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Publication numberCN1502078 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 02807999
PCT numberPCT/IB2002/001121
Publication date2 Jun 2004
Filing date9 Apr 2002
Priority date9 Apr 2001
Also published asCA2443690A1, CN1278250C, DE60225278D1, DE60225278T2, EP1397750A2, EP1397750A4, EP1397750B1, US7054945, US20020147824, WO2002082781A2, WO2002082781A3, WO2002082781B1
Publication number02807999.X, CN 02807999, CN 1502078 A, CN 1502078A, CN-A-1502078, CN02807999, CN02807999.X, CN1502078 A, CN1502078A, PCT/2002/1121, PCT/IB/2/001121, PCT/IB/2/01121, PCT/IB/2002/001121, PCT/IB/2002/01121, PCT/IB2/001121, PCT/IB2/01121, PCT/IB2001121, PCT/IB2002/001121, PCT/IB2002/01121, PCT/IB2002001121, PCT/IB200201121, PCT/IB201121
Inventors图加赫塔, 图加・赫塔, 斯蒂芬诺法克辛, 诺・法克辛, ・埃瓦诺, 内德科埃瓦诺, ・巴拉斯, 伯藤尔巴拉斯
Applicant诺基亚公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Technique for providing announcements in mobile-originated calls
CN 1502078 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种在通信网内提供通知的技术,该技术包括在网络的第一网络单元内建立第一级通信会话。 A method of providing notification within a communications network technology, which includes establishing a first level communication session in a first network element of the network. 然后,确定将对第一网络单元播放通知。 Then, determine the first network element will play announcements. 此后,发送将在所述第一级通信会话上播放该通知的第二网络单元的身份,然后,在建立第二级通信会话后,根据发送的身份,修改第二级通信信道参数。 Thereafter, the player sends the identity of the second network element of the notice on the first level communication session, then, in a second stage after establishing a communication session, based on the transmission of the identity, modification of the second order communication channel parameter. 然后,第二网络单元对第一网络单元播放该通知。 Then, the second network element to play the notification to the first network element. 发送的身份可以包括IP地址或端口号或TA。 Identity transmitted may include the IP address or port number or TA. 通信会话可以包括PDP上下文。 Communication session may include PDP context. 第一网络单元可以包括移动台。 The first network element may comprise a mobile station.
Claims(26)  translated from Chinese
1.一种在通信网内提供通知的方法,该方法包括:对第一网络单元建立第一级通信会话;确定将对第一网络单元播放一个通知;发送将在所述第一级通信会话上播放该通知的第二网络单元的身份;建立第二级通信会话;根据发送的身份,设置所述第二级通信会话参数;以及对第一网络单元播放通知。 1. A method of providing notification within a communications network, the method comprising: establishing a first level communication session for a first network element; determining a first network unit will play a notification; transmitting the communication session in the first stage the identity of the second network element on the player of the notice; establishing a second level communication session; according to the identity sent, setting said second level communication session parameters; and plays an announcement to the first network element.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中发送的身份包括IP(因特网协议)地址。 2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the transmitted identity comprises an IP (Internet Protocol) address.
3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中发送的身份包括端口号。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the transmitted identity comprises a port number.
4.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中发送的身份包括TA(传输地址)。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the transmitted identity comprises a TA (Transport Address).
5.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 5. The method of claim 1, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
6.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 6. The method according to claim 2, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
7.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 7. The method according to claim 3, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
8.根据权利要求4所述的方法,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 8. The method according to claim 4, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
9.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中第一网络单元包括MS(移动台)。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the first network element comprises MS (Mobile Station).
10.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中通信会话包括至少一个PDP上下文。 10. The method of claim 1, wherein the communication session comprises at least one PDP context.
11.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中所述参数包括过滤信息。 11. The method according to claim 1, wherein said parameters comprise filtering information.
12.根据权利要求11所述的方法,其中所述过滤信息包括业务流模板(TFT)。 12. The method of claim 11, wherein said filtering information comprises a traffic flow template (TFT).
13.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中通过使TA(传输地址)包括在TFT(业务流模板)内,设置通信信道参数。 13. The method according to claim 1, wherein by TA (Transport Address) included in a TFT (Traffic Flow Template), setting a communication channel parameter.
14.一种计算机可读的程序存储装置,它明确嵌入了计算机可执行其指令以实现在通信网内提供通知的方法的程序,该方法包括:对第一网络单元建立第一级通信会话;确定将对第一网络单元播放一个通知;发送将在所述第一级通信会话上播放该通知的第二网络单元的身份;建立第二级通信会话;根据发送的身份,设置所述第二级通信会话参数;以及对第一网络单元播放通知。 14. A program storage device readable by a computer, it is clear which is embedded computer-executable instructions to implement provide notification method in a communication network of a program, the method comprising: establishing a first level communication session for a first network element; determining a first network unit will play a notification; transmitting the identity of the second network unit will play the notification on the first level communication session; establish a second level communication session; transmission according to the identity of the second set level communication session parameters; and the first network element broadcast notification.
15.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中发送的身份包括IP(因特网协议)地址。 15. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the transmitted identity comprises an IP (Internet Protocol) address.
16.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中发送的身份包括端口号。 16. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the transmitted identity comprises a port number.
17.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中发送的身份包括TA(传输地址)。 17. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the transmitted identity comprises a TA (Transport Address).
18.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 18. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
19.根据权利要求15所述的装置,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 19. The apparatus according to claim 15, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
20.根据权利要求16所述的装置,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 20. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
21.根据权利要求17所述的装置,其中通信会话包括PDP(分组数据协议)上下文。 21. The apparatus according to claim 17, wherein the communication session comprises a PDP (Packet Data Protocol) context.
22.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中第一网络单元包括MS(移动台)。 22. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the first network element comprises MS (Mobile Station).
23.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中所述通信会话包括至少一个PDP上下文。 23. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the communication session comprises at least one PDP context.
24.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中通过使TA(传输地址)包括在TFT(业务流模板)内,设置通信会话参数。 24. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein by TA (Transport Address) included in a TFT (Traffic Flow Template), set up the communication session parameters.
25.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中所述参数包括过滤信息。 25. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said parameter comprises filtering information.
26.根据权利要求25所述的装置,其中所述过滤信息包括业务流模板(TFT)。 26. The apparatus according to claim 25, wherein said filtering information comprise a Traffic Flow Template (TFT).
Description  translated from Chinese
在移动台始发的呼叫中提供通知的技术 Provide notification in the mobile-originated call in the art

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及移动网络,更具体地说,本发明涉及一种利用IP(因特网协议)传送机构在移动网络内为移动台始发的呼叫提供通知(announcement)的技术。 The present invention relates to mobile networks and, more particularly, the present invention relates to a use of IP (Internet Protocol) transport mechanism within a mobile network for providing a mobile station originated call notification (announcement) technology. 通常,分组交换无线网为移动终端提供通信,而无需网络接入所需的物理连接。 Typically, packet switched wireless networks provide communications for mobile terminals, without having to access the desired physical network connection. 已经开发了用于全球移动通信系统(GSM)的通用分组无线电业务(GRPS)和通用移动通信地面系统(UMTS),从而为无线通信网提供分组交换端以及电路交换端。 Have been developed for Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), General Packet Radio Service (GRPS), and universal mobile terrestrial communication system (UMTS), so as to provide packet-switched and circuit-switched terminal end is a wireless communication network.

