream or the like.

Heretofore in constructing a refrigerator cabinet having a plurality of food storage compartments or containers therein, to be maintained at different temperatures relative to one another,

l the containers ordinarily had different lengths or a different number of convolutions of cooling fluid conduit formed in walls thereof or secure'd in intimate thermal contact therewith. In the production of cabinets in which three or more compartments of different temperatures relative x to one another were desired it was necessary to manufacture and carry in stock three or more containers having a dierent amount of cooling uid duct or conduit associatedtherewith.. Such prior practice increases the cost of manufacturing a complete line of cabinets such, for example, as cabinets wherein three or more different temperatured compartments were desired.

One of the objects of my invention is to reduce the cost and facilitate the manufacture of refrigerating apparatuses.

Another object of my invention is to provide a refrigerating apparatus in which a plurality of compartments or containers are cooled to different temperatures by individual refrigerating elements, one for each compartment or container and connected in series relation, the lower temperature compartment being selective in accordance with the direction of now of refrigerant through the elements irrespective of the food storage capacity of the containers.

In carrying out the foregoing objects it is a still furtherobject of my invention to provide for the manufacture of a plurality of refrigerator cabinets from not more than two differently constructed refrigerating elements or containers in which cabinets the food storage compartments may or may not be of the same food storage capacity and maintained aty different temperatures relative to one another.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein a preferred form of the present invention is clearly shown.

In the drawings: y

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary Vertical sectional view of an ice cream storage cabinet of the type to which my invention is applicable;

Fig. 2 is a view partly in section and partly in (CII. 62--99) elevation of a refrigerator cabinet of the type shown in Fig. l and disclosing diagrammatically a refrigerating system associated with the cabinet;

Fig. 3 shows a cabinet similar to the showing in Fig. 2 but having a modified hook-up of the refrigerating elements or containers therein;

Fig. 4 shows a refrigerator cabinet with one form of a hook-up of three refrigerating elements or containers therein;

Fig. 5 shows another form of hook-up of the three refrigerating elements or containers shown in Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 shows a refrigerator cabinet of substantially the same food storage capacity as that l5 shown in Fig. 5 and containing two similar refrigerating elements or containers.

Referring to the drawings, for the purpose of illustrating the present invention, I have shown in Fig. 1 thereof a refrigerating apparatus in the 20 form of an ice cream storage cabinet l0. The

cabinet I0 includes four vertically disposed in'- sulating walls II and a bottom horizontal insulating wall I2 forming a chamber in the cabinet for the reception of a plurality of separate 25 refrigerated food storage compartments or containers I3 and I4. The insulating walls II and I2 and the weight of the contents of containers I3 and I4 may be supported by a suitable base I5 which may be secured at its edges to an angle 30 iron frame structure I6. The frame structure I6 also supports the insulatedl cabinet top I1 which has a plurality of openings I8 provided therein for permitting access to the containers I3 and I4. In the present disclosure the containers I3 x35 and I4 are shown as receiving cans I9 adapted to contain ice cream or any other substance. The openings I8 in the top wall I1 of cabinet I0 `permitting access to the cans I9 are shownl as being closed by doors or lids 2I. The method 40 of making ice cream storage cabinets ofthe type disclosed and their elements of construction are Well-known to those skilled in the art and no `Yurther detailed description is believed necessary herein. The separate refrigerated food storage compartments or containers I3 and I4 ofthe cabinet disclosed include a metallic bottom wall and side walls 24 having a plurality of loops or serpentine turns of refrigerant conveying conduit or pipe 25 secured thereto in any suitable manner. A metallicpan or wall 26 issecured, for example, by welding to each of the container side walls 24 and the pan 26 encloses the refrigerant pipe or ducts 25 adjacent each container wall. Each of 55 the pans or walls 26 have two openings therein for the passage to and from the chamber, between walls 24 and 26, of the refrigerant pipe or duct 25 and these openings are closed by soldering the duct 25 to walls thereof. The closed chamber formed between the metallic walls 24 and 26 on each side of the containers I3 and I4 may have a ller opening in the upper portion thereof for permitting brine or any other solution or substance to be placed in the chamber to thereby provide a temperature holdover during inactive periods or off cycles of a refrigerating mechanism connected with the refrigerant expansion pipe 25 as is common and well-known to those familiar with the art. The containers I3 and I4 may or may not be of the same food storage capacity and Vit is to be understood that the refrigerant expansion pipe or duct 25 is first wound in a serpentine manner over or along one side wall of a container and thence in a serpentine manner over or'along each of the remaining side walls. In the present invention I have shown only two containers I3 and I4 which are of different food'storage capacity relative to one another. However, the two containers permit the construction of a plurality of cabinet combinations as will be more fully described hereinafter. In my invention the ratio between the capacity of the refrigerant duct 25 and the container food storage capacity is the same for each container I3 and I4. For example, the container I 4 may have a food storage capacity of a size to receive two 5 gallon cans of ice cream and there may be a total of 20 ft. of the refrigerant expansion pipe 25 in contact with the walls thereof while container I3 may have a food storage capacity of a size to receive four 5 gallon cans of ice cream and a total of 40 ft. of the refrigerant expansion pipe 25 in contact therewith. The ratio between the refrigerant duct capacity and the container storage capacity is therefore obviously the same for each container.

