|Publication number||CN1156987 A|
|Application number||CN 95194885|
|Publication date||13 Aug 1997|
|Filing date||28 Aug 1995|
|Priority date||1 Sep 1994|
|Also published as||CA2198912A1, DE69515042D1, DE69515042T2, EP0775086A1, EP0775086A4, EP0775086B1, EP0947699A1, US5697527, US5785510, WO1996006798A1|
|Publication number||95194885.7, CN 1156987 A, CN 1156987A, CN 95194885, CN-A-1156987, CN1156987 A, CN1156987A, CN95194885, CN95194885.7, PCT/1995/10910, PCT/US/1995/010910, PCT/US/1995/10910, PCT/US/95/010910, PCT/US/95/10910, PCT/US1995/010910, PCT/US1995/10910, PCT/US1995010910, PCT/US199510910, PCT/US95/010910, PCT/US95/10910, PCT/US95010910, PCT/US9510910|
|Inventors||安东尼·小阿尔铁里, 约翰·刘易斯·福尔廷, 理查德·戴维·博斯曼, 桑德拉·让·利库斯, 菲力浦·戴甘吉, M·E·海德·迪特里希|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (17), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
发明背景1.发明领域本发明涉及分配装置，特别是涉及用于分配流体和其它可流动材料的装置。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a dispensing device, and more particularly to a fluid distribution apparatus and other flowable material used.
2.对相关技术的描述多年来，本发明的受让人曾经研制出多种用于液体染(颜)料和其它商用重要材料的分配机。 2. Description of Related Art Over the years, the assignee of the present invention has been developed for a variety of liquid dye (pigment) and other commercially important materials distributor. 例如美国专利(Letters Patent)3,851,798和美国专利(Design LettersPatent)262,628和262,629中揭示了自动分配机的例子。 For example, US Patent (Letters Patent) 3,851,798 and US Patent (Design LettersPatent) 262,628 and 262,629 automatic dispensing machine disclosed examples. 这种类型的分配机通常都能接收各种指明一选定配方的指令，并且按配方所需分配各种配料。 This type of dispenser can usually receive instruction indicating a selected variety of recipes, and distribution of various ingredients required by the recipe. 分配工作是通过处于分配机底部、一罐子阵列后面的各泵组件来实现的。 Allocation is done through the dispenser at the bottom, a jar array behind each pump assembly to achieve. 一流体联接管从泵组件延伸到一喷嘴元件中的通道，各种配料从喷嘴处离开分配装置。 A fluid tube extends from the pump assembly coupled to a nozzle member in the passage, leaving the distribution means of various ingredients from the nozzle. 在其后研制出的其它形式分配装置中，各分配阀处于远离泵送装置且基本靠近分配头的地方，由于这个原因以及其它很多因素，就可以观察到各不同系统间的各种分配特性。 Subsequently developed other forms of distribution device, each dispensing valve is in place away from the pumping device and the base near the dispensing head, for this reason, and many other factors, it can be observed that the different characteristics of the various distribution systems.
零售商店需要增加其展示产品的存放密度，并且需要使顾客能在一检查区内获得所需的商品。 Retail store need to increase the density of its display products, and customers need to be able to obtain the necessary goods in a check area. 例如，对零售店的涂料部门而言，他们正在寻求一种更紧凑的分配机，特别是需要一种占地面积比以前型号小的小“占地”型机器。 For example, retail paint sector, they are looking for a more compact dispensing machine, especially the need for a smaller footprint than previous models small "area" type machines. 由于组装成本，以及在分配作业中各部分位置的影响，在减小分配机总尺寸时必须小心地予以考虑。 Because of assembly costs and the impact of the position of each part in the distribution operations, while reducing the overall size distribution machine must be considered carefully.
对本技术领域的熟练人员肯定知道，在分配机的整个寿命范围内，分配机所采用的相当数量的部件必须维修，有时需要调整。 To those skilled in the art know for sure, over the entire lifetime of the dispensing machine, a considerable number of parts used in dispensing machine must be repaired, sometimes need to be adjusted. 重要的是，现场维修人员应能方便地接触到机器的所有部件，特别是一些关键的部件，例如分配阀及用来测量机器使用者所需材料量的与分配阀相关的部件等。 Is important that field service personnel should be able to easily access to all parts of the machine, especially in some key components, such as machines for measuring and dispensing valve and dispensing valve associated with the user the amount of material and other components required. 分配机中所采用的泵通常是由一个或多个电动机通过某种中间机械传动系统来驱动的。 Distribution machine employed in the pump is usually caused by one or more motors to drive through some intermediate mechanical transmission system. 在机器的整个寿命范围内，运动的部件必然受到磨损，因此对它们的维修必须有所准备。 Over the entire life span of the machine, moving parts will be subject to wear and tear, so they must be prepared for maintenance.
在建造一种复杂的机器，例如上述类型的分配机时，各种部件都是安装在一机架内，对机架上施加了一个外“表层”(通常由片状的金属板组成)。 In the construction of a complicated machine, such as the above-mentioned type of dispenser, the various components are mounted within a frame, the upper frame is applied to an outer "skin" (usually consists of a sheet metal plate). 另一种方法是，可在机架上施加外表层，以形成一个机箱，在机箱内安装各部件。 Another method is to be applied to the outer skin to the frame to form an enclosure, mounting the components in the chassis. 在建造一分配机时，需按一种能使机器劳力投资减至最少的顺序来积累和安装各种不同部件。 In the construction of a distribution machine, the machine basis having a way for labor invested in order to minimize the accumulation and install various components. 由于商用分配机的性质，机器的很多部分都是同一部件的重复。 Due to the nature of commercial dispensing machine, many parts of the machine are repeating the same components. 例如分配机，特别是那些涂料工业中采用的分配机，可以分配多达16种的不同染料，经常是有9或12种不同染料。 E.g. dispensing machine, especially those used in the paint industry dispensing machine, may be assigned up to 16 different dyes, often 9 or 12 different dyes. 每种染料均具有其自身的“流体管道”，这个管道通常起始于一用来存放流体材料的罐子，而终于流体离开分配机的分配头。 Each dye will have its own "fluid conduit", this channel is usually used to store the jar begins a fluid material, and finally leaving the fluid dispensing head dispensing machine. 除了上述的各罐子以外、流体管道还包括泵、阀及中间流体管线。 In addition to the above-described each jar, fluid conduit further comprising pumps, valves and intermediate fluid lines. 如果将相类似的部件装在一起成为能一次测试的子组件，是有一定好处的。 If similar parts can be fitted together to form a sub-component test, is there are certain advantages.
