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Publication numberUS20040024462 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 10/413,028
Publication date5 Feb 2004
Filing date14 Apr 2003
Priority date12 Apr 2002
Also published asUS8277507, US8679182, US9198773, US20050267582, US20080027548, US20100241233, US20120323332, US20140148906, US20160045329
Publication number10413028, 413028, US 2004/0024462 A1, US 2004/024462 A1, US 20040024462 A1, US 20040024462A1, US 2004024462 A1, US 2004024462A1, US-A1-20040024462, US-A1-2004024462, US2004/0024462A1, US2004/024462A1, US20040024462 A1, US20040024462A1, US2004024462 A1, US2004024462A1
InventorsBret Ferree, David Thompkins
Original AssigneeFerree Bret A., David Thompkins
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spacerless artificial disc replacements
US 20040024462 A1
Abstract
Spacerless artificial disc replacements (ADRs) are disclosed. One preferred embodiment includes two saddle-shaped components to facilitate more normal spinal flexion, extension, and lateral bending while limit axial rotation, thereby protecting the facet joints and the annulus fibrosus (AF). Either or both the superior and inferior components are made of a hard material such as chrome cobalt, titanium, or a ceramic including alumina, zirconia, or calcium phosphate. The articulating surfaces of the ADR are also preferably highly polished to reduce friction between the components. Metals, alloys or other materials with shape-memory characteristics may also prove beneficial.
Images(6)
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Claims(8)
We claim:
1. An artificial disc replacement (ADR), comprising:
an inferior component;
a superior component; and
a smooth, continuous interface between the inferior component and superior components, the interface including at least one convex surface articulating with at a corresponding concave surface.
2. The ADR of claim 1, wherein both components are metallic or ceramic.
3. The ADR of claim 1, wherein the components are physically configured to facilitate flexion, extension, and lateral bending while limiting axial rotation.
4. The ADR of claim 1, wherein the components are saddle-shaped.
5. The ADR of claim 1, wherein the vertebral surfaces of one or both of the components are treated to promote bone ingrowth.
6. The ADR of claim 1, wherein one or both of the components are cemented to a respective vertebral endplate.
7. The ADR of claim 1, wherein one or both of the components include projections adapted to fit into a respective vertebral endplate.
8. The ADR of claim 1, wherein one the components is made of polyethylene.
Description
    REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • [0001]
    This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/372,520, filed Apr. 12, 2002, the entire content of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates generally to artificial disc replacements (ADRs) and, more particularly, to devices that operate without softer spacer materials such as polyethylene.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    Polyethylene spacers are common in some artificial joint situations, including total knee replacements (TKRs). Polyethylene spacers are also used between metal plates in many artificial disc replacement (ADR) designs.
  • [0004]
    Complications arising from poly debris are well documented, however, including fracture of the spacer once it becomes too thin, absorption and migration of poly particles throughout the body, and loosening of the bone metal junction as a reaction of the poly debris.
  • [0005]
    Metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-metal surfaces have much lower wear characteristics. In fact, metal-on-metal surfaces demonstrate 400 times less wear than polyethylene on metal surfaces.
  • [0006]
    While there have been attempts to limit the use of poly in ADR designs, all existing approaches constitute ball-and-socket configurations which do not inherently limit axial rotation. Instead, axial rotation is limited through the use of multiple ball-and-socket joints or an elongated ball-and-socket joint, which complicates the design.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    The present invention replaces polyethylene artificial disc replacement (ADR) spacers with harder, more wear-resistant materials. In the preferred embodiments, an ADR according to the invention includes opposing saddle-shaped components to facilitate more normal spinal flexion, extension, and lateral bending. Preferably, the ADR allows at least 10 degrees of movement in the flexion to extension direction and at least 5 degrees of movement in the lateral bending direction. The saddle-shaped articulating surfaces also limit axial rotation, thereby protecting the facet joints and the annulus fibrosus (AF).
