|Publication number||CN100543784 C|
|Application number||CN 200710189889|
|Publication date||23 Sep 2009|
|Filing date||2 Nov 2007|
|Priority date||2 Nov 2007|
|Also published as||CN101149850A|
|Publication number||200710189889.2, CN 100543784 C, CN 100543784C, CN 200710189889, CN-C-100543784, CN100543784 C, CN100543784C, CN200710189889, CN200710189889.2|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Classifications (1), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
纸币硬币分离装置及其方法 Apparatus and method for separating coins banknotes
技术领域 Technical Field
本发明涉及一种纸币硬币分离装置，具体的说，涉及了一种将从一个投币口投入的纸币或硬币即时分离的装置及其即时分离方法。 The present invention relates to a bill coin separating device, particularly, it relates to an apparatus and a method for immediate separation from a coin slot banknote or coin immediate separation.
为了减少公共交通运营成本，很多公共交通车辆都实现了无人售票， To reduce the operating costs of public transport and many public transport vehicles have achieved no ticket,
即由公交司机监督、乘客上车直接向投币箱投币的方式；无人售票为公共交通带来了很多益处，但现有技术中的投币箱在使用过程中，由投币箱才殳入的纸币或硬币都落入同一个收集箱内，因二者未能分离，导致公交公司在点验收入时增加了很大的麻烦，或无法满足投币箱其他一些自动化功能的需要。 That is supervised by the bus driver, passengers on the train directly to the coin box coin way; no ticket for the public transportation has brought many benefits, but the art of coin box during use, the coin box only Shu into banknotes or coins fall into the same collection box, because both failed to separate, causing the bus company at the time of inspection of income increased a lot of trouble, or unable to meet the needs of the coin box a few other automation functions.
为了解决这个问题，许多投币箱上设置两个投币口，分别用来投纸币和硬币，但在实际使用中，许多人容易投错钱币，反而为公交公司带来了更大的麻烦；另外，该类结构设计也难以满足投币箱其它配套功能的需要。 To solve this problem, many coin box set on two coin slot, were used to cast notes and coins, but in actual use, many people tend to vote the wrong coin, but for the bus company has brought more trouble; In addition, the class is also difficult to meet the needs of design coin box and other supporting functions.
为了解决以上问题，人们一直在寻求一种理想的技术解决方案。 To solve this problem, people have been looking for an ideal technical solution.
本发明的目的是针对现有技术的不足，从而提供一种构思巧妙、设计科学、使用方便的纸币硬币分离装置，还涉及了一种纸币硬币分离方法。 The purpose of the present invention is the lack of the prior art, thereby providing a ingenious design science, easy to use bill coin separation device, also relates to a method for separating banknotes coins.
为了实现上述目的，本发明提供一种纸币硬币分离装置，包括投币箱体和设置于所述投币箱体上的投币口，所述投币口下方设置有与水平面呈锐角的导币板，所述导币板上密布有导风孔，在所述导币板后方设置有风机。 To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a banknote coin separating apparatus comprising a coin box and a slot disposed on the housing of the slot, is provided with an acute angle with the horizontal plane below the coin slot guide credits plate, the guide has a currency board clouds wind hole, is provided with a fan at the rear of the coin guide plate.
