US 1968997 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug- 7 1934- K. G. DRUCKER DEVICE FOR THE TREATMENT OF CERTAIN ILMENTS Filed May 2l, 1932 Patented Aug. 7, 1934 PArENT* OFFICE DEVICE FOR THE TREATMENT OF CERTAIN AILMENTS f 'Y Kenneth G. Drucker, St. Louis,"Mo. I Application May 21, 1932, Serial No. 612,695
2 claims. (o1. 174-177) stomach and sophagus for the treatment' of ail-g ments discovered by previous examination.
One form of the invention comprises a device for the generation and application of rays, other than radium, including a Y tubular instrument having a terminal portion from which the rays are radiated, and means mounted on said tubu-l lar portion for insertion into the urinary tract and comprising a passage through which air or other fluid may be conducted into the bladder to dilate the same, so that the device will function properly and the rays properly applied.
The invention also comprises means whereby rays, other than radium, may be applied to the interior urinary tract through an appropriate aperture formed in the device for that purpose.
Objects of the invention are to provide an instrument or device of the type and character indicated and capable of use to make eiective application of the rays, other than radium, in a manner that should be apparent in the following description, reference being made to the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of my improved instrument.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged View with parts in section showing the passage through which air or other uid may be conducted into the bladder to dilate the same in order to permit effective operation of the instrument.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2 showing details of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a part of an instrument that may be used in the treatment of ailments of the bladder or of the interior urinary tract.
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing a part of the instrument in condition for use for treatment of the bladder or the interior urinary tract.
Fig. 6 is a view showing the instrument of Figs. 4 and 5 equipped with a device for insertion and extension into the ureter.
Fig. 7 is a view of the device for treatment of the ureter detached from the tube in connection with which it is shown in Fig. 6.
The invention as shown in Figs. l, 2 and 3 is in connection with a standard applicator 1,
known as a cold quartz applicator. My improved'. instrument, which is in connection with this applicator, includes a glass tube 2 provided on its end with a part 3 for' the radiation of rays,'other thanradium, and caused to function by electrical 60. energy conducted thereto from an outside source;- through the' applicator l1 and the tube 2 in a,- known manner.
A tube 4 is mounted on the tube 3 but does not extend'to-` the ray device 3. The outer end 05 of the tube 4- may enclose an elastic'gaslet`5` mounted on the tube 2 adjacent to the applicator l so as to obtain an'he'rmetic joint and-prevent damage to the tube 2 by any ordinary strains or stresses applied thereto by the end of 'the tube 4. 70.' The inner end of the'tube 4 khas an inwardly rounded perfectly smooth lip or flange 6 seating hermetically against a tube 7 mounted on the glass tube 2 and extending beyond the tube 4 but terminating short of the ray radiating device 7&5.l 3. A number of longitudinal grooves 8 are formed in the inner periphery of the tube '7 and these grooves 8 constitute passages whereby air ork other fluid may be conducted from the tube 4. The inner end 9 of the tube 7 is rounded and is 80V perfectly smooth, so that it is adapted to be in serted in the urinary tract.
A tube 10 opens into the space 11 between the tubes 2 and 4 and is equipped with a valve 12 whereby the passage of air or fluid into and 1 through the space 1l and thence through the passages 8 may be controlled and regulated. A tube 13 connected to the valve housing 14 constitutes means for admitting or forcing air or other fluid through the valve 12 and thence into 90A and through the space 11 and through the passages 8 into the bladder.
In use, the end 3 of the instrument and the tubes 7 and 4 are inserted into the urinary tract and may be inserted to an extent in which the 9,5 parts 3 and 7 are within the bladder. The air or iluid may then be conducted into the bladder through the passages 1l and 8 in order to dilate the bladder. Electrical energy may be applied to the ray device 3 so as to subject the interior of 100 the bladder to the action of these rays. Thus, it is clear that this instrument is capable of effective use for the satisfactory treatment of the ailments indicated.
The instrument shown in Figs. 4 to 7, inclusive, 195 comprises a tube 15 provided on its inner end with an angular extension 16 with an illuminating lamp 1'7 on the end thereof, as shown in Figs.
4 and 6, or a ray radiating device 18 in connection with the end thereof, as shown in Fig. 5. 1,1 0
This tube 15 has at its inner end an opening 19 which is closed by an obturator comprising a body 2O and a stem 21. This obturator is insertable in and Withdrawable from the tube 15 and is mounted therein only during the insertion of the tube through the urinary tract. After the tube is inserted, the obturator is withdrawn and electrical energy may be applied to the membersl'? and 18. The member 17 illuminates the interior of the part into which it is inserted and the illuminated part may be Visually observed through the tube 15. The tube is provided with an ape-:r-V ture 22 at or adjacent to the angle at the conne'cf tion of the angular extension I6' with the tube.4 This aperture is on the inside of the angle and the ray radiating device for the ureter may-be passed through the tube 15 and through the aperture 22 and extended into the ureter. The ray radiating device 23 is mounted on the end of a4 comprising a tube adapted to be inserted into the Iiexible connection 24 designed and adapted to be passed through the tube 15 and the aperture 22 and thence into the ureter While the interior of the bladderis illuminated by an illuminating member 17 on `the end of the angular extension 16. Thus, the illuminating instrument facilitates inspection and observation of the inside of the` bladder for location of ailments and also facilitates the insertion of the ray radiating device into the ureter.
It is now clear that this instrument 'connected with a source ofv electrical energy, ,such as a standard applicator as shown in Fig. l, greatlyV facilitates the effective treatment ofnumerous ailments.
vThe construction and arrangement may be varied as Widely as the scope of equivalent limlglass tube and the end of said rst named tube in iixed relationship and forming a passageoutside of said glass tube for the movement of fluid from said rst tube through and beyond said device, and a part extending beyond the end of said glass tube and beyond said device for the radiationofrays other than radium.
2i An instrument of the character described urinary tract, aA second Ytube extending longitudinally through and beyondv said rst named tube and separated therefrom by an intervening` space and having an opening near its end be-l yondsaidirsttube, an illuminating device in connection ,with said end of said second tube beyond'andv laterally from said opening, airounded ange on the end of said first named tube that is towardsaid opening, anda device holding vsaid second tube and said endof saidrst named tube in fixed relationship `and having a rounded., endi spaced beyond said opening and from the en d of said second tube and forming a passage for the flow of liquid` from said rst tube through and beyond said'device. l
KENNETH G. DRUCKER.