发明概要本发明的一个目的在于，提供这样一种分配机，其中将同类型的部件集中为各功能性的子组件，在将这些功能性的子组件安装到分配机上之前，可远程地进行测试。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide such a dispenser in which the same type of focus for each of the functional components of the subassembly, before these functional sub-assembly to the dispenser, can be remotely tested .
本发明的另一个目的在于，减少各部件在子组件中所占的空间，以尽可能地利用“台式组件(bench assembly)”的优点根据本发明精神的又一个目的在于，提供一种“占地”较少的分配装置，从而在不牺牲机器功能的情况下，减少其占地面积。 Another object of the present invention is to reduce the components in the space occupied by the sub-assembly, as much as possible to take advantage of the "Desktop Component (bench assembly)" Yet another object of the spirit of the present invention, there is provided an "accounting to "less dispensing device, so without sacrificing functionality of the machine, reducing its footprint.
根据本发明精神的又一个目的在于，提供具有便于现场维修和调整的改进结构的分配机。 According to the spirit of the present invention, a further object is to provide a dispensing machine having facilitate field maintenance and adjustment of the improved structure.
而根据本发明精神的再一个目的在于，提供一种分配机，它能可靠地满足商售人员必须用手将尺寸和重量都很大的容器放到一分配头下面的需要。 According to a further object of the spirit of the present invention is to provide a dispensing machine which can reliably meet commercially available hand must have a big size and weight of a container placed beneath dispensing head needs. 例如，在涂料业中，需对生产商提供的5加仑容器内的基体涂料添加染料。 For example, in the paint industry, the need for base coating 5 gallons container provided by the manufacturer of the added dye. 本发明的一个目的在于，提供一种分配机，它具有一搁板装置因而能尽可能少提地减少提起这种或它种的盛放着配料的容器。 An object of the present invention is to provide a dispensing machine having a shelf means thus mentioned can be less reduced as such or it kind mention placing the ingredients in the container.
为了完成本发明的这些和其它一些目的，本发明的提供了一种分配装置，它包括：一机架；一驱动组件，它包括一基板和多个安装在所述基板上的泵；第一多个罐子，它们具有顶端和底端并且具有预定的较短的长度，这些罐子联接于第一多个泵；第二多个罐子，它们具有顶端和底端并且具有预定的较长的长度，这些罐子联接于第二多个泵；第一和第二多个泵的底端大体上处于同一平面，这个平面紧接在驱动组件的上方；一安装在所述机架上的下搁板，它处在所述第一多个罐子的上方，并且铰链连接，由此可触及所述第一多个罐子； To accomplish these and other objects of the present invention, the present invention provides a dispensing apparatus, comprising: a frame; a drive assembly, which comprises a substrate and a plurality of pumps mounted on said substrate; a first a plurality of cans, which has a top end and a bottom end and having a predetermined short length, which is coupled to a first plurality of cans pump; a second plurality of cans, which has a top end and a bottom end and having a predetermined longer length, The jar is coupled to the second plurality of pumps; bottom end of the first and second plurality of pump substantially in the same plane, this plane immediately above the drive assembly; and a mounting on the lower shelf of the rack, It is at the top of the first plurality of jars, and the hinge connection, which can reach the first plurality of the jar;
一联接于各泵的分配头，它位于各罐子的上方，悬伸在下搁板的上方；一检修门，它处在所述第二多个罐子的上方，并且铰链连接，由此可触及所述第二多个罐子；一从所述检修门延伸、介于下搁板和分配头之间的上搁板。 A pump coupled to the respective dispensing head, which is located above each jar, the overhang above the lower shelf; an access door, which is directly over the second plurality of cans, and a hinge connection, whereby the touch said second plurality of cans; extending from the access door, between the lower shelf and the shelf between the dispensing head.
附图简要说明图1是根据本发明精神的分配装置的立体图；图2是本发明分配装置的前视图；图3是本发明分配装置的侧视图；图4是设置在外机箱内的某些特定部件的侧视图；图5是本发明分配装置的后视图；图6是本发明分配装置的各子组件的分解侧视图；图7是本发明分配装置的泵子组件的俯视图；图8是泵子组件的侧视图；图9是类似于图8的侧视图，但是它示出的是泵安装之前的情况；图10是泵子组件的前视图；图11是一个泵的俯视图；图12是上述泵的侧视图；图13是上述泵的后视图；图14是沿图11中的线14-14剖取的剖视图；图15是阀板组件的立体图；图16是阀板组件的俯视图；图17是阀板组件的前视图；图18是阀板组件的侧视图；图19是阀板组件的后视图；图20是一分配头组件的俯视图；图21是所述分配头组件的前视图；图22是所述分配头组件的仰视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a perspective view of the spirit of the present invention the dispensing device; FIG. 2 is a front view of the dispensing device of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a side view of the dispensing device of the present invention; FIG. 4 is set within a certain outer enclosure side view of the member; FIG. 5 is a rear view of the dispensing device of the present invention; FIG. 6 is an exploded side view of the dispensing device of each sub-assembly of the present invention; FIG. 7 is a top view of the pump sub-assembly of the dispensing device of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a pump side view of the subassembly; Fig. 9 is a side view similar to Figure 8, but it is shown prior to installation of the pump case; FIG. 10 is a front view of the pump subassembly; Fig. 11 is a plan view of a pump; Figure 12 is said pump side view; FIG. 13 is a rear view of the pump; FIG. 14 is a sectional view taken along line 14-14 in Figure 11 a sectional taken; FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a valve plate assembly; FIG. 16 is a plan view of a valve plate assembly; Figure 17 is a front view of the valve plate assembly; FIG. 18 is a side view of a valve plate assembly; FIG. 19 is a rear view of the valve plate assembly; FIG. 20 is a plan view of a dispensing head assembly; FIG. 21 is a front dispensing head assembly view; FIG. 22 is a bottom view of the dispensing head assembly of FIG.