背景技术 BACKGROUND

如在其Web站点,http://www.3gpp.org上所述,通常由首字母缩写3GPP表示的第三代协力项目(Third Generation PartnershipProject)是一个组织,其合作伙伴同意根据GSM核心网和它们支持的径向接入技术(即,频分双工模式(FDD)和时分双工(TDD)模式下的通用地上无线电接入(UTRA)),合作制定全球适用的第三代移动通信系统的技术规范和技术报告。 As in its Web site, http: //www.3gpp.org said, often abbreviated third generation Cooperation Project (Third Generation PartnershipProject) 3GPP represented by the first letter is an organization, its partners agreed to GSM core network and They support radial access technologies (ie, common ground radio access frequency division duplex mode (FDD) and time division duplex (TDD) mode (UTRA)), co-developed globally applicable third generation mobile communication system Technical Specifications and Technical Reports.

3GPP合作伙伴还同意在维护和开发包括演进的径向接入技术(例如,通用分组无线电业务(GPRS)和GSM演进的增强型数据库(EDGE))的全球移动通信系统(GSM)技术规范和技术报告方面进行合作。 3GPP partners also agree (GSM) technical specifications and technical maintenance and development, including the evolution of radial access technologies (for example, general packet radio service (GPRS) and enhanced database for GSM Evolution (EDGE)) Global System for Mobile Communications reporting to cooperate.

因此,3GPP颁布了各种技术规范,之后,电信业采用这些技术规范生产标准化的移动终端和相关系统,以致一个制造商制造的移动终端可以与另一个制造商制造的系统或移动终端进行通信。 Therefore, 3GPP technical specifications issued, after the telecommunications industry technical specifications produced using these standardized mobile terminals and associated systems, such that a system or manufacturer of the mobile terminal may be manufactured by another manufacturer producing communicate. 根据3GPP合作伙伴之间的协议,不断对这些技术规范进行修订以改变和改进技术。 According to the agreement between the partners 3GPP constantly revised technical specifications for these changes and improvements in technology.

3GPP于2001年1月颁布了技术规范TS 23.060,V3.3.0版,该技术规范规定对分组域进行二级业务描述,它包括GSM内的GPRS和UMTS。 3GPP in January 2001 issued a technical specification TS 23.060, V3.3.0 version, the technology specification of packet domain for secondary service description, which includes GPRS and UMTS GSM inside. 在此引用该技术规范的全部内容供参考。 The entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference specifications. 所引用的对各种单元及其功能的描述在此仅供参考,只构成分组交换无线通信网的一个非限定性例子,并且显然,本发明并不局限于这些网。 Referenced to describe the various elements and their functions herein by reference, a packet-switched only constitute non-limiting example of a wireless communication network, and it is apparent, the present invention is not limited to these networks.

网络用户可以具有一个或者多个(PDP)地址。 Network users can have one or more (PDP) addresses. 在移动台(MS)、业务GPRS支持节点(SGSN)以及网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN)内,由一个或者多个PDP上下文描述每个PDP地址。 In the mobile station (MS), Service GPRS Support Node (SGSN) and Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) within, by one or more PDP contexts each PDP address is described. GGSN是到外部网络的网关。 GGSN is a gateway to the external network. 每个PDP上下文可以具有:路由选择和映像信息,用于指示将数据传送到其相关PDP地址,或者从其相关PDP地址传送数据;以及业务流模板(TFT),用于检查传送的数据。 Each PDP context may have: routing and mapping information for instructing to transfer data to its associated PDP address, or transmit data from its associated PDP address; and a Traffic Flow Template (TFT), for checking the data transfer.

可以选择性地和独立地激活、修改以及去激活每个PDP上下文。 Can be selectively and independently activated, modified and deactivated for each PDP context. PDP上下文的激活状态指出是否允许对相应PDP地址和TFT进行数据传送。 Active PDP contexts allowed to indicate whether the corresponding PDP address and TFT data transfer. 如果不激活或者去激活与同一个PDP地址有关的所有PDP上下文,则不允许对该PDP地址进行任何数据传送。 Without activation or deactivation of all PDP contexts associated with the same PDP address related to the PDP address is not allowed to make any data transfer. 用户的所有PDP上下文与该用户的国际移动用户身份(IMSI)的同一个移动性管理(MM)上下文有关。 All users of the PDP context with the user's International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) of the same Mobility Management (MM) context-sensitive. 建立PDP上下文意味着在MS与GGSN之间建立通信信道。 Establish a PDP context means to establish a communication channel between the MS and the GGSN.

仅作为示例提供图1,图1示出UMTS系统内的MS与GGSN之间的PDP上下文激活过程,它相当于上述技术规范中的图62。 Only as an example in Figure 1, Figure 1 shows a PDP context activation procedure MS UMTS within the system and between the GGSN, which corresponds to the technical specifications of FIG. 62. 以下对图1所示各步骤做的说明也包括在其内。 Hereinafter, the steps shown in FIG. 1 are also included in the description made therein.

1)MS将激活PDP上下文请求(NSAPI、TI、PDP类型、PDP地址、接入点名称、请求的QoS、PDP配置选项)消息送到SGSN。 1) MS activates the PDP Context Request (NSAPI, TI, PDP Type, PDP Address, Access Point Name, the requested QoS, PDP Configuration Options) message to the SGSN. MS将使用PDP地址指出它是需要使用静态PDP地址,还是需要使用动态PDP地址。 MS indicated that it will use the PDP address is required to use a static PDP address, or need to use a dynamic PDP address. MS将保留PDP地址为空以请求动态PDP地址。 MS PDP address will remain empty to request a dynamic PDP address. MS可以利用接入点名称选择到特定外部网络的基准点并且/或者选择业务。 MS can choose to use the access point name specific reference point to external networks and / or select the business. 接入点名称是指明用户希望连接到的外部分组数据网和/或业务的逻辑名称。 Access Point Name is the logical name of the user wants to connect to external packet data networks and / or services. 请求的QoS指出要求的QoS概况。 QoS requested QoS profile requirements noted. 配置选项可以用于从GGSN请求任选PDP参数(参考GSM 09.60)。 Configuration options can be used for optional PDP parameters (refer GSM 09.60) request from the GGSN. PDP配置选项通过SGSN透明发送。 PDP Configuration Options is sent transparently through the SGSN.

3)在UMTS中,利用RAB分配过程实现RAB建立,请参考小节“RAB Assignment Procedure”。 3) In UMTS, RAB assignment process to achieve the use of RAB establishment, please refer to the section "RAB Assignment Procedure".

5)利用MS和PDP上下文预约记录提供的PDP类型(任选的)、PDP地址(任选的)以及接入点名称(任选的),SGSN使激活PDP上下文请求生效(validate)。 5) use MS PDP type and PDP context subscription records provided (optional), PDP address (optional) and the access point name (optional), SGSN PDP context activation request to make the entry into force (validate). 在附录A中对生效判据、APN选择判据以及从APN到GGSN的映像进行了描述。 In Appendix A criterion for entry into force, APN selection criteria as well as a description of the image from the APN to the GGSN.

如果不能获得GGSN地址,或者如果SGSN已经确定激活PDP上下文请求根据附录A描述的规则无效,则SGSN拒绝PDP上下文激活请求。 If you can not get GGSN address, or if the SGSN has determined that the PDP context activation request is not valid according to the rules described in Appendix A, the SGSN PDP context activation request is refused.

