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Publication numberCN1104163 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 97193742
PCT numberPCT/US1997/003792
Publication date26 Mar 2003
Filing date20 Feb 1997
Priority date20 Feb 1996
Also published asCN1216204A, DE69714415D1, DE69714415T2, EP0882374A1, EP0882374B1, US5815808, WO1997030559A1
Publication number97193742.7, CN 1104163 C, CN 1104163C, CN 97193742, CN-C-1104163, CN1104163 C, CN1104163C, CN97193742, CN97193742.7, PCT/1997/3792, PCT/US/1997/003792, PCT/US/1997/03792, PCT/US/97/003792, PCT/US/97/03792, PCT/US1997/003792, PCT/US1997/03792, PCT/US1997003792, PCT/US199703792, PCT/US97/003792, PCT/US97/03792, PCT/US97003792, PCT/US9703792
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Location based screening in mobile long-distance telecommunications system
CN 1104163 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种在移动式远程通信系统内专门位置的筛选目录被分派给移动用户。 A mobile telecommunication system within the filter position is assigned a directory dedicated to the mobile user. 如果移动用户由该位置的移动交换中心提供服务,所有的始发及终接呼叫被对照已存贮在筛选目录中的允许的电话号码作筛选,如果是匹配的,远程通信服务被选择性地提供。 If the mobile subscribers served by the mobile switching center of the location service, all originating and terminating calls are stored in the control has been filtered directory allows the telephone number for screening, if it is a match, telecommunications service is selectively available. 否则,通路被拒绝,单个移动站对于移动式远程通信系统内的不同位置可以有分开的筛选目录,因此,不同的筛选目录可以分派给移动式远程通信系统内的局部通路与传输区,网络区,位置区及蜂窝区。 Otherwise, access is denied, a single mobile station to a different location within the mobile telecommunication system can have a separate screening directory, so that different screening can be assigned to a local directory path and transmission area of mobile telecommunication systems within the network area , location area and cell area.
Claims(26)  translated from Chinese
1.一种在蜂窝远程通信系统中为移动用户选择性地筛选输入与输出呼叫的方法,所说的方法包括以下步骤:接收用于建立在所述的移动用户与远程通信方之间的联接的呼叫建立请求,所述的远程通信方具有一个有联系的电话号码;确定所述移动用户的当前位置;确定是否所述的电话号码是与所述的移动用户当前的位置有联系的筛选寄存器内表列值中的一个;和响应所述的确定步骤处理所述的呼叫建立请求。 1. In a cellular telecommunications system for the mobile user to selectively input and screening methods outgoing call, said method comprising the steps of: receiving a connection is established between the mobile subscriber and the remote communication party for The call establishment request, said telecommunications party having a telephone number associated; determining the current location of the mobile subscriber; determining whether said telephone number is associated with the mobile subscriber's current location register Screening within a table column values; and in response to said determining step of processing said call setup request.
2.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的接收呼叫启动请求的步骤还包括接收从所述的移动用户向所述的远程通信方的一个始发呼叫启动请求的步骤。 2. A method according to claim 1, wherein said step of receiving a call start request further comprises the step of receiving from said mobile subscriber originating a call to a remote communication party initiating the request.
3.根据权利要求2的方法,其中所述的处理所述的呼叫启动请求的步骤还包括以下的步骤:如果所述的电话号码被包括在用于所述的移动用户的筛选寄存器内表列值中的一项,则处理所述的始发呼叫启动请求;否则产生拒绝信息给所述的移动用户。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the step of processing the call start wherein said request further comprises the steps of: if the telephone number is included within the mobile user for selection register table column the value of the item, then start requesting the originating call processing; otherwise refuse to produce information to the mobile user's.
4.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的接收呼叫启动请求的步骤还包括接收从所述的远程通信方到所述的移动用户的终接呼叫请求的步骤。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step of receiving a call start request further comprises the step of terminating the call request is received from the remote communication party to the mobile subscriber.
5.根据权利要求4的方法,其中所述的处理呼叫启动请求的步骤还包括以下步骤:如果所述的电话号码包括在所述的筛选寄存器内的表列值中的一项,通过告警所述的移动用户处理所述的终接呼叫请求并建立语音联系;否则产生拒绝信息给所述的远程通信方。 5. The method according to claim 4, the step of processing the call initiation request, wherein said further comprising the step of: if the telephone number comprises a table column values in the screening of a register by the alarm said processing of the mobile subscriber terminating the call request, and establish a voice connection; otherwise the remote communication party declines to said information.
6.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的步骤还包括确定所述的移动用户当前所在的局部通路及传输区(LATA)的步骤。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the mobile user's current location further comprises the step of determining the mobile user's current location and the local access transport area (LATA) steps.
7.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的步骤还包括确定移动用户当前所在的网络区的步骤。 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the mobile user's current location further comprises the step of determining the mobile user's current network area.
8.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的步骤还包括确定移动用户当前所在的局部区的步骤。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the mobile user's current location further comprises the step of determining the mobile subscriber is currently located in the local area.
9.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的步骤还包括确定移动用户当前所在的蜂窝区的步骤。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the mobile user's current location further comprises the step of determining the mobile subscriber is currently located in the cell area.
10.一种对于在蜂窝远程通信系统内的移动用户选择性地筛选输入与输出呼叫的系统,所述的系统包括:移动交换中心,用于接收呼叫建立请求,以便在所述的移动用户与远程通信方之间建立联接,所述的远程通信方拥有一个有联系的电话号码;归属位置寄存器,用于确定所述移动用户的当前位置;确定所述的电话号码是否是与所述的移动用户当前位置有联系的筛选寄存器内表列值中的一项的装置;和响应所述的确定装置处理所述的呼叫建立请求的网关移动交换中心。 10. A method for mobile users within a cellular telecommunications system for selectively screening system input and output call, said system comprising: a mobile switching center, for receiving a call establishment request to the mobile subscriber and connection is established between the remote communication party, said telecommunications party having a telephone number associated; home location register, for determining the current location of the mobile subscriber; determining whether the telephone number is a mobile and said device user's current location has one of the tabulated values associated filter register; and determining means for processing said call in response to said gateway mobile switching center establishing request.
11.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述移动交换中心还接收从所述的移动用户向所述的远程通信方的始发呼叫建立请求。 11. The system of claim 10, wherein said mobile switching center also receives from the mobile subscriber originates a call establishment request according to the remote communication party.
12.根据权利要求11的系统,其中:如果所述的电话号码包括在所述的移动用户筛选寄存器内表列值中的一项,则该网关移动交换中心处理所述的始发呼叫建立请求,否则该归属位置寄存器产生一种拒绝信息给所述的移动用户。 12. The system of claim 11, wherein: if the mobile subscriber telephone number including in said filter table column values within a register, then the gateway mobile switching center processes the originating call setup request Otherwise, the home location register to produce a denial of information to the mobile user.
13.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述移动交换中心还接收从所述的远程通信方到所述移动用户的终接呼叫请求。 13. The system of claim 10, wherein said mobile switching center also receives from the remote communication party to the mobile subscriber terminating the call request.
14.根据权利要求12的系统,其中如果所述的电话号码包括在筛选寄存器内表列值中的一项,所述的网关移动交换中心:通过告警所述的移动用户和建立话音联接来处理和终接呼叫请求;否则该归属位置寄存器产生一种拒绝信息给远程通信方。 Handled by the mobile users to establish voice alarm and said coupling: 14. The system of claim 12, wherein if the phone number included in the filter register value in a table column, said gateway mobile switching center and terminating call request; otherwise, the home location register to produce a refusal to communicate information to the remote party.
15.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述归属位置寄存器确定移动用户当前位置的局部通路与传输区(LATA)。 15. The system of claim 10, wherein said home location register to determine the local path and transfer area (LATA) mobile user's current location.
16.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述归属位置寄存器确定所述移动用户当前所在的网络区。 16. The system of claim 10, wherein said home location register determines the current location of the mobile subscriber network area.
17.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的装置还包括确定移动用户当前所在的位置区的装置。 17. The system of claim 10, wherein determining the mobile user's current position determining means further comprises means for moving the user's current location area.
18.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述的确定移动用户当前位置的装置还包括确定移动用户当前所在的蜂窝区的装置。 18. The system of claim 10, wherein determining the mobile user's current position determining means further comprises means for moving the user is currently located in the cell area.
19.一种选择性地处理在移动用户与移动远程通信网络内远程通信方之间的呼叫建立请求的方法,所述的网络包括许多服务区,所述的方法包括以下步骤:将包含筛选目录的寄存器与所述的服务区之一建立联系;接收用于建立所述的移动用户与远程通信方之间的联接的呼叫建立请求;如果所述的移动用户在所述的服务区中的一个,确定与所述的远程通信方有联系的电话号码是所述的寄存器内表列值中的一项;和响应所述的确定选择性地处理所述的呼叫建立请求。 Call setup request 19. A method for selectively processing between the mobile user and the mobile telecommunications network telecommunications party, said network comprising a plurality of service areas, said method comprising the steps of: filtering the directory containing the registers to establish contact with one of said service area; receiving a call for establishing a connection with a remote user of the mobile communication establishment request between the parties; if said one mobile subscriber in the service area of said , determined according to the remote communication party telephone number is associated within the tabulated value of register A; determining selectively process said call setup request and response to said.
20.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的与所述的寄存器建立联系的步骤还包括将所述的寄存器与代表局部通路和传输区(LATA)的服务区之一建立联系的步骤。 20. The method according to claim 19, said step of establishing a connection with a register wherein said further comprises a register with one of the representatives of the local access and transport area (LATA) the service area of the step of establishing contact.
21.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的与所述的寄存器建立联系的步骤还包括将所述的寄存器与代表网络区的服务区之一建立联系的步骤。 21. The method of claim 19, said step of establishing a connection with a register wherein said further comprises a register with one of the representatives of the service area of the network region the step of establishing contact.
22.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的与所述的寄存器建立联系的步骤还包括将所述的寄存器与代表位置区的服务区之一建立联系的步骤。 22. The method according to claim 19, said step of establishing a connection with a register wherein said further comprises a register with one of said service areas representing the location area of the step of establishing contact.
23.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的与所述的寄存器建立联系的步骤还包括将所述的寄存器与代表蜂窝区的服务区之一建立联系的步骤。 23. The method according to claim 19, said step of establishing a connection with a register wherein said further comprises a register with one of the representatives of the cellular service area step of establishing contact.
24.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的选择性地处理所述的呼叫建立请求的步骤还包括以下步骤:如果是匹配的,处理所述的呼叫建立请求;否则拒绝所述的呼叫建立请求。 24. A method according to claim 19, wherein said selectively processing the call set-up request further comprises the steps of: if it is a match, processing said call setup request; otherwise, reject the call set-up request.
25.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的接收所述的呼叫建立请求的步骤还包括接收从所述的远程通信方向所述的移动用户的终接呼叫启动请求的步骤。 25. The method according to claim 19, wherein the call establishment request of said step of receiving further comprises the step of receiving a call start request from a remote user to move said direction of said communication terminating.
26.根据权利要求19的方法,其中所述的接收所述的呼叫建立请求的步骤还包括接收从所述的移动用户向所述的远程通信方的始发呼叫建立请求的步骤。 26. The method according to claim 19, wherein the call establishment request of said step of receiving further comprises the step of receiving from said mobile subscriber to the originating call establishment request according to the remote communication parties.
Description  translated from Chinese
在移动式远程通信系统中基于位置的筛选 Location based screening in a mobile telecommunications system