对较佳实施例的详细描述下面参见各附图，首先参见图1-3，其中示出了一个以标号10表示的根据本发明精神的分配机。 Detailed description of the preferred embodiments Referring to the drawings, first to Figures 1-3, there is shown a reference numeral 10 indicates the assignment according to the spirit of the present invention machine. 分配机10可直接应用于零售和工业涂料，特别是根据需要采用液体成分混合的涂料。 Dispenser 10 can be directly applied to the retail and industrial coatings, particularly coatings using a liquid component are mixed according to need. 从下文的描述可以清楚地看出，分配机10和其中相关的装置也可以适用于其它可流动的材料，包括相对较粘稠的糊状物(例如糊状油墨)、药膏、油脂、食品及食品添加剂、以及用于某些特定场合的洗涤剂和乳剂等。 As is clear from the following description, wherein the associated means 10 and the distribution unit can also be applied to other flowable materials, including relatively thick paste (e.g., paste inks), ointment, oil, food and food additives, as well as for certain occasions, such as detergents and emulsions.
分配机10包括一机箱，该机箱包括一最好是由金属片材制成的外表层，这个外表层包覆在一最好是由金属管构造而成的机架上。 Dispenser 10 includes a chassis, the chassis includes an outer surface layer is preferably made from sheet metal, coated on the outer surface of a tube is preferably constructed from a metal frame. 机箱12包括一下部14，该下部包括侧板16和前板18，侧板16上带有检修门20。 Chassis 12 includes a lower portion 14, the lower portion includes side plates 16 and front plate 18, the upper plate 16 with the access door 20. 从下文中可以清楚地看到，机箱下部14围住了大部分储存着需分配配料的储存罐子，以及将材料输送到一位于机箱上部24之下部的分配头处的各泵和泵的传动系统。 Can be clearly seen from the following, the lower part of the chassis 14 surrounded most of the ingredients need to be allocated to store the storage jar, and the material is delivered to each pump, and a pump located at the dispensing head under an upper portion of the chassis 24 of the drive system .
分配机10的尺寸大大减小。 Dispensing machine 10 of greatly reduced size. 特别是，机箱12的“占地”或基部面积大大地小于以前的那些具有同样功能的分配机。 In particular, the chassis 12 of "covering" or base area is significantly smaller than those of the previous dispensing machine having the same functions. 从下文中可以清楚地看到，这种在空间上的节约缘出于组装技术上的创新，而且这种组装技术上的创新还能大大减少分配机的安装和服务所需的劳力。 Can be clearly seen from below, which saves space on the edge of technical innovation for the assembly, and this assembly of technical innovation but also greatly reduce the required dispensing machine installation and service labor.
在空间上的节约还部分地是因为采用了尺寸各异的罐子，特别是长度不同的罐子。 Savings in space is also partly because the use of different sizes of cans, in particular different lengths jar. 机箱12的中部26容纳着较高罐子的上部，也容纳着将分配喷嘴连接于机箱下部14内各泵的各管道。 Middle of the chassis 12 of the upper portion 26 to accommodate the higher jars, each tube also accommodates the dispensing nozzle is connected to the lower portion of the chassis 14 of each pump. 机箱中部26具有一铰接的检修门30，可根据需要将该门打开以便维修较高的罐子。 Access door 26 has a hinged middle of the chassis 30, in order to maintain a higher open jars needed the door. 下搁板32充当了一用来维护其下方较短罐子的第二检修门。 Under the shelf 32 acts as a means for maintaining the shorter second access door underneath the jar. 搁板32为尺寸较大的容器提供了一个较为便利的支承面，可把容器很方便地定位在分配喷嘴的下方，所述分配喷嘴处于机箱上部24的一个悬伸的下部中。 Larger size container shelf 32 provides a more convenient supporting surface, the container can be easily positioned below the dispensing nozzle, said dispensing nozzle 24 in a lower overhang for the upper part of the chassis. 业已发现，特别是当要把各种涂料分配到各较小容器中时，使较小的容器尽可能地靠近分配喷嘴是较为方便的。 It has been found, especially when a variety of coatings should be assigned to each of the smaller container, so that smaller containers as close to the dispensing nozzle is more convenient. 因此，从检修门30向外突伸了一个上搁板34，用来支承处于下搁板34上方的较小容器。 Thus, the access door 30 from an outwardly projecting shelf 34, for supporting the lower shelf 34 is smaller above the tank. 当把涂料分配到较大容器中时，上搁板34可通过铰链而转离，抵住前表面36。 When assigning the paint to a larger container, the shelf 34 by a hinge and turn away, against the front surface 36.
分配机上部24容纳了大致用标号72表示的、用于分配机的大部分控制设备，包括：一数字式控制器、一用于数据输入的键盘、一用于数据输出的显示器和打印机、以及用于储存程序和配方的各存储装置。 Dispenser 24 accommodates the upper portion is substantially represented by reference numeral 72, for dispensing machine most control apparatus, comprising: a digital controller, a keyboard for data input, a display and printer for data output, and Each storage device for storing programs and formulations. 如图2和图3所示，机箱上部24还包括一分配头组件44。 2 and 3, the upper portion of the chassis 24 further comprises a dispensing head assembly 44.