如果可以获得GGSN地址,则SGSN对请求的PDP上下文创建TEID。 If you can get GGSN address, the SGSN PDP context request to create a TEID. 如果MS请求动态地址,则SGSN让GGSN分配动态地址。 If the MS requests a dynamic address, the SGSN GGSN make dynamic address assignment. 如果给定其容量(capabilities)、当前负荷以及预约的QoS概况,则SGSN可以限制请求的QoS属性。 Given its capacity (capabilities), the current load and QoS profile appointment, the SGSN may restrict the requested QoS attributes.

SGSN将创建PDP上下文请求(PDP类型、PDP地址、接入点名称、协商的QoS、TEID、NSAPI、MSISDN、选择模式、计费特性、跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id、OMC身份、PDP配置选项)消息送到受影响的GGSN。 SGSN creates a PDP Context Request (PDP Type, PDP Address, Access Point Name, the negotiated QoS, TEID, NSAPI, MSISDN, select the mode, and accounting features, tracking benchmark, track types, triggers Id, OMC Identity, PDP Configuration Options) message to the affected GGSN. 接入点名称是根据附录A描述的过程选择的APN的APN网络标识符。 The access point name is based on the procedure described in Appendix A of the selected APN APN network identifier. 如果请求动态地址,则PDP地址是空的。 If the request is a dynamic address, the PDP address is empty. GGSN可以利用接入点名称找到外部网络,并可选地激活用于此APN的业务。 The GGSN may use Access Point Name to find an external network and optionally to activate a service for this APN. 选择模式指出是选择预约的APN,还是选择MS发送的非预约APN或是选择SGSN选择的非预约APN。 Select the mode pointed selecting appointment APN, APN MS chose to send a non-reservation or select a non-reservation APN SGSN choice. 根据附录A设置选择模式。 Set the selection mode according to Annex A. 在决定是接受还是拒绝PDP上下文激活时,GGSN可以使用选择模式。 In deciding whether to accept or reject the PDP context activated, GGSN can use the selection mode. 例如,如果APN要求预约,则配置GGSN以仅接受由SGSN用选择模式指示的请求预约APN的PDP上下文激活。 For example, if the APN request the reservation, the GGSN configured to accept only the indication by the SGSN with Selection Mode APN reservation request PDP context activation. 计费特性指出PDP上下文对于哪种计费方式可用。 Charging characteristics pointed PDP context for which billing is available. 如果从HLR接收,则SGSN可以从预约计费特性拷贝计费特性。 If you received from the HLR, SGSN can copy the properties from the reservation billing billing features. 如果激活GGSN跟踪,则SGSN可包括跟踪基准,跟踪类型、触发器Id以及OMC身份。 If you activate tracking GGSN, the SGSN may include tracking the benchmark, track types, triggers, and OMC Identity Id. SGSN由从HLR或OMC接收的跟踪信息拷贝跟踪基准、跟踪类型以及OMC身份。 SGSN by the tracking information received from the HLR or OMC copy tracking benchmarks, track type, and OMC Identity.

GGSN在其PDP上下文表中创建新项目,并产生计费Id。 GGSN create a new project in its PDP context table and generates billing Id. 该新项目使GGSN在SGSN与外部PDP网络之间路由选择PDP PDU,并开始计费。 The new project so between the SGSN and GGSN network routing external PDP PDP PDU, and start charging. 如果给定其容量和当前负荷,则GGSN可以进一步限制协商的QoS。 Given its size and the current load, the GGSN may further restrict QoS negotiation. 然后,GGSN使创建PDP上下文响应(TEID、PDP地址、PDP配置选项、协商的QoS、计费Id、原因)消息返回SGSN。 Then, GGSN a Create PDP Context Response to make (TEID, PDP address, PDP configuration options negotiated QoS, charging Id, Cause) message is returned SGSN. 如果对GGSN分配PDP地址,则包括PDP地址。 If the PDP address assigned to GGSN, include PDP address. 如果GGSN被操作员配置为对请求的APN采用外部PDN地址分配,则将PDP地址设置为0.0.0.0,这指出在完成PDP上下文激活过程后,将由MS与外部PDN协商PDP地址。 If the GGSN is configured for operator APN requested an external PDN address allocation, then PDP address is set to 0.0.0.0, which noted that after the completion of the PDP context activation procedure, MS will consult with the external PDN PDP address. 只要PDP上下文处于ACTIVE状态,GGSN就可以延迟、修改和监视这些协商过程,并利用GGSN启动的PDP上下文修改过程将当前使用的PDP地址传送到SGSN和MS。 As long as the PDP context is in ACTIVE state, GGSN can delay, modify, and monitor these consultation process, and the use of GGSN-initiated PDP context modification procedure to transfer the currently used PDP address to the SGSN and MS. PDP配置选项含有GGSN可以将其传送到MS的任选PDP参数。 PDP Configuration Options contain GGSN can be transferred to the MS optional PDP parameters. MS可以在激活PDP上下文请求消息中请求这些任选PDP参数,也可以由GGSN主动发送这些任选PDP参数。 MS can activate PDP context request message requesting These optional PDP parameters can also send these optional PDP parameters from the GGSN. 通过SGSN透明发送PDP配置选项。 Send transparently through the SGSN PDP configuration options. 通过基干网络发送创建PDP上下文消息。 Sent through the backbone network to create PDP context message.

如果从SGSN接收的协商的QoS与被激活的PDP上下文不兼容,则GGSN拒绝该创建PDP上下文请求消息。 Received from the SGSN if the QoS negotiation is not compatible with the PDP context being activated, then the GGSN rejects the Create PDP Context Request message. 由GGSN操作员配置兼容的QoS概况。 Configured by the GGSN operator compatible QoS profiles.

7)SGSN将NSAPI以及GGSN地址插入其PDP上下文中。 7) SGSN and GGSN address into the NSAPI its PDP context. 如果MS已经请求了动态地址,则将从GGSN接收的PDP地址插入PDP上下文中。 If the MS has requested a dynamic address, you will receive from the GGSN PDP address into PDP context. 根据协商的QoS,SGSN选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,然后,将激活PDP上下文接受(PDP类型、PDP地址、TI、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id、PDP配置选项)消息返回MS,并开始计费。 According to QoS negotiation, SGSN select radio priority and packet stream Id, then, the Activate PDP Context Accept (QoS PDP type, PDP address, TI, negotiated, radio priority, packet flow Id, PDP Configuration Options) message is returned MS and start charging.

同样,仅作为示例提供图2,图2示出辅助PDP上下文激活过程,它相当于上述技术规范中的图64。 Similarly, only as an example in Figure 2, Figure 2 shows a secondary PDP context activation procedure, it corresponds to the technical specification in Fig. 64. 以下对图2所示各步骤做的说明也包括在其内。 Hereinafter, the steps shown in FIG. 2 are also included in the description made therein.

辅助PDP上下文激活过程可以用于激活PDP上下文,同时重用具有不同QoS概况的已激活PDP上下文中的PDP地址和其他PDP上下文信息。 Secondary PDP context activation procedures can be used to activate a PDP context while reusing with different QoS profiles activated PDP context of the PDP address and other PDP context information. 不执行ANP选择过程和PDP地址协商过程。 ANP selection process is not performed and PDP address negotiation process. 利用唯一的TI和唯一的NSPI,识别共享同一个PDP地址和APN的每个PDP上下文。 The only advantage of TI and the only NSPI, identifying shared the same PDP address and APN of each PDP context.