基于上述，所述导币板下端设置在所述投币口一侧的下方，所述导币板上端设置在所述投币口另一侧下部。 Based on the above, the coin guide plate disposed below the lower side of the slot, the coin guide plate provided on the upper end of the lower portion of the other side of the coin slot. 基于上述，所述投币口一侧下部固定有投币限位板。 Based on the above, the slot on the lower side of the coin stopper plate is fixed. 基于上述，所述导币板下端前方对应设置有硬币辅助导板，所述硬币辅助导板所在平面与所述导币板呈锐角或直角；所述导币板下端与所述石更币辅助导板下端之间形成硬币下落口，所述硬币下落口下部设置硬币记凄史识别箱；所述硬币辅助导板后侧方向设置纸币收集箱。 Based on the above, the lower end of the guide plate in front of the corresponding currency coins auxiliary guide is provided with an auxiliary guide the plane of the coin and the coin guide plate at an acute angle or a right angle; the lower end of the guide plate and the stone money is more money the lower auxiliary guide coin drop opening is formed between the lower portion of the coin drop opening coin identification remember me sad history; the back side of the coin direction auxiliary guide the bill collecting box. 基于上述，所述导币板上部设置有转动轴，所述转动轴两端分别设置于所述投币箱体两侧的轴孔内；所述导币板下部设置有限位轴，所述限^f立轴两端分别设置于所述投币箱体两侧的弧形滑道内；所述导币板前方设置有复位装置，所述复位装置连接所述导币板下端；所述导币板后方设置有导币板吸合装置，所述导币板下端设置有钱币堵塞传感器，所述钱币堵塞传感器连接所述导币板吸合装置；所述导币板吸合装置是电磁铁，所述钱币堵塞传感器是光电传感器。 Based on the above, the guide plate is provided with currency unit rotating shaft, said rotating shaft at both ends are provided on both sides of the coin box shaft hole; the lower portion of the guide plate is provided credits finite bit axis, the limit ^ f kingpin ends of the arcuate chute are disposed within the housing on both sides of the coin; in front of the guide plate is provided with a reset means credits, said reset means connected to the lower end of the guide plate credits; credits the guide plate Rear currency board is provided with guide means pull, the lower end of the guide plate is provided with a coin coins clogging sensor, the coin clogging sensor connected to the guide plate pull means currency; currency board pull the guide means is an electromagnet, the said coin clogging sensor is a photoelectric sensor. 基于上述，所述导币板下端设置有分币轮，所述硬币辅助导板下端i殳置有与所述分币轮对应的分币挡板。 Based on the above, the lower end of the guide plate partakers currency coins wheel, auxiliary guide the lower end of the coin Shu i have set the corresponding wheel cents cents bezel. 一种纸币硬币分离方法，包括以下步骤：步骤1、所述纸币硬币分离装置上电，使所述风机即刻启动，同时， 所述导币板吸合装置迅速吸合所述导币板至吸合位置，使所述纸币硬币分离装置进入工作状态；步骤2、纸币或硬币从同一投币口投入投币箱体，落至倾斜的导币板上；步骤3、硬币在自身重力作用下沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落，并直至进入设定点；或者，纸币在自身重力作用下先沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落， 其在滑落过程中，来自所述导币板后部的气流穿过所述导风孔，把纸币迅速吹离所述导币板表面，然后，纸币在自身重力作用下落入设定点。 A bill coin separation method comprises the following steps: Step 1, the electric bill coin separating device, causing the fan to start immediately, while the currency board pull the guide means quickly pull the guide plate to suck money co-location, so the bill coin into the working state separation means; Step 2, notes or coins into the slot from the same coin box, sloping down to guide currency board; step 3, coins along under its own gravity The currency board surface design guide track down fall, and until the setting point; or banknotes under its own gravity to guide currency board surface along the downward slide track design, its process in the fall, from the currency airflow guide plate through the rear of the air guide hole, the bill quickly blown off the surface of the guide plate coins, then, the bill falls under its own weight set point. 基于上述，在步骤3中，纸币或硬币向下滑落至所述导币板下端出现堵塞，使钱币堵塞传感器检测到堵塞信号，则所述导币板在所述钱币堵塞传感器控制下被所述导币板吸合装置释放，并在复位装置的作用下被迅速复位至导币板复位位置，使堵塞钱币弹出堵塞部位，然后，所述导币板吸合装置再次迅速吸合所述导币板至吸合位置，以使所述纸币硬币分离装置继续工作状态。 