|Publication number||US1915659 A|
|Publication date||27 Jun 1933|
|Filing date||15 Feb 1930|
|Priority date||15 Feb 1930|
|Publication number||US 1915659 A, US 1915659A, US-A-1915659, US1915659 A, US1915659A|
|Inventors||Gail John F|
|Original Assignee||Simmons Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 27, 1933. J. F. GAIL MATTRESS EDGE coNsTR'ucTrN 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Feb. l5
June 27, 1933. lI F, GAlL MATTRESS EDGE CONSTRUCTION 2 sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. l5, 1930 yai) Patented June 27, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT- orrlcs JOHN F. GAIL, F EVANSTON, ILLINOS, ASSIGNOR T0 SMIONS COMPANY. 0F NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION 0F DELAWARE MATTRESS EDGE CONSTRUCTION Application filed February 15, 1930. Serial No. 428,580.
This invention relates to improvements in mattress edge construction, and its pxrincipal object is to provide a. mattress or li e structure with means for producing and maintain- I i ing a trim edge or boxing.
This application is a continuation in part of my copending application, Serial No. 285,298, filed J une 17, 1928.
v Other objects and advantages of my invenm tion', incidental to the above mentioned pruicipal object, will be understood by reference to the following speciication and accompan'ying drawings (2 sheets) in which 1 have illustrated a mattress construction embody- '1,55 ing one form of my invention.
In the drawings:
' Fig. 1 is a side elevation, in which a part of 'the mattress structure is broken away to illustrate the interior construction in section.
Fig. 2 is a plan section.
Fig. 3 is a section taken in a. vertical plane indicated by the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Figs. 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 illustrate the progressive steps in the manufacture. of the side wall 2% structure of the mattress,l and Fig. 9 is a side elevation of the completed side Wall structure before the same is assembled in a mattress. 1
Referring now to the drawings, my im- 3G proved mattress construction includes top and ottom tick members 10 and 11 respectively which respectivel overlie and underlie snitable quantities o ,padding material as indicated a-t 12 and 13. inside of the respective padding layers 12 and 13, l provide means for resiliently maintaining the to and bottom pads distended or in space relation. This means may be any suitable form of coil spring or other resilient filler, and in' the e0 present instance consists of a plurality of coil springs such as indicated at 11i which are enclosed in individual fabric pockets such as indicated at 15,. The pockets 15 may be formed in any suitable manner. Fabric cover sheets 16 and 17 may be provided over the top and bottom ends of the spring coils to prevent the padding material 12 and 13 from working into the spaces between acent coils. If desired, the inner spring construction may be fabricatedv into a unit structure including the covering sheets 16 and 17. Also, if desired, tufts and tufting cords such as indicated at 18 and 19 respectively may be provided for tying the top and bottom pads together on opposite sides of the spring filler.
For completing the mattress structure and for enclosing the sides or edges thereof, l provide a side Wall or boxing structure indicated generallv at 20. This boxing structure 20 is prefere ly of a padded construction which may be conveniently and economically manufactured in the manner indicated ir. F igs. 4 to 8 inclusive.
rlihe boxing structure herein disclosed includes three strips of suitable padding material such as shown in Figs. 5 and 7. For convenience and economy in manufacture, each of these strips are formed of likepwebs of paddingmaterial which, in the present instance, are in the form of strips of an initial width approximately three times the desired Width of the side Wall.v Such a web or strip is indicated at 21 in Fig. 4. To forin the main side wall pad strip, a strip 21 is folded to form a three-ply member such as shown at 22 in Fig. 5. The multi-ply side wall padding strip 22 is next interposed between outer and inner strips of textile fabric 23 and 2a respectively of suitable Width, the outerstrip 23 being preferably of ticking material and provided with hemmed edges as clearly shown in Fig. 6. The outer and inner fabric strips 23 and 24ers then united, preferably by vertically extended, spaced hnes'offstitching such as indicated at. 25 in Figs. 2 and 9. By stitching the side wall elements together in the manner described, a uted edect is obtained which is not only pleasing in appearance but also of practica-l advantage in that the boxing strip thus formed is quilted, whereby the padding strip is held against shifting between the inner and outer fabric strips.