本发明涉及蜂窝式远程通信系统,尤其是,根据规定的电话号码筛选目录的位置选择性地提供远程通信服务。 The present invention relates to cellular telecommunications systems, in particular, according to the predetermined location of the directory telephone number screening selectively providing telecommunications services.

随着移动式远程通信系统的出现与发展,远程通信用户实际上不再束缚于有线终端或用于远程通信网络通信的位置。 With the advent and development of mobile telecommunications systems, telecommunications users are no longer bound to actually wired terminal or a communication network for communication with a remote location. 利用增加的漫游和办公室间转交的性能,移动用户可以在多个公共的地面移动网络(PLMN)之间旅行,使用同样的电话号码和同样的移动站(MS)发出输出呼叫和接收输入呼叫,因此,移动用户可以从多个位置利用多个服务提供者接受远程通信服务,并将任何需要交费的帐单归于他自己的名下。 Between the increased use of roaming performance and office transmitted, the mobile user may be between the plurality of public land mobile network (PLMN) travel, using the same telephone number and the same mobile station (MS) to issue an outgoing call and receive an incoming call, Thus, mobile users can take advantage of multiple service providers from multiple locations accept remote communications services, and any required payment of bills attributed to his name. 而且,呼叫方为了选择适当的路径及建立语音联接并不一定需要知道移动用户实际上位于何处,在访问位置寄存器(VLR)和主位置寄存器(HLR)之间的数据信号自动更新并存贮用户信息,使网络能将输入呼叫重新联接到为漫游的移动用户服务的适当的移动交换中心(MSC)。 Moreover, the caller in order to select the appropriate path and establishes a voice connection does not necessarily need to know where the mobile subscriber is physically located, the data signals between visitor location register (VLR) and a home location register (HLR) automatically update and store user information, the network can reconnect the incoming call to the appropriate mobile switching center for the mobile subscriber roaming service (MSC).