参见图4和图5，大致在标号50处表示的泵组件安装在一基板52上，该基板上装有便于分配机10移动的小脚轮。 Referring to Figures 4 and 5, a pump assembly generally indicated at reference numeral 50 is mounted on a substrate 52, to facilitate dispensing machine provided with moving casters 10 on the substrate. 如上所述，泵组件50位于机箱下部14中，从图4中可以看到，它处在分配机的最底部。 As described above, the pump assembly 50 is located in the lower portion of the enclosure 14, can be seen from Figure 4, it is in the bottom dispensing machine. 在较佳实施例中，采用了两种类型的多个罐子，每种罐子均具有一样的尺寸。 In the preferred embodiment, using a plurality of two types of jars, each jar all have the same size. 较短罐子列56处在下搁板32的下方，而较高罐子列58则处在检修门30的下方。 Jar short column below the lower shelf 56 at 32, while higher jar column 58 at the bottom of the access door 30. 如图4所示，诸罐子和泵组件通过管子连接至多个分配阀60，这些分配阀最好是处在机箱上部24的底部。 4, all jars and pump assembly is connected to a plurality of dispensing valve 60 through a tube, preferably those dispensing valve is in the upper portion 24 of the bottom of the chassis. 在下文中可以看到，各分配阀60和分配头组件44以一个组合式阀组件的型式安装在一起。 Can be seen in the following, each of the dispensing valve 60 and dispense head assembly 44 is a modular type of valve assembly are mounted together.
重新参见图4，泵组件50包括连接于一电动机68的多个泵66。 Referring again to Figure 4, pump assembly 50 includes a plurality of electric motor 68 is connected to a pump 66. 各泵66最好是处在接近于电动机68之中线平面的同一水平面上，以便能提供一种“平的”或“低轮廓”的组件。 Preferably each pump 66 is in close to the motor 68 into line plane of the same level, in order to provide a "flat" or "low profile" of the assembly. 从图4中可以看到，各较短的罐子56和各较长的罐子58的底部是大致接近的，它们大体上处在同一水平面上，该水平面处于紧接在上述水平面的、低轮廓的组件50的上方。 Can be seen from Figure 4, the bottom of each jar 56 and the respective shorter long jar 58 is approximately equal to, and they are in substantially the same horizontal plane, the horizontal plane in a horizontal plane immediately above, low profile Components of the top 50. 由图4中可见，分配机10的较佳实施例包括三排罐子，两排矮罐子和一排长罐子。 Be seen from Figure 4, the preferred embodiment of dispenser 10 includes three rows of cans, jars and a short two rows platoon jar. 在较佳实施例中，每排为三个罐子，分配机总的具有九个罐子。 In the preferred embodiment, each row of three jars, the total dispensing machine having nine jar. 如果需要，也可以在每一排中设置四个罐子，从而总的提供十二个罐子，添加这些罐子只需要在尺寸上稍有增加即可。 If desired, may be provided in each row of four cans, thus providing a total of twelve cans, the cans need only add on to a slight increase in size.
现参见图6，由标号72大致表示的各电子控制部件是安装在分配机机箱的上部24中。 Referring now to Figure 6, each by the reference numeral 72 generally indicates an electronic control member is mounted on the upper portion 24 of the distribution cabinet. 该电子控制部件包括一微处理控制器以及相关电路，所述电路用于接收来自键盘74的指令，键盘74安装在机箱上部24的前部中。 The electronic control unit includes a microprocessor controller and associated circuitry, said circuit for receiving a command from the keyboard 74, the keyboard 74 is mounted at the front of the chassis 24 in the upper portion. 控制电路联接于泵66上的轴译码器102(见图7)，以便在一受控制操作中，对所分配材料的量实行监控。 The control circuit 66 is coupled to the pump shaft decoder 102 (see FIG. 7), so that in a controlled operation, the amount of dispensing material to implement monitoring. 在较佳实施例中，各泵在控制分配的操作过程以外工作，以便在各泵、分配阀60和各罐子56，58之间传送材料。 In the preferred embodiment, each of the pump during operation outside the control of the assigned work, so that in each of the pump, the transfer material 60 between the valves 56, 58 and the distribution of each jar. 控制电路还联接于分配阀60以启动并终止一个分配操作的过程，也就是使传送的流体经过各分配阀后流到分配头组件44。 The control circuit is also coupled to the dispensing valve 60 to initiate and terminate process a dispensing operation, i.e. the transfer of the fluid dispensing valve after each dispensing head assembly 44 flows. 控制电路包括一必须的存储装置，以用来储存各种各样的控制条件。 The control circuit comprises a storage means necessary, in order for storing various control conditions. 在该较佳实施例中，待分配的某一族特定材料的配方是储存在一个单独的配方存储装置78中，该存储装置也包括了一个对操作者输出数据的显示器80。 In the preferred embodiment, the formulation to be dispensed for a particular family of materials is stored in a separate formula storage device 78, the storage means also includes an output data to an operator display 80. 也可以通过安装在机箱上部24前方、与配方存储器78并排的打印机82以硬件拷贝的形式来输出数据，并由显示器83表示出来。 Can also be installed in the chassis in front of the upper 24, 78 side by side with the recipe printer memory 82 in the form of hard copy output data represented by the display 83.
在该较佳实施例中，各分配阀60和分配头组件44是安装在一个大体上由标号90表示的共同阀板子组件上。 In the preferred embodiment, each of the dispensing valve 60 and dispensing head assembly 44 is mounted on a common valve board assembly indicated generally by reference numeral 90. 从中可以看到，阀板子组件90可以在外部环境中的一个工作台或组装线上制造。 As can be seen, the valve assembly 90 can board a bench or assembly line manufacturing in the external environment. 各电子部件72也同样可以分开制造，并随同配方存储装置78、键盘74和打印机82送往机器组装区。 Each of the electronic components 72 can also be manufactured separately, and the storage device 78 along with the recipe, the keyboard 74 and the printer 82 sent to the machine assembly area. 各罐子最好是设置成两个阵列，第一阵列包括六个较短的罐子56，而第二阵列则包括三个较长的罐子58。 Each jar is preferably set to two arrays, the first array comprises six short jar 56, and the second array includes three long jar 58.