如果该PDP地址和APN的所有其他激活PDP上下文已经具有有关TFT,则可以执行辅助PDP上下文激活过程,而不对新激活的PDP上下文提供业务流模板(TFT),否则应提供TFT。 If the PDP address and all other PDP context activation APN already has about the TFT, you can perform a secondary PDP context activation procedure, rather than on the newly activated PDP context provides traffic flow template (TFT), or should provide TFT. TFT含有规定IP标题过滤器的属性,该IP标题过滤器用于使从互连的外部分组数据网接收的数据分组指向新激活的PDP上下文。 TFT IP header containing a predetermined filter properties, the IP header is used to filter received from the interconnected external packet data network data packets to the new active PDP contexts.

1)MS将激活辅助PDP上下文请求(链接的TI、NSAPI、TI、请求的QoS、TFT)消息送到SGSN。 1) MS will activate secondary PDP context request (link TI, NSAPI, TI, the requested QoS, TFT) message to the SGSN. 链接的TI指出对该PDP地址和APN的任意一个已激活PDP上下文分配的TI值。 TI noted that the PDP link any APN address and an activated PDP context TI value assigned. 请求的QoS指出要求的QoS概况。 QoS requested QoS profile requirements noted. 通过SGSN将TFT透明发送到GGSN以使分组分类用于下行链路数据传送。 TFT is sent transparently through the SGSN to the GGSN to enable packet classification for downlink data transfer. TI和NSAPI含有不被任何其他激活PDP上下文使用的值。 TI and NSAPI value is not contained in any other use of the PDP context activation.

3)在UMTS中,利用RAB分配过程实现RAB建立。 3) In UMTS, RAB assignment process to achieve utilizing RAB establishment.

4)利用链接的TI指出的TI,SGSN使激活辅助PDP上下文请求生效。 4) use the link TI noted TI, SGSN make secondary PDP context activation request to take effect. 如对于该TI和PDP地址的已激活(各)PDP上下文那样,SGSN使用相同的GGSN地址。 As, SGSN using the same for the TI and PDP address is activated (each) PDP context GGSN address.

SGSN和GGSN可以限制和协商请求的QoS,正如小节“PDPContext Activation Procedure”所述。 SGSN and GGSN can be restricted and negotiated requested QoS, as the section "PDPContext Activation Procedure" above. SGSN将创建PDP上下文请求(协商的QoS、TEID、NSAPI、主NSAPI、TFT)消息发送到受影响的GGSN。 SGSN creates a PDP Context Request (negotiated QoS, TEID, NSAPI, primary NSAPI, TFT) message is sent to the affected GGSN. 主NSAPI指出对该PDP地址和APN的任意一个已激活PDP上下文分配的NSAPI值。 Pointed out that the main NSAPI any PDP address and APN NSAPI value of an activated PDP context allocation. 仅当在激活辅助PDP上下文请求消息中进行接收时,包括TFT。 Only when the secondary PDP context activation request message is received, including the TFT. GGSN与该PDP地址的已激活(各)PDP上下文使用同一个外部网络,在其PDP上下文表中产生新项目,并存储该TFT。 GGSN and the PDP address is activated (each) PDP context uses the same external network, generate new projects in its PDP context table, and stores the TFT. 该新项目使GGSN通过SGSN与外部PDP网络之间的不同GTP隧道路由选择PDP PDU。 The new program enables GGSN PDP PDU choose different routes GTP tunnels between SGSN and external PDP network. GGSN将创建PDP上下文响应(TEID、协商的QoS、原因)消息返回SGSN。 GGSN the Create PDP Context Response (TEID, negotiated QoS, reason) message is returned SGSN.

6)SGSN根据协商的QoS选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,并将激活辅助PDP上下文接受(TI、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id)消息返回MS。 6) SGSN selected according to the negotiated QoS priority and radio packet flow Id, and activate secondary PDP Context Accept (TI, negotiated QoS, radio priority, packet flow Id) message is returned MS. 现在,通过不同的GTP隧道,还可能有不同的LLC链路,SGSN可以在GGSN与MS之间路由选择PDP PDU了。 Now, through different GTP tunnels and possibly different LLC links, SGSN can routing PDP PDU between the GGSN and the MS.

同样,仅作为示例提供图3,图3示出SGSN启动的PDP上下文修改过程,它相当于上述技术规范中的图68。 Similarly, only as an example in Figure 3, Figure 3 shows a SGSN-initiated PDP context modification procedure, which corresponds to the technical specifications of Figure 68. 以下对图3所示各步骤做的说明也包括在其内。 Hereinafter, each step shown in Figure 3 do also include therein described.

MS或GGSN可以请求,SGSN可以决定,这可能由HLR触发,正如小节“Insert Subscriber Data Procedure”所述,或者由RNC启动的RAB释放过程触发,或者MS和SGSN可以在RNC启动的Iu释放后决定,以便修改在一个或者几个PDP上下文的激活过程中协商的参数。 MS or GGSN can request, SGSN can decide, which may be triggered by the HLR, As in section "Insert Subscriber Data Procedure" the, or RAB release procedure initiated by the RNC is triggered, or the MS and SGSN can initiate an Iu Release decision in the RNC to modify the parameters in one or several PDP context activation procedure negotiated. 可以修改以下参数:-协商的QoS;-无线电优先级;-分组流Id;-PDP地址(对于GGSN启动的修改过程);以及-TFT(对于MS启动的修改过程)。 You can modify the following parameters: - negotiated QoS; - radio priority; - packet flow Id; -PDP address (for GGSN-initiated modification process); and -TFT (for MS-initiated modification procedure).

通过将修改PDP上下文请求消息发送到MS,SGSN可以请求修改参数。 By sending a Modify PDP Context Request message to the MS, SGSN may request to modify the parameters.

通过将更新PDP上下文请求消息发送到SGSN,GGSN可以请求修改参数。 By the Update PDP Context Request message to the SGSN, GGSN may request to modify the parameters.

通过将修改PDP上下文请求消息发送到SGSN,MS可以请求修改参数。 By sending a Modify PDP Context Request message to the SGSN, MS may request to modify the parameters.

通过将Iu释放请求消息发送到SGSN,RNC可以请求Iu释放。 By the Iu Release Request message to SGSN, RNC can request an Iu Release. 在Iu释放后,MS和SGSN将根据小节“RNC-Initiated PDPContext Modification Procedure”确定的规则修改PDP上下文。 After Iu release, MS and SGSN PDP context according to the rules would modify section "RNC-Initiated PDPContext Modification Procedure" determined.

RNC可以请求释放无线电接入承载(radio access bearer)。 RNC can request the release of a radio access bearer (radio access bearer). 在RAB释放后,MS和SGSN将根据小节“RAB Release-Initiatedlocal PDP Context Modification Procedure”规定的规则,局部修改相应PDP上下文。 After RAB release, MS and SGSN according to the rules of section "RAB Release-Initiatedlocal PDP Context Modification Procedure" provisions, local modify the PDP context.

在PDP上下文活动时,可以激活跟踪。 In the PDP context is active, you can activate tracking. 为了在GGSN内使跟踪激活,SGSN将更新PDP上下文请求消息发送到GGSN。 In order to activate the tracking in GGSN, SGSN will update PDP context request message to the GGSN. 如果仅为了激活跟踪而执行PDP上下文修改,则SGSN不将修改PDP上下文请求消息发送到MS。 If only a trace activation PDP context modification is performed, then the SGSN shall not send a Modify PDP Context Request message to the MS.