The side wall structure or boxing strip also includes filler rolls or edge reinforcements which are conveniently formed of the same kind of padding material strips. of which the side wall pad 22 is formed.. The said filler 'roll or reinforcement strips are formed by folding a pad strip 21 to form a three-ply strip like the side wall strip 22 and the three-ply strip is again folded longitudinally to form six-ply strips such as indicated at 28 in Fig. 7. These edge strips 28 are, of course, approximately -one -half the width of the side wall-strip 22 and twice the thickness of the latter. Filler strips or rolls such as 28 are positioned adjacent the opposite edges of the sidewall structure on the inside thereof, substantially as shown in Fig. 8 and are secured intermediate their widths to the side wall strips in any suitable manner. In the presentinstance, the filler strips 28 are secured by means of ties 29 which extend completely through the side wall structure and the filler strip, a reinforcing fabric strip 30 being provided on the inside of the filler strip 28 to provide proper anchorage for the said ties on the inside of the ller rolls. As indicated in Fig. 9, the ties 29 are preferably arranged in spaced rela-` tion to each other and so that they register or intersect with the vertical stitch lines 25. In the present instance, the ties 29 are inserted by means of a special sewinggnachine called a tacker, which inserts a plui'ality of stitches or loops at each tie point.
In assembling the mattress elements, the parts are aranged so that'the inner portion of each of the reinforcing edgel strips 28 (the portion inside ofthe ties 29) extend into position overlying the resilient supporting means as clearly shown in Fig." 1. The side wall thus formed and arranged with respect to the other parts, is secured in place around the' periphery of the mattress byha'ving the hemmed edges of its outer fabric strip 23 vstitched to similar hemmed edges of the top and bottom ticks 10 and 11, hemmed edges being `brought in a folded or doubled indicated at 26 and' the stitching passin through the edge-embracing tape strip an embraced edge or marginal tick portions as indicated at When the top and bottom ticks 10 and 11 are united to the side wall structure as above the respective together withexplained, the outer portions of the respec-v tive edge strips are foldedinwardlysubstantially as illustrated in the said'Fig. l.l It will be seen that there is a substantialV reinforcing element at each edge of the mattress which is resiliently supported by the resilient mattress filler. The expansive pressure of the resilient filler tends to rock the edge reinforcing rolls 28 around their connections with the side wall structure .so thatl there is a, tendency to bend or fold the opposite marginal portions of the side wall structure outwardly aroun'd the connections 29 as clearly illustrated at 31 in Figfl. This tend-v ency to thus fold the marginal portions of -the sidewall structure outwardly is most pronounced -in the lines' of stitching 25 with tape strip such as' which the connections 29 are more or less aligned. The outward folding tendency is not so noticeable"`intermediate the lines of stitching 25 and the side wall is nearly straight in the4 high points of the flutes intermediate the adjacent stitch lines 25.
In order to further support the mattress boxing and especially to prevent outward bulgingthereof when the mattress is compressed under load, the 4upper and lower edges of the spring filler or core may be tied to the adjacent portions of the boxing strip. This may be accompanied by means of cord ties 32-32, each extending around an end coil of the springs in the outer row thereof and through the inner fabric or linin strip 24 of the boxing. The ties may a so be passed through the respective cover sheets 16 and 17 so as to assist in maintaining the same in position. The ties or connections 32 preferably take the form of parts of a. continuous cord 33 and may be applied with a curved packing or upholstering needle by hand or in any other suitable manner.
The parts forming ythe abovedescribed mattress structure may be' assembled in any convenient order and manner. One such manner is to form a border strip or boxing into-an endless band by uniting the ends of a proper length of such boxing and then positioning the endless band around the spring filler or core of the mattress. The preformed boxing strip and core may then bc united by means of the connections or ties 32. The to padding and tick may then conveniently fie placed over the top of the core and the adjacent edges of the top tick and boxing united in the manner described. The structure may then be inverted, and the opposite side of the core covered with padding and ticking, thel edges ofthe latter being also united to the adjacent edges of said boxing. If the mattress is to be tufted, the tufting may then be applied.
The top and bottom ticks 10 and 11 normally have a tendency to pull the -respective upper and lower edges of the side wall structure inwardly, making the boxing bulgy in appearance. SuchA bulging tendency is ef fectivelycou'nteracted and overcome b the above described filler roll edge rein orcement structure assisted by the expansive pressure of the resilient mattress filler.