  • [0008]
    According to the invention, either or both the superior and inferior components are made of a hard material such as chrome cobalt, titanium, or a ceramic including alumina, zirconia, or calcium phosphate. The articulating surfaces of the ADR are also preferably highly polished to reduce friction between the components. Metals, alloys or other materials with shape-memory characteristics may also prove beneficial.
  • [0009]
    The vertebral surfaces of the components may be treated to promote bone ingrowth. For example, the vertebral surfaces of the components may have plasma spray or beads. Alternatively, one or both components may be cemented to the vertebrae. The vertebra-facing surfaces may also include projections such as keels that fit into the vertebrae. In embodiments adapted for cementation, one of the components could be made of polyethylene or other softer material.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0010]
    [0010]FIG. 1A is an anterior view of an ADR according to the invention;
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 1B is a lateral view of the ADR of FIG. 1;
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 1C is an oblique view of the ADR of FIG. 1;
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 2A is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative embodiment of the ADR;
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 2B is a view of the lateral aspect of an alternative embodiment of the ADR shown in FIG. 2B;
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 3A is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative, less constrained, embodiment of the saddle-shaped ADR shown in a fully flexed position;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 3B is a view of the lateral aspect of the embodiment of the ADR shown in FIG. 3A;
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 4A is a view of the lateral aspect of another embodiment of a saddle-shaped ADR;
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 4B is a view of the anterior aspect of the embodiment of the ADR shown in FIG. 4A in a fully flexed position;
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 4C is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative embodiment;
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 4D is a view of the anterior aspect of the ADR shown in FIG. 4A; and
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 4E is a view of the anterior aspect of the ADR shown in FIG. 4A
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0022]
    [0022]FIG. 1A is an anterior view of an ADR according to the invention. FIG. 1B is a lateral view of the ADR of FIG. 1. FIG. 1C is an oblique view of the ADR of FIG. 1.
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIG. 2A is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative embodiment of the ADR, wherein the articulating surfaces of both components have a flat area centrally from the front to the back of the ADR. FIG. 2B is a view of the lateral aspect of an alternative embodiment of the ADR drawn in FIG. 2B. The flat area of the articulating surfaces courses centrally from side of the ADR to the other side. The flat area allows one component to translate slightly on the other component. Alternatively, a curved area with a large radius could replace the flat area.
  • [0024]
    [0024]FIG. 3A is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative, less constrained, embodiment of the saddle-shaped ADR drawn in a fully flexed position. The less constrained embodiment facilitates spinal flexion, extension, and lateral bending. FIG. 3B is a view of the lateral aspect of the embodiment of the ADR drawn in FIG. 3A.
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 4A is a view of the lateral aspect of another embodiment of a saddle-shaped ADR. The center of rotation for flexion and extension is not necessarily located in the center of the ADR. For example, the center of rotation is preferably located in the posterior half of the ADR. FIG. 4B is a view of the anterior aspect of the embodiment of the ADR drawn in FIG. 4A, drawn in a fully flexed position.
  • [0026]
    [0026]FIG. 4C is a view of the anterior aspect of an alternative embodiment, showing how the radius of curvature of the articulation for lateral bending may be different than the radius of curvature for articulation for flexion and extension. For example, the radius of curvature for the articulation for flexion and extension, as seen in FIG. 4A, may be smaller than the radius of curvature for the articulation for lateral bending, as seen in FIG. 4C. Articulating surfaces with smaller radii, facilitate movement. Thus, the embodiment of the ADR drawn in FIG. 4A flexes and extends more easily than the embodiment of the ADR drawn in FIG. 3A. The ADR is drawn in a fully flexed position.
  • [0027]
    [0027]FIG. 4D is a view of the anterior aspect of the ADR drawn in FIG. 4A. The ADR is drawn in a neutral position. The area of the drawing with diagonal lines represents the articulating surface of the lower ADR component. FIG. 4E is a view of the anterior aspect of the ADR drawn in FIG. 4A, also drawn in a fully extended position.
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