可是,这样一种增加的机动性对于一个与服务提供者有自己名下的债务的用户来说并不总是希望的,与有线通信不同,蜂窝用户既要负担输入呼叫引起的费用也要负担输出呼叫引起的费用。 However, such an increase in mobility for a service provider's own user name of debt is not always desirable, wired communication with the different cellular users only have to pay the cost of incoming calls have caused the burden Call costs caused output. 而且,因为机动性是由移动站本身提供的,拥有MS的用户很少能对他的MS和它的服务进行总的控制。 Moreover, since the mobility is provided by the mobile station itself, the user of the MS rarely has his MS and its service overall control. 因此,如果一个MS安装在一部汽车内,无论在用这部车的那个人使用MS,就能把费用归在用户的名下,况且,如果移动用户在他的主MSC地区以外漫游时,他无法阻止输入长途呼叫和避免不希望的付费。 Therefore, if an MS installed in a car, whether in the car with the person using the MS, the cost will be able to go in the user's name, moreover, if the mobile user roams outside the MSC area when his Lord, He could not stop and enter the long-distance calls to avoid unwanted cost.

许多系统已开发出来了,可在远程通信系统中闭锁不希望的输入呼叫和阻止未授权的输出呼叫,最简单的实施方案是一种保密系统,其中用户在能够让移动站工作和接受远程通信服务以前,必须输入通行字或个人识别号(PIN),这是过分的限制,因为没有通行字,所有的输入或输出呼叫,包括紧急呼叫,都被拒绝,其它被提供的较先进与灵活的系统或者是通过MS中的模块或者是服务的MSC实现的,其中输入或输出呼叫被选择性地拒绝,这种拒绝也可以以时间为基础。 Many systems have been developed, latchable undesirable in a telecommunications system of the incoming call and to prevent unauthorized outgoing call, the simplest embodiment is a security system in which the user can make the work of the mobile station and receiving telecommunications Before the service, you must enter a password or personal identification number (PIN), which is too limited, because there is no password, all incoming or outgoing calls, including emergency calls, have been rejected, the other more advanced and flexible to be provided system or by MSC MS or the implementation of the service module, wherein the input or output of the call is selectively rejected, this rejection may be time-based. 例如,在白天,所有有线终端的输出长途呼叫可被拒绝,用户也可希望永远禁止900系列的电话号码。 For example, during the day, all long distance calls wired output terminal may be rejected, the user can also hope that a permanent ban on 900 telephone number. 可是,这些系统中的大多数是包括一切的而不是排他性的,除非该系统受到指令要禁止整个一组号码,否则系统通常阻止为有限的号码组服务并允许为其余的服务,另一方面,因为服务费用昂贵,移动用户通常希望接收或发送有限的电话号码组而禁止使用其余的号码。 However, most of these systems are all-inclusive, rather than exclusive, unless the system is a set of instructions to ban the entire number, otherwise the system usually stop for a limited number of group services and allow for the rest of the service, on the other hand, Because the service is expensive, mobile users often want to receive or send a limited set of phone numbers and prohibit the use of the rest of the numbers.

因此,在可能规定要禁用的目的地的场合,目的地通常作为目的地类型被规定,所以,许多电话号码簿的号码以目的地类型分组,如:-联到同样的交换局/网络的正常用户;-联到同样的交换局的特殊用户(如紧急号码);和-通过干线达到的目的地(长途呼叫);因此,当前的系统就是意味着如果一个移动用户能够呼叫该组中的一个号码,就很难防止他呼叫同组中的另一个号码。 Therefore, in a situation that may want to disable the destination specified, the destination is usually prescribed as a destination type, so many numbers in the telephone directory destination type grouping, such as: - connected to the same exchange / network normal user; - the user connected to the same special switching office (such as emergency numbers); and - the destination reached by trunks (long distance calls); therefore, the current system is that means that if a mobile user is able to call one of the group numbers, it is difficult to prevent the same group he calls another number. 遗憾的是,以上的禁止功能并不能充分地为移动用户服务,因为他们希望在移动站漫游的情况下能对他们的付款及远程通信服务有更严格的,有选择性的控制。 Unfortunately, the above prohibition does not function adequately service for mobile users, because they want to in the case of a roaming mobile station can pay for their telecommunications services and more stringent, selective control. 例如,移动用户可能想要对不同的MS位置有选择性地控制不同类型的通路(即电话簿号码的不同目录)。 For example, a user may want to move to a different location of the MS to selectively control different types of access (i.e., different directories directory number). 另一个例子可能是如果移动站是由署名所有人的孩子们使用,署名所有人可能希望禁止所有的输入与输出的长途呼叫。 Another example might be if the mobile station is used by the signature of all the kids, everyone might want to disable the signature long-distance calls all inputs and outputs. 然而,出于紧急的理由,如果移动站总是离开主区并漫游到另一个MSC覆盖区,署名所有人可能希望允许只是打开署名所有人的主电话号码簿上的号码的长途呼叫。 However, for emergency reasons, if the mobile station is always away from the main area and roam to another MSC coverage area, the signature may want to allow only the owner to open the main long-distance call number on the telephone directory for all signature. 这是因为,如果孩子们已经驱车进入另一个MSC覆盖区,所有向与主MSC区有联系的有线电话号码簿上号码的呼叫现在被考虑为长途呼叫。 This is because, if the kids have to drive to another MSC coverage area, all to the MSC area associated with the primary wired telephone directory number of the call is now being considered as a long-distance call. 因此,即使孩子们希望给家打电话,这样的呼叫也被以前的长途禁用类型所禁止。 Therefore, even if the kids want to call home, this call is also disabled former long-distance type prohibited. 这样的限制是不利的,迫使署名所有人因为担心紧急情况而放弃限制。 Such restrictions are disadvantageous, forcing all for fear of signature and give emergency limit.

当前系统的另一种不适当的情况就是,当移动用户在他的主覆盖区内时,他可能希望接收所有输入的长途呼叫,然而,当他漫游在另一个MSC覆盖区中时,他可能只希望接收所选的电话号码簿号码的目录的输入长途呼叫。 Another inadequate the current system is that when mobile users in the coverage area of his Lord, he might want to receive all toll calls inputs, however, when he was roaming in another MSC coverage area, he may only want to receive the selected directory phone book numbers input long distance calls. 这样的一种目录可包括代表他的家庭和顾客的电话号码。 Such a catalog could include representatives of his family and the customer's phone number. 如果他在一个MSC区域,他可能希望只接收由所选的与该地区有联系的顾客的目录来的输入呼叫。 If he is in an MSC area, he may want to receive only selected by the region associated with the customer's catalog to an incoming call. 如他稍后漫游到另一个MSC区域,他可再次希望只接收由另一个所选的与该地区有联系的顾客的目录来的输入呼叫,然而,当前的系统不可能在一个移动式远程通信系统中对不同的位置提供不同的筛选目录。 Later, as he roams to another MSC area, he may hope to receive again only by having contact with customers in the region to the selected directory to another incoming call, however, the current system is not possible in a mobile telecommunication Screening systems provide different directories for different positions.