通过把泵组件50作为一个单独的子组件单元分开制造可取得显著的结构优点。 Separately manufactured structure can achieve significant advantages to the pump assembly 50 as a separate sub-assembly unit. 带有上述各部件的机箱最好是单独竖立的，并且作为一个完整的单元送往分配机组装区，它与泵组件50相结合而形成分配机10(见图6)。 Chassis with each of the above components is preferably erected separately and is sent as a complete unit dispensing machine assembly area, it is combined with the pump assembly 50 to form the dispenser 10 (see FIG. 6).
利用上述的组合结构可以获得很大的好处。 Use a combination of the above structure can be a great benefit. 例如，可以在等待某一客户的特殊定单之前，预先设计一基本的分配机。 For example, before waiting for a customer's specific orders, a basic pre-designed dispenser. 根据客户对需分配的各种材料，可替换基本分配机内的各种部件。 According to customer need to be allocated for a variety of materials that can replace various components inside the basic assignment. 例如，大容量的分配工作最好采用具有较大通过量的分配系统。 For example, large-capacity allocation is preferable to use the distribution system having a large throughput. 例如，如果需要一个较大容量的分配头，那么就可以在工作台上制造一特殊的阀板组件，在将其装安到分配机机箱内之前，可以把它当作一个工作单元来测试。 For example, if you need a larger capacity distribution head, then you can create a special valve plate assembly on the bench, in its installed security cabinet before the allotted to, you can put it to work as a unit to test. 类似地，对某些特定的装置而言，可能需要一较大功率的泵和/或一较大功率电动机或较高速运转的电动机。 Similarly, for the purposes of certain devices, may require a higher power pump and / or a higher power than the high-speed operation of the motor or motors. 这样就可以比较简单地在一测试台上替换泵组件所需的部件。 This can relatively easily in a test bench to replace pump components required components. 如果需要，可以储备几种不同类型的子组件以满足多数客户的需求，而且，采用本发明的组合式构造可以大大减少顾客供货时组装机器所需要的时间。 If desired, several different types of sub-reserve assembly in order to meet the needs of most customers, and, a combined structure of the present invention can greatly reduce the time to assemble the machine when required for customer delivery. 此外，机器的设计者还可以比现有技术更为紧凑地安排泵组件的各部件。 In addition, the designer of the machine can also arrange various components of the pump assembly is more compact than existing technologies.
现参见图7-10来更详细描述泵组件50。 Referring now to Figures 7-10 will be described in more detail with the pump assembly 50. 如上所述，电动机68和各泵66在一共同的基板52上相互联接(可以是直接的或间接的连接)。 As described above, the motor 68 and pump 66 each coupled to each other on a common substrate 52 (may be direct or indirect connection). 如果需要，可以为每一个泵设置一与其直接连接的电动机。 If desired, one set for each pump motor directly connected thereto. 从图7和图10中可以看到，各泵66通过各中间元件(包括一系列相互啮合的链环)间接地连接于电动机。 As seen in Figure 7 and Figure 10, each pump 66 through the intermediate member (including a series of intermeshed link) indirectly connected to the motor. 最好是将各泵分成两个隔开的串联列安排在电动机68的两侧。 Preferably each pump is divided into two spaced columns arranged in series on both sides of the motor 68. 除了位于串联列两端的泵以外，其它的泵66都连有成对的链轮，以便在每一串联列中形成一从该阵列内一点(最好是在如图7下方所示的驱动轴连接于端部泵的那一个点)开始的驱动系统。 In addition to the columns in series at both ends of the pump is located outside, the other pump 66 has a pair of sprockets are connected to form a bit drive shaft (preferably in the bottom one in FIG. 7 from the array shown in each column in series A point that is connected to the end portion of the pump) to start the drive system. 连接件98将链轮驱动轴连接于一传动件，该传动件最好是一齿轮箱100。 The connecting member 98 is connected to a drive shaft sprocket drive member, the drive member is preferably a gear box 100. 一脉冲译码器102把各泵66的转动情况通知给控制电路。 A pulse decoder 102 for each rotation of the pump 66 notifies the control circuit.
参见图10，泵66通过套筒106安装到安装壁110上，所述安装壁的截面形状最好是C形。 Referring to Figure 10, the pump 66 installed through the sleeve 106 to the mounting wall 110, the sectional shape of the mounting wall is preferably C-shaped. 如图10所示，泵66从安装壁110悬伸。 10, the pump 66 from the mounting wall 110 overhangs. 另参见图11和图12，泵66包括一入口112和一出口114。 See also Figures 11 and 12, the pump 66 includes an inlet 112 and an outlet 114. 泵66具有一外壳120，它具有一远离套筒106的第一端122和一包括了一安装毂126的第二端124，所述安装毂上带有一环形凹槽128。 Pump 66 has a housing 120 having a first end 122 away from the sleeve 106 and a mounting hub 126 includes a second end 124, said mounting having an annular groove 128 on the hub. 安装毂126配装在安装套筒106的第一端130内，并且通过一固定螺丝(未示)固定在位，螺丝的内端头被接纳在凹槽128内。 Mounting hub 126 is fitted in the first end 106 of the mounting sleeve 130, and by a fixing screw (not shown) is fixed in position, the inner end of the screw head is received within the recess 128. 套筒106还具有一阶梯状的第二端134，该端部具有一直径较大的外表面部分136、一直径较小的外螺纹部分138、以及介于两者之间的凸肩壁140。 Sleeve 106 also has a stepped second end 134, the end portion having a larger diameter outer surface portion 136, a smaller diameter externally threaded portion 138, and the shoulder wall 140 in between . 在该较佳实施例中，凸肩壁140构成一用来把泵套筒定位在安装壁110上的基准面。 In the preferred embodiment, the shoulder 140 forms a wall for the pump sleeve is positioned on the mounting wall 110 of the reference plane.