The refrigerant expansion pipe 25 surrounding container I3 is adapted to be detachably connected, by a union or other suitable connector means 28 (see Fig. 2) in series relation with the refrigerant pipe 25 surrounding the container I4. The refrigerating system associated with the refrigerant expansion ducts around containers I3 and I4 in cabinet I0 includes a compressor 3l which compresses vaporized refrigerant withdrawn from the refrigerating element or container I3 through the gaseous refrigerant return pipe 32. The refrigerant compressed by compressor 3| is forwarded, through pipe 33, to a condenser 34 where it is cooled and liquefied in any suitable manner and collected in a receiver 35. The liquid refrigerant is directed through the pipe-36 to an expansion device or valve 31 of any suitable wellknown construction. The expansion valve 37 may be of the pressure operated type and is detachably connected with the inlet end 38 of the pipe 25 surrounding container I4. Expansion valve 3'I is shown only diagrammatically and it is to be understood that this valve is to be mounted or located at a point in or on the cabinet where it will be easily accessible from the exterior f the cabine*l to permit removal or replacement thereof in accomplishing the features and objects of my invention. The compressor 3| is operated by an electric motor 39 through suitable belt and pulley connections 4I. A switch 42 is interposed in the power line leading to motor 39 for controlling the operation of the motor and consequently compressor 3I. Switch 42 is actuated by a change in pressure created by a volatile uid sealed within .lar proprietors requirement.

a bellows 43, pipe 44 and a thermostatic bulb 45. 'Ihe bulb 45 is mounted in or adjacent the container I3 so as to render the closed volatile thermostatic system responsive to temperatures of compartment or container I3. 'Ihe apparatus 5 disclosed in Fig. 2 includes one of the containers I3 which is adapted to receive four of the cans I9 and one of the containers I4 which is adapted to receive two cans I9. The containers I3 and I4 are separated and insulated from one another 10 by a suitable insulating material as shown in Fig.

l of the drawings. The refrigerant flows from expansion valve 31 along one wall of container I4 thence in series through the pipe 25 adjacent the remaining walls of the container I4. Upon leavl5 ing the pipe 25 adjacent container I4 the refrigerant flows through the plurality of turns or loops of the pipe 25 along one wall of container I3 thence in series through the pipe adjacent the remaining walls of container I3 to the gaseous 20 refrigerant return pipe 32 of the refrigerating system. The direction ofthe series path of flow of refrigerant in the apparatus disclosed in Fig. 2 and the location of the thermostat 45 provides a refrigerator cabinet having two food storage com- 25 partments or containers which are maintained at different temperatures relative to one another. In other words liquid refrigerant is partially evaporated in the refrigerant conduit or duct of container I4 and thereafter completely evaporated in 30 the refrigerant duct of container I3. The ratio between the refrigerant conduit capacity and the food storage capacity of the containers being the same for each container I3 and I4 together with the series refrigerant ow circuit described causes container I4 to be maintained at a much lower temperature than container I3. Thus the refrigerating element or container I4 may be utilized for storing brick ice cream or other substance to be maintained at a very low temperature while the refrigerating element or container I3 may be utilized for storing bulk ice cream or other substanceto be maintained at a relatively higher temperature.