1)SGSN可以将更新PDP上下文请求(TEID、NSAPI、协商的QoS、跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id、OMC身份)消息发送到GGSN。 1) SGSN can update PDP context request (TEID, NSAPI, the negotiated QoS, tracking benchmark, track types, triggers Id, OMC Identity) message to the GGSN. 如果从SGSN接收的协商的QoS与被修改的PDP上下文不兼容,则GGSN拒绝更新PDP上下文请求。 If the QoS received from the SGSN is incompatible with the consultation modified PDP context, the GGSN refused to update PDP context request. 由GGSN操作员配置兼容的QoS概况。 Configured by the GGSN operator compatible QoS profiles. 如果在PDP上下文活动时,GGSN跟踪被激活,则SGSN将跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id以及OMC身份包括在该消息内。 If the PDP context activities, GGSN trace is activated, the SGSN will track the benchmark, track types, triggers, and OMC Identity Id included in the message. SGSN将由从HLR或OMC接收的跟踪信息拷贝跟踪基准、跟踪类型以及OMC身份。 Tracking information will receive a copy of the tracking reference SGSN from the HLR or OMC, OMC track type and identity.

2)如果给定其容量和当前负荷,则GGSN可以限制协商的QoS。 2) if the given capacity and current load, the GGSN may restrict QoS negotiation. GGSN存储协商的QoS,并返回更新PDP上下文响应(TEID、协商的QoS、原因)消息。 QoS GGSN storage consultation and returns an Update PDP Context Response (TEID, negotiated QoS, reason) message.

3)根据协商的QoS,SGSN选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,并且可以将修改PDP上下文请求(TI、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id)消息发送到MS。 3) According to the QoS negotiated, SGSN select radio priority and packet flow Id, and may modify the PDP Context Request (TI, negotiated QoS, radio priority, packet flow Id) message to the MS.

4)通过返回修改PDP上下文接受消息,MS进行确认。 4) by returning a Modify PDP Context Accept message, MS confirmation. 如果MS不接受新协商的QoS,则它将利用MS启动的PDP上下文去激活过程去激活PDP上下文。 If the MS does not accept the new QoS negotiation, it will make use of MS initiated PDP context deactivation procedure to activate a PDP context.

5)在UMTS中,可以通过RAB分配过程执行无线电接入承载修改过程。 5) In UMTS, can be modified during the execution of the radio access bearer RAB assignment process by.

6)如果在PDP上下文活动时,激活BSS跟踪,则SGSN将调用跟踪(跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id、OMC身份)消息发送到BSS或UTRAN。 6) If the PDP context is active, the activation BSS track, the SGSN will call tracking (tracking benchmarks, track types, triggers Id, OMC Identity) message to the BSS or UTRAN. 由从HLR或OMC接收的跟踪信息拷贝跟踪基准和跟踪类型。 Tracking information will be copied from the reference track and trace type received from the HLR or OMC.

1)SGSN可以将更新PDP上下文请求(TEID、NSAPI、协商的QoS、跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id、OMC身份)消息发送到GGSN。 1) SGSN can update PDP context request (TEID, NSAPI, the negotiated QoS, tracking benchmark, track types, triggers Id, OMC Identity) message to the GGSN. 如果从SGSN接收的协商的QoS与被修改的PDP上下文不兼容,则GGSN拒绝该更新PDP上下文请求。 Received from the SGSN if the QoS negotiation is not compatible with the PDP context being modified, then the GGSN rejects the Update PDP Context Request. 由GGSN操作员配置兼容的QoS概况。 Configured by the GGSN operator compatible QoS profiles. 如果在PDP上下文活动时,GGSN跟踪被激活,则SGSN将跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id以及OMC身份包括在该消息内。 If the PDP context activities, GGSN trace is activated, the SGSN will track the benchmark, track types, triggers, and OMC Identity Id included in the message. SGSN由从HLR或OMC接收的跟踪信息拷贝跟踪基准、跟踪类型以及OMC身份。 SGSN by the tracking information received from the HLR or OMC copy tracking benchmarks, track type, and OMC Identity.

2)如果给定其容量和当前负荷,则GGSN可以限制协商的QoS。 2) if the given capacity and current load, the GGSN may restrict QoS negotiation. GGSN存储协商的QoS,并返回更新PDP上下文响应(TEID、协商的QoS、原因)消息。 QoS GGSN storage consultation and returns an Update PDP Context Response (TEID, negotiated QoS, reason) message.

3)根据协商的QoS,SGSN选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,并且可以将修改PDP上下文请求(TI、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id)消息发送到MS。 3) According to the QoS negotiated, SGSN select radio priority and packet flow Id, and may modify the PDP Context Request (TI, negotiated QoS, radio priority, packet flow Id) message to the MS.

4)通过返回修改PDP上下文接受消息,MS进行确认。 4) by returning a Modify PDP Context Accept message, MS confirmation. 如果MS不接受新协商的QoS,则它将利用MS启动的PDP上下文去激活过程去激活PDP上下文。 If the MS does not accept the new QoS negotiation, it will make use of MS initiated PDP context deactivation procedure to activate a PDP context.

5)在UMTS中,可以通过RAB分配过程执行无线电接入承载修改过程。 5) In UMTS, can be modified during the execution of the radio access bearer RAB assignment process by.

6)如果在PDP上下文活动时,激活BSS跟踪,则SGSN将调用跟踪(跟踪基准、跟踪类型、触发器Id、OMC身份)消息发送到BSS或UTRAN。 6) If the PDP context is active, the activation BSS track, the SGSN will call tracking (tracking benchmarks, track types, triggers Id, OMC Identity) message to the BSS or UTRAN. 由从HLR或OMC接收的跟踪信息拷贝跟踪基准和跟踪类型。 Tracking information will be copied from the reference track and trace type received from the HLR or OMC.

同样,仅作为示例提供图4,图4示出GGSN启动的PDP上下文修改过程,它相当于上述技术规范中的图69。 Similarly, only as an example in Figure 4, Figure 4 shows a GGSN initiated PDP context modification procedure, which corresponds to the technical specification of Figure 69. 以下对图4所示各步骤做的说明也包括在其内。 Hereinafter, the steps shown in FIG. 4 described do also included therein.

1)GGSN将更新PDP上下文请求(TEID、NSAPI、PDP地址、请求的QoS)消息发送到SGSN。 1) GGSN update PDP Context Request (TEID, NSAPI, PDP address, the requested QoS) message to the SGSN. 请求的QoS指出要求的QoS概况。 QoS requested QoS profile requirements noted. PDP地址是任选的。 PDP Address is optional.

2)如果给定其容量、当前负荷、当前QoS概况以及预约QoS概况,则SGSN可以限制要求的QoS概况。 2) If a given capacity, current load, the current QoS profile and a reservation QoS profile, the SGSN may restrict the required QoS profiles. 根据协商的QoS,SGSN选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,并将修改PDP上下文请求(TI、PDP地址、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id)消息发送到MS。 According to QoS negotiation, SGSN select radio priority and packet stream Id, and a Modify PDP Context Request (TI, PDP Address, the negotiated QoS, radio priority, packet flow Id) message to the MS. PDP地址是任选的。 PDP Address is optional.