欧洲专利申请NO.0 676 884 A2公开了一种选择性筛选一个蜂窝电话的输入呼叫的系统和方法。 European Patent Application NO.0 676 884 A2 discloses a system and method for selective screening of a cellular telephone of an incoming call. 该系统包括一个呼叫者标识符目录,可包括被接受的呼叫者的电话号码。 The system includes a caller identifier directory may include the caller's telephone number accepted. 当一个呼叫被指向蜂窝电话时,要作出决定是否该呼叫者是与该目录有联系的被接受的呼叫者,如果是,呼叫被转给蜂窝电话。 When a call is directed to a cellular telephone, to decide whether the caller is the directory has been accepted callers contact, and if so, the call is transferred to a cellular phone. 否则,呼叫可被断开或转移,或呼叫者可被提供支付呼叫的选择。 Otherwise, the call may be disconnected or transferred, or the caller may be provided the option to pay a call.

欧洲专利申请No.0 647 076 A1公开了一种提供并发送局部信息到移动站的蜂窝无线电通信系统,系统接收由移动站发送的第一消息,第一消息包含与移动站位置有联系的位置信息,从第一消息中摘出,系统包括一个服务器,产生局部信息响应被摘出的位置信息,并将产生的局部信息作为补充消息发送到移动站。 European Patent Application No.0 647 076 A1 discloses a method for providing and transmitting local information to the mobile station of a cellular radio communication system, the system receives a first message transmitted by the mobile station, the first message comprising the location associated with mobile station location information, pick out from the first message, the system comprising a server, generates local information in response to the position information is excised, and the resulting local information as a supplement to a message sent to the mobile station.

因此,提供这样一种系统将是有利的,其中选择性的移动远程通信服务的提供是依据移动站的位置及与B方(终接呼叫的呼叫方,始发呼叫的被呼叫方)有联系的电话号码。 Thus, to provide such a system would be advantageous, which can selectively provide a mobile telecommunications service is based on location of the mobile station and the B-party (calling party terminating the call, the called party originating the call) associated telephone number.

本发明的优点在于,首先根据移动站的当前位置,然后根据与B方有联系的电话号码,使移动用户选择性地接通与提供远程通信服务。 Advantage of the present invention is that, first of all according to the current location of the mobile station, and then associated with the B-party telephone number, the mobile user to selectively turn on and provide telecommunications services.

本发明是一种选择性筛选在具有多个服务区的蜂窝远程通信系统内移动站的输入与输出呼叫的系统与方法,本方法包括分派包含所允许的电话号码的筛选目录到每个服务区,接收呼叫启动请求,在移动站与具有电话号码的远程通信方之间建立联接。 The present invention is a system and method for selective screening in the input and output having a plurality of service areas within a cellular telecommunications system mobile station calls, the method comprising including dispatch allowed directory telephone number to each service area Screening receiving a call initiation request, establish a connection between the mobile station and the telecommunications party having a telephone number. 本方法也包括确定移动站是位于那个服务区,将远程通信方的电话号码同与所确定的移动站的位置有联系的筛选目录所允许的电话号码作比较,然后,如果电话号码与所允许的电话号码经比较是相同的,移动站与远程通信方被联接,否则,移动站与远程通信方将不被联接。 The method also includes determining that the mobile station is located in the service area, the remote communication party's telephone number and the location of the mobile station with there being determined by contact of screening allowed phone number directory compare, and then, if the telephone number of the allowed By comparison of the telephone number are the same, the mobile station is coupled with a remote communication party, otherwise, the mobile station and the telecommunications party will not be coupled. 如果移动站旅行到不同的服务区,那末,不同的筛选目录被用于筛选所有后续的输入与输出呼叫。 If the mobile station to travel to a different service area, then, different screening directory is used to screen for input and output of all subsequent calls.

一方面,本发明包括一种方法与设备,用于选择性地筛选在一个移动远程通信系统内移动用户的输入与输出呼叫,其中该筛选的实施首先基于移动用户的位置,然后基于所分派的筛选目录,因此,将允许的电话簿号码的目录存贮并对照与呼叫有联系的电话簿号码比较,以便确定来自移动用户的特定位置的呼叫是否应被允许。 In one aspect, the present invention comprises a method and apparatus for selectively filtering the input and output in a mobile call within a telecommunication system for mobile users, wherein the first filter is implemented based on the mobile user's location, and then based on the assigned Screening directory, therefore, will allow the directory storage and the directory number of the call associated with the control of directory numbers in order to determine whether a particular call from the mobile user's position should be allowed.

当结合附图参看以下的详细描述后可对本发明的方法与设备有更完整的理解,其中: When the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings of methods and apparatus may present invention has a more complete understanding, wherein:

图1是说明一个公共地面移动网络(PLMN)与一个移动站(MS)和公共交换电话网络(PSTN)接合的简图;图2是说明单个PLMN进一步包括多个移动交换中心(MSC)区域的示意图;图3是说明单个MSC进一步包括多个局部区域(LA)的示意图;图4是说明单个局部区域进一步包括多个蜂窝区的示意图;图5是说明包含所选的与特定的局部通路与传输地区号(LATA)有联系的电话簿号码目录的存贮器部件的示意图;图6是说明包含所选的与网络码(NC)号有联系的电话簿号码目录的存贮器部件的示意图;图7是说明包含所选的与位置区域(LA)号有联系的电话簿号码目录的存贮器部件的示意图;图8是说明包含所选的与蜂窝标识(CI)号有联系的电话簿号码目录的存贮器部件的示意图; Figure 1 is a schematic view of a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and a mobile station (MS) and a public switched telephone network (PSTN) engaged; Fig. 2 is a diagram illustrating a single PLMN further comprising multiple mobile switching center (MSC) area schematic view; Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a single MSC further comprising a plurality of local area (LA); Figure 4 is a schematic view of a single local region further comprises a plurality of cell regions; FIG. 5 is described comprising the selected partial path and with a particular Transfer Area Code (LATA) memory units associated directory number directory schematic; Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating a network comprising the selected code number (NC) associated directory number directory memory member ; Figure 7 illustrates the position of the region containing the selected number (LA) has a schematic view of a directory of the directory number associated memory member; FIG. 8 is a honeycomb containing the selected identification number (CI) associated telephone schematic directory number directory memory member;

图9是说明依据本发明的讲授筛选一个始发呼叫的步骤的流程图;和图10是说明依据本发明的讲授筛选一个终接呼叫的步骤的流程图。 Figure 9 is a flowchart illustrating the steps according to the present invention teaches a screening of the call origination; and FIG. 10 is a flowchart illustrating the steps according to the present invention teaches screening a terminating call in.