Should the proprietor of a store desire-to purchase a cabinet of the same size and food storage capacity as the cabinet shown in Fig. 2 and if his business requires more very cold compartments or containers than the relatively warmer compartments or containers, the direction of flow of refrigerant through the refrigerating elements of the cabinet disclosed in Fig. 2 is reversed at the time of installation in order to meet this particu- Thus a refrigerator cabinet of the same construction and overall dimensions as the cabinet shown in Fig. 2 is rendered suitable for installation in a place where a requirement different from the requirement of the installation shown in Fig. 2 is to be satisfied. For example, the refrigerator cabinet installation shown in Fig. 3 includes,.by virtue of the-direction of ow of refrigerant through the refrigerating elements or containers I3 and I4, a large very cold compartment for the storage of four cans containing brick ice cream or other substance and a smaller relatively warmer compartment for the storage of two cans containing bulk ice cream or other substance. It will be noted that the cabinets shown in Figs. 2 and 3 are of identical construction and the two com 70 partments formed therein are selectively mainl tained at different temperatures relative to one another in each cabinet by virtue of the predetermined direction of ow of refrigerant through the refrigerating elements.

This feature eliminates the necessity of manufacturing and carrying in stock two different cabinets while at the same time meeting various owner requirements.

Referring now to Fig. 4 of the drawings wherein I` have shown a refrigerator cabinet including the three refrigerating elements or containers to be maintained at different temperatures relative to one another it will be noted that the third element of this combination is provided by the addition of another of the elements or containers i4. From the disclosure in Fig. 4 it will be seen that the refrigerating element or container i4 located adjacent the one end wall ii of cabinet il) first receives refrigerant from the expansion valve 3l. Refrigerant flows through or adjacent walls of the container i4 and to the similar container located adjacent thereto and thence to the container i3. The series path of flow of the refrigerant through the expansion conduit it adjacent the three containers or compartments of the cabinet shown in Fig. 4 provides a very cold compartment adapted to receive two of the cans i9, a second intermediate cold compartment also adapted to receive two cans l@ and a larger relatively warm compartment adapted to receive four of the cans i9. In the construction of the three temperature cabinet shown in Fig. 4 various arrangements of the refrigerating elements or containers therein can be provided to meet certain requirements. For example, if the container it of greater storage capacity than the other containers i4 in the cabinet shown in Fig. 4 is desired to be maintained at the lower of the three temperatures maintained in the cabinet the expansion valve il is connected with the refrigerant expansion pipe it of container it! so that refrigerant will first flow around the large container to provide the arrangement disclosed in Fig. 5 of the drawings. Should the container it be desired to be maintained at the intermediate temperature of the three temperatures maintained in the cabinet container it may be positioned in the center of the cabinet between and connected to and between the two smaller containers i4. This latter arrangement is not shown in the drawings but the arrangement described will be obvious to those skilled in the art since I have disclosed utilizing only two diderently constructed refrigerating elements or containers for obtaining various cabinets having differently refrigerated compartments therein.

It may be that a store proprietors business requires a cabinet having a storage capacity for brick ice cream or other substance to be maintained at a very low temperature equal to the storage capacity for bulk ice cream or any other substance to be maintained at a higher temperature. In such case a cabinet may be constructed y with two of the refrigerating elements or containers llinpositioned therein or with two ofthe refrigerating elements or containers i3. A cabinet including two `containers i3, is shown in Fig. 6 of the drawings. In either of these latter described structures either of the containers in the cabinet may be maintained at a lower temperature relative to the other container selectively in accordance with the direction of flow of refrigerant through the refrigerating elements as hereinbefore described.