Under control by the sensor based on the above, in step 3, notes or coins slipped down to the lower end of the guide plate clogging coins that coin clogging sensor detects the jam signal, then the guide plate in the coin clogging coins guide means releases currency board pull, and the role of the reset means is reset quickly to guide currency board is reset, and make money pop jam clogging the site, and then pull the guide means currency board again quickly pull the guide coins board to pull position, to make the bill coin separating device continues to work state. 本发明相对现有技术具有突出的实质性特点和显著的进步性，具体的说， 该装置结构简单，构思巧妙，设计科学合理，使用起来简单、顺畅、方便， 有效解决了从同一个投币口投入的纸币硬币的即时分离问题，使投币箱的自动化发展得到进一步的提高，为公交公司带来了极大的方便，为公共交通事业的发展做出了贡献。 The present invention over the prior art has prominent substantive features and notable progress of, particularly, the device structure is simple, ingenious and reasonable scientific design, it is simple, smooth, convenient and effective solution from the same coin mouth banknote coin immediate separation problems, automate development coin box has been further improved for the bus company has brought great convenience for the development of public transport to make a contribution. 附图说明图1是本发明所述纸币硬币分离装置的侧面剖视结构示意图；图2是本发明所述纸币硬币分离装置的侧面结构示意图；图3是本发明所述纸币硬币分离装置的正面剖视结构示意图；图4是纸币和硬币在所述纸币硬币分离装置内的分离行程示意图。 Figure 1 is a side of the separation apparatus of the present invention, the bill of the coin a schematic cross-sectional configuration; FIG. 2 is a side view of the banknote coin separating apparatus according to the present invention; FIG. 3 is a front of the present invention, the coin separating device banknote a schematic cross-sectional configuration; Figure 4 is a schematic view of the separation stroke banknotes and coins in the coin bill separation device. 具体实施方式为使本发明的技术方案更加清楚，下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式作详细的说明。 Specific embodiments of the present invention to make technology more apparent with reference to the following specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. 如图l所示， 一种纸币硬币分离装置，包括投币箱体1和设置于所述投币箱体l上的投币口2,所述投币口2下方设置有与水平面呈锐角的导币板3,所述导币板3上密布有导风孔4,在所述导币板3后部i殳置有风机所述导币板3上部设置有转动轴9,所述转动轴9两端分别设置于所述投币箱体1两侧的轴孔内；所述导币板3下部设置有限位轴8,所述限 Shown in Figure l, a bill coin separating device, including a coin box 1 and the slot provided in the slot on the box l 2, below the coin slot 2 is provided with an acute angle with the horizontal plane currency guide plate 3, the guide plate 3 credits clouds have air guide hole 4, the guide plate 3 coin set an upper rear fan i Shu credits the guide plate 3 is provided with the rotary shaft 9, the rotating shaft 9 are provided at both ends of the shaft hole of the housing 1 on both sides of the coin; 3 Lower the guide plate is provided credits finite bit shaft 8, the limit
位轴8两端分别设置于所述投币箱体1两侧的弧形滑道7内；该结构是为了方便所述导币板3上端在所述轴孔内转动，并达到其下端能在所述孤形滑道7内4亍走的目的； Bits are provided at both ends of the shaft 8 within the arc chute casing 1 on both sides of the slot 7; this arrangement is to facilitate the coin guide plate 3 at the upper end of the rotatable shaft hole, and to be able to reach the lower end In the arc-shaped slide 7 4 right foot walk purposes;
所述导币板3前方设置有复位装置13,所述复位装置13连接所述导币板3下端；所述导币板3后方设置有导币板吸合装置14,所述导币板3 下端设置有钱币堵塞传感器15，所述钱币堵塞传感器15连接并控制所述导币板吸合装置14的工作状态； 3 in front of the guide plate is provided with a coin return means 13, the reset means 13 is connected a lower end of the coin guide plate 3; 3 credits behind the guide plate is provided with a coin guide means 14 pull plate, said guide plate 3 credits the lower end is provided with a coin clogging sensor 15, the coin clogging sensor 15 to connect and control the currency board guide the work of the state apparatus pull 14;
所述复位装置13是一端固定的弹簧，所述导币板吸合装置14是电f兹铁，所述钱币堵塞传感器15是光电传感器。 The reset means 13 is fixed at one end of the spring, the coin guide plate 14 is electrically energized f hereby iron, the coin clogging sensor 15 is a photoelectric sensor.