图1示出了一种公共地面移动网络(PLMN)10,正如将在以下要公开的,本发明可在其中得到实现,用于与移动用户通信的PLMN10,包括一个移动交换中心(MSC)40,一个主位置寄存器(HLR)30,一个访问位置寄存器(VLR)35,一个基站(BS)50,和一个移动站(MS)80,PLMN10与公共交换电话网(PSTN)20接合提供与其它电话用户的通信通路,BS50用数字或模拟通信通路60联到MSC40,通过无线电通道70与移动站80通信。 Figure 1 shows a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) 10, as will be disclosed in the following to be, in which the present invention may be realized, for PLMN10 in communication with the mobile user, comprises a mobile switching center (MSC) 40 , a home location register (HLR) 30, a visitor location register (VLR) 35, a base station (BS) 50, and a mobile station (MS) 80, PLMN10 with the public switched telephone network (PSTN) 20 to provide engagement with other telephone user communication paths, BS50 digital or analog communication passage 60 connected to the MSC40, the communication passage 70 by radio with the mobile station 80. HLR30是一个数据库,包含关于所有“主“用户,他们的服务及位置的信息。 HLR30 is a database that contains information about all of the "main" user, information services and their location. VLR35是一个数据库,包含关于所有“访问”用户的信息,他们的服务以及当前在此MSC40区域中被服务的位置,在高用户密度的大网络中,HLR30和VLR35是分开的节点。 VLR35 is a database containing information about all "visiting" users, their services and the current position is in this MSC40 service area, the user density is high in a large network, HLR30 and VLR35 are separate nodes. 在小网络中,它们可被合并在MSC40中,如图1所示。 In small networks, they can be incorporated in MSC40, as shown in Fig.

MSC40包含移动站署名承付,对该移动站标记为“主MSC”,如果用户在一次交谈期间穿过边界到另一个MSC地区,将发生互相交换转交,然后邻近的MSC,称为“访问MSC”,处理这次交谈-这个过程称为“转交”,如果一个外来的移动用户旅行到MSC40地区,并接通他的MS单元,VLR35与分派到外来的移动用户的主HLR通信,鉴定并检验远程通信服务,从主HLR到VLR35更新必要的用户信息,然后该外来的移动用户被注册为“漫游”用户,并相应地提供远程通信服务,——这过程也称为“漫游”。 MSC40 mobile station comprising signature commitments, the mobile station is marked as "master MSC", if the user once crossed the border to another MSC area during a conversation, exchange occurs transmitted, then the adjacent MSC, known as "access MSC 'handling of the conversation - a process known as "forward", if a mobile user travels to exotic MSC40 area and turned his MS unit, VLR35 and assigned to the master HLR external communications for mobile users, identify and test telecommunications service, from the primary HLR updates to VLR35 necessary user information, then the foreign mobile subscriber is registered as a "roaming" users, and accordingly provides the telecommunications service - this process is also known as "roaming."

这样增加的机动性对于与服务提供者有署名承诺的债务的用户来说,并不总是希望的。 This increases the flexibility for the service provider has signed debt commitments users who are not always desirable. 与有线通信不同,移动用户既要负担输入又要负担输出呼叫引起的费用,况且,因为MS的机动性,一个本地的呼叫当MSC旅行走出他的主MSC地区时可以立即并彻底地成为长途呼叫。 Unlike wired communications, mobile users only have to bear the burden of the cost of inputs but also caused an outgoing call, moreover, because the MS mobility, a local call when traveling out of the MSC MSC when his main area immediately and thoroughly become long distance calls . 而且,拥有MS的移动用户很少对他的MS有总的实际的控制。 Also, the mobile user has his MS MS rarely has total actual control. 例如,如果MS安装在一部汽车里,无论谁正在使用该汽车就具有对MS的通路。 For example, if the MS installed in a car, regardless of who is using the car will have the MS path. 移动用户也没有有效的方法禁止不希望的输入长途呼叫。 Mobile users have no effective way to prohibit unwanted input long distance calls.

为了在远程通信系统中使移动用户能闭锁不希望的输入呼叫和拒绝未授权的输出呼叫,已经实现了许多禁用系统。 In order manipulation mobile telecommunications system user will be blocked and unwanted incoming call reject unauthorized outgoing call, the system has achieved a number of disabled. 然而,当前系统所提供的功能是包含一切而不是排他性的,因此,除非系统被指令禁止整个组的号码,系统通常防止对有限组的号码服务并允许对其余的提供服务,另一方面,因为昂贵的服务费用及不希望的输入长途费用,移动用户通常想做相反的事情-移动用户通常希望接收与发送有限组的电话簿号码并禁止其余的,因为这样一些差别,现有的筛选和禁止系统并不能为移动用户充分地提供筛选功能。 However, the current system provides the feature is included but not exclusive of all, therefore, unless the system is instructed to disable the entire group of numbers, the system usually prevents service for a limited set of numbers and allows the rest of the service, on the other hand, because the expensive service charges and unwanted input long distance charges, mobile users often want to do the reverse - mobile users typically want to receive and transmit a limited set of directory numbers and to prohibit the remaining, because some differences, existing screening and prohibition system does not provide filtering capabilities for mobile users fully.

依据本发明的讲授,代替局限于单个电话号码目录,将不同的电话号码目录分派给移动式远程通信系统的不同地点。 Accordance with teachings of the present invention, instead of confined to a single telephone number directory, the different telephone numbers assigned to different locations of the mobile telecommunication system. 结果是,如果一个MS漫游到服务区的第一部分,第一电话号码目录被用来筛选输入与输出呼叫。 As a result, if a MS roams into a first portion of the service area, the first telephone number directory is used to screen for input and output calls. 如果MS旅行到服务区的第二部分,那末第二电话号码目录被用来筛选不同的输入与输出号码。 If MS traveling to the second part of the service area, and then the second phone number directory is used to screen for different input and output numbers. 因此,所有的输入与输出呼叫首先用当前的MS的位置及分派到该位置的适当的电话号码来检索,然后恢复筛选输入与输出呼叫。 Therefore, all of the input and output of the first call with the current location of the MS and assigned to the appropriate telephone number to retrieve the location, and then resume the call filter input and output.

这样的一种选择性的呼叫处理进一步防止和阻止移动终端的克隆现象,如果一个移动终端被选择地编程为在一个服务区的特定部分接收或发送呼叫,一个带有克隆终端的侵犯者不可能自由地漫游并发出国际的呼叫。 Such a selective call treatment further prevents and prevent the phenomenon of the mobile terminal cloning, if a mobile terminal is selectively programmed to a specific portion in a service area receives or transmits a call, predators with a cloned terminal can not be the freedom to roam and issued an international call.