3)通过返回修改PDP上下文接受消息,MS进行确认。 3) by returning a Modify PDP Context Accept message, MS confirmation. 如果MS不接受新协商的QoS,则它将利用MS启动的PDP上下文去激活过程去激活PDP上下文。 If the MS does not accept the new QoS negotiation, it will make use of MS initiated PDP context deactivation procedure to activate a PDP context.

4)在UMTS中,可以通过RAB分配过程执行无线电接入承载修改过程。 4) In UMTS, can be modified during the execution of the radio access bearer RAB assignment process by.

5)在收到修改PDP上下文接受消息时,或者在完成RAB修改过程时,SGSN将更新PDP上下文响应(TEID、协商的QoS)消息返回到GGSN。 5) Upon receipt of a Modify PDP Context Accept message, or at the completion of RAB modification process, SGSN will update PDP Context Response (TEID, negotiated QoS) message is returned to the GGSN. 如果SGSN接收去激活PDP上下文请求消息,则它将遵循MS启动的PDP上下文去激活过程。 If the SGSN receives the deactivation PDP context request message, it will follow the MS-initiated PDP context deactivation procedure.

同样,仅作为示例提供图5,图5示出MS启动的PDP上下文修改过程,它相当于上述技术规范中的图70。 Similarly, only as an example in Figure 5, Figure 5 shows a MS-initiated PDP context modification procedure, which corresponds to the technical specification of Figure 70. 以下对图5所示各步骤做的说明也包括在其内。 Hereinafter, the steps shown in FIG. 5 are also included in the description made therein.

1)MS将修改PDP上下文请求(TI、协商的QoS、TFT)消息发送到SGSN。 1) MS will modify the PDP Context Request (TI, negotiated QoS, TFT) message to the SGSN. 可以包括请求的QoS或TFT,也可以包括它们二者。 May include a QoS request or TFT, may also include both of them. 请求的QoS指出要求的QoS概况,而TFT指出被附加或修改或者从PDP上下文中删除的TFT。 QoS QoS profile request requested noted that, while the TFT is additionally pointed out or modified, or deleted from the PDP context TFT.

2)如果给定其容量、当前负荷以及预约QoS概况,则SGSN可以限制要求的QoS概况。 2) If a given capacity, current load and a reservation QoS profile, the SGSN may restrict the required QoS profiles. SGSN将更新PDP上下文请求(TEID、NSAPI、协商的QoS、TFT)消息发送到GGSN。 SGSN will update PDP context request (QoS TEID, NSAPI, consultation, TFT) message to the GGSN. 如果从SGSN接收的协商的QoS和/或TFT与被修改的PDP上下文不兼容(例如,TFT含有不一致的分组过滤器),则GGSN拒绝更新PDP上下文请求。 If the QoS received from the SGSN negotiated and / or modified TFT and PDP context is not compatible (for example, TFT contains inconsistent packet filters), the GGSN refused to update PDP context request. 由GGSN操作员配置兼容的QoS概况。 Configured by the GGSN operator compatible QoS profiles.

3)如果给定其容量和当前负荷,则GGSN可以进一步限制协商的QoS。 3) If given the capacity and the current load, the GGSN may further restrict QoS negotiation. GGSN存储协商的QoS,存储、修改或删除该PDP上下文的TFT,正如在TFT内指出的那样,然后,返回更新PDP上下文响应(TEID、协商的QoS)消息。 GGSN storage negotiated QoS, store, modify, or delete the PDP context TFT, as pointed out in the TFT inside, and then return to the Update PDP Context Response (TEID, negotiated QoS) messages.

4)在UMTS中,可以通过RAB分配过程执行无线电接入承载修改过程。 4) In UMTS, can be modified during the execution of the radio access bearer RAB assignment process by.

5)SGSN根据协商的QoS选择无线电优先级和分组流Id,并将修改PDP上下文接受(TI、协商的QoS、无线电优先级、分组流Id)消息返回MS。 5) SGSN selected according to the negotiated QoS priority and radio packet flow Id, and modify the PDP Context Accept (TI, negotiated QoS, radio priority, packet flow Id) message is returned MS.

注意:如果SGSN不接受请求的QoS,则跳过该过程的步骤2和3,而在步骤4,将现有协商的QoS返回MS。 NOTE: If the SGSN does not accept the requested QoS, then the process skips step 2 and 3, and 4, the conventional QoS negotiation in step return MS.

尽管在上述技术规范中提供了许多细节,但是仍未涉及与移动网有关的许多特征。 While many of the details provided in the above-described technical specification, but still not involve many of the features associated with the mobile network. 也就是说,在移动台始发的呼叫中提供通知的技术还未被引入上述技术规范中,而这些细节正是本发明所涉及的内容。 That is, providing a notification in the mobile-originated call in the above-described technique has not yet been introduced into the technical specification, which details the content of the present invention is involved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

在本发明中,根据MS和网络中的传输层需要执行的过程/消息,安排在MS的应用层交换的信令,以建立IP多媒体呼叫。 In the present invention, the process according to the MS and the network transport layer need to be performed / messages, arranged in the MS application layer signaling exchange, to establish an IP multimedia calls.

在MS的应用层发送建立消息以建立IP多媒体呼叫时,在通过无线电接口发送该消息之前或之后,根据采用的接入方式,MS执行适当的过程以在网络中通过无线电接口建立适当的承载,从而满足建立该建立消息的应用层规定的呼叫要求。 When the MS sends an application layer setup message to establish an IP multimedia call, before sending the message over the radio interface or after, according to the use of the access mode, MS perform an appropriate process in the network in order to establish an appropriate bearer through a radio interface, to meet the set-up message to establish a predetermined application layer call requirements.

本发明的技术应用于移动台始发呼叫的情况,在发送建立消息之后或之后,并在将确认/呼叫接受消息发送到被叫方之前,MS执行上述传输层的过程。 Technical present invention is applied to a mobile-originated call, after sending a setup message or after, and the confirmation / call acceptance message before the called party is sent to, MS execution of said transmission layer.

在根据本发明的技术中,对于要利用通知进行响应的移动台始发呼叫,将要播放通知的节点的传输地址通知MS,然后,MS启动PDP上下文修改过程以根据节点的传输地址(TA)建立业务流模板(TFT)。 MS according to the transmission address notifying techniques of the present invention, for use of notification to a mobile station originating a call response, notify the node to be played, and then, MS PDP context modification procedure to start (TA) established in accordance with the transmission address of the node Traffic Flow Template (TFT).

附图说明 Brief Description

所有附图均构成本发明说明书的一部分,在结合附图阅读下面对示例实施例所做的详细说明和权利要求时,以上内容将更加明显,并且可以更好地理解本发明,尽管本发明说明书的上述以及和以下描述和说明集中在披露本发明的示例实施例,但是,显然,应该明白,它们仅作为例子用于说明问题,本发明并不局限于此。 All drawings form part of the present specification, in conjunction with the drawings below of exemplary embodiment made detailed description and claims embodiment, the above will become more apparent, and the invention may be better understood, although the present invention above and below and described and illustrated in the exemplary disclosure of the specification of concentrated embodiment of the present invention, however, obviously, be understood that they are only used as an illustrative example, the present invention is not limited thereto. 只有所附权利要求的各项目限定本发明的实质范围。 Only the items of the appended claims defining the essential scope of the invention.