图9示出了安装诸泵套筒之前的安装壁110。 Figure 9 shows a sleeve before mounting the various pump mounting wall 110. 在该较佳实施例中，于安装壁110的内表面上焊接了若干个焊接螺母144，它们分别对准形成在安装壁上的若干个孔146。 In the preferred embodiment, the mounting wall 110 of the inner surface of a plurality of welding a weld nut 144, which are aligned with a plurality of holes are formed in the mounting wall 146. 各泵套筒就像是一个螺栓那样螺旋地接合于安装壁。 Each pump sleeve is like a bolt so spirally joined to the mounting wall. 随后把泵的安装头安装到安装套筒的自由开口端内，并且用上述的固定螺丝固定。 The free open end of the pump mounting head is then mounted to the mounting sleeve and secured with the aforementioned set screw. 从图11和图12中可以看到，泵轴150延伸到安装套筒的内孔152中。 As seen in Figure 11 and Figure 12, the pump shaft 150 extends into the mounting hole 152 of the inner sleeve. 联轴器154(见图10)把泵轴150和链轮160的传动轴160连接起来，这样就完成了与驱动电动机的连接。 Couplings 154 (see FIG. 10) to the pump shaft 150 and the sprocket 160 of the drive shaft 160 are connected together, thus completing the connection to the drive motor. 例如，从图11中可以看到，设置一检测口164可有助于联轴器154的组装。 For example, you can see from Figure 11, provided with a detection port 164 may facilitate assembly of the coupling 154.
从图8的侧视图中清楚可见，泵组件50为低轮廓设计，各泵和电动机的中心线处在非常接近的水平面上。 Is clear from the side view of FIG. 8, the pump assembly 50 having a low profile design, the center line of each pump and the motor in a very close to the horizontal plane. 泵的阵列是水平取向的，电动机68的驱动轴和外部本体也是一样。 Array pump is horizontally oriented, the drive shaft and outer body of the motor 68 is the same.
泵66、安装套筒106、焊接螺母144的安排以及安装壁110的构造共同使泵的磨损降低到一种迄今尚未达到过的水平。 Pump 66, mounting sleeve 106, weld nut 144 and a mounting arrangement of the common wall structure 110 down to the wear of the pump has not yet reached a level. 当装配泵组件50时，相信上述的泵和泵的安装配置可使泵和各相关安装系统的旋转轴线更加精确地对准。 When assembling the pump assembly 50, I believe that the installation of pumps and pump configuration described above allows the axis of rotation of the pump and the relevant installation system more precisely aligned. 然而，不必采用如泵组件50所示的成组驱动的泵，只要采用由一动力源(例如一电动机)驱动的单个泵就可以降低磨损和提高对准度。 However, without the use of a group such as the pump assembly 50 shown in a pump driven, as long as the use by a power source (e.g., a motor) driven by a single pump can reduce wear and increase the degree of alignment.
图14所示的泵66具有前述的外壳120，该外壳具有一第一端122、一第二端124和一内孔170。 Pump 66 shown in Fig. 14 having the aforementioned housing 120, the housing 122 having a first end, a second end 124 and an inner bore 170. 从图14中可以看到，驱动轴150延伸出安装毂126。 As seen in Figure 14, the drive shaft 150 extending mounting hub 126. 轴150具有一由安装在内孔170内的套筒轴承来支承的直径加大部分174。 By installing a bearing bore 170 within the inner sleeve to support the diameter of the shaft portion 174 150 has increased. 套筒轴承176处在紧靠转子178处，转子178形成在轴150的端部。 Sleeve bearing 176 is in close to the rotor 178, the rotor 178 is formed at the end of the shaft 150. 转子178相对于经过转动轴线中心的中间平面是不对称的，它呈现出L形的截面形状。 Of the rotor 178 with respect to the median plane through the axis of rotation center is asymmetric, it exhibits L-shaped cross-sectional shape. 在该较佳实施例中，转子178有九个驱动齿180(在图14中看上去好象是“L”形的一条腿)。 In the preferred embodiment, the rotor 178 has nine drive teeth 180 (in Fig. 14 appears as if the "L" shaped leg). 用一销子186把一用于转动的惰轮182安装到一端盖元件上。 With a pin 186 for rotating the idler gear 182 mounted on an end cap member. 从截面图上看，惰轮182最好也是非对称的。 Judging from the cross-sectional view, the best and the idler 182 non-symmetrical. 在图14中，惰轮182具有轮齿190。 In Figure 14, the idler gear 182 having gear teeth 190. 在图14中，由剖面截取出来的一轮齿是处在销子186的上方，而相邻轮齿之间的间隙则处在销子186的下方。 In Figure 14, the interception by the cross-section of a tooth out of the pin 186 is in the top, and the gap between adjacent teeth of the pins 186 are at the bottom. 端盖184是通过一系列螺栓194固定于壳体120。 End cap 184 by a series of bolts 194 fixed to the housing 120. 在壳体120的沿径向相对于惰轮182那侧的部分上形成有入口和出口通道。 Inlet and outlet passages that are formed on the side portion of the idler gear 182 in the radial direction with respect to the housing 120. 图14中以虚线形式示出了一入口通道196。 Figure 14 shows in phantom an inlet channel 196.