现在参看图2,其中是在特定的PLMN中多个MSC区域的草图,PLMN网络100是一个复合的配置,包括多个MSC40,VLR35,HLR30(在图2中未示出),Gateway MSC(GMSC)37,等。 Referring now to Figure 2, a sketch of which is in a particular MSC area of the plurality of the PLMN, PLMN network 100 is a complex configuration, including a plurality of MSC40, VLR35, HLR30 (not shown in FIG. 2), Gateway MSC (GMSC ) 37, and the like. 为了正确地将一个呼叫切换到位于特定的PLMN中的一个MS上,适当的实体需要被产生并包含在一个呼叫的过程中,因此,重要的是要对PLMN网络100中每一个实体精确地,有区别地识别与寻址。 In order to properly switch a call to a particular PLMN is located in one of the MS, an appropriate entity needs to be generated and included in the process of a call, and therefore, it is important to PLMN network 100 to each entity precisely, identifying and addressing differentiated. 依据本发明的讲授,这些识别与寻址是用来选择性地分配给PLMN或PLMN中的不同位置不同的筛选目录,然后,这些电话号码目录被用来选择性地筛选输入与输出呼叫,单个目录可用于筛选即有输入又有输出呼叫,或者分开的目录可分派给输入与输出呼叫。 Accordance with teachings of the present invention, these identification and addressing is used to selectively assigned to PLMN or PLMN in different positions different filter directory, then, the telephone number directory is used to selectively filter input and output call, a single Contents can be used to screen and input and output that is a call, or a separate directory input and output can be assigned to the call. 如果与B方有联系的电话号码(B方:终接呼叫的呼叫方,始发呼叫的受呼方)与筛选目录中的一个输入项匹配,在移动用户与B方之间提供远程通信服务,否则,如果不匹配,该通路被阻止。 If there is contact with the B-party telephone number (B side: terminating calls caller, originating call by the called party) matches an entry in the directory and screening between the mobile user and the B side to provide telecommunications services Otherwise, if you do not match, the path is blocked.

PLMN100也包括多个MSC区域,如由MSC区域105A-105D所示,为了将筛选地区的地理范围变窄,筛选目录可分派给MSC地区105中的每一个。 PLMN100 MSC also includes a plurality of regions, as shown by the MSC area 105A-105D, in order to filter narrower geographic area, screened catalogs can be assigned to MSC area of 105 each. 每个MSC地区由带有联系的VLR35(HLR30)的特定的MSC40提供服务,筛选目录可与特定的MSC区域有联系,如MSC区域105D,其中如果MS在该MSC覆盖区域内,所分派的筛选目录被用于筛选输入与输出呼叫,如果MS旅行到邻近的MSC区域,如MSC区域105C,或者使用不同的筛选目录,或者除去限制,作为本发明的另一个实施方案,图3描述了特定的MSC区域105中的多个位置区110A-110F。 Screening each MSC area provided by a specific MSC40 with VLR35 contact (HLR30) services, screening may be associated with a specific directory of the MSC area, such as the MSC area 105D, wherein if the MS within the coverage area of the MSC, the assigned directory is used to filter input and output call, if the MS is traveling to neighboring MSC area, such as the MSC area 105C, or use a different filter directory, or remove restrictions, as another embodiment of the present invention, Figure 3 depicts the specific region 105 MSC plurality of location areas 110A-110F. 所有的位置区由单个MSC40和VLR35提供服务。 All location area served by a single MSC40 and VLR35. 不同的筛选目录可与每个局部区域有联系。 Screening may have different directories associated with each local region. 因此,如果一个MS在位置区110A内,第一筛选目录被使用。 Therefore, if a MS within the location area 110A, a first filter directory is used. 如果用户移动到邻近的位置区110B,或者使用第二筛选目录,或者除去限制。 If the user moves to the adjacent location area 110B, or directory using the second filter, or removing restrictions.

参看图4,每个局部区110被进一步划分为多个蜂窝区120A-120F,并且,在局部区110中的这些蜂窝区由相同的MSC40和VLR35提供服务。 Referring to Figure 4, each local area 110 is further divided into a plurality of cell areas 120A-120F, and, in the partial region 110 in the cell area serviced by the same MSC40 and VLR35. 作为又一个本发明的实施方案,筛选目录可被分派给特定的蜂窝区,这对于商业环境是特别有用的。 As still another embodiment of the present invention, screening may be assigned to a specific directory of a cellular, which is especially useful for a business environment. 在一个复杂的建筑物环境中,如果给一个雇员一个移动站让他在工作时通过远程通信网络通信,但需要限制MS在他的建筑物外使用(工作以外),一个筛选目录可分派给为该建筑物服务的蜂窝。 In a complex building environment, if an employee of a mobile station to let him work through remote communication network, but the need to limit his MS in buildings and outdoor use (outside of work), the directory can be assigned to a screening for The building cellular service. 因此,该雇员只被允许当他实际上处于该蜂窝区时接收与发送呼叫。 Therefore, the employee is only allowed to receive and send calls when he is actually in the cell area.

图5是一张说明数据表210的图,其中存贮许多电话簿号码为特定的LATA号200筛选用。 Figure 5 is an explanatory diagram of the data table 210, which stores a number of directory numbers for a particular LATA number 200 screening. 正如以前提到的,这种单目录既可用于输入呼叫又可用于输出呼叫,或者分开的目录可分别用于输入与输出呼叫,LATA号200当前是用于识别在一个国家范围内的远程通信系统中的局部通路传输区,通过用特定的LATA号分配一个希望的筛选目录后,一个移动用户当他处于局部通路传输区内时也相应地被筛选了。 As previously mentioned, this single directory can be used both for an incoming call outgoing call, or a directory can be used to separate input and output calls respectively, LATA Number 200 is currently used to identify a country within the telecommunication range local access transport system area, passed with a specific number assigned LATA a promising screening directory, a mobile user when he is in the local access transport area accordingly been screened.

图6是说明数据表210,其中存贮许多电话簿号码为特定的网络码号220筛选用、网络码号220当前是用来识别在一个国家或地区码区域中特定的PLMN。 Figure 6 is an explanatory data table 210, which stores a number of directory numbers for a particular network code, screening 220, 220 of the current network code number is used to identify a country or area code in a specific area PLMN. 如图2所示,通过分派一个筛选目录表210到一个特定的网络码,只要移动用户在PLMN区域100内,对于移动用户的远程通信服务是依据被分派的筛选目录而筛选的。 As shown in Figure 2, by assigning a screening directory table 210 to a particular network code, as long as the mobile subscriber in the PLMN area 100, the user of mobile telecommunications services is based on screening directories are assigned and filtered.

PLMN号是国际移动用户识别(IMSI)号的一部分。 PLMN number is part of the International Mobile Subscriber Identity number (IMSI). IMSI是一个蜂窝远程通信网络中唯一识别一个用户的信息,包括:IMSI=移动国家码(MCC)+移动网络码(MNC)+移动用户识别号(MSIN) IMSI is a cellular telecommunications network to uniquely identify a user, comprising: IMSI = Mobile Country Code (MCC) + Mobile Network Code (MNC) + Mobile Subscriber Identification Number (MSIN)

网络号代表特定的PLMN,包括MCC和MNC值。 Network number represents a particular PLMN, including the MCC and MNC values. 因此,通过分派一个筛选目录到一个特定的MCC+MNC号所有包含所规定的PLMN号的IMSI号对照以上的筛选目录210被筛选。 Thus, by assigning a filter to a specific directory MCC + MNC number contains all specified PLMN number IMSI number directory 210 controls the above screening were screened.