以下是附图的简要说明,附图包括:图1示出PDP上下文激活过程的各步骤;图2示出辅助PDP上下文激活过程的各步骤;图3-5示出分别发生在SGSN启动、GGSN启动以及MS启动的PDP上下文修改过程的各步骤;图6和7还详细示出发生在呼叫建立过程的各步骤;图8示出根据本发明在以移动台主叫呼叫方式提供通知的技术中发生的各步骤的例子。 The following is a brief description of the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 shows a PDP context activation procedure for each step; Figure 2 shows a secondary PDP context activation procedure in each step; 3-5 show, respectively, occurred in the start SGSN, GGSN Each step enable MS-initiated PDP context modification procedure; Fig. 6 and 7 are also shown in detail the steps occurring in a call setup process; Fig. 8 shows the present invention in order to provide notification of the mobile station according to the caller's call mode art Examples of the various steps occur.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

在开始详细说明本发明之前,先顺序说明以下内容。 At the beginning of the detailed description of the present invention are before the order described below. 适当时,可以在不同附图中使用类似的数字或字符表示相同、相应或类似部件。 When appropriate, you can use similar numbers or characters represent the same in different drawings, corresponding or similar parts. 此外,在以下的详细说明中,可以给出示例大小/模型/数值/范围,但是本发明并不局限于此。 Further, in the following detailed description, can be given sample size / model / value / range, but the present invention is not limited thereto. 最后,为了简化说明和讨论,并且又为了不使本发明模糊不清,附图中未示出众所周知的部件。 Finally, in order to simplify the illustration and discussion, and also in order not to obscure the present invention, not shown in the drawings known member.

除了上述技术规范外,3GPP于2001年3月颁布的技术规范TS23.228 V1.5.0版为IP多媒体(IM)子系统定义二级业务描述,所述IP多媒体(IM)子系统包括在UMTS内支持IP多媒体(IM)业务所需的单元。 In addition to the technical specifications, the technical specification version TS23.228 V1.5.0 3GPP in March 2001 issued by the IP Multimedia (IM) subsystem definition secondary business description, the IP Multimedia (IM) subsystem includes within the UMTS support IP Multimedia (IM) required business units. 在此引用该技术规范的全部内容供参考,并且与先前引述技术规范的情况相同,在此供参考引用的各单元及其功能仅是分组交换无线通信网的非限定性例子,并且不应该认为本发明局限于此。 The entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference technical specifications and technical specifications cited previously as in the case where the function for the respective units and their references are only packet-switched wireless communication network, non-limiting examples, and should not be considered The present invention is limited thereto.

图6相当于TS 23.228技术规范的图5.7,它详细示出在呼叫建立过程中发生的以下步骤:1.UE(A)对包括SDP建议的UE(B)开始会话起动过程。 Figure 6 corresponds to TS 23.228 technical specifications Figure 5.7, which is shown in detail the steps occurring in a call setup procedure: 1.UE (A) including the proposed SDP UE (B) starts a session start sequence.

2.对UE(B)的用户进行预告警。 2. UE (B) of the user pre-warning. (任选)3.将预告警指示送到UE(A)。 (Optional) 3. The pre-warning indication to the UE (A). (任选)4.然后,UE(B)的用户进行交互并表达他/她对实际会话的愿望。 (Optional) 4. Then, UE (B) of the user to interact and express his / her desire for the actual session. (任选)5.根据终端设置、重新配置的终端概况以及任选的用户希望,UE(B)产生可接受的SDP。 (Optional) 5 The terminal settings, terminal reconfigured profiles and, optionally, the user wishes, UE (B) generates accepted SDP.

6.在可靠SIP响应的净荷载中将可接受的SDP转发到UE(A)。 6. The payload will be reliable SIP response is forwarded to the acceptable SDP UE (A).

7.进行初始承载创建过程。 7. The process of creating the initial bearer. 在此承载创建步骤,利用PDP上下文过程,保留UE(A)接入网和UE(B)接入网的资源。 During this bearer creation step, use the PDP context procedure, to retain UE (A) access network and the UE (B) access network resources. 此时,还可以保留外部网络中的承载资源。 In this case, the external network can also be retained in the bearer resources.

8.UE(B)的终端开始振铃。 8.UE (B) of the terminal starts ringing. (任选)9.将告警指示送到UE(A)。 (Optional) 9. The alarm indication to the UE (A). (任选)10.UE(B)的用户可以交互并表达他/她对实际会话的愿望。 (Optionally) 10.UE (B) the user can interact and express his / her desire for the actual session. (任选)11.如果在步骤7保留的初始承载与UE(B)用户的愿望不同,则此时UE(A)和UE(B)可以执行承载修改过程。 (Optional) 11. if (B) different from the user's desire in the initial step of carrying the UE 7 reserved, then the time UE (A) and UE (B) may perform bearer modification procedure. 在此承载修改步骤,通过修改PDP上下文,可以修改UE(A)接入网和UE(B)接入网的资源,并且还可以对外部网络内的资源保留进行修改。 During this bearer modification step, by modifying the PDP context, can modify the UE (A) access network and the UE (B) access network resources, and external network resources can also be modified within the retention.

12.确认会话起动过程。 12. Confirm the session starting process.

此外,图7示出呼叫建立过程发生的各步骤,它相当于第二次引述的技术规范的5.6.2节中的图5.15。 In addition, Figure 7 shows the steps of call set-up process that occurs, it is equivalent to the second cited Technical Specification Section 5.6.2 in Figure 5.15. 在此还将说明以下步骤。 This will be explained in the following steps.

1.UE#1将含有初始SDP的“SIP邀请”请求发送到通过CSCF发现机构确定的P-CSCF。 1.UE # 1 containing an initial SDP of "SIP Invite" request to the CSCF discovery mechanism is determined by the P-CSCF. 初始SDP可以代表多媒体会话中的一个或者多个媒体。 The initial SDP may represent multimedia session in one or more media.

2.对于此UE,P-CSCF记忆(从注册过程)下一个跳跃CSCF。 2. For this UE, P-CSCF memory (from the registration procedure) the next hop CSCF. 在这种情况下,它将“邀请”转发到归属网中的S-CSCF。 In this case, it will "invite" forwarded to the home network in the S-CSCF.

3.S-CSCF使该业务概况生效,并执行该用户要求的任意始发业务控制。 3.S-CSCF into effect so that the business profile and execute arbitrary origination service control required by the user. 这包括根据用户对多媒体业务的预约特许请求的SDP。 This includes the SDP reservation for multimedia services based on user requests franchise.

4.正如SS过程规定的那样,S-CSCF转发该请求。 4. The process as defined as SS, S-CSCF forwards the request.

5.根据SS过程,沿信令通路返回目的地的媒体流容量。 The SS process, along the signaling pathway return flow capacity of the destination media.

6.S-CSCF将SDP消息转发到P-CSCF。 6.S-CSCF forwards the SDP message to P-CSCF.

7.P-CSCF特许该会话所需的资源。 7.P-CSCF privileged resources required for this session.

8.P-CSCF将SDP消息转发到始发端点。 8.P-CSCF forwards the SDP message to the originating endpoint.

9.UE判定该会话的最终媒体流组,并将最终SDP发送到P-CSCF。 9.UE determine final group of media streams for the session, and will eventually SDP sent to the P-CSCF.

10.P-CSCF将该消息转发到S-CSCF。 10.P-CSCF forwards the message to the S-CSCF.

11.根据SS过程,S-CSCF将该消息转发到终接端点。 11. A process according to SS, S-CSCF forwards the message to the terminating endpoint.