泵66包括一第二套筒轴承200，它邻接于泵轴150的暴露的自由端。 Pump 66 includes a second sleeve bearing 200, which is adjacent to the free end of the shaft 150 is exposed. 端盖184在泵66的第一端对内孔170起了流体密封的作用。 170 played a role in fluid sealing cap 184 at the first end of the internal pump 66 holes. 为了保证在泵第二端的流体密封，可以在那里采用一对密封件。 In order to ensure that the second end of the fluid in the pump seal, may be adopted where a pair of sealing member. 图14示出了具有互相接配面的密封件204、206。 Figure 14 shows a contact surface of the sealing member with each other 204,206. 通常，一个密封件随驱动轴150一起转动，而另一个密封件则保持固定，但也可能采用其它的配置。 Typically, one seal rotates together with drive shaft 150, while the other seal remains fixed, but may also employ other configurations. 例如，通过适当地、可转动地安装靠近轴承200的那一密封件，可使两个密封件随驱动轴150转动。 For example, by appropriately, rotatably mounted near the bearing seal member 200 which enables two seals with drive shaft 150 is rotated. 密封件206安装在一保持器210中，保持器最好和转轴的外表面相配。 Seal member 206 is mounted in a holder 210, it is preferable to maintain the inner and outer surface of the mating shaft. 轴承176和保持器210之间设置一弹簧212，以便将密封件204、206压配在一起。 A spring 212 disposed between the bearing 176 and the holder 210, so that the seal member 204, 206 press fit together. 弹簧212和轴承176之间设有一垫圈214，以降低磨损。 Spring 212 is provided between a washer 214 and the bearing 176, in order to reduce wear.
最初，驱动轴150只有很小的或没有“轴端间隙”。 Initially, the drive shaft 150 there is little or no "end play." 然而，使用了一段时间以后就可能产生一些轴端间隙，这时，弹簧212把转子头压向惰轮180与之接触，并且把转子齿180的自由端压向端盖122的接配面且与之接触。 However, after use for some time it may have some axial end play, this time, the spring 212 pressed in contact with the rotor head to idler 180, and the free ends of rotor teeth 180 is pressed against the contact surface of the end cap 122 and with contact with. 在该较佳实施例中，惰轮182和安装销186最好是由淬硬的材料制成，较佳的是硬质铸铁，最好是陶瓷。 In the preferred embodiment, the idler gear 182 and mounting pin 186 is preferably made of a hardened material, preferably a hard cast iron, preferably ceramic. 转子，特别是转子的齿180也宜由淬硬的材料制成，较佳的是硬质铸铁。 Rotor, especially the teeth 180 of the rotor is also preferably made of hardened material, preferably a hard cast iron. 端盖122也宜由淬硬的材料制成，较佳的是硬度大于转子的硬质铸铁，这样就可以在泵的长期使用过程中(附带有转子178和端盖122的磨损)提供连续的调节，从而在泵的整个使用寿命中保持恒定的输出。 Cover 122 should also be made of hardened material, preferably a rigid rotor harder than iron, so that you can use in the long process of the pump (included with the rotor and cap worn 178 122) to provide continuous adjusted to maintain a constant output over the lifetime of the pump.
在该较佳实施例中，惰轮182由陶瓷材料制成，具有大于盖和转子的硬度。 In the preferred embodiment, the idler pulley 182 made of ceramic material, and a rotor having a hardness greater than the cover. 把端盖元件制成在三个部件中具有中间硬度的部件，即硬度小于惰轮182，但是大于转子178。 The end cap member is made having an intermediate hardness of the three component parts, i.e., hardness is less than the idler gear 182, but larger than the rotor 178. 经长时间的使用之后，转子180的两自由端会产生磨损，从而减小转子的轴向长度。 After prolonged use by the two free ends of the rotor 180 will produce wear, thereby reducing the axial length of the rotor. 惰轮182面对的是由转子178施加的增大的压力，惰轮182的硬度大于转子，它钻入转子的面222中，因而可以有效地延长转子齿180的轴向长度以及相邻转子齿之间槽的间隙，从而对一给定的转动量保持一定的泵送体积。 Idler gear 182 is facing increasing pressure applied by the rotor 178, the idler gear 182 is greater than the hardness of the rotor, it is drilled into a surface of the rotor 222, it is possible to effectively extend the axial length of the rotor and the adjacent rotor teeth 180 clearance groove between teeth, whereby a given amount of rotation to maintain a certain pumped volume. 由于端盖元件122的硬度大于转子，所以会在转子的面222处而不是在端盖元件122上产生一补偿磨损。 Due to the hardness of the cover member 122 is greater than the rotor, it will be at the surface of the rotor 222 instead of generating a compensation of wear on the cover member 122.
现参见图15-22，前述阀板子组件包括一安装板230，它是一个具有水平板状部分232和下翻后壁234形式的底板。 Referring now to Figure 15-22, said valve assembly includes a board mounting plate 230, which is a plate-like portion 232 having a horizontal turn the rear wall 234 and a lower plate form. 分配头组件44安装在底板的前端，并通过多段管子240联接于各分配阀60。 Dispensing head assembly 44 mounted on the front base plate, and the tube 240 through the multistage valve 60 is coupled to each distribution. 另参见图21，分配头组件44包括一从本体部分246向下延伸的喷嘴部分244，本体部分最好是由一塑料块形成，经过加工后形成各流动通道，每一管道240都向喷嘴244延伸。 See also Figure 21, the dispense head assembly 44 includes a nozzle portion 246 extending downwardly from the body portion 244, the body portion is preferably formed of a plastic block, after processing forming the respective flow passages, each of the tubes 240 are the nozzle 244 extension.
在该较佳实施例中，从本体部分246的两侧壁和后壁均引出了三个流动通道。 In the preferred embodiment, the two side walls from the body portion 246 and the rear wall are drawn three flow channels. 各段管子并排安置，并且大体上随着托板230的水平板部分232走向。 Each segment of the tube placed side by side, and generally with the horizontal plate section 232 to 230 pallets. 从图16中可以看到，各段管子从本体246的两侧壁和后壁成“扇状展开”。 Can be seen from Figure 16, each segment of the tube 246 from the body side walls and a rear wall into a "fan expand." 各段管子连接于阀60的各分配口250。 Each segment of the tube is connected to the valve 60 of the respective distribution ports 250. 在该较佳实施例中，各分配阀60直接安装在底板230的后壁上。 In the preferred embodiment, each of the dispensing valve 60 is mounted directly on the rear wall 230 of the base plate.