图7通过分派一个筛选目录表210到一个网络区(见图3)内的特定位置区,描述了一个更受限制的筛选区域,一个确定的位置区可以被分派一个筛选目录,而其它的区域的服务无任何限制,正如无限制类型215所示。 Figure 7 a filter through dispatch table 210 to a network directory area (see FIG. 3) within a particular location area, describes the screening of a more restricted area, a location area can be assigned a determined filter directory, while the other areas service without any restrictions, as shown in unlimited type 215.

一个特定的网络内的特定的位置区由局部区识别(LAI)号识别,LAI号包括:MCC+MNC+LAC因此,头两个数表明在一个移动远程通信系统中的一个特定网络(PLMN),最后的LAC号表示在该网络内的筛选位置区,所以,通过分派一个筛选目录到一个特定的MCC+MNC+LAC号,所有包含所规定的LAI号的移动呼叫被对照以上的筛选目录210作筛选。 The particular location of a particular region within the network by the local area identification (LAI) number identification, LAI number comprises: MCC + MNC + LAC Thus, the first two numbers indicate in a mobile telecommunications system in a particular network (PLMN) last LAC number indicates the position within the screening area network, therefore, by assigning a filter to a specific directory of MCC + MNC + LAC number, all mobile calls containing the specified LAI numbers are screened more than 210 controls the directory for screening.

参看图8,其中示出了一个筛选目录表210,存贮许多电话簿号码为蜂窝区240A筛选用。 Referring to Figure 8, there is shown a filter directory table 210, stores a number of directory numbers for cellular 240A screening. 正如图4中所示,单个局部区230包括多个蜂窝区240A-240D。 As shown, a single partial region 230 includes a plurality of cellular 4 240A-240D. 通过将一个筛选目录210分派给特定的蜂窝区240,当MS位于所选的蜂窝区(见图4)内时,对一个特定的MS的远程通信服务是按所分派的筛选目录被筛选的。 Directory 210 by adding a filter assigned to a particular cellular region 240, when the MS is located in the selected cell area (see FIG. 4) when, for a particular MS telecommunications service is dispatched by screening directory screened.

在一个特定的位置区内的特定蜂窝区由一个蜂窝综合识别号来代替,CGI号包括:MCC+MNC+LAC+CI头两个号代表特定的网络号,LAC号,如前所述,代表在该网络中的一个特定的位置区230,最后,CI号规定了在该位置区内的一个特定的蜂窝区240B。 In a particular cellular location of a particular region replaced by an integrated cell identification number, number CGI comprises: MCC + MNC + LAC + CI The first two numbers represent a specific network ID, LAC number, as previously described, representative In this network a specific location area 230, and finally, CI number specifies the location area in a particular cellular region 240B. 因此,通过附上所有四个唯一的号,代表一个唯一的蜂窝区的CGI号被识别。 Accordingly, by attaching all four unique numbers, a CGI number representing a unique cell region has been identified. 因而,通过将一个筛选目录分派到这个唯一的CGI号,包括这个CGI号的所有呼叫被识别并筛选。 Thus, screening by a directory assigned to this unique CGI number, all calls comprising this CGI number are identified and screened.

图9是一个流程图,用来说明筛选一个在特定位置内漫游的一个移动用户发出的呼叫的步骤,一个漫游用户被用于说明依据本发明的讲授的筛选功能。 Figure 9 is a flow chart for explaining the step of screening a call roam within a particular location of a mobile user issued a user is roaming in accordance with teachings of the present invention for explaining the filtering capabilities. 然而,因为本发明的系统和方法能够应用于对一个位于移动远程通信系统中任何地方的MS的任何终接或始发呼叫。 However, because the system and method of the present invention can be applied to one in any terminating or originating call in a mobile telecommunications system anywhere in the MS. 将会理解,在此提供的一个漫游MS范围内关于本发明的描述是本发明的解释方法而不是对本发明范围的限制。 It will be understood, within the scope of a roaming MS provided herein a description of the present invention is to explain the process of the present invention and not to limit the scope of the invention.

从一个移动站始发的呼叫包括许多步骤,某些前提必须已经满足,如在PLMN内移动用户以及该MSC(步骤300)的HLR/VLR的登记。 From a mobile station originated call involves many steps, certain prerequisites must have been met, such as the mobile user registered in the MSC and the PLMN (step 300) the HLR / VLR's. 对于一个漫游的移动用户,在一个MS从服务交换局申请远程通信服务以后,对于该特定地区的服务交换局,依次在步骤305,和主MSC通信确认MS有通路并允许使用远程通信服务。 For a roaming mobile subscriber, after a MS application telecommunications services from the service switching office, for that particular service exchange area, in turn, in step 305, and the main communication confirming MSC and MS have access allows the use of telecommunications services. 接着,在步骤310,MS申请与网络通信的信号通道。 Next, in step 310, MS application communicating with the network signal path. HLR/VLR分析移动站的标记符,如HLR/VLR中忙时,给移动站作记号。 HLR / VLR analyzes the tag of the mobile station, such as when the HLR / VLR in busy, to the mobile station marked. 在步骤315的这一级可以执行鉴定,位置调整及运算也可在这点起始,现在在步骤320移动站发出一个启动消息,说明何种服务正在被申请,并且在呼叫建立的情况下,说明用户希望呼叫的号码。 In step 315 may be performed at this level identification, position adjustment and operation can also start at this point, now sends a start message in step 320 mobile station, indicating what services are being application, and in the case of call setup, the Description number the user wants to call. 如果该用户被授权始发呼叫,在步骤325,呼叫启动是通过在MSC和BSC之间建立通路并为呼叫分配通信通道着手的。 If the user is authorized to originate a call, at step 325, the call to start is by creating pathways between the MSC and BSC and begin to call distribution channel of communication. 假定有一个可得到的休闲通信通道,BSC将命令BTS(基站)激活这通道,一旦该通道被激活,BTS证实对BSC的命令,并且BSC依次通知MSC。 Assuming a casual communication channels available, BSC will command BTS (base station) to activate this channel, once the channel is activated, BTS confirmed orders for BSC and BSC in turn notify the MSC. 然后MSC通知MS,通道分派已经执行,在蜂窝中这点上,有一个通道从MSC/VCR到MS是开放的,但是到由数字指出的目的地呼叫尚未建立。 MSC then notify MS, the channel has been dispatched execution, in a cell at this point, there is a passage from the MSC / VCR to the MS is open, but the call destination indicated by the numeral has not been established. 典型地,在步骤330,现在这些数字被分析,将导致指出,例如,到另一个交换局的干线,在同样的MSC/VLR内所联接的另一个移动站,等。 Typically, in step 330, these figures now being analyzed, will lead to that, for example, to the mains other exchange, another mobile station within the same MSC / VLR are connected, and so on. 然而,在实际的路径被联通前,要确定当前该移动用户是否具有基于在步骤335被激活的筛选功能的位置,如果基于筛选功能的位置被激活,在步骤315基于位置作出决定,在步骤337被分派的筛选目录被恢复。 However, before the actual path is China Unicom, the mobile user to determine whether the current in step 335 is activated based filtering capabilities position if activated location-based filtering, in step 315 based on the location decision, in step 337 Screening directory is assigned to be restored. 在恢复筛选目录中,为了确定适当的目录需要进一步作出决定。 Screening in the recovery directory, in order to determine the appropriate directory needs to make a decision. 例如,一个MS不可能有任何筛选目录分派给一个网络区,但是可以有一个筛选目录分派给网络内的位置区之一,如果对于该网络区并未找到一个适当的筛选目录,需要进一步决定查明是否该处对一个子区存在一个筛选目录。 For example, an MS can not be assigned to any screening of a network directory area, but you can have a filter catalog assigned to one location area within the network, if the network area for a proper screening did not find the directory, you need to decide further investigation Whether out on a sub-region where there is a filter directory. 而且,一个MS可以有第一筛选目录分派到特定的网络区,然而,如果他进一步拥有不同的筛选目录用于该特定网络区内的局部区之一,即使在找到一个用于网络区的合适的筛选目录以后,需要进一步的确定以便保证不存在更严格的目录,否则,一个更严格的目录必须用于该特定的位置区。 Also, a MS may have a first filter directory assigned to a specific network area, however, one of the local area network that particular area if he further has a different screening directories used, even in finding the right one for the network area After screening the directory, further determination is needed to ensure that there is no more stringent directory, otherwise, a more stringent directory must for that particular location area.