12.在步骤#9确定最终媒体流后,UE对该会话所需的资源启动保留过程。 Resources 12. In step # 9 After determining the final media streams, UE session is required to start the reservation procedure.

13.在完成资源保留时,通过利用“邀请”消息建立的信令通路,UE将“资源保留成功”消息发送到终接端点。 13. Upon completion of the resource reservation, by using the "invite" message to establish the signaling path, UE will "resource reservation is successful" message to the terminating endpoint. 首先,将该消息发送到P-CSCF。 First, the message is sent to the P-CSCF.

14.P-CSCF将该消息转发到S-CSCF。 14.P-CSCF forwards the message to the S-CSCF.

15.根据SS过程,S-CSCF将该消息转发到终接端点。 15. A process according to SS, S-CSCF forwards the message to the terminating endpoint.

16.目的地UE可以选择地进行告警。 16. The destination UE may optionally perform alerting. 如果是这样,则利用指示振铃的临时响应,将告警信号送到始发方。 If so, then the use of a provisional response indicating Ringing, an alarm signal is sent to the originator. 对于SS过程,该消息被送到S-CSCF。 For SS procedure, the message is sent to S-CSCF.

17.S-CSCF将该消息转发到P-CSCF。 17.S-CSCF forwards the message to the P-CSCF.

18.P-CSCF将该振铃消息转发到UE。 18.P-CSCF forwards the ringing message to UE.

19.UE向始发用户指出目的地在振铃。 19.UE originating user to indicate the destination of the ring.

20.在目的地方应答时,正如终接过程和SS过程规定的那样,终接端点将SIP 200-OK最终响应发送到S-CSCF。 20. In response destination side, as the process of terminating and SS as a predetermined process, the terminating endpoint will SIP 200-OK final response is sent to the S-CSCF.

21.S-CSCF执行会话建立完成要求的任意始发业务控制。 21.S-CSCF performs session to establish complete operational control requirements of any origin.

22.沿上述步骤(2)的“邀请”请求经过的通路,S-CSCF将200-OK响应送回P-CSCF。 22. along the above step (2) of the "invite" request through the passage, S-CSCF to 200-OK response back to P-CSCF.

23.P-CSCF指出现在应该提交对该会话保留的资源。 23.P-CSCF should now be submitted to the session pointed out that the reserved resources.

24.P-CSCF将200-OK响应送回UE。 24.P-CSCF the 200-OK response back to UE.

25.UE启动该会话的媒体流。 25.UE start the session media stream.

26.UE利用发送到P-CSCF的ACK消息响应200 OK。 26.UE use P-CSCF transmits an ACK message to the response 200 OK.

27.P-CSCF将最终ACK消息转发到S-CSCF。 27.P-CSCF forwards the final ACK message to S-CSCF.

28.对于SS过程,S-CSCF将最终ACK消息转发到终接端点。 28. A process for the SS, S-CSCF forwards the final ACK message to the terminating endpoint. 然而,时常需要MS从被叫方接收记录的通知,而不是与被叫方相连进行对话。 However, MS often require notification received records from the called party, rather than to engage in dialogue with the called party is connected. 在这种情况下,从其地址不同于被叫方地址的节点输出记录的通知,并且根据本发明的技术有助于起动PDP上下文修改过程,以根据该节点的传输地址(TA)设置业务流模板(TFT)。 In this case, the output node is different from the notification records of the called party address from its address, and help start the PDP context modification procedure according to the techniques of this invention, to (TA) setting the service address of the node according to a transmission stream Template (TFT).

参考图8,图8示出根据本发明的在移动台始发的呼叫中提供通知的技术实例,在步骤#1,将建立消息从MS送到对等体。 Referring to Figure 8, Figure 8 illustrates examples of technologies that provide notification of a call originating in a mobile station in the present invention, in step # 1, the setup message from the MS to a peer.

此建立消息被网络截取,所述网络被指示将一个通知消息转发给被叫方以响应于呼叫建立。 This setup message is network intercept, the network is instructed to a notification message to the called party in response to the call setup. 在附图中,将播放通知的机器称为远程CSCF/REP,在步骤#2,它利用包括其IP地址和端口号(即远程设备TA)的连接消息,确认该建立消息,从而使MS正确连接到它。 In the drawings, the machine will notify the called remote playback CSCF / REP, in step # 2, which uses the connect message including its IP address and port number (i.e., the remote device TA), and to confirm the setup message, so that the correct MS connected to it.

随后,在步骤#3、#4、#5、#6和#7,MS激活辅助PDP上下文,该辅助PDP上下文包括使机器将业务发送到MS的TFT。 Subsequently, at step # 3, # 4, # 5, # 6 and # 7, MS activate secondary PDP context, the secondary PDP context including the machine to send traffic to the MS TFT. 也就是说,TFT包括远程设备TA(即,其IP地址和端口号)。 In other words, TFT including remote device TA (ie, its IP address and port number).

在步骤#8,MS确认接受辅助PDP上下文,然后,在步骤#9,远程设备对MS播放通知。 At step # 8, MS confirm acceptance secondary PDP context, then, in step # 9, the remote device for playback MS notification.

因此,根据本发明,在MS试图与希望利用通知进行响应的被叫方建立呼叫时,被叫方指定进行这种通知的远程设备机器将其TA送到MS。 Thus, according to the present invention, when the MS wants to use and attempt to notify the called party responds to enter into the call, the called party designated remote facility device such notification of its TA to MS. 反过来,该MS利用远程设备的TFT激活辅助PDP上下文,以使远程设备机器将其通知转发到该MS。 Conversely, the use of the MS TFT remote device to activate secondary PDP context to enable the machine to notify the remote device is forwarded to the MS.

这样就结束了对示例实施例所做的说明。 Thus ended the description of the exemplary embodiment done. 尽管参考本发明的说明性实施例对本发明进行了说明,但是应该明白,在本发明原理实质范围内,本技术领域内的熟练技术人员可以设想出许多其他修改和其他实施例。 Although the present invention with reference to an illustrative embodiment of the present invention has been described, it is to be understood that within the scope of the principles of the present invention, the substance, those skilled in the art within the contemplated numerous other modifications and other embodiments. 更具体地说,在本发明实质范围内,可以对属于上述说明书、附图以及所附权利要求范围内的部件和/或原组合排列的排列进行合理变更和修改。 More specifically, within the spirit of the invention, may belong to the above description, the drawings and the appended claims means and / or arrangement of the original combination arrangement within the scope of reasonable changes and modifications. 除了对部件和/或排列进行变更和修改外,其他可能用途对本技术领域内的熟练技术人员是显而易见的。 In addition to the parts and / or arrangements of variations and modifications, other possible uses for those skilled in the art within is obvious.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN101523927B13 Sep 20077 Sep 2011摩托罗拉移动公司Method for routing combinational services to a single endpoint
CN103179684B *23 Apr 200811 May 2016艾利森电话股份有限公司用于避免挂起的pdp上下文的方法
Classifications
International ClassificationH04W76/02, H04W28/18, H04W88/06, H04W8/26, G06F13/00, H04M1/00, H04L29/08, H04L29/06, H04L12/56
Cooperative ClassificationH04W28/18, H04W88/06, H04W76/02, H04L29/06027, H04W8/26, H04L67/14, H04L65/80, H04L67/04
European ClassificationH04L29/08N13, H04L29/08N3
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