From the foregoing it will be seen that my invention of providing two containers of different size in which the ratio between the refrigerant duct capacity and the container storage capacity is the same for each container permits'the construction of a plurality of refrigerator cabinets at a low cost. Furthermore, each of the refrigeratorcabinets embodying my invention may comprise a plurality of compartments selectively refrigerated to different temperatures relative to one another by virtue of predetermining the direction of ow of refrigerant through the refrigerating elements forming the compartments in accordance with the requirements of individual installations. My invention reduces the cost of manufacturing refrigerator cabinets to be utilized to fulfill a plurality of dierent requirements. The cost of the manufactured cabinets is likewise reduced due to the fact that only two dierently constructed refrigerating elements or containers need be made and carried in stock in the production of a variety of cabinets.

While the form of embodiment of the invention as herein disclosed, constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted, all coming within the scope of the claims which follow.

What is claimed is as follows:

1. A refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of separate food storage containers adapted to be cooled, each container 25 ducting volatile refrigerant through said ducts 30 in series whereby a temperature differential isobtained between the said plurality of containers and the lower temperature selectively produced in either container according to the direction of flow of the volatile refrigerant through said m5 series connected ducts.

2. A refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of separate food storage containers adapted to be cooled, each container including a refrigerant expansion duct, the ratio between the refrigerant duct capacity and the container storage capacity being substantially the same for each container, and an expansion valve connected to one of the ducts for directing volatile refrigerant through said ducts in series whereby a temperature dierential is obtained between the said plurality of containers and the lower temperature selectively produced in either container according to the direction of iiow of the volatile refrigerant through said series connected ducts. I

73. A refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of separate food storage containers adapted to be cooled, each container including a refrigerant conveying duct, one of said containers being of different food storage capacity than another thereof, the ratio between the refrigerant duct capacity and the container storage capacity being substantially the same for each container, and means for conducting refrigerant through said ducts in series whereby a temperature dierential between the said plurality of containers is obtained and thev lower temperature selectively produced in either container according to the direction of flow of refrigerant through said series connected ducts. l

4. A refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of separate food storage all containers adapted to be cooled, each container 70 storage capacity being substantially the e for 7s each container, and an expansion valve connected to one of the ducts for directing refrigerant through said ducts in series whereby a temperature differential between the said plurality of containers is obtained and the lower temperature selectively produced in either container according to the direction of flow of refrigerant through said series connected ducts.

5. A refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination an ice cream storage cabinet, a plurality of separate open-top food containers disposed ln said cabinet and adapted to be cooled, a refrigerant duct thermally associated with the walls of each of said containers, the refrigerant duct of one container having a connection with the refrigerant duct of` another container, one of said containers being of different food storage capacity than another thereof, the ratio between the refrigerant duct capacity and the container storage capacity being substantially the same for each container, and means for conducting refrigerant through said ducts in series whereby a temperature differential between the said plurality of containers is obtained and the lower temperature selectively produced in either container according to the direction of flow of refrigerant through said series connected ducts.

6. Refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of compartments to be cooled, means for refrigerating all of said compartments to different temperatures relative to one another including an individual refrigerating element associated with each compartment, said elements being connected in series to form a single conduit, means for supplying refrigerant to one end of the conduit, and the ratio between the refrigerant conduit capacity and the storage capacity of the compartment with which the conduit is associated being substantially the same for each compartment.

7. Refrigerating apparatus comprising in combination, a plurality of compartments to be cooled, means for refrigerating all of said compartments to different temperatures relative to one another including an individual refrigerating element associated with each compartment, said elements being connected in series to form a single conduit, and means for supplying re- Iirigerant to one end of said conduit, said compartments being of different food storage capacity relative to one another and the ratio between the refrigerant conduit capacity and the storage capacity of the compartment with which the conduit is associated being substantially the same for each compartment.

JESSE G. KING.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2703480 *7 Sep 19508 Mar 1955Lawrence E RiemenschneiderPlural temperature refrigerated cabinet
US3982407 *7 Jan 197528 Sep 1976Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc.Garbage container unit
US5947197 *20 Dec 19957 Sep 1999Mando Machinery CorporationKimchi storage device and method for maturing and preserving kimchi therein
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/326, 62/447, 62/443, 62/451, 62/439
International ClassificationF25D11/04
Cooperative ClassificationF25D11/04, F25D2400/10
European ClassificationF25D11/04