在恢复最合适的筛选目录以后,现在要作比较,确定是否拨入的数字是在筛选目录中允许的表列值(步骤340),如果不匹配,对于这个特定的位置,拨入的电话号码不允许被发出,并且在步骤345,一个适当的拒绝消息被发往MS。 In the recovery catalog after the most appropriate screening, now to be compared to determine if the dial-in numbers are allowed screening of the directory table column values (step 340), if you do not match, for this particular position, dial the phone number not allowed to be issued, and in step 345, an appropriate rejection message is sent to the MS. 另一方面,如果在筛选目录中的表列值之一和拨入的电话号码之间是匹配的,在步骤355,始发呼叫的路径被接通。 On the other hand, if the filter between the directory table column values and one of the incoming telephone number is matched, in step 355, the path originating call is connected.

图10是一张流程图,说明筛选对一个在特定的MSC区内漫游的移动用户的终接呼叫的步骤。 Figure 10 is a flow chart illustrating the steps of screening a mobile subscriber roaming in a particular MSC area terminating calls. 对于一个来自有线终端的移动站来说,一个终接呼叫最明显的区分部分是这样的事实,呼叫始发的网络并不知道移动站实际上位于何处,在步骤400为了达到移动站所拨的号码称为移动站集成服务数字网络(MSISDN)号,在步骤405,呼叫始发的交换局分析此号码(或者号码的部分),并将呼叫传送到属于PLMN的一个GMSC,指出与MSISDN号码有联系的署名的“所有者”。 For a mobile station from the wired terminal, one terminating calls most obvious is the fact that the discriminating section, the call originating network does not know where the mobile station is actually located, step 400 in order to achieve in the mobile station dialed number called mobile station integrated services digital network number (MSISDN), in step 405, a call originating exchange analysis (or part number) this number, and the call is sent to a GMSC belonging to the PLMN, and pointed out the MSISDN number There signature links "owner." 这GMSC,依次,分析该号码,以便找出这号码属于哪个HLR,在步骤410,GMSC询问HLR,为的是找出该呼叫应如何发送,或是否应该发送。 This GMSC, in turn, analyze the number, in order to find this number belongs to which HLR, in step 410, GMSC ask HLR, in order to find out how the call should be sent, or whether it should be sent. HLR利用MSISDN号找出有联系的国际移动用户标识符(IMSI)。 HLR use MSISDN number to find the associated International Mobile Subscriber Identifier (IMSI). 这是一个只用在信号网络内的号码。 This is a signal only in a network number. 同时,在步骤415,HLR寻找与署名有联系的数据以及位置信息,这是由当前服务于移动站的VLR发送的。 Meanwhile, in step 415, HLR to find data associated with the signature and position information, which is sent by the VLR serving the mobile station of the current. 然后在步骤420确定是否MS具有基于位置的筛选功能被激活,如果筛选功能被激活,在步骤425,一个合适的筛选目录被恢复用于这个特定的位置。 Then determine if MS 420 has filtering capabilities based on location is activated, if the filter function is activated, at step 425, an appropriate screening directories are restored for this particular position in steps. 然后在步骤430,作出比较,确定是否与呼叫方有联系的电话号码是筛选目录表列值中的一项,如果电话号码在该目录中未被找到,联到MS未被允许,在步骤435,一个适当的拒绝消息被发送到呼叫方,然而,如果是匹配的,在步骤440,HLR与VLR接触以便得到漫游号。 Then in step 430, comparison, determining whether the caller's telephone number is associated filter table of values in a column, if the telephone number in the directory is not found, connected to the MS is not allowed, at step 435 , an appropriate rejection message is sent to the calling party, however, if it is a match, step 440, HLR and VLR in order to obtain the roaming number of the contact. 这漫游号是可由GMSC使用的号码,用于重新将呼叫从GMSC传送到当前为移动站服务的MS。 This roaming number is the number used by the GMSC, to re-transfer the call from the GMSC to the MS currently serving the mobile station service. 一旦呼叫到达MSC/VLR,MSC查询它自己的数据记录以便确定用户位于哪个位置区(如果此位置区对主MSC是不能达到的,作进一步的比较筛选终接呼叫),在步骤445,MSC通过与该位置区有联系的BSC命令查询移动站,BSC,依次,在步骤450,命令合适的BTS执行查询,并建立与漫游MS的话音联接。 Once the call reaches the MSC / VLR, MSC queries its own data records in order to determine which location area the user is located (if the location area of the primary MSC can not be achieved, a further comparison of screening a terminating call), in step 445, MSC by BSC associated command queries the mobile station, BSC, in turn, in step 450, the appropriate command to execute the query BTS, and establish a voice connection with roaming MS and the location area.

虽然本发明的方法与设备的一种最佳实施方案已通过附图及前面的详述作了说明,应明白的是,本发明并不限于所公开的实施方案,能够有许多重新安排,修改与替换而不偏离如以下的权利要求所提出并规定的本发明的精神。 Although a preferred embodiment of the method and apparatus of the present invention have been illustrated by the accompanying drawings and the foregoing detailed description, it is understood that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments disclosed, but capable of numerous rearrangements, modifications and substitutions without departing from the spirit and provisions of the present invention as set forth in the claims below.

International ClassificationH04M3/38, H04M3/436, H04W12/08
Cooperative ClassificationH04M3/436, H04W12/08, H04M3/38, H04L63/101, H04L63/107, H04W4/02
European ClassificationH04M3/38, H04M3/436
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