然而，如图16所示，也可以把分配阀60先安装到一中间板254上，然后依次把中间板安装到后壁234上。 However, as shown in Figure 16, the dispensing valve 60 may be mounted to a first intermediate plate 254, followed by the intermediate plate 234 is mounted to the rear wall. 安装板254具有细长的安装孔(未示)，以接纳放入后壁234中的螺纹紧固件(未示)。 The mounting plate 254 has elongated mounting holes (not shown), placed in the rear wall 234 to receive threaded fasteners (not shown). 安装板254可在垂直方向上作少量移动，以便控制各段管子240可能有的倾斜程度。 The mounting plate 254 may be a small amount of movement in the vertical direction, so as to control each section of the tube 240 may have the degree of tilt. 在图16所示的变化型实施例中，安装板254可以重新定位，以便根据需要引入或消除各段管子的少量向下倾斜度。 Changing type shown in FIG. 16 embodiment, the mounting plate 254 can be repositioned so as to introduce or eliminate a small amount of each segment of the tube downward as needed. 各段管子应该是柔性结构，使能进行这些调节。 Each segment of the tube should be flexible structure, so that these adjustments can be performed.
另参见图4，从泵输出的流体通过各管道260连至各分配阀60的入口。 See also FIG. 4, the output from the fluid pump 260 through the conduit 60 is connected to the inlet of each dispensing valve. 各管道262将各分配阀的输出口264连接至各罐子58，并且有管道把各罐子和泵的输入口连接起来。 Each pipe 262 of each dispensing valve is connected to the output port 264 of each jar 58, and a duct to each jar and the pump inlet coupled together. 在该较佳实施例中，需分配的材料储存在各罐子56、58内，并通过各管道260泵送到各分配阀60。 Materials In the preferred embodiment, the storage should be allocated in each jar 56, 58, and supplied to each of the dispensing valve 60 through the pipeline 260 pump. 分配阀60的构造使得流体材料能通过分配阀环流，流体从出口264排出，经管道262返回各罐子56、58。 Dispensing valve 60 is configured such that the fluid material dispensing valve through circulation, fluid is discharged from the outlet 264, via a conduit 262 to return each jar 56,58. 当一个分配循环开始的时候，控制电路72通过各导线270向各分配阀60发出指令，流体从出口250转向，经各段管子240和分配头246后流到分配喷嘴244。 When starting a dispensing cycle, the control circuit 72 sent through the wire 270 to each distribution valve 60 instructions, steering fluid from the outlet 250, through each segment of the tube 240 and flow to the dispenser head 246 after the dispensing nozzle 244. 这种再循环可防止各种不同管道中的凝固，并且避免增添由电动机282驱动的、用来防止各容器中发生凝固的搅拌器280(见图4)。 This recirculation prevents various pipeline solidification, and avoid adding 282 driven by an electric motor, to prevent solidification of the agitator 280 (see FIG. 4) occurs in each vessel.
分配头246的上表面上固定有印刷线路板292，该印刷线路板上安装有一盏灯290。 On the upper surface of the dispensing head 246 is fixed to the printed circuit board 292, the printed circuit board is mounted on a lamp 290. 灯290放置在形成于分配头246和分配喷嘴244中心的一通道246内，这样灯190的照明就可以指示接纳分配材料的罐子所需的位置。 Lamp 290 is placed within dispensing head 246 is formed on the dispensing nozzle 244 and the center of a passage 246, so that the illumination lamp 190 can indicate acceptance of dispensing material jar desired location. 参见图21，在分配喷嘴244的底端有不锈钢的各喷嘴延伸段298，各喷嘴延伸段伸出喷嘴的底面300很小一段距离。 Referring to Figure 21, the bottom end 244 of the distribution nozzle has a stainless steel extension 298 of each nozzle, each nozzle extension 300 extending the bottom surface of the nozzle is very small distance. 在图21中，分配喷嘴244和分配头246内的流动通道是用虚线表示的。 In Figure 21, the dispensing nozzle flow passage 244 within the dispensing head 246 and is indicated by broken lines.
以上各附图以及种种描述仅仅是为了详细地说明本发明的构造细节及其操作形式。 Various drawings and described above merely to illustrate the details of construction and operation of the present invention in detail. 对各种部件的形式和比例大小的变动，以及各种相当的替换都是很容易作出的；尽管使用了特定的术语，但它们仅起了一般的说明作用，并非用于限制的目的。 And changes in the form of the ratio of the size of the various components, and various equivalent substitutions are made easily; although specific terms are employed, they play only a general description of the role and not for purposes of limitation. 本发明的保护范围是由以下权利要求限定的。 The scope of the present invention is defined by the following claims.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|CN100564239C||20 May 2003||2 Dec 2009||西奎斯特完美分配器外国公司||Aerosol dispenser for mixing and dispensing a first and a second fluid and method for filling the dispenser using the first and the second fluids|
|CN102826496A *||31 Aug 2012||19 Dec 2012||常熟通润汽车零部件股份有限公司||Lifting jack oiling machine|
|CN102826496B||31 Aug 2012||12 Mar 2014||常熟通润汽车零部件股份有限公司||Lifting jack oiling machine|
|International Classification||F04C2/08, B01F13/10, B67D7/62, B67D99/00, B67D7/02, B67D7/78|
|Cooperative Classification||F04C2/082, B67D7/62, B01F13/1055, B67D7/02, B67D7/78, F05C2251/10|
|European Classification||F04C2/08B, B01F13/10G, B67D7/02, B67D7/62, B67D7/78|
|13 Aug 1997||C06||Publication|
|13 May 1998||C01||Deemed withdrawal of patent application (patent law 1993)|