Changes may be made in the above described-structure withoutdeparting from the spirit vof my invention, the scope of which should be determined by reference to the following claims,lthe same being construed as broadlyA as possible consistent with the having securedto the 'inside thereof, at its ias upper and lower Iedges, felt or like strips formirl internal enlargements extending along e edge of the mattress, said enlargements'being carried by said side casing part "1 5 independently of said top part and a row of springs interposed between and engagingr the enlargements for resiliently supporting the latter. '2. A mattress having a top part, a side Fm casing part including an outer and an inne!` strip,l a vertically extending paddingv layer interposed between said strips and having secured thereto inside of said inner strip, at its upper and lower edges, padding strips forming internal enlargements extending along the edge of the mattress, said enlargements` 3, mattressincluding a unitary padded border strip comprising outer and inner fabric strips, a layer of padding interposed be tween said strips and a comparatively 'narrow strip of padding material secured to the inside and extended along one ofthe margins of said border strip for re-inforcing said margin, said strip being located within the body of the mattress. l 4. mattress comprising a to tick inembei', a side or border strip exten ing around the mattress and connected at itstop edge to said top tick, an expansive core intermediate said top tick and the bottom of the mattress for resiliently distending the mattress, an a'iiller strip of padding material extending longitudinally of said border strip adjacent the top margin thereof and secured thereto at points spaced downwardly from the top edge of bothl said border strip and said filler strip, said filler strip forming a downwardly facing shoulder engaging a marginal portion of said core, the latter tending to rock said Iiller strip around its connections with said .border strip so as to counteract the inward pull normally applied to the upper 'edge ofthe border strip by the top tick member, thereby to maintain the verticality of said border strip.
5'.l .AA mattress comprising a top tick member, a quilted border stripvcomprising inner and outer fabric strips, a layer of padding interposed'therebetween and spaoed,`parallel lines of stitching extending through and units'aid fabric strips and padding, said border `strip extending around the mattress and being connected at its top edge to said top tick, 'an expansive core intermediate said top tick and the 'bottom of the mattress for i355 resiliently distending4 the same, a filler strip wardly.
of padding material extending longitudinally of said border strip adjacent the top margin of the latter, andties uniting said ller strip andborder stri said ties 'intersecting some of the lines o stitching of said quilted border strip, and being located intermediate the width of the iiller strip, said filler strip forming shouldei` for engaging marginal portions of said core whereby the latter tends to rock the ing longitudinally of said side wall adjacent the top edge thereof and secured thereto at points located intermediate the width of said a downwardly facing" a side wall member secured roll, a portion of said filler roll below the conv nections between said roll and side wall, extending inwardly into position overlying said resilient supporting means whereby the latter tends to resist downward displacement of said lower roll portion incidental to the normal tendency of the top tick to pull the upper portion of said filler roll inwardly and downwardl 7. 'n a mattress or the like, the combination of a top tick, padding under said tick, means unders said padding resiliently supporting the same, a side wall member secured at its t'op edge to the edge of said top tick,
d a filler roll located below said top tick, ex-
tending longitudinally of said side wall adjacent the top edge thereof and secured thereto at points located intermediate the width of said roll, a portion of said roll above the connections between said roll and side wall, constituting said top tick and side wall, and a portion of said iiller roll below said connections extending inwardly into position overlying said resilient supporting means, the latter thereby serving toresist downward displacement of said lower roll portion incidental to the normal tendency of the top'tick to pull the upper` portion of said strip inwardly and down- 8. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the. combination of a iiexible, textile sideV wall member, and a marginal reinforcing member comprising a filler roll of padding material extending lengthwise of said wall member ad- ]acent the inside of a marginal portion thereof, said filler roll being located, substantially in its entirety, inside of the normal plane of the wall member, and means securing said'reinforcing filler roll to said member at points las ilo
a filler in the corner formed by ian spaced downwardly from the top of said roll and from the adjacent edge of said side wall member.
9. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric members, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabricmembers, said parts being united at longitudmally spaced points, and a marginal reinforcement for said side wall comprising a strip of padding material extending lengthwise of sald wall along the inside of the upper marginal portion thereof and secured thereto.
10. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric members, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabric members, said parts being united at longltudinally spaced points, and a marginal reinforcement for said boxing comprising a strip of padding material extending lengthwise of said boxing along the inside of the upper marginal portion thereof and secured thereto at points located intermediate the width of the reinforcement.
11. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric members, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabric members, said parts being united at longitudinally spaced points, and a marginal reinforcement for said boxing comprising a strip of padding material extending lengthwise of said boxing along the inside of the upper marginal portion thereof and seclred thereto at points spaced downwardly from the top of the reinforcement and from the adiacent edge of the boxing.
12. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric member's, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabric members, said arts being united 'at longitudinally space points, a marginal reinforcement for' said boxing comprising a strip .of
l padding material extending lengthwise of said boxing adjacent the inside of a marginal portion thereof, means extending through said boxing and reinforcement at longitudinally spaced points located adjacent certain of the points of union between said inner and outer members and padding layer for securing the same to said boxing.
13. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric members, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabric members, longitudinallyspaced, transversely extending rows of stitching extending through said parts for uniting the same, a
- marginal reinforcement for said boxing comprising a filler of padding material extendlng lengthwise of said boxing adjacent the inside of cav marginal portion thereof, and means securing said reinforcing filler to the tending lengthwise of said boxing adjacent the inside of a marginal portion thereof, means securing said reinforcement to said boxing at longitudinally spaced points located intermediate the width of said reinforcement and intersecting said rows of stitching,l
and means for anchoring said securing means on the inside of said reinforcement.
15. In boxing for a mattress or the like, the combination of inner and outer fabric members, a layer of padding material interposed between said inner and outer fabric members, longitudinally spaced, transversely extending rows of stitching extending through said arts for uniting the same, a marginal rein orcement for said boxing comprising a filler of padding material extending lengthwise of said boxing adjacent the inside of a marginal ortion thereof, and means securing said relnforcing filler to the boxing at longitudinally s aced points and adjacent said rows of stitc ing.
16. A mattress comprising a top tick member, a quilted border strip comprising inner and outer fabric strips, a layer of padding interposed therebetween and longitudinally spaced fastening means extending through and uniting said fabric strips and padding, said border strip extending around the mattress and being connected at its top edge to said top tick, and an expansive core intermediate said top tick and the bottom of the mattress for resiliently distending the same, a reinforcing filler strip of padding material extending longitudinally of said border strip adjacent the top margin of the latter, and ties uniting said filler strip and border strip,
said ties beingv located adjacent certain ofA said fastening devices, said filler strip forming a downwardly facing shoulder for engaging marginal portions of said core, whereby the latter tends to maintain the normal verticality of said border strip.
17. A mattress having an outer side casing part and a vertically extending padding layer applied to the inside of said side part and secured thereto at horizontally spaced intervals, and said layer being provided at its upper edge with a multi-ply marginal enlargementz the extra thickness of said marginal portlon being arranged so as to project inwardly from the inside face of -said padding layer so as to preserve tbe verticality of the outside of the casing part.
18; A mattress of the square .edge type comprising a top tick member, a slde or border vstrip extending around the mattress and connected at its top edge to said top tick member, a border row of coil springs intermediate said top and the bottom of the mattress for resiliently distending the same, and
edge of both said border strip and said filler ein strip, the major portion of the thickness of said filler strip projecting inwardly from the normal plane of said border strip so as to preserve the squareness of the mattress edge and said strip forming a downwardly facing shoulder for engaging the end coils of the springs, the latter tending to rock said filler strip around its connection with said border strip so as to counteract the inward pull normally applied to the upper edge of said border strip by thetop tick member, thereby to maintain the verticality of said border strip.
19. In combination, aside casing part for a mattress and a vertically extending padding 4layer applied to the inside of said side part and provided at its upper edge with a multi-ply marginal enlargement, said side part and padding layer with its marginal enlargement constituting a preformed, unitary boxing strip for said mattress.
20. In a mattress of the square-edge type, the combination of a resilient mattress core, top and side casing parts, a layer of padding applied to the inside of said side caslng part to form a padded boxing for the mattress, a reinforcing strip of padding material connected to the top marginal portion of said y boxing and pro]ecting inwardly therefrom so as to overlie the adjacent marginal portion of said core, theconnections between y said reinforcing strip and said boxing strip being spaced downwardly from the top edge of the reinforcing strip, whereby the expansive pressure of the core tends to rock the upper portion of the reinforcing strip outwardly about said connections to counteract the inward pulling tendency of the top casing top. 21. A. mattress having a side casing part, a layer of padding applied to the inside of said side part to form a padded boxing for the mattress, a reinforcing strip inside of said padding layer and adjacent to its top edge, said reinforcing strip being connected to said padded boxing so as to permit the upper portion of the reinforcing strip to be urged outwardly about the connections betweensaid strip and boxing as an incident to upward pressure on the bottom of the reinforcing strip, and a plurality of springs disposed inside of the mattress and exerting upward pressure o n said reinforcing strip.
JOHN F. GAIL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5704085 *||19 Jul 1996||6 Jan 1998||Serta, Inc.||Edge support for a mattress|
|US6317912 *||8 Mar 2000||20 Nov 2001||Kurtis F. Graebe||Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets|
|US6360390||18 Jan 2001||26 Mar 2002||Foamex L.P.||Edge support for a mattress|
|US6701557||29 Nov 2001||9 Mar 2004||Sealy Technology Llc||Single piece foam toppers with perimeter areas having variable support and firmness properties|
|WO2001065978A2 *||8 Mar 2001||13 Sep 2001||Kurtis F Graebe||Bed mattress with air cells and spring pockets|
|U.S. Classification||5/717, 5/720|
|International Classification||A47C27/04, A47C27/05|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C27/05, A47C27/064|
|European Classification||A47C27/05, A47C27/06D1|