根据具体结构需要，所述复位装置13和所述导币板吸合装置14可分别是一个，也可分别是两个或多个，在本发明中，二者都设置在所述投币箱体l侧面外侧，在其它实施例中，根据具体结构的需要，以上二者也可设置于所述^:币箱体1侧面的内侧； Depending on the structure of needs, the reset means 13 and the guide plate pull coins device 14 may be a separately may be also be two or more, in the present invention, both set in the coin box the outer side surface of the body l, in other embodiments, a specific structure required, may be provided to both above the ^: credits inner side of the casing 1;
所述导币板3上端靠近所述投币口2—侧下方设置，或在所述投币口2 —侧下方固定一块与所述导币板3上端靠近的挡板，所述导币板3下端设置在所述投币口2另一侧的下方，并在所述投币口2另一侧下部固定有投币限位板12,以确保所投钱币落至所述导币板3上，并防止硬币反弹起跳导致硬币落入纸币收集箱； 3 credits upper end of the guide plate near the bottom side of the slot 2-, or 2, wherein the slot - the lower side of the fixed piece and the guide plate 3 credits baffle near the upper end of the guide plate coins 3 disposed below the lower end of the slot 2 on the other side of the coin and the stopper plate 12 is fixed on the other side of the lower portion of the slot 2, to ensure that the investment currency coin drop to the guide plate 3 on and prevent the coins bounce coins fall into the take-off led to the bill collection boxes;
所述导币板3与水平面呈65〜85度的夹角，以使硬币快速下落，并保证纸币准确吹落在纸币收集箱。 The guide plate 3 credits 65~85 degree angle to the horizontal so that coins falling fast, and accurate blown in the bill to ensure the bill collection box.
基于上述，所述导币板3下端前侧对应设置有硬币辅助导板6，所述硬币辅助导板6所在平面与所述导币板3呈锐角或直角；所述导币板3下端与所述硬币辅助导板6下端之间形成硬币下落口，所述石更币下落口下部设置硬币记数识别箱16;所述硬币辅助导板6后侧方向设置纸币收集箱17。 Based on the above, the lower end of the front side 3 of the guide plate is provided with a corresponding currency coins auxiliary guide plate 6, the coin auxiliary guide plate 6 and the plane of the guide plate 3 credits acute angle or right angle; 3 lower end of the guide plate and the currency formed between the lower auxiliary guide coins 6 coins dropping openings, the stone more coins dropping opening lower portion of the coin count verification box 16; coin back side of the auxiliary guide plate 6 direction the bill collecting box 17.
