US 1088309 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
SANDAL. APPLICATION FILED 1 313.27, 1912.
Patented Feb. 24, 11914.
Brennan WEIDT, or VIENNA,'AUSTBIA-HUNGARY.
' Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 24, 1914.
Application filed February 27, 1912. Serial No. 680,172.
vented certain new and useful Improve ments in Sandals, of which the following is a specification.
Although footwear for bathing and agricultural purposes has been made hitherto of widely diflerent materials and in the most varied constructions, it has not been found satisfactory for the said purposes, because exposure to water or to alternate moisture and sun causes such footwear to lose its shape and firmness so that it soon becomes useless, apart from the fact that such footwear occupies a great deal of time to put on and take ofiT.
Now this invention has for its object to provide an improved sandal which shall not only be permanently resistant to water and atmospheric changes, butshall also be cheap and easy to put on and take off.
The improved sandal comprises a .sole
hollowed out at its upper surface so as to form an open-topped cavity approximately to the horizontal contour of the foot, with a peripheral rim of corresponding horizontal contour. This sole is preferably made of wood and is provided with suitable means for attachment to the foot. In order to allow of an elastic action of the foot in walking with the rigid sole, and yet of eflecting secure attachment of the sole to the foot, two bands or the like are provided one behind the other on the sole, the rear band being located near the heel and the front band being arranged to afford an elastic connection overthe instep.
One construction of sandal according to this invention, is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings in which p Figure l is a longitudinal section on the line A"A of Fig. 2. Fig. 2 is a plan, and
Fig; 3 is a cross section Fig. 2. e I
As shown the improved sandal consists of a sole 1 shaped to the horizontal contour of i the foot, composed of tough Wood or other strong ngaterial proof against the action of water, moisture and the heat of the sun. It may be composed for instance of superposed thin plates of wood suitably connected t0- on the line of gether, for instance by screws; or it may be composed of papier-mach, cork, cork composition or the like. This sole is hollowed out on its upper surface to the horizontal contour of the foot so asto form an opentopped cavity 2 surrounded by a peripheral mm 3 for the reception of the foot. This cavity is preferably shaped to the anatomical form of the right and left soles of the human feet respectively.
The improved sandal thus differs from the well known wooden shoe worn by peasants in Europe and the clog-like shoe consisting solely ofv a wooden sole and a leather vamp by the feature that as in an ordinary sandal, the foot is entirely uncovered as to its upper surface whereby the accumulation of dirt etc. between the vamp and the front part of the foot is prevented, complete freedom of movement is given to the toes, and there is no risk of pinching or rubbing the toes or fore part of the foot.
The improved sandal is furnished with front and rear means of attachment to the foot of simple, durable and hygienic nature, for which last reason they do not contain any metal parts. i i
The sole isprovided below the recess near its front end and at the rear near the heel and also at an intermediate point with transverse perforations 4, 5 and 6. A band 7 drawn through the foremost perforation 4 is crossed at 8 over the cavity 2 and its two ends 7, 7 are assed in opposite directions through the intermediate perforation 5. One end 7 is attached or knotted to a rubber ring 12 through which the other end is drawn. 7
"A strong rubber connector 9 is drawn through the rear perforation 6 so as to form a projecting loop 10 at each end to which there is knotted or otherwise attached a band 11. In this manner there are provided two means of attachment whereby the sandal can be securely attached at the fore part of the foot and at the instep so that the foot is prevented from slipping either forward orbackward, while the sandal cannot fall off the foot and an elastic action of the foot in walking is rendered possible.
The manner of attaching the improved sandal to the foot is as follows :The foot 'is inserted in the cavity 2 so that its forepart comes under the crossed bands at 8 and the instep under the rubber ring 12.
Then the bands 7 are passed around the back of the ankle and fastened in front. The rear bands 11 are crossed over the instep and fastened around the ankle at the back or it may be in front. .This manner of attachment allows of an'elastic action (if the foot in Walking notwithstanding the rigid sole, because the two means of attachment provide an elastic connection between the sole and the foot in the neighborhood of the heel and at the instep which, however, it is to be understood may be eflected in a different way from that herein described.
The herein described arrangement may be modified by passing the rear bands 11 through the rubber ring 12 and then fastening them without crossing them over the instep. Further both the front bands 7 may have their ends (which may now be shorter) fastened to the rubber ring 12 so that only the rear bands 11 are drawn through the said ring and are fastened above the ankle without crossing over the instep.
The improved sandal is designed primarily as a bathing sandal for use in streams, rivers, lakes or at the seaside, whereby the user is not only protected against injury but is also afforded a firm footing, with the additional advantage that when the sole is made of buoyant material such as wood, the
walking and swimming movements of the user are facilitated.
The improved sandal can be put on and off easily and quickly. Its great durability and easy maintenance in a clean confor which ordinary footwear is unsuitable for economical or hygienic reasons.
Having now described my invention what I claim as new and. desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a sandal the combination of a rigid sole with a transverse perforation through the heel portion of said sole, an elastic tension member passed through said perforation with projecting looped ends, and flexible bands attached to said looped ends, as set forth.
2. In a sandal the combination of a rigid sole with two transverse perforations, one behind the other through the front portion of said sole, a flexible band passed through the foremost perforation, crossed over the front portion of said sole, and then passed through the rearmost perforation in opposite directions, and a rubber ring located over the instep to which one end of said flexible bandis attached, and through which the other end of said flexible band is passed, as set forth.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ALBIN SCHILLER, AUGUST FUGGER.