基于上述，所述导币板3下端设置有三个分币轮10,所述硬币辅助导4反6下端设置有三个与所述分币4么10——对应的分币挡寺反11,所述分币轮10和所述分币挡板11把硬币下落口分为四个仅可容纳硬币的小口，以防止纸币落入硬币收集箱。 Based on the above, the lower end of the guide 3 credits plate provided with three cents round 10, the auxiliary guide 4 coin counter-6 with the lower end is provided with three cents 4 cents it 10-- corresponding block anti Temple 11, the said cents wheel 10 and the baffle 11 cents coin drop port can accommodate only four coins of small mouth, to prevent the bill fall into the coin collecting box. 一种纸币硬币分离方法，包括以下步骤：步骤1、所述纸币硬币分离装置上电，使所述风机即刻启动，同时， 所述导币板吸合装置迅速吸合所述导币板至吸合位置，并露出所述导币丰反下端的硬币下落口及硬币记数识别箱16,使所述纸币硬币分离装置进入工作状态；步骤2、使纸币或硬币从同一投币口投入投币箱体，并落至倾斜的导币板上；步骤3、硬币在自身重力作用下沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落， 并直至进入石更币下落口及硬币记数识别箱16;或者，纸币在自身重力作用下先沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落， 其在滑落过程中，来自所述风机的气流穿过所述导风孔，把纸币迅速吹离所述导币板表面，然后，纸币在自身重力作用下落入所述纸币收集箱17。 A bill coin separation method comprises the following steps: Step 1, the electric bill coin separating device, causing the fan to start immediately, while the currency board pull the guide means quickly pull the guide plate to suck money engagement position, and exposing the lower conductive anti credits abundance coin drop port identification and counting of the coin box 16, so that the paper money coin separating means into the working state; Step 2, to make notes or coins into the slot from the same coin box, and down to tilt the guide currency board; step 3, a coin under their own gravity along the guide rail currency board surface downward slide design, and until more coins drop into the stone mouth and coin counting identification box 16 ; or banknotes under its own gravity to guide currency board surface along the downward slide track design, which in the fall during the air flow from the fan through the air guide holes to quickly blow off the bill currency guide plate surface, then, the bill falls under its own gravity collection tank 17 of the bill. 基于上述设计，在步骤3中，纸币或硬币向下滑落至所述导币板下端出现堵塞，使钱币堵塞传感器检测到堵塞信号，则所述导币板在所述钱币堵塞传感器控制下被所述导币板吸合装置释放，并在复位装置的作用下被迅速复位至导币板复位位置，在这个过程中，堵塞钱币全部被弹入所述纸币收集箱17内；然后，所述导币板吸合装置再次迅速吸合所述导币板至吸合位置，以使所述纸币硬币分离装置继续工作状态。 Based on the above designs, in step 3, notes or coins fall down to the lower end of the guide plate credits blockage, so that coins jam sensor detects the jam signal, then the coin guide plate in the coin jam is under the control of the sensor said guide means releases currency board pull, and the role of the reset means is reset to guide currency board quickly reset position, in the process, plugging coins were all ejected into the bill collecting box 17; then, the guide currency board means pull again quickly pull the lead to pull the currency board position, to make the bill coin separating device continues to work state. 所述纸币硬币分离装置在非工作状态，即未通电状态，纸币或硬币从同一投币口投入投币箱体，落至倾斜的导币板上，然后，纸币或硬币在自身重力作用下均沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落；因所述导币板未被所述导币板吸合装置吸合，其处于复位位置，即所述导币板遮挡住了其下端的硬币下落口及硬币记数识别箱16,使得硬币无 The bill coin separating means in a non-working state, that state is not energized, notes or coins into the slot from the same coin box, sloping down to guide currency board, then, paper money or coins are under their own gravity currency board along the guide rail downward slide surface design; because the guide is not the currency board currency board guide means pull pull, it is in the reset position, namely the guide plate blocked its currency lower end of the coin and coin drop port count verification box 16, so that no coins
法滑落向硬币下落口，即，硬币直接滑入所述纸币收集箱17内； France slipped to a coin drop interface, ie the coin slid into the bill directly to the collection tank 17;
或，纸币在沿所述导币板表面设计轨道向下滑落过程中，因风机未净皮启动，使得纸币只得沿所述导币板表面滑入所述导币板下端对应的所述纟氏币收集箱17内。 Or, banknotes currency board along the guide rail slide down the surface of the design process, because the fan did not start net skin, so the bill had money along the guide plate surface slide the lower end of the guide plate corresponding to the currency of the Si's coin collection box 17.
最后应当说明的是：以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非对其限制；尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明，所属领域的普通净支 Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely provided for describing the technical solutions of the present invention is not intended to limit; although with reference to preferred embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, the art of ordinary net branch
术特征进行等同替换；而不脱离本发明技术方案的精神，其均应涵盖在本发明请求保护的技术方案范围当中。 Intraoperative characteristics equivalent replacements; without departing from the spirit of the present invention the technical solution, it should be covered by the present invention in which the claimed